Anahita is the Old Persian form of the name of an Iranian goddess and appears in complete and earlier form as Aredvi Sura Anahita, the Avestan name of an Indo-Iranian cosmological figure venerated as the divinity of "the Waters" and hence associated with fertility and wisdom. There is a temple named Anahita in Iran. Aredvi Sura Anahita is Ardwisur Anahid or Nahid in Middle and Modern Persian, Anahit in Armenian. An iconic shrine cult of Aredvi Sura Anahita was – together with other shrine cults – "introduced in the 4th century BCE and lasted until it was suppressed in the wake of an iconoclastic movement under the Sassanids."The Greek and Roman historians of classical antiquity refer to her either as Anaïtis or identified her with one of the divinities from their own pantheons. 270 Anahita, a silicaceous S-type asteroid, is named after her. Based on the development of her cult, she was described as a syncretistic goddess, composed of two independent elements; the first is a manifestation of the Indo-Iranian idea of the Heavenly River who provides the waters to the rivers and streams flowing in the earth while the second is that of a goddess with an uncertain origin, though maintaining her own unique characteristics, became associated with the cult of the ancient Mesopotamian goddess Inanna-Ishtar.
According to a theory, this is attributed to a desire to make Anahita part of Zoroastrianism after diffusing from the extreme northwest to the rest of Persia. According to H. Lommel, the proper name of the divinity in Indo-Iranian times was Sarasvatī, which means "she who possesses waters". In Sanskrit, the name आर्द्रावी शूरा अनाहिता means "of the waters and immaculate". Like the Indian Sarasvatī, Anāhitā nurtures herds. Only Arədvī is specific to the divinity; the words sūra and anāhīta are generic Avestan language adjectives, mean "mighty" and "pure". Both adjectives appear as epithets of other divinities or divine concepts such as Haoma and the Fravashis. Both adjectives are attested in Vedic Sanskrit; as a divinity of the waters, the yazata is of Indo-Iranian origin, according to Lommel related to Sanskrit Sarasvatī that, like its Proto-Iranian equivalent *Harahvatī, derives from Indo-Iranian *Saraswṇtī. In its old Iranian form *Harahvatī, "her name was given to the region, rich in rivers, whose modern capital is Delhi."
"Like the Devi Saraswati, nurtures crops and herds. Some historians note that that despite Anahita's Aryan roots and the way she represented the shared concept of the Heavenly River, which in the Vedas was represented by the goddess Sarasvatī, she had no counterpart in the ancient text who bear the same name or one that remotely resembled hers. In the Persian texts of the Sassanid and eras, Arədvī Sūra Anāhīta appears as Ardwisur Anāhīd; the evidence suggests a western Iranian origin of Anāhīta.. Anahita shares characteristics with Mat Zemlya in Slavic mythology. At some point prior to the 4th century BCE, this yazata was conflated with Semitic Ištar a divinity of "maiden" fertility and from whom Aredvi Sura Anahita inherited additional features of a divinity of war and of the planet Venus or "Zohreh" in Arabic, it was moreover the association with the planet Venus, "it seems, which led Herodotus to record that the learnt'to sacrifice to "the heavenly goddess"' from the Assyrians and Arabians."
There are sources. For instance, it was proposed that the ancient Persians worshiped the planet Venus as *Anahiti, the "pure one", that, as these people settled in Eastern Iran, *Anahiti began to absorb elements of the cult of Ishtar. Indeed, according to Boyce, it is "probable" that there was once a Perso–Elamite divinity by the name of *Anahiti, it is likely that it was this divinity, an analogue of Ishtar, that it is this divinity with which Aredvi Sura Anahita was conflated. The link between Anahita and Ishtar is part of the wider theory that Iranian kingship had Mesopotamian roots and that the Persian gods were natural extensions of the Babylonian deities, where Ahuramazda is considered an aspect of Marduk, Mithra for Shamash, Anahita was Ishtar; this is supported by how Ishtar "apparently" gave Aredvi Sura Anahita the epithet Banu,'the Lady', a Mesopotamian construct, not attested as an epithet for a divinity in Iran before the common era. It is unknown in the texts of the Avesta, but evident in Sassanid-era middle Persian inscriptions and in a middle Persian Zend translation of Yasna 68.13.
