Maison du Chamarier
The Maison du Chamarier, known as Hôtel dEstaing, is a house at 37 rue Saint-Jean in the 5th arrondissement of Lyon, at the corner of Rue de la Bombarde. It was built in 1498 but the ancient ruins are from the thirteenth century, from Latin cameriarus, the word Chamarier means the superintendent of the finances of the bishop of the Lyon Cathedral. He has the keys to the gates of the enclosure canonical, from the fifteenth century, he gathered the taxes collected during the fairs. In the thirteenth century, the first house was built inside the cloister of St. John, redesigned in the fourteenth - fifteenth centuries, this building was rebuilt in the sixteenth century by François dEstaing. The wells in the yard is attributed to Philibert de LOrme, the Marquise de Sévigné lived here when she was in Lyon. In the nineteenth century, the house was converted into apartments, as all of Saint Jean quarter, it starts to deteriorate gradually. On 15 September 1943, the building was classified monument historique and it has subsequently been renovated under the leadership of the association Renaissance du Vieux Lyon and after the decision of Denis Trouxe, deputy mayor under the tenure of Mayor Raymond Barre.
It was the first Renaissance styled home of the quarter, the Gothic styled spiral staircase has a large size and ornamentation. The entrance to the tower where the stairway is part, is surmounted by a canopy adorned with a pinnacle turrets similar to those entries of Gothic churches
Temple du Change
The Temple du Change or Loge du Change, formerly used for the stock exchange of Lyon, stands in Vieux Lyon. It was originally built after plans by architect Simon Gourdet between 1631 and 1653, rebuilt under the direction of Jacques-Germain Soufflot in 1748-1750 and it has been assigned to Protestant worship since 1803, hence its designation Temple. The first Loge du Change was a classical building with four arches in front. It soon became insufficient for Lyons money exchange, but was not renovated before 1748, Soufflot provided plans and elevations for its repair, performed by Jean-Baptiste Roche, an architect he had himself introduced. Behind the façade rises a large room, as high and wide as the building and it is rectangular with an imperial-styled roof supported on four massive pillars. The first-floor facade was rebuilt in Soufflots uncompromising neoclassical style. During the French Revolution, the building was abandoned and it became an inn for a moment, before being assigned to the Protestants in 1803.
Minor changes were made throughout the century, particularly on the interior. In December 1999, the city of Lyon and the Renaissance du Vieux Lyon added two clocks on the facade, the clock on the right was already there when the building was constructed and has a traditional dial, which indicates hours and minutes. In contrast, the dial on the left is more surprising because it marks days, the building was classified a monument historique in 1913 and hosts many concerts
Odeon of Lyon
The Odeon of Lyon is a small ancient Roman theatre near the summit of the Fourvière hill in Lyon, France. It forms a pair with the theatre, one of two such pairs in Gaul. The ruins were visible in the sixteenth century and was wrongly considered at the time as the amphitheater where the persecution in Lyon took place in 177. Sometimes regarded as a theater or auditorium by various authors, the monument appeared in texts and plans. The Odeon was built in the early to mid-second century, archaeologists are reluctant on the date of its construction. The excavators date the building of the period as the extension of the theater during the reign of Hadrian. It was used as meeting room for the notables of the city, ancient Theatre of Fourvière Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls Nuits de Fourvière
Lyon Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, in Lyon, France. It is located on Place Saint-Jean and is the seat of the Archbishop of Lyon, the cathedral was founded by Saint Pothinus and Saint Irenaeus, the first two bishops of Lyon. Begun in the century on the ruins of a 6th-century church. The building is 80 meters long,20 meters wide at the choir, the cathedral organ was built by Daublaine and Callinet and was installed in 1841 at the end of the apse and had 15 stops. It was rebuilt in 1875 by Merklin-Schütze and given 30 stops, the cathedral has the Lyon Astronomical Clock from the 14th century. Until the construction of the Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, it was the pre-eminent church in Lyon, edouard Commette - most of the first half of the 20th century. Cardinal Foulon Cardinal Gerlier Association Cathédrale de Lyon Primatiale Saint John n. d, Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière Basilica of Saint-Martin dAinay Église Saint-Paul
Roman theatre (structure)
Roman theatres derive from and are part of the overall evolution of earlier Greek theatres. Indeed, much of the influence on the Romans came from the Greeks. However, Roman theatres have specific differences, such as generally being built upon their own instead of earthen works or a hillside. Roman theatres were built in all areas of the empire from Spain to the Middle East, because of the Romans ability to influence local architecture, we see numerous theatres around the world with uniquely Roman attributes. There exist similarities between the theatres and amphitheatres of ancient Rome/Italy and they were constructed out of the same material, Roman concrete, and provided a place for the public to go and see numerous events throughout the Empire. However, they are two different structures, with specific layouts that lend to the different events they held. Amphitheatres did not need superior acoustics, unlike those provided by the structure of a Roman theatre, while amphitheatres would feature races and gladiatorial events, theatres hosted events such as plays, choral events, and orations.
