click links in text for more info


An anagram is a word or phrase formed by rearranging the letters of a different word or phrase using all the original letters once. For example, the word anagram can be rearranged into nag a ram, or the word binary into brainy or the word adobe into abode; the original word or phrase is known as the subject of the anagram. Any word or phrase that reproduces the letters in another order is an anagram. Someone who creates anagrams may be called an "anagrammatist", the goal of a serious or skilled anagrammatist is to produce anagrams that reflect or comment on their subject. Anagrams may be created as a commentary on the subject, they may be a criticism or satire. For example: "rail safety" = "fairy tales" "roast beef" = "eat for BSE" "debit card" = "bad credit" "Justin Timberlake" = "I'm a jerk but listen" "New York Times" = "monkeys write" "Church of Scientology" = "rich-chosen goofy cult" "McDonald's restaurants" = "Uncle Sam's standard rot" "Coronavirus" = "Carnivorous"An anagram may be a synonym of the original word.

For example: "evil" = "vile" "angered" = "enraged" "pat" = "tap" "a gentleman" = "elegant man" "eleven plus two" = "twelve plus one" "placebo" = "obecalp"An anagram that means the opposite of the original word or phrase is called an "antigram". For example: "restful" = "fluster" "funeral" = "real fun" "adultery" = "true lady" "customers" = "store scum" "forty five" = "over fifty"They can sometimes change from a proper noun or personal name into an appropriate sentence: "William Shakespeare" = "I am a weakish speller" "Madam Curie" = "Radium came" "George Bush" = "He bugs Gore" "Justin Timberlake" = "I'm a jerk but listen" "Tom Marvolo Riddle" = "I am Lord Voldemort"They can change part of speech, such as the adjective "silent" to the verb "listen". "Anagrams" itself can be anagrammatized as "Ars magna". Anagrams can be traced back to the time of the Ancient Greeks, were known as "Themuru" or changing, to find the hidden and mystical meaning in names, they were popular throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, for example with the poet and composer Guillaume de Machaut.

They are said to go back at least to the Greek poet Lycophron, in the third century BCE. Anagrams in Latin were considered witty over many centuries. "Est vir qui adest", explained below, was cited as the example in Samuel Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language. They became hugely popular in the Early Modern period in Germany. Any historical material on anagrams must always be interpreted in terms of the assumptions and spellings that were current for the language in question. In particular, spelling in English only became fixed. There were attempts to regulate anagram formation, an important one in English being that of George Puttenham's Of the Anagram or Posy Transposed in The Art of English Poesie; as a literary game when Latin was the common property of the literate, Latin anagrams were prominent. Two examples are the change of Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum into Virgo serena, munda et immaculata, the anagrammatic answer to Pilate's question, Quid est veritas?, Est vir qui adest.

The origins of these are not documented. Latin continued to influence letter values. There was an ongoing tradition of allowing anagrams to be "perfect" if the letters were all used once, but allowing for these interchanges; this can be seen in a popular Latin anagram against the Jesuits: Societas Jesu turned into Vitiosa seces. Puttenham, in the time of Elizabeth I of England, wished to start from Elissabet Anglorum Regina, to obtain Multa regnabis ense gloria; the rules were not fixed in the 17th century. William Camden in his Remains commented, singling out some letters—Æ, K, W, Z—not found in the classical Roman alphabet: The precise in this practice observing all the parts of the definition, are only bold with H either in omitting or retaining it, for that it cannot challenge the right of a letter, but the Licentiats somewhat licentiously, lest they should prejudice poetical liberty, will pardon themselves for doubling or rejecting a letter, if the sence fall aptly, "think it no injury to use E for Æ.

When it comes to the 17th century and anagrams in English or other languages, there is a great deal of documented evidence of learned interest. The lawyer Thomas Egerton was praised through the anagram gestat honorem. James I's courtiers discovered in "James Stuart" "a just master", converted "Charles James Stuart" into "Claims Arthur's seat". Walter Quin, tutor to the future Charles I, worked hard on multilingual anagrams on the name of father James. A notorious murder scandal, the Overbury case, threw up two imperfect anagrams that were aided by loose spelling and were recorded by Simonds D'Ewes: "Francis Howard" became "Car findes a whore", with the letters E hardly counted, the victim Thomas Overbury, as "Thomas Overburie", was writte

