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And When the Sky Was Opened

"And When the Sky Was Opened" is episode eleven of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It aired on December 11, 1959, it is an adaptation of the Richard Matheson short story "Disappearing Act". United States Air Force Colonel Clegg Forbes arrives at a military hospital to visit his friend and co-pilot Major William Gart; the two had piloted an experimental spaceplane, the X-20 DynaSoar, on a mission that took them 900 miles beyond the confines of the Earth's atmosphere, the first time man had been that far out in space. During their voyage the men blacked out for four hours and the craft itself disappeared from radar screens for a full day before reappearing and crash landing in the desert, leaving Gart with a broken leg. Gart inquires as to the status of the plane, but Forbes is agitated and asks Gart if he remembers how many people were on the mission, producing a newspaper with a front page showing the likenesses of the two men and a headline stating that two astronauts were rescued from the desert crash.

Gart confirms that only he and Forbes piloted the plane, but Forbes insists that a third man – Colonel Ed Harrington, his best friend for 15 years – accompanied them. In the flashback, the previous morning and Forbes are shown joking with Gart as they are discharged from the hospital after passing their physical exams, leaving the Major to recuperate alone; the same newspaper that Forbes would show Gart is present but, accompanied by a photo depicting a crew of three, the headline instead asserts three astronauts were recovered from the crash of the X-20. Harrington and Forbes visit a bar downtown. While there, Harrington is overcome by a feeling that he no longer "belongs" in the world. Disturbed, he phones his parents who tell him they have no son named Ed Harrington and believe the person calling them to be a prankster. Harrington mysteriously vanishes from the phone booth and no one in the bar but Forbes remembers his existence. Desperate, Forbes searches for any trace of his friend but can find nothing in the bar.

His girlfriend, does not remember Harrington, neither does his commanding officer. Returning to the closed bar, he breaks in calling his name repeatedly. Back in the hospital in the present, Forbes finishes recounting the story to Gart and is dismayed by his friend's claim that he doesn't know anyone named Harrington. Forbes glances at a mirror and discovers he casts no reflection, causing him to flee the room in terror. Gart tries to hobble. Calling the duty nurse to ask if she saw where Forbes went, Gart is stunned by the nurse's claim that nobody named Forbes has been in the building and that Gart was the only man, in the hospital room. After getting back into bed, he notices, it now says that Gart was the sole pilot of the X-20 – all mention of Forbes, including his photo, is gone. Horrified, Gart disappears. An officer enters the building and asks the duty nurse if there are any unused rooms available to accommodate new patients; the nurse takes him to the now completely-empty room which hosted the three astronauts, telling him that it has been unoccupied.

The officer affirms that it will be appropriate for malaria patients and orders that new beds be installed. The hangar which housed the X-20 is shown, with the sheet that covered the craft lying on the ground. There is no trace of the plane. Rod Taylor as Lieutenant Colonel Clegg Forbes Charles Aidman as Colonel Ed Harrington Jim Hutton as Major William Gart Maxine Cooper as Amy Sue Randall as Nurse Paul Bryar as Bartender Joe Bassett as Medical officer Gloria Pall as Girl in bar Elizabeth Fielding as Blond Nurse This episode is loosely based on the short story "Disappearing Act" by Richard Matheson; the story was first published in The Magazine of Science Fiction. Rod Taylor and director Douglas Heyes worked together on the TV series Bearcats! "Remember Me", an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, in which ship's doctor Beverly Crusher undergoes a comparable experience. "Revisions", a Stargate SG-1 episode with a similar plot. "Games People Play", a Eureka episode with a similar plot. DeVoe, Bill.

Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0. Grams, Martin; the Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0. "And When the Sky Was Opened" on IMDb "And When the Sky Was Opened" at And When The Sky Was Opened | John's Twilight Zone Page

2007 Super GT Series

The 2007 Autobacs Super GT Series was the fifteenth season of the Japan Automobile Federation Super GT Championship including the All Japan Grand Touring Car Championship era and the third season as the Super GT series. It is marked as the twenty-fifth season of a JAF-sanctioned sports car racing championship dating back to the All Japan Sports Prototype Championship, it is a series for Grand Touring race cars divided into two categories: GT500 and GT300. The season ended on November 4, 2007 after 9 races. In the GT500 class, ARTA drivers Ralph Firman and Daisuke Itō won the championship in a dominating fashion, becoming the first GT500 champion to clinch the title before the final race of the season, a feat only matched by the 2012 champions Masataka Yanagida and Ronnie Quintarelli as of the end of the 2018 season. In the GT300 class, Kazuya Oshima and Hiroaki Ishiura in the apr Toyota MR-S won the driver's championship title by winning the tiebreaker against the Shiden of Kazuho Takahashi and Hiroki Katoh - the two teams finished the season with the same number of points, but Oshima and Ishiura had two race wins compared to Takahashi and Katoh's one.

Takahashi and Katoh's overall consistency, would gave Cars Tokai Dream28 the team's championship title by six points over Oshima and Ishiura. In this season, while Nissan and Honda continued to use their Fairlady Z and Honda NSX in last season. Toyota replaced all Supra's, which served a long time in Super GT series history, into Lexus SC430; when the season was nearly closing, Nissan announced that they will use the Nissan GT-R in the 2008 season. Scoring system Only the best four results in the first six races would be counted for the championship. There were no points awarded for pole position and fastest lap in the final race. Super GT official race archive

Wirra Wirra, New South Wales

Wirra Wirra located at 31°01′25″S 143°07′19″ in Central Darling Shire is a remote rural locality and civil parish of Yungnulgra County in far North West New South Wales.. The Parish has an arid landscape and is unpopulated, with less than two inhabitants per square kilometer.. The nearest town is Whitecliffs 2 km to the north; the parish has hot summers and mild winters. Summers would exceed 36°C. Winters are around 17°C; the annual average rainfall is 249.7 millimetres which would make it a semi-arid climate except that its high evapotranspiration, or its aridity, makes it a desert climate. The parish has a Köppen climate classification of BWh; the Parish is on the traditional lands of the Wandjiwalgu. Aboriginal peoples. In 1838 Thomas Mitchell travelled down the nearby Darling River. Charles Sturt passed through the Wandjiwalgu lands during 1845, In 1861 the Burke and Wills expedition passed nearby. Opal was discovered in the adjoining parish during the 1890s

Christian persecution of paganism under Theodosius I

The Persecution of paganism under Theodosius I began in 381, after the first couple of years of his reign as co-emperor in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. In the 380s, Theodosius I reiterated Constantine's ban on animal sacrifices, prohibited haruspicy on pain of death, pioneered the criminalization of magistrates who did not enforce anti-pagan laws, broke up some pagan associations and destroyed pagan temples. Between 389 and 391 he issued the "Theodosian decrees," which established a practical ban on paganism. Theodosius refused to restore the Altar of Victory in the Senate House, as requested by pagan Senators. In 392 he became emperor of the whole empire. From this moment until the end of his reign in 395, while pagans remained outspoken in their demands for toleration, he authorized or participated in the destruction of many temples, holy sites and objects of piety throughout the empire in actions by Christians against major pagan sites, he issued a comprehensive law that prohibited any public pagan ritual, was oppressive of Manicheans.