Their design, with its form, enhances the natural acoustics. These buildings were semi-circular and possessed certain inherent architectural structures, with minor differences depending on the region in which they were constructed, the scaenae frons was a high back wall of the stage floor, supported by columns. The proscaenium was a wall that supported the front edge of the stage with ornately decorated niches off to the sides, the Hellenistic influence is seen through the use of the proscaenium. The Roman theatre had a podium, which supported the columns of the scaenae frons. The theatre itself was divided into the stage and the seating section, vomitoria or entrances and exits were made available to the audience. The auditorium, the area in which people gathered, was constructed on a small hill or slope in which stacked seating could be easily made in the tradition of the Greek Theatres. The center of the auditorium was hollowed out of a hill or slope, while the outer radian seats required structural support and this was of course not always the case as Romans tended to build their theatres regardless of the availability of hillsides.
All theatres built within the city of Rome were completely man-made without the use of earthworks, the auditorium was not roofed, awnings could be pulled overhead to provide shelter from rain or sunlight. Some Roman theatres, constructed of wood, were torn down after the festival for which they were erected concluded. This practice was due to a moratorium on permanent theatre structures that lasted until 55 BC when the Theatre of Pompey was built with the addition of a temple to avoid the law, some Roman theatres show signs of never having been completed in the first place. Inside Rome, few theatres have survived the centuries following their construction, Theatre of ancient Greece Theatre of ancient Rome Amphitheatre Roman architecture
The Vieux Lyon is the largest Renaissance district of Lyon in the 5th arrondissement of Lyon. This zone is served by the metro line D In 1954, Vieux-Lyon, covering an area of 424 hectares at the foot of the Fourvière hill, it is one of Europe’s most extensive Renaissance neighborhoods. There are three sections, Saint Jean, Saint Paul and Saint Georges. The Saint Jean quarter, in the Middle Ages, this was the focus of political, the Cathedral of St Jean, seat of the Primate of Gaul, a title still conferred upon the archbishop of Lyon, is a good example of Gothic architecture. The Manecanterie adjoining the cathedral is one of Lyons few extant Romanesque buildings, formerly a choir school, it now houses the museum of the cathedral’s treasures. Saint Jean is home to the Museum of Miniatures and Film Sets, the Saint-Paul section, in the 15th and 16th centuries predominately Italian banker-merchants moved into sumptuous urban residences here called hôtels particuliers. The Hôtel Bullioud and the Hôtel de Gadagne are two magnificent examples and the now houses the Lyon Historical Museum and the International Puppet Museum.
The Loge du Change stands as testimony to the period when trade fairs made the city wealthy, the Saint Paul church with its Romanesque lantern tower and its spectacular spire mark the section’s northern extremity. The Saint Georges section, silk weavers settled here beginning in the 16th century before moving to the Croix Rousse hill in the 19th century, in 1844, the architect Pierre Bossan rebuilt the St Georges Church on the banks of the Saônein a neo-Gothic style. In the Middle Ages, when there were only a few parallel streets between the hill and the Saône, the first traboules were built. Derived from the Latin trans-ambulare, meaning to pass through, traboules are corridors through buildings and their courtyards, visitors can discover an architectural heritage of galleries and spiral staircases in these secret passageways, as unexpected as they are unique. Saint-Paul is the quarter surrounding gare Saint-Paul eand the homonymous church and its the cultural center of Vieux Lyon, with two main institutes, the Maristes and the Lazarists.
The Pont de la Feuillée links these institutes with quai Saint-Vincent and this area underwent an importante mutation in the end of 19th century with the construction the Saint-Paul station. Many ancients buildings were levelled to make room for the future rue Octavio-Mey and the Palais du Bondy, sites remarquables Place Saint-Paul, The metro station serving the valley of Azergues at north of Lyon was built in 1873. Léglise Saint-Paul a subi les aléas du temps, construite une première fois en 549, furent ajoutés en 1875-77 une flèche et le portail néo-gothique. Elle possède un lanterneau roman réparti en deux dômes octogonaux au sommet de lédifice, on peut observer lédifice en bénéficiant dune vue densemble de la place Gerson, du nom dun théologien inhumé dans léglise en 1428. Sur la place se trouve la maison Mourguet où le créateur de Guignol y monta des spectacles, elle possède une tourelle carrée en encorbellement. Saint-Paul is the quarter surrounding gare Saint-Paul eand the homonymous church and its the scholastic pole of Vieux Lyon, with two main institutes, les Maristes et les Lazaristes