Codename Eagle

Codename Eagle is a first-person shooter video game developed by Refraction Games and published by Take-Two Interactive. Codename Eagle was released in the United Kingdom in November 1999, in North America in March 2000; the game is set in an alternate timeline, centered around events starting in Petrograd, Russia in 1917. World War I and the 1917 October Revolution never happened. Germany has yet to become involved with any of the other world powers; the story starts when Tsar Peter of the Russian Empire is betrayed by one of his closest friends, General Popov. One night, Popov sends assassins to kill the Tsar and the rest of the Royal Family to ensure that there are no living heirs to the throne of Russia. Popov would cover up the murder by addressing the Russian people that a "terrible accident had befallen the Royal Family"; the villainous general later presents Lieutenant Oleg to the people of Russia as the "sole surviving son of Tsar Nicholas: Prince Alexander" and has Oleg crowned as the new Tsar.

Unknown to Popov, Colonel Sergei of the Russian High Command somehow managed to overhear the General's evil plans, he rescues two children from the doomed family: the real Prince Alexander and Princess Anastasia, who earlier was "shot and left for dead, somehow managing to survive". It is unknown how Anastasia managed to still be in Russia, but Sergei arranges Dr. Meier of the famous Russian Scientific Institute to hypnotize Prince Alexander to temporarily erase his memory of his real heritage and replace it with that of a "farm boy who grew up in the countryside of England"; this is a precaution to save Alexander from giving himself away as the true son of Tsar Peter. Meanwhile, with Oleg as a fake Tsar, General Popov, hell-bent on world domination, manages to take over all of Europe, throwing the continent into a bloody war. Soon, all free nations of the world form an alliance known as "Shadow Command" to rebel against the evil might of the Russian Empire. Ten years in 1927, Prince Alexander has grown up to become "Agent Red" of Shadow Command, he is assigned the most difficult missions that the alliance has to offer.

He is the only playable character in the game. Red's main friends who fight on his side are Captain Potter, his instructor for his missions, the female "Agent Goggles", the male "Agent Mortar"; the main goal of Shadow Command is to defeat the Russian Empire, using whatever means possible to defeat the Russian war machine from within. Along the way, Red meets up with Colonel Sergei, who he at first mistakes for an enemy officer, but listens to the Colonel as he is told of his true heritage. Red has a hard time believing this story, but he soon starts having frequent flashbacks of his real family being murdered by General Popov's henchmen as a result of this. Red rescues Dr. Meier, who soon reveals the whole story of his true heritage and restores his memory back to normal. With his memory restored, Red soon meets up with his sister Anastasia. At first, Red/Alexander was to be the new Tsar of Russia, but now, his mind's made up, asking his sister to address the Russian people and reveal the truth about General Popov and his evil actions against their family and take the throne, becoming Tsarina of Russia.

At first, Anastasia disagrees with him, but her brother says to her that his destiny now "lies with Shadow Command. I'm sworn to them, must honor my promise". Following this chat, Red soon seeks out the last remains of an Allied spy airship mission, forced down in the Alps to retrieve secret document from it; when he gets there, Red finds Agent Mortar alive and well, now a traitor who's turned against Shadow Command. Mortar stole the documents earlier set Red up at an earlier point when Red saved Dr. Meier, who warned him of his friends. After a brief confrontation of his old friend, Mortar tries unsuccessfully to deliver the Allied documents to General Popov, but Red manages to stop him from getting away. Following this, Red reaches the Tsar's palace but not before disarming a doomsday device on a train on the way there; when he gets there, he manages to eliminate him. While dying, Oleg reveals to Red that General Popov is headed for London with another Doomsday Device in a double-structured Zeppelin.

Following this, in the last level of the game, Red reaches the destination of Popov's Zeppelin on board the British aircraft carrier HMS York. First, Red has to man the AA guns on the carrier to defend the carrier against the fighter-bomber escorts of the Zeppelin. After this threat is dealt with, Popov's Zeppelin enters the area. Red takes off in his plane to shoot down the Zeppelin to avenge his murdered family. After a real difficult battle, the General's Zeppelin is shot down. Popov tries to escape in another Russian bomber, which Red shoots down, killing the evil man who had killed his family ten years earlier; the world is saved, Russia is now under rule of Tsarina Anastasia. Most online sources cover up the true story and say that the main villain is Pietre instead of Popov, whose father died earlier. Codename Eagle features first-person shooter gameplay. In Codename Eagle's multiplayer mode players can battle in one of three modes: Deathmatch, Team Deathmatch and Capture the Flag. - "Refraction Games creates an FPS that stands out among the many that are on the shelf, offering a unique twist in its game play.

