Anaheim, California

Anaheim is a city in Orange County, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County and the 10th-most populous city in California. Anaheim is the second-largest city in Orange County in terms of land area, is known for being the home of the Disneyland Resort, the Anaheim Convention Center, two major sports teams: the Anaheim Ducks ice hockey club and the Los Angeles Angels baseball team. Anaheim was founded by fifty German families in 1857 and incorporated as the second city in Los Angeles County on March 18, 1876. Anaheim remained an agricultural community until Disneyland opened in 1955; this led to the construction of several hotels and motels around the area, residential districts in Anaheim soon followed. The city developed into an industrial center, producing electronics, aircraft parts and canned fruit. Anaheim is a charter city. Anaheim's city limits extend the full width of Orange County, from Cypress in the west, twenty miles east to the Riverside County line in the east, encompass a diverse range of neighborhoods.

In the west, mid-20th-century tract houses predominate. Downtown Anaheim has three mixed-use historic districts, the largest of, the Anaheim Colony. South of downtown, a center of commercial activity of regional importance begins, the Anaheim–Santa Ana edge city, which stretches east and south into the cities of Orange, Santa Ana and Garden Grove; this edge city includes the Disneyland Resort, with two theme parks, multiple hotels, retail district. The Platinum Triangle, a neo-urban redevelopment district surrounding Angel Stadium, planned to be populated with mixed-use streets and high-rises. Further east, Anaheim Canyon is an industrial district north of the Riverside Freeway and east of the Orange Freeway; the city's eastern third consists of Anaheim Hills, a community built to a master plan, open land east of the 241 tollway. Anaheim's name is a blend of Ana, after the nearby Santa Ana River, German -heim meaning "home", a common Germanic place name compound; the city of Anaheim was founded in 1857 by 50 German-Americans who were residents of San Francisco and whose families had originated in Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Franconia in Bavaria.

After traveling through the state looking for a suitable area to grow grapes, the group decided to purchase a 1,165 acres parcel from Juan Pacifico Ontiveros' large Rancho San Juan Cajon de Santa Ana in present-day Orange County for $2 per acre. For $750 a share, the group formed the Anaheim Vineyard Company headed by George Hansen, their new community was named meaning "home by the Santa Anna River" in German. The name was altered to Anaheim. To the Spanish-speaking neighbors, the settlement was known as Campo Alemán. Although grape and wine-making was their primary objective, the majority of the 50 settlers were mechanics and craftsmen with no experience in wine-making; the community set aside 40 acres for a town center and a school was the first building erected there. The first home was built in 1857, the Anaheim Gazette newspaper was established in 1870 and a hotel in 1871; the census of 1870 reported a population of 565 for the Anaheim district. For 25 years, the area was the largest wine producer in California.

However, in 1884, a disease infected the grape vines and by the following year the entire industry was destroyed. Other crops – walnuts and oranges – soon filled the void. Fruits and vegetables had become viable cash crops when the Los Angeles – Orange County region was connected to the continental railroad network in 1887. Polish actress Helena Modjeska settled in Anaheim with her husband and various friends, among them Henryk Sienkiewicz, Julian Sypniewski and Łucjan Paprocki. While living in Anaheim, Helena Modjeska became good friends with Clementine Langenberger, the second wife of August Langenberger. Helena Street and Clementine Street are named after these two ladies, the streets are located adjacent to each other as a symbol of the strong friendship which Helena Modjeska and Clementine Lagenberger shared. Modjeska Park in West Anaheim, is named after Helena Modjeska. During the first half of the 20th century, Anaheim was a massive rural community dominated by orange groves and the landowners who farmed them.

One of the landowners was Bennett Payne Baxter, who owned much land in northeast Anaheim that today is the location of Angel Stadium. He came up with many new ideas for irrigating orange groves and shared his ideas with other landowners, he was not only successful, he helped other landowners and businesspeople succeed as well. Ben Baxter and other landowners helped to make Anaheim a thriving rural community before the opening of Disneyland transformed the city. A street along Edison Park is named Baxter Street. During this time, Rudolph Boysen served as Anaheim's first Park Superintendent from 1921 to 1950. Boysen created a hybrid berry which Walter Knott named the boysenberry, after Rudy Boysen. Boysen Park in East Anaheim was named after him. In 1924, Ku Klux Klan members were elected to the Anaheim City Council on a platform of political reform. Up until that point, the city had been controlled by a long-standing business and civic elite, German American. Given their tradition of moderate social drinking, the German Americans did not support prohibition laws of the day.

