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Anders Zorn

Anders Leonard Zorn was one of Sweden's foremost artists. He obtained international success as a painter and etcher. Among Zorn's portrait subjects were King Oscar II of Sweden, three American Presidents, Grover Cleveland, William H. Taft, Theodore Roosevelt. At the end of his life, he established the Swedish literary Bellman Prize in 1920. Zorn was born and raised on his grandparents' farm in Yvraden, a hamlet near the village of Utmeland in the parish of Mora, Dalarna, he studied until the age of twelve in the school at Mora Strand before progressing in the autumn of 1872 to a secondary grammar school in Enköping. From 1875 to 1880 Zorn studied at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts in Stockholm, where he amazed his teachers with his talent. Members of Stockholm society approached him with commissions; this was how Zorn met his wife, Emma Lamm, early in 1881. Her background was different from Zorn's. Coming from a wealthy Jewish merchant family, she was interested in culture. Zorn traveled extensively to London, the Balkans, Spain and the United States, becoming an international success as one of the most acclaimed painters of his era.

It was his skill as a portrait painter that gained Zorn international acclaim based principally upon his incisive ability to depict the individual character of his model. His subjects included three American Presidents, one of whom was Grover Cleveland in 1899, as well as his wife, along with William H. Taft and Theodore Roosevelt. At 29, he was made a Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur at the Exposition Universelle 1889 Paris World Fair. Portrait paintings Zorn's art made him wealthy and he was thus able to build up a considerable collection of art; the objects were not only bought in his native country but during the many travels he made abroad. In their joint will and Emma Zorn donated their entire holdings to the Swedish State; some of his most important works can be seen at the National Museum of Fine Arts in Stockholm. Among them is Midsummer Dance, a depiction of dancers in the evening light of a rural Midsummer's Eve celebration. Other museums holding major works by Zorn include the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

The Zorn Collections located in Mora and Garberg, Älvdalen, consist of four museums dedicated to the life and works of Anders Zorn. The main museum – Zornmuseet – was designed by Ragnar Östberg and opened in 1939. Shown there are extensive works of Zorn and his collected art by Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn,'The Hovingham Master', Bruno Liljefors, Albert Edelfelt, Pehr Hilleström; the Bellman Prize is a literature prize for "an outstanding Swedish poet", every year awarded by the Swedish Academy. The prize was established by Anders Zorn and his wife Emma in 1920. In 1886, Anders Zorn and his wife Emma, bought land close to Mora church and here they moved to a cottage from his maternal grandfather's farm; when Anders and Emma Zorn decided to return to Sweden after several years abroad, they began to enlarge the cottage. Zorngården was completed in 1910. Zorngården remains today much as it was at the time of Emma Zorn's death in 1942, it is a fine example of an artist's home from the turn of the century.

With inspiration from English and Swedish architecture, it is today an excellent example of the architectural freedom that characterizes the years around 1900. The main part of Zorngården consists of Zorn's home and a museum with his art, but there are two other museums that are part of the Zorn Collections. Gammelgården is in the southern part of Mora and consists of some 40 timber houses that Zorn bought to make sure that the old art of building such houses would not be forgotten. Gopsmor, Zorn's refuge when under stress, is in the municipality of Älvdalen and is only open for visitors in July. Self Portraits While his early works were brilliant, luminous watercolors, by 1887 he had switched to oils. Zorn was a prolific artist, he became an international success as one of the most acclaimed portrait painters of his era. His sitters included three American Presidents, the Swedish king and queen and numerous members of high society. Zorn painted portraits of family members and self-portraits. Zorn is noted for his nude paintings.

His fondness of painting full-figured women gave rise to the terms Zorn kulla or dalkulla, an unmarried woman or girl from Dalarna, as the women were called in the local dialect of the region Zorn lived. Nudes The paintings have the freedom and energy of sketches, using warm and cool light and shade areas with contrasting areas of warm and cool tones, an understanding of colour contrasts and reflected lights. Zorn's accomplished use of the brush allows the forms and the texture of the painted subject to reflect and transmit light. In addition to portraits and nudes, Zorn excelled in realistic depictions of water, as well as scenes depicting rustic life and customs. Zorn is known to use a basic color palette consisting of Lead White, Yellow Ochre and Ivory Black; this limited color palette shows tremendous range in terms of color mixing. A large variety of tonal ranges are possible to mix and considered as a important development for portrait painting. However, the color palette can be used in still life and landscape painting under certain circumstances.

Most striking aspect is that a kind of an olive green color is possible to obtain by mixing Ivory Black and Yellow Ochre as Ivory Black is bluish in nature. Martha Dana Museum of Fine Arts, Boston George Peabody Gardner Museum of Fine Arts, Boston A Portrait of the Daughters

Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Madhara'i

Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Ahmad al-Madhara'i known as Abu Zunbur, was a member of the bureaucratic al-Madhara'i dynasty of fiscal officials, served as director of finances of Egypt and Syria for the Abbasid Caliphate in the first decades of the 10th century. Al-Husayn was a son of Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Madhara'i, who in 879 founded the family's fortunes when he was named controller of finances by the autonomous ruler of Egypt and Syria, Ahmad ibn Tulun. Abu Bakr held the post until his death in 884, named al-Husayn as his representative in Syria, while another son, fulfilled the same role in Egypt. Ali succeeded his father until his own death in 897, was in turn succeeded by his son Ahmad. Al-Husayn remained in charge of the finances of Syria throughout the Tulunid regime, but as it began to weaken, he took up contacts with the Abbasid court in Baghdad; when the Tulunid domains were brought once more under direct Abbasid control in 904–5, many of the family were deported to Baghdad, he replaced his nephew Ahmad as director of finances of Egypt.