Despite a few detractions, the game is solid and entertaining." - GameSpy - "Codename Eagle is a short and goofy game that's much more frustrating than it is interesting." -GameSpot - "New action game from TalonSoft hits several highs and several lows."

Peter Taylor (paymaster)

Peter Taylor was a British administrator and politician who made a fortune as paymaster during the Seven Years' War and sat in the House of Commons between 1765 and 1777. Taylor was the second son of Robert Taylor, a grocer of Wells and was born on 11 November 1714. In 1728 he was apprenticed to a goldsmith of Wincanton, Somerset, he married Jane Holt at the non-conformist Somerset House chapel, on 22 April 1740. In 1755 he was a silversmith at Cecil Street on the London. By 1756 he was making himself useful to Fox; when the Seven Years' War broke out in 1757 he was appointed Deputy Paymaster in Germany where he spent five years. He was at times dealing with £150,000 a month and questions were raised about his conduct, he returned to England in 1763 with poor reputation but possessing a large fortune. He acquired an estate at Burcott, near Wells, in 1764 another at Purbrook Park, near Portsmouth. There he improved the land and built an “elegant mansion” designed by Sir Robert Taylor in about 1770.

He wanted a seat in Parliament but this was to crown his success rather than to do anything useful there. In 1765, when Lord Digby the sitting Member for Wells was raised to the peerage, Taylor declared himself a candidate; the campaign lasted several months, it became a fierce contest. Taylor’s son Robert Paris Taylor was High Sheriff of Somerset in 1765-6 so Taylor’s party was able to take possession of the writ. Rival polls were held and Taylor was returned as Member of Parliament for Wells, he was unseated on 15 January 1766, his petition was rejected. His opponents created create a large number of honorary freemen, who could vote and he was defeated after another expensive contest when he stood again for Wells in 1768. A vacancy occurred at Portsmouth in March 1774, Taylor declared himself a candidate having gained the support of Administration, he was opposed by Joshua Iremonger, but defeated him at the by-election on 29 March 1774, again at the 1774 general election. Taylor does not appear to have spoken in Parliament.

Taylor died on 3 November 1777. He had at least one son, alleged to have got drunk twice a day. Wikigallery The Hall at Purbrook

David Muller

David Muller, M. D. is Dean for Medical Education and the Marietta and Charles C. Morchand Chair in Medical Education at The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. Additionally, Muller is Associate Professor of both Medicine and Medical Education, as well as senior advisor and co-founder of The Arnhold Global Health Institute, a division of The Mount Sinai Medical Center dedicated to finding evidence-based solutions to global health problems. In 1996, Muller co-founded the Mount Sinai Visiting Doctors Program, now the largest academic physician home visiting program in the country. Muller was born in 1964 in Israel, he received his BA from Johns Hopkins University in 1986 and his M. D. from the New York University School of Medicine in 1991. Postdoctoral training included an internship and residency in internal medicine at The Mount Sinai Medical Center, where he was Chief Resident from 1994 to 1995. Muller joined the faculty at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in 1993.

In 2004, he was named associate professor of medicine. In September, 2005, he was named Chairman of the Department of Medical Education. Muller’s Visiting Doctors Program was conceived in 2005 as a response to the concern that the demands of residency training were creating a breed of physicians who needed to be reminded that "patients are people, not biochemical analyses." The program, the largest of its kind in the United States, services 1,000 homebound elderly patients annually and trains 200 medical students and fellows annually in the provision of home care. Muller holds a dual citizenship in the United States. Dr. Muller is a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine, the Association of American Medical Colleges, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Physicians for a National Health Program, member of the American College of Physicians, he is a national board member of Compassion & Choices, board member of the Susan and Norman Ember Family Foundation and the Atran Family Foundation. Additional honors include: Alpha Omega Alpha, inducted 1995 Casita Maria Community Builder Award, 2002 ACP/ASIM Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Foundation Award, 2002 Leonard Tow Humanism in Medicine Faculty Award, 2004 Gold Humanism Honor Society, 2004 Alexander Richman Commemorative Award for Humanism in Medicine, 2005 AAMC Spencer Foreman Award for Outstanding Community Service, 2009 American Medical Association’s Pride in the Profession Award, 2009 Haglund M, aan het Rot M, Cooper N, Muller D, Southwick SM, Charney DS.