In Zoroastrian texts from the post-conquest epoch, the divinity is referred to as'Anahid the Lady','Ardwisur the Lady' and'Ardwisur the Lady of the waters'. Because the divinity is unattested in any old Western Iranian language, establishing characteristics prior to the introduction of Zoroastrianism in Western Iran is much in the realm of speculation. Boyce concludes that "the Achaemenids' devotion to this goddess evidently survived their conversion to Zoroastrianism, they appear to have used ro
Luca Scassa is an Italian motorcycle racer, a Ducati Corse test rider. He competed in the MotoGP World Championship, the Superbike World Championship the Supersport World Championship, the AMA Superbike Championship and the British Superbike Championship, he was the Italian Superbike champion in 2008 riding a MV Agusta. Having competed between 2004 and 2007 in the Superstock 1000 FIM Cup, he became Italian Superbike champion in 2008 with the MV Agusta F4 312 R with team Unionbike Gimotorsports. In the same year he made his debut in the World Superbike Championship as a replacement rider for the DF Racing Team at the circuit of Portimão, scoring no points. In 2009 he participated in the World Superbike Championship with a Team Pedercini Kawasaki ZX-10R, he finished his first full season in twenty-ninth place overall with 11 points, his best finish being thirteenth, in race 1 in the French Grand Prix held at Magny-Cours. On February 16 it was announced that he would take part in the World Superbike 2010 championship with Ducati 1098R Team Supersonic Racing.
In the course of the season Scassa was forced to miss the first race in Australia at Phillip Island, again in Silverstone because of a fall in race 1 at Brno which caused the fracture of the 3rd and 4th metatarsal of his left foot. With these problems he still managed to improve his results of the previous year, ranking in seventeenth place in the riders' championship with 85 points. For 2011, he joined the Supersport World Championship riding a Yamaha YZF-R6 for Team ParkinGO, managing three wins during the season and finishing in 5th place in the standings. A few weeks earlier his'Scassa Racing Experience School' was instructing riders at the Misano circuit using Yamaha R1's, although not the same R6 motorcycle Scassa used in the championship, the rules of the WSS Championship stated unless the team designated such track as a test circuit they could not use the facility. For 2012, he joined the British Superbike Championship, racing a Honda CBR1000RR for the Padgetts Racing team, he had a season of ups and downs on the new, unfamiliar circuits, a 4th place at Assen was his best finish.
He finished the season in 15th place with 76 points. For 2013, he returned to the World Supersport championship riding the Kawasaki ZX-6R Kawasaki for team Intermoto Ponyexpres. In September 2013 it was announced that Scassa would stand in for an injured MotoGP rider Karel Abraham as part of the Cardion AB team for the Aragon race; this would be his first ride for a MotoGP team. After finishing 17th in his first GP it was announced that Scassa would be replacing Abraham for the rest of the 2013 season. MotoGP.com rider profile WorldSBK.com rider profile
Ajay Singh Deol, better known as Sunny Deol, is an Indian film actor, producer and the current member of parliament from Gurdaspur of Punjab State. He is known for his work in Hindi cinema and has won two National Film Awards and two Filmfare Awards. Deol made his debut opposite fellow debutante Amrita Singh in Betaab, for which he received a Filmfare Best Actor Award nomination. Subsequently, he went on to star in numerous successful films in the 1990s. With his portrayal of an amateur boxer wrongly accused of his brother's murder in Rajkumar Santoshi's Ghayal in 1990, Deol gained wide recognition and praise and won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor and the National Film Award – Special Jury Award / Special Mention, his portrayal of a lawyer in the film Damini – Lightning won him the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor and the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor. Anil Sharma's Gadar: Ek Prem Katha, in which Deol portrayed a lorry driver who falls in love with a Muslim girl, was the highest grossing Bollywood film at the time of its release, garnered him a Filmfare Best Actor Award nomination.