From this post he became involved in the factional struggles between the leading bureaucratic factions in Baghdad, the Banu'l-Furat clan and their opponents, the al-Madhara'i steadfastly siding with the latter. During the second vizierate of Ali ibn Isa al-Jarrah, al-Husayn was once more appointed to Syria, while another nephew, took over in Egypt; when Ali ibn Isa fell and was replaced by his arch-rival Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Furat, the al-Madhara'i were dismissed and imprisoned. Al-Husayn was recalled to Baghdad, where he remained until May 919, when he was once more assigned to the post of financial director of Egypt, he kept the post until 922. Recalled to Baghdad in 923, he was forced to pay a huge fine of five million dirhams. In 926 he was again sent to Egypt with his remit extended to Syria as well, he died in office at Fustat in 929. Bianquis, Thierry. "Autonomous Egypt from Ibn Ṭūlūn to Kāfūr, 868–969". In Petry, Carl F.. Cambridge History of Egypt, Volume One: Islamic Egypt, 640–1517. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pp. 86–119. ISBN 978-0-521-47137-4. Gottschalk, H. L.. "al-Mād̲h̲arāʾī". In Bosworth, C. E.. & Pellat, Ch.. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume V: Khe–Mahi. Leiden: E. J. Brill. P. 953. ISBN 90-04-07819-3

Giant Center

Giant Center is a 10,500-seat multi-purpose arena in Hershey, Pennsylvania, a census-designated place in the Harrisburg metropolitan area. It is home to the Hershey Bears ice hockey team, the longest-existing member of the American Hockey League since 1938. Giant Center replaced the Hersheypark Arena as the Bears' home venue in 2002. Giant Center is owned by the Derry Township Industrial and Commercial Development Authority, as much of the money for its construction was provided by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, it is operated by Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company, with the naming rights owned by the Giant-Carlisle grocery store chain based in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Giant Center has 2,800 seats in the Upper Level; the arena has 688 Club Seats and 40 Luxury Suites. Wheelchair and companion seating is available on all levels. In addition to Bears games, Giant Center hosts an annual concert series and attracts many well-known entertainers; the first performance at the arena was by Cher.

The arena has since continued to host a wide variety of popular acts, including American Idol Live! and the Harlem Globetrotters. In 2003, Giant Center held the WWE's Unforgiven. Giant Center hosted the Road to Victory rally for Republican Presidential candidate, John McCain, his running mate, Sarah Palin, on October 28, 2008. President Donald Trump held campaign rallies in November 2016 and on December 10, 2019. WWE Raw was held at Giant Center with a three-hour Thanksgiving themed episode on November 23, 2009, returned for a three-hour'Old School' themed episode on November 15, 2010. WWE has held several other Raw and WWE Friday Night SmackDown episodes here as well; the largest crowd in Giant Center history was 11,002, which occurred on June 14, 2010, as the Bears clinched the Calder Cup Championship against the Texas Stars in Game 6 of the Calder Cup finals. Giant Center and the city of Hershey hosted the 2011 AHL All-Star Game and Skills Competition on January 30–31, 2011. In 2014, it was home to the Harrisburg Stampede of the Professional Indoor Football League.

In 2015, Elizabethtown College hosted the NCAA Division III Wrestling Championships at the Giant Center. Before the 2015/2016 Hershey Bears Hockey season, Hershey Entertainment & Resorts made a $4.7 million upgrade to the production system, a new four-sided, center-hung HD scoreboard, a new LED standings board and a new LED fascia ribbon surrounding the bowl, manufactured by Daktronics. The new scoreboard's video screens measure 13.52 feet high and 23.92 feet wide. Project was funded with all private funds from HE&R. On October 1, 2016, Country megastar Carrie Underwood broke the record for most attended concert when she brought her Storyteller Tour: Stories in the Round to the arena; the 360-degree angle of the stage stretched across the arena floor, providing all viewers with a good show. She returned on June 13, 2019 during her Cry Pretty Tour 360. On October 25, 2016, the arena hosted the Kellogg's Tour of Gymnastics Champions. In 2007, the Giant Center Food and Beverage Department finalized a deal with PepsiCo, with all food and drink stands in the building switched from Coca-Cola products to Pepsi products.

The switch was made to equalize operations with the rest of the Hershey Entertainment Complex. Giant Center's concessions include traditional fast food items such as chicken tenders, french fries, hot dogs, as well as various Italian items. Additional concessions available include Common Coffeehouse treats such as flavored coffee and pastries; the Smokehouse offering Smoked Pork BBQ, Burrito Bowls and Beef Brisket. Cross Check Cafe offers made-to-order Deitz & Watson Deli Sandwiches, Soup and Daily Specials for Bears Hockey games. Most locations offer children meals. Turkey Hill, a local company from nearby Lancaster County, provides its own brand of ice cream products. In 2014 Arooga's Wing Shack opened offering chicken tenders and boneless wings with a variety of different sauces. Nodding to their presence nearby, various Hershey's chocolate products are available at most of the concession stands. Giant Center Hershey Bears