Trauma and Resilience in the Third Year of Medical School: A Prospective Study of the Effects of Clinical Rotations on Student Well-being. Academic Medicine, February 2009. PMID 19174682 Muller D. Trial by Fire. Annals of Internal Medicine, July 2008. PMID 18591639 Muller D. GOMER. Health Aff. 2007 May-Jun. PMID 17485763 Smith KL, Ornstein K, Soriano T, Muller D, Boal J. A multidisciplinary program for delivering primary care to the underserved urban homebound: looking back, moving forward. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006 Aug. Review. PMID 16914000 Muller D. Do NOT Resuscitate. Health Aff. 2005 Sep-Oct. PMID 16162579 Feigelson S, Muller D. Writing About Medicine: An exercise in reflection at Mount Sinai. Mount Sinai J of Med, September 2005. PMID 16184296 Rhodes R, Cohen D, Friedman E, Muller D. Professionalism in Medical Education. American Journal of Bioethics, Spring 2004. ISSN 1526-5161 PMID 15186679 Smith L, Muller D, Feit E: Internal Medicine Subspecialty Training: Negative Impact of the Timing of the Application Process, Academic Medicine.

1997. Adler L, Sidlow R, Muller, D: Practicing Medicine Under the Influence of the Pharmaceutical Industry, Mount Sinai J of Med. Boal J, Muller D: The Role of Housecalls in Comprehensive Ambulatory Care, Ambulatory Outreach. Summer 1998: 4-5. PMID 10346595 Muller D, Boal J: Serving Patients Well Means Acknowledging and Supporting Their Home Caregivers, Oncology Times. Volume 22, Number 1. January 2000; the Mount Sinai Hospital homepage Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai homepage The Global Health Center at The Mount Sinai Medical Center

Geography of Kuwait

Kuwait is a small country in the Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. A prosperous trade center for many centuries, Kuwait came to greater international prominence in the post-World War II era because of its strategic location at the head of the Persian Gulf and oil revenues. Since 2006, Kuwait has been governed by Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah and his designated successor, Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the Prime Minister and Crown Prince. In the postwar period, these men have supported the strengthening of democratic participation in decision making, as provided for in the Constitution. Kuwait is located at the far northwestern corner of the Persian Gulf. Kuwait is 17,820 square kilometres in size. At its most distant points, it is about 200 km north to south, 170 km east to west. Kuwait's area consists of desert; as mentioned, Kuwait borders the Persian Gulf with 195 km of coast. Within its territory are nine islands, two of which and Warbah, are uninhabited but strategically important.

Due to the Iraq-Kuwait war, many people left their homes on islands and have since not returned to their homes. Kuwait's most prominent geographic feature is Kuwait Bay, which indents the shoreline for about forty kilometers, providing natural protection for the port of Kuwait, accounts for nearly one half the country's shoreline. To the south and west, Kuwait shares a long border of 250 kilometers with Saudi Arabia; the boundary between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia was set by the Treaty of Al Uqayr in 1922, which established the Saudi–Kuwaiti neutral zone of 5,700 square kilometers between the two nations. In 1966, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia agreed to divide the neutral zone; the resources in the area, now known as the Divided Zone, are not affected by the agreement. The oil from onshore and offshore fields continues to be shared between the two countries; the third side of the triangle-shaped nation is the 240 kilometers of contested border between Kuwait and Iraq. Although the Iraqi government, which had first asserted a claim to rule Kuwait in 1938, recognized the borders with Kuwait in 1963, it continued to press Kuwait for control over Bubiyan and Warbah islands through the 1960s and 1970s.