He is to have suppressed the Ancient Olympic Games, whose last record of celebration is 393. Theodosius I, who reigned only in the east as co-emperor until 392, had been tolerant towards pagans in the early part of his reign. However, he tried to stamp out the last vestiges of paganism with great severity. However, he did not succeed in this. Though deprived of State and municipal support, bereft of funds and property the followers of the old religions continued to survive visibly, though under pressure and weakening, into the early 6th century. Justinian waged a campaign against pagans in Asia Minor and it is said 80,000 were forcibly converted. During the 6th century the virulent Christian attacks lessened as the old gods became the subject of fables. Theodosius I's relative tolerance for other religions is indicated by his order for the reconstruction of a Jewish synagogue at Callinicum in Mesopotamia, his first attempt to inhibit paganism was in 381. In 384 he prohibited haruspicy on pain of death, unlike earlier anti-pagan prohibitions, he made non-enforcement of the law by magistrates a crime.

Both Theodosius and Valentinian II formally recognized Maximus in the year 384. For a time, the pagans enjoyed religious liberty once again and many distinguished pagans rose to important offices in the state; the fact that the temples continued to be cared for and that pagan festivals continued to be celebrated is indicated by a law of 386, which declared that care for the temples and festivals were the exclusive prerogative of the pagans. This law confirms the right of the priests to perform the traditional pagan rites of the temples. In the year 387, Theodosius declared war on Maximus after Maximus had driven Valentinian II out of Italy. Maximus was defeated and executed and the anti-pagan regulations of Gratian were reinstated by Valentinian II. In 388 he sent a prefect to Syria and Asia Minor with the aim of breaking up pagan associations and the destruction of their temples; the Serapeum at Alexandria was destroyed during this campaign. In a series of decrees called the "Theodosian decrees" he progressively declared that those pagan feasts that had not yet been rendered Christian ones were now to be workdays.

In 391, he reiterated the ban of blood sacrifice and decreed "no one is to go to the sanctuaries, walk through the temples, or raise his eyes to statues created by the labor of man". In the year 391, Valentinian II, emperor in the West under the aegis of Theodosius, under the advice of Ambrose issued a law that not only prohibited sacrifices but forbade anyone from visiting the temples; this again caused turbulence in the West. Valentinian II followed this law with a second one, which declared that pagan temples were to be closed, a law, viewed as outlawing paganism; the emperor Theodosius, reigning in the East, had been tolerant towards pagans in the early part of his reign. Theodosius dealt harshly with Arians and Christian apostates. Laws were directed against Christians who sought to convert back to the old religions and against private divination, he is known to have appointed various pagans to office in the earlier part of his reign. For example, he appointed the pagan Tatianus as the praetorian prefect of Egypt.

His tolerance for other religions is indicated by his 388 order for the reconstruction of a Jewish synagogue at Callinicum in Mesopotamia, destroyed by a bishop and his Christian flock. After the death of Maximus, Valentinian II, under the aegis of Theodosius, once again assumed the office of emperor in the West. Valentinian II, advised by Ambrose, in spite of pleas from the pagans, refused to restore the Altar of Victory to the Senate House, or their income to the priests and Vestal Virgins. Valentinian was murdered by agents of Arbogast whom he had tried to dismiss, Eugenius, a professor of rhetoric, was proclaimed emperor; the ancestral religious rites were once again performed and the Altar of Victory was restored. The temples that were thus closed could be declared "abandoned", as Bishop Theophilus of Alexandria noted in applying for permission to demolish a site and cover it with a Christian church, an act that must have received general sanction, for mithraea forming crypts of churches, t

Avalon Time

Avalon Time is an American old-time radio comedy/variety program that ran from 1938-1940 on NBC's Red Network. The program was named after Avalon cigarettes. Over the course of its run, Avalon Time was sponsored by Sir Walter Raleigh Pipe Tobacco and the Bulova Watch Company; the program is regarded as comedian Red Skelton's first big break in show business and on radio. Tobacco company Brown & Williamson, former makers of Kool cigarettes, began producing Avalon in 1932. Avalon was Brown & Williamson's'economy' brand, while never mentioning that term. Instead, they were promoted as either the cigarettes that "cost you less" or the cigarettes that "give you change back". Avalon Time was the first Avalon-sponsored radio program with Show Boat premiering in 1939.'Red' was an ongoing theme and joke on Avalon Time. Coincidentally, all four hosts of the program had "red" hair. Two of the four hosts went by the name "Red"; the program was produced and broadcast over NBC's "Red" Network. Avalon Time premiered as The Avalon Variety Show on October 1938 with host Red Foley.

