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Anazarbus

Anazarbus was an ancient Cilician city. Under the late Roman Empire, it was the capital of Cilicia Secunda, it was destroyed in 1374. It was situated in Anatolia in modern Turkey, in the present Çukurova about 15 km west of the main stream of the present Ceyhan River and near its tributary the Sempas Su. A lofty isolated ridge formed its acropolis. Though some of the masonry in the ruins is pre-Roman, the Suda's identification of it with Cyinda, famous as a treasure city in the wars of Eumenes of Cardia, cannot be accepted in the face of Strabo's express location of Cyinda in western Cilicia, it was founded by Assyrians. It was situated on the Pyramus. According to the Suda, the original name of the place was Kyinda or Quinda. How the city obtained the name Anazarbus or Anazarba, as it was known, is a matter of conjecture. According to Stephanus of Byzantium, after the city was destroyed by an earthquake, the emperor Nerva sent thither one Anazarbus, a man of senatorial rank, who rebuilt the city, gave to it his own name.

This account can not be accurate, as Valesius remarks. Dioscorides is called a native of Anazarbus, it was the home of the poet Oppian. Its name was Caesarea ad Anazarbum, there are many medals of the place in which it is both named Anazarbus and Caesarea at or under Anazarbus. On the division of Cilicia it became the chief place of the Roman province of Cilicia Secunda, with the title of Metropolis, it suffered dreadfully from an earthquake both in the time of Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I, still more, in the reign of his successor Justin I. After Justinian rebuilt the place, it was renamed Ioustinianoupolis. Rebuilt by Justin I after the earthquake in the 6th century, it became Justinopolis or Ioustinoupolis, its great natural strength and situation, not far from the mouth of the Sis pass, near the great road which debouched from the Cilician Gates, made Anazarbus play a considerable part in the struggles between the Eastern Roman Empire and the early Muslim invaders. It had been rebuilt by Harun al-Rashid in 796, refortified at great expense by the Hamdanid Sayf al-Dawla and again destroyed in 962 by Nikephoros II Phokas.

In late 1097 or early 1098 it was captured by the armies of the First Crusade and was incorporated into Bohemond's Principality of Antioch. The Crusaders are responsible for the construction of an impressive donjon atop the center of the outcrop. Most of the remaining fortifications, including the curtain walls, massive horse-shaped towers, undercrofts and free-standing structures date from the Armenian periods of occupation, which began with the arrival of the Rubenid Baron T‛oros I, c. 1111. The site exchanged hands between the Greeks and Armenians, until it was formally part of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. Within the fortress are two Armenian chapels and the magnificent three-aisle church built by T‛oros I to celebrate his conquests; the church was once surrounded by a well-executed dedicatory inscription in Armenian. The Mamluk Empire of Egypt destroyed the city in 1374; the present wall of the lower city is of late construction. It encloses a mass of ruins conspicuous in which are a fine triumphal arch, the colonnades of two streets, a gymnasium, etc.

A stadium and a theatre lie outside the walls to the south. The remains of the acropolis fortifications are interesting, including roads and ditches hewn in the rock. There are no notable structures in the upper town. For picturesqueness the site is not equaled in Cilicia, it is worthwhile to trace the three fine aqueducts to their sources. A necropolis on the escarpment to the south of the curtain wall can be seen complete with signs of illegal modern excavations. A visit in December 2002 showed that the three aqueducts mentioned above have been nearly destroyed. Only small, isolated sections are left standing with the largest portion lying in a pile of rubble that stretches the length of where the aqueducts once stood. A powerful earthquake that struck the area in 1945 is thought to be responsible for the destruction. A modest Turkish farming village lies to the southwest of the ancient city. A small outdoor museum with some of the artifacts collected in the area can be viewed for a small fee.

Nearby are some beautiful mosaics discovered in a farmers field. Inquire at the museum for a viewing. Anazarbus/Anavarsa was one of a chain of Armenian fortifications stretching through Cilicia; the castle of Sis lies to the north while Tumlu Castle and Yilankale are to the south, the fortresses of Amouda and Sarvandikar are to the east. In 2013, excavations uncovered the first known colonnaded double-lane road of the ancient world, 34 meters wide and 2700 meters long uncovered the ruins of a church and a bathhouse. In 2017, archaeologists discovered a limestone statue of the god Eros; the statue is thought to date to the third or fourth century B. C. Anazarbus was the capital and so from 553 the metropolitan see of the Late Roman province of Cilicia Secunda. In the 4th century, one of the bishops of Anazarbus was Athanasius, a "consistent expounder of the theology of Arius." His theological o

Omokoroa

Omokoroa is a small urban area in the Western Bay of Plenty District of New Zealand. The suburb is considered part of Greater Tauranga, is within the Bay of Plenty electorate. Omokoroa began as a small rural holiday village, but is expanding to be a commuter town, with a 25-minute drive to Tauranga City. Omokoroa itself had a population of 2547 as of 2013, but is now nearer 3000 after being now designated as an area of special housing growth, it is expected to reach a population of 12,000 by 2020-2030, is situated within the Kaimai Ward, Western Bay of Plenty. Omokoroa includes the urban area on the harbour side of State Highway 2, along with Youngson Road to Plummers Point Road, parts of Old Highway Road. Tawhitinui Marae is located in the Omokoroa area, it is a tribal meeting ground of the Ngāti Ranginui hapū of Pirirākau, includes the Kahi meeting house. The postcodes for the area are: 3114 - Railway line to harbour edge 3172 - Railway line towards SH2 The dialing prefix for the town are 7 548 The local primary school on the Omokoroa Peninsula is Omokoroa Point School with Omokoroa No. 1 School on Plummers Point Road.

The nearest zoned secondary schools in the area are Otumoetai College, Tauranga Boys' College and Tauranga Girls' College. Katikati College and the private Bethlehem College are nearby

James Edmeston

James Edmeston was an English architect and surveyor. He was born in Wapping, England, his maternal grandfather was the Reverend Samuel Brewer, congregationalist pastor at Stepney Meeting House for 50 years. However, James soon became an Anglican. Edmeston began as an architect in 1816, he designed several structures including drinking fountains and St Paul's, Onslow Square. George Gilbert Scott was his pupil, articled to Edmedston in 1827. In 1864 he built Columbia Wharf, the first grain silo in a British port. Edmeston started by writing poetry publishing The Search, other Poems in 1817, he served as the church warden at St. Barnabas in Homerton and was a strong supporter of and frequent visitor to the London Orphan Asylum. Edmeston is said to have written one every Sunday, his best-known hymn is the popular wedding hymn'Lead us, Heavenly Father, lead us / O'er the world's tempestuous sea'. He died in Homerton in 1867. Julian, John. A Dictionary of Hymnology. London: John Murray. Pp. 321–322. Bailey, Albert Edward.

The Gospel in Hymns. New York: Charles Scribner's sons. Pp. 166–168