In August 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait and, shortly thereafter, formally incorporated the entire country into Iraq. Under United Nations Security Council Resolution 687, after the restoration of Kuwaiti sovereignty in 1991, a UN commission undertook formal demarcation of the borders on the basis of those agreed to in 1963; the boundary was demarcated in 1992. Recent events from 2008 to the present day have seen the positive advancement of maritime border relations with Iraq with the development of the Khawr Abd Allah Protocols; the non-legally binding KAA Protocols were developed and mediated between the heads of the Kuwaiti and Iraqi navies by Major David Hammond Royal Marines, the British naval lawyer and legal advisor to Combined Task Force 158. This included the production of the KAA Interoperability Admiralty Chart by Major Hammond and, subsequently distributed to both countries, having been produced by the United Kingdom Hydrographic Office. In November 2008, the KAA Protocols were signed at Kuwait Naval Base having been verbally agreed on board HMS Chatham in May 2008.

The signing meeting saw the first formal meeting of the heads of respective navies since before the 1991 Gulf War. Subsequently, the success of the non-legally binding protocols was reported to the US Congress on January 9, 2009 in the Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq Report. Kuwait has an arid climate. Kuwait has a huge temperature difference between summer. Rainfall in the nation varies from 75 to 150 millimeters a year. Actual rainfall has ranged from 25 millimeters a year to as much as 325 millimeters. In summer, average daily high temperatures range from 42 to 48 °C. Mitribah temperatures until mid 2010 were affected by overexposure conditions and the station was fixed; the summers are quite long, punctuated by dramatic dust storms in March and April when northwesterly winds cover the cities in sand. In the late summer, more humid. By the end of October all of the hot weather is over, colder winter weather sets in, dropping temperatures to as low as −6 °C at night. On the other hand, daytime temperature is between 10–17 °C.

In this time, there are strong thunderstorms. Frost occurs when the temperatures drop below 5 °C. Kuwait's winter is colder than in other Persian Gulf countries, such as Bahrain, Qatar or United Arab Emirates. Kuwait experiences colder weather because it is situated farther north, because of cold winds blowing from upper Iraq and Iran. In Kuwait, precipitation occurs from October until April. Area Total: 17,818 km² Land: 17,818 km² Water: 0 km²Area—comparative Slightly smaller than the US state of New Jersey, Fiji Land boundaries Total: 475 km Border countries: Iraq 254 km, Saudi Arabia 221 kmCoastline 499 km Maritime claims Exclusive Economic Zone 11,026 km2 Territorial sea: 12 nmi Elevation extremes Lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m Highest point: Mutla Ridge 306 m Nat

Hired armed lugger Lark

His Majesty's hired armed lugger Lark served the Royal Navy from 3 January 1799 to 6 November 1801. She was armed with twelve 12-pounder carronades, she had a burthen of 170 ​13⁄94 tons, a crew of 50 men and boys. At the end of her contract the Admiralty returned her to her owners. On 21 April 1800 Lieutenant Thomas Henry Wilson assumed command of Lark, for the North Sea. Before taking command of Lark, Wilson had commanded Venom in the Caribbean. On 21 April Lark engaged with an unknown French cutter that she drove on shore, but was not, able to destroy. A neutral vessel that came out on 23 April informed Wilson that the cutter carried 10 guns and 36 men, that after she got off the shore she had sailed to the Texel roads along the inside of the barrier islands. On 25 April Lark captured the French privateer cutter Impregnable. Lark ran the Impregnable on shore on Vlie Island where Impregnable's crew got ashore under the protection of about 100 troops who had gathered there. Wilson sent his small boat to get Impregnable off.

Lark's sailors came under musket fire from the troops on shore so Wilson sent his large boat, which cleared away the soldiers. Impregnable turned out to have been armed with twelve 3-pounder guns and two 9-pounder guns, to have had a crew of 60. Circa 12 March 1801 the British fleet under Admiral Sir Hyde Parker sailed from Yarmouth roads for Copenhagen, with Lark among the "gun-brigs, etc." On 30 March Vice-admiral Lord Nelson, Rear-admiral Graves, accompanied by Captain Domett and the commanding officer of the troops, sailed in Lark to reconnoiter the Danish defenses at Copenhagen. The Battle of Copenhagen took place on 2 April. In May Nelson sent Lark to Latona to await the arrival of Lord St Helens from his mission to arrange a peace treaty with Russia. On 22 July 1802 head money for those present at the "Engagement at Copenhagen" was due for payment. In 1847 the Admiralty authorized the issue of the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Copenhagen 1801" to all still surviving participants in the battle.

Citations References