Deol was born on 19 October 1956, in the village of Sahnewal in Punjab, India, to Bollywood actor Dharmendra and Prakash Kaur. He has a younger brother Bobby Deol and two sisters Vijayta and Ajeeta who are settled in California, his step-mother is Hema Malini, through whom he has two paternal half-sisters, actress Esha Deol and Ahana Deol. His cousin Abhay Deol is an actor. Deol made his debut in the 1983 romantic film Betaab in which role he was praised and he was nominated for best actor at Filmfare Awards. Deol has appeared in Rahul Rawail's Arjun, in which he played the titular role of an unemployed youngster; the film established Deol's status as an action hero. In 1986 he appeared alongside his father in Sultanat. In the final years of the decade he appeared in several hits including Dacait and Paap Ki Duniya. In 1989, he had back to back hits with Pankaj Parashar's ChaalBaaz, he won his first Filmfare Award for Best Actor in Rajkumar Santoshi's 1990 film Ghayal. He paired with Aditya Pancholi in Vishnu-Devaa.
From 1992–1997, he gave back to back hits with films like Lootere, Jeet, Ghatak and Ziddi. In 1999 he made his directorial debut with Dillagi starring himself, his brother and Urmila Matondkar, his first hit in the millennium was Anil Sharma's 2001 film Gadar. In 2003 he teamed up with director Anil Sharma yet again for The Hero: Love Story of a Spy, which starred Preity Zinta and Priyanka Chopra. Released on 11 April, The Hero was billed as Bollywood's most expensive film at that time with an estimated budget of ₹600 million; the film became the third highest-grossing Bollywood film of that year. Sunny appeared alongside his father Dharmendra and Bobby Deol together for the first time in Apne, yet again in Yamla Pagla Deewana. Deol's first release of 2010 was Neeraj Pathak's crime thriller Right Yaaa Wrong which had him playing a police inspector. Yamla Pagla Deewana was Sunny's only release in 2011 and was one of the biggest successes of the year. In 2011, he started working in Radhika Rao and Vinay Sapru's I Love NY opposite Kangana Ranaut and in Chandraprakash Dwivedi's Mohalla Assi opposite Sakshi Tanwar, but due to some reason both films have been delayed.
For the first time in his career, Sunny lent his voice in the Animated film Mahabharata. His future venture is Neeraj Pathak's Bhaiyyaji Superhitt.. It earned US$6.7 million. In the end of 2013 Sunny's movie Singh Saab The Great was loved massively and created a big pandemonium in the cinema hall as well as on Facebook. In 2016, Ghayal Once Again was released, a sequel to his 1990 film Ghayal and is the second film directed by him, his latest movie in 2017 was Poster Boys. In 2018, Deol appeared in Yamla Pagla Deewana: Bhaiaji Superhit and Mohalla Assi. In 2019, he set to direct Pal Pal Dil Ke Paas. Sunny Deol is married to Lynda Deol and the couple has two sons and Rajveer. Karan was an assistant director on Yamla Pagla Deewana 2 and has rapped in a song sung by Diljit Dosanjh in the film. Karan Deol has made his Bollywood debut with the Hindi-language feature film Pal Pal Dil Ke Paas. Deol joined the Bharatiya Janata Party party on 23 April 2019, he won the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections from Gurdaspur constituency against his rival Sunil Jakhar of Indian national Congress with a margin of 82,459 votes.
Apart from National Film Awards, Filmfare Awards and other competitive awards which Deol won for his performances throughout the years, he has been awarded several honours for his achievements in the Indian film industry. Sunny Deol on IMDb