The mayor himself was a former saloon keeper. Led by the minister of t

Eastern Wilderness Areas Act

The Eastern Wilderness Areas Act was signed into law by President Gerald Ford on January 3, 1975. The Act designated 16 new wilderness areas in the Eastern United States, including 207,000 acres of wilderness on national lands in 13 states. Although it was untitled, the bill signed by Ford has come to be known as the Eastern Wilderness Areas Act; the Act built upon the Wilderness Act, written by Howard Zahniser of The Wilderness Society and signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964. While the Wilderness Act created the legal definition of wilderness in the United States, the Eastern Wilderness Areas Act applied only to land east of the 100th meridian west. In 1964, both the Forest Service and Congress agreed that eastern areas would have qualified as wilderness. However, six years the Forest Service opposed congressional designation of new wilderness areas in West Virginia with land use histories of logging. In 1971, it adopted a "purity" interpretation for wilderness designation so that no eastern or western lands with a history of human disturbance could qualify as wilderness.

The Forest Service drafted its own bill as an alternative "to establish a system of wild areas within the land of the national forest system" that would have allowed cutting trees to "improve" wildlife habitat and recreation. The organization described the bill as necessary because eastern areas "do not meet the strict criteria of the Wilderness Act." Members of Congress who championed the Wilderness Act resolved to overturn the misconception that wilderness areas included only those "pristine" in nature. Senator Henry Jackson warned of this "serious and fundamental misinterpretation of the Wilderness Act" and pledged himself to correct the falsity of the so-called purity theory. Senator Frank Church, leader of the Senate debate on the Wilderness Act, observed that "the effect of such an interpretation would be to automatically disqualify everything, for few if any lands on this continent—or any other—have escaped man’s imprint to some degree." To counteract the Forest Service bill, advocates for wilderness, including The Wilderness Society, the Sierra Club, Friends of the Earth, their congressional allies, responded with the proposed Eastern Wilderness Areas Act.

Promoted by Ernie Dickerman, a Wilderness Society staff member, George Aiken, a senator from Vermont, the Senate endorsed the bill in May 1974. The final legislation adopted some elements of the Forest Service-inspired bill, but it did not alter the definition and intent of the Wilderness Act of 1964; the previous debate regarding the meaning of "wilderness" versus "pristine" land led to the understanding that cultural use of lands should not keep the area from being restored to a "secondary wilderness," with functioning natural processes similar to when the land was in a primary state. Therefore, the Eastern Wilderness Areas Act explicitly protects lands that both suffered previous abuse and have the ability to recover and therefore be designated for wilderness protection. List of U. S. Wilderness Areas Johnson, Christopher; this Grand & Magnificent Place: The Wilderness Heritage of the White Mountains. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire Press. Rennicke, Jeff. "Micro-Wild". Backpacker. 20. Scott, Doug.

The Enduring Wilderness. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Publishing. Eastern Wilderness Areas Act, January 3, 1975

Boulevard Barb├Ęs

The Boulevard Barbès is a boulevard in the 18th arrondissement of Paris. It is named after French politician Armand Barbès, it was built in 1867 during Haussmann's renovation of Paris. It ends at the rue Ordener, it is 35 metres wide. Nos. 11, 13 & 15: the buildings of the former Grands Magasins Dufayel. In 1856, Jacques François Crespin opened the « Palais de la Nouveauté » on a section of the old rue des Poissonniers. Commerce became in 1888 the Grands Magasins Dufayel. After a series of extensions they occupied the whole rectangle between the boulevard and the rue Christiani, the rue de Sofia and the rue de Clignancourt; the two domes at the corner of the rue Christiani and the rue de Sofia were constructed in 1910. The Grands Magasins closed in 1930. No. 90: the church of Saint-Paul de Montmartre is a Lutheran church, opened in 1897. It was the work of Adolphe Augustin Rey. L'automne à Barbès Rochechouart, a song by Jean-Claude Vannier Get Low, a song by Dillon Francis and DJ Snake La Zoubida, a song by Lagaf' Barbès, an album by Rachid Taha B.

E. Z. B. A. R. A song by Scred Connexion Viens faire un tour à Barbès, a song by Scred Connexion's Ahmed Koma with DJ Maze and Cheb Tarik Thé à la menthe, a song by La Caution Historias de un arrabal parisino, a semi-autobiographical novel by Vicente Ulive-Schnell Barbès, a song by Fédération Française de Fonck Jacques Hillairet, Dictionnaire historique des rues de Paris, Paris, 1963