Clyde Julian "Red" Foley was born June 1910 in Blue Lick, Kentucky. Foley began his career in broadcasting in 1930 while still attending school at Georgetown College to perform with the house band on WLS-AM's National Barn Dance. In 1937, with producer John Lair, created the radio program Renfro Valley Barn Dance for WHAS in Louisville, Kentucky. With the premiere of The Avalon Variety Show in 1938, Foley became the first country artist to host a network radio program. Foley was the longest serving host of the program with frequent co-star Kitty O'Neill. Foley was replaced as host by up-and-coming comedian Red Skelton. Foley's replacement as singer was Curt Massey. After Avalon Time, Foley returned to National Barn Dance and became a lifelong member of the Grand Ole Opry, he hosted Ozark Jubilee, the first popular country music television series, in the 1950s. Foley died of respiratory failure on the night of September 19, 1968. Red Skelton was the second host of Avalon Time. Skelton became well known for his "Doughnut Dunkers" routine which led to Skelton's first appearance on Rudy Vallée's The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour on August 12, 1937.

Vallée's program had a talent show segment and those who were searching for stardom were eager to be heard on it. Vallée booked veteran comic Joe Cook to appear as a guest with Skelton; the two proceeded to trade jokes about their home towns, with Skelton contending to Cook, an Evansville native, that the city was a suburb of Vincennes, Skelton’s hometown. The show received enough fan mail after the performance to invite both comedians back two weeks after Skelton's initial appearance and again in November of that year. On October 1, 1938, Skelton replaced Red Foley as the host of Avalon Time. Skelton's first wife Edna joined the show's cast, under her maiden name of Stillwell; the Skeltons worked on Avalon Time until late 1939. Skelton went on to do his own radio show, The Raleigh Cigarette Program, on October 7, 1941; the bandleader for the show was Ozzie Nelson. Skelton went on to have his own successful television series named after him that ran on CBS and NBC for 20 years. Comedian Cliff Arquette replaced Skelton as host of Red Skelton Time in January 1940.

Arquette made a guest appearance on the show just a week earlier in December 1939. The title of the program was changed to Avalon Time when Arquette came aboard as host. Arquette began his career as a pianist in the early 1920s soon joining the Henry Halstead orchestra in 1923. Arquette had made a few appearances on radio including an appearance on The Jack Benny Program in 1938. Arquette left Avalon Time in May 1940 and went on to establish his most memorable character, Charley Weaver. Canadian-born singer Dick Todd took over from Cliff Arquette as host of Avalon Time in the Spring of 1940. By the ratings had plummeted and after only a few weeks, the show aired its last broadcast on May 1, 1940. Todd died in 1974

Hôtel du Petit-Bourbon

The Hôtel du Petit-Bourbon, a former Parisian town house of the royal family of Bourbon, was located on the right bank of the Seine on the rue d'Autriche, between the Louvre to the west and the Church of Saint-Germain l'Auxerrois to the east. It was constructed in the 14th century, not long after the Capetian Kings of France enlarged the fortress of the Louvre in order to use it as a royal residence. On two 1550 maps it is shown as the Hôtel de Bourbon, but by 1652, as the Petit-Bourbon on the map of Gomboust; the Bourbons took control of France in 1589, at which time they acquired the Louvre. The Great Hall, the Grande Salle du Petit-Bourbon, was larger than any room in the Louvre, served as the first theatre of the troupe of Molière upon their arrival in Paris in 1658; when in the fourteenth century the kings of France began to use the Louvre as their primary Paris residence, courtiers needed to be in Paris in order to pay their respects to the King and to receive his favors. They therefore constructed magnificent town houses in the vicinity of the Louvre few of which have survived to the present day.

According to Henri Sauval, from 1303 to 1404 the Bourbons purchased houses of more than 300 persons to assemble the site on which their new hotel was built. Over the years they augmented and embellished it such that it became one of the most magnificent in the kingdom. Sauval describes the great hall and the chapel, as the largest and most sumptuous of their kind in Paris. In 1523 Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, Constable of France at the time, plotted to partition France against the will of King Francis I; when the plot was uncovered, Charles was forced to flee to Italy, as a result the Hôtel de Bourbon was demolished. "Salt was strewed upon the ground. The Great Hall was used for numerous court functions. Catherine de Médicis staged the "politically charged" Paradis d'amour at the Petit-Bourbon on 20 August 1572, at the time of the wedding of the Catholic Marguerite de Valois and the Protestant Henri de Navarre, it was a dramatic ballet with scenery and sung recitatives, introduced the new genre of ballet de cour.

The Ballet Comique de la Reine, regarded by James R. Anthony as the first true ballet de cour, was performed at the Petit-Bourbon on 15 October 1581, during the festivities surrounding the marriage of the Duke de Joyeuse and the queen's sister, Marguerite de Vaudemont; the French court's first great carousel was held in the Grande Salle in February 1605. The Estates General of 1614 and 1615 and some of the celebrations accompanying the marriage of Louis XIII in 1615 were held there. Louis XIII selected the subject for the ballet de cour La délivrance de Renaud, based on the story of Rinaldo in Tasso's popular 1581 epic poem Gerusalemme liberata, it was first performed on 29 January 1617. It was not difficult to draw a parallel between Tancrède and his knights fighting the monsters of the enchanted forest and Louis XIII and his favorite, Charles d'Albert de Luynes, rescuing France from its enemies. According to the livret published by Ballard in 1617, the opening grand concert de musique was performed by "sixty-four voices, twenty-eight viols, fourteen lutes conducted by le sieur Mauduit."The dimensions of the hall were ample by Parisian standards: 15 meters wide and 35 meters long with an apse adding an additional 13.5 meters at one end.

During the Estates General of 1614, the king and his courtiers sat in the apse, decorated with fleur-de-lis. Lawrenson suggests that on some occasions, such as the Ballet Comique de la Reine, a kind of stage was located in the apse; the general public was accommodated in two tiers of balconies on the walls. La finta pazza, an Italian play by Giulio Strozzi mixed with an opera by Francesco Sacrati was given under the auspices of Cardinal Mazarin in December 1645; the production employed elaborate stage scenery with set changes and special effects accomplished via theatre machines designed by Giacomo Torelli. In February 1650, during the Fronde when all things Italian were suspect, Pierre Corneille's French play Andromède was premiered; this was yet another spectacular play designed by Torelli. The incidental music composed by Dassoucy was intended to cover up the noise of the machinery. Mazarin's triumph over the Frondeurs and return from exile was celebrated with the Ballet de la Nuit, produced on 23 February 1653 with sets and machinery by Torelli.

The young Louis XIV appeared as the "Sun brilliant with light" and danced five other roles. The Italian opera Le nozze di Peleo e di Teti by Carlo Caproli was performed on 14 April 1654 with Torelli's scenic machinery again the main attraction, again Louis XIV danced six roles: Apollo, a Fury, a dryad, an academician, a courtier, War. Anthony, James R.. "Ballet de cour" in Sadie 2001. At Oxford Music Online. Bjurström, Per. Giacomo Torelli and Baroque Stage Design, 2nd revised edition, translated from the Swedish. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. OCLC 10226792. Félibien, Michel. Histoire de la ville de Paris, vol. 4. Paris: Guillaume Desprez. View at Google Books. Galignani, A.. The History of Paris from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, 3 volumes. Paris: A. and W. Galignani. Vols. 1, 2, 3 at Google Books. Ha