Andersen Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located 4 miles northeast of Yigo near Agafo Gumas in the United States territory of Guam. Along with Naval Base Guam, Andersen AFB was placed under the command of Joint Region Marianas on 1 October 2009; the two bases are about 30 miles apart at opposite ends of the island. Administration offices for Joint Region Marianas are about half-way in between, at Nimitz Hill; the host unit at Andersen AFB is the 36th Wing, assigned to the Pacific Air Forces Eleventh Air Force. As a non-flying wing, the 36 WG's mission is to provide support to deployed air and space forces of USAF, foreign air forces to Andersen, tenant units assigned to the base. Andersen AFB was established in 1944 as North Field and is named for Brigadier General James Roy Andersen; the 36th Wing Commander is Brig. Gen. Gentry W. Boswell; the Vice Wing Commander is Colonel Matthew J. Nicholson and the Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Jason T HeilmanThe most important U.
S. air base west of Hawaii, Andersen is the only one in the Western Pacific that can permanently base U. S. heavy strategic bombers, including B-1B, B-2, B-52 bombers. Andersen is one of two critical bases in the Asia-Pacific region, the other being Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean. Due to Guam's unrestricted airspace and the close proximity of the Farallon de Medinilla Island, a naval bombing range 184 miles north, the base is in an ideal training location. Andersen Air Force Base was established on 3 December 1944 and is named for Brigadier General James Roy Andersen. General Andersen graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1926, served at various army installations, obtained his wings at Kelly Field, Texas, in 1936. During 1943–1944 he served on the War Department General Staff. In January 1945, General Andersen was assigned to Pacific Ocean Area, he died on 26 February 1945 in the crash of a B-24 Liberator aircraft between Kwajalein and Johnston Island while en route to Hawaii.
Andersen Air Force Base's origins begin on 7 December 1941 when Guam was attacked by the armed forces of Imperial Japan in the Battle of Guam three hours after the Attack on Pearl Harbor. The United States Navy surrendered Guam to the Japanese on 10 December. At the height of the war 19,000 Japanese soldiers and sailors were deployed to the island. Guam was liberated by the United States Marine Corps' 3rd Amphibious Corps on 21 July 1944, in the Battle of Guam, after a 13-day pre-invasion bombardment; the Japanese managed to contain the Marines on two beachheads. The Marines renewed their assault, reached the northern tip of the island on 10 August 1944. Japanese guerrilla activities continued until the end of the war, some were holdouts for many years afterwards. Guam was considered ideal to establish air bases to launch B-29 Superfortress operations against the Japanese Home Islands; the Marianas Islands are about 1,500 miles from Tokyo, a range which the B-29s could just about manage. Most important of all, it could be put on a direct supply line from the United States by ship.
"North Field," as Andersen AFB was first named, was the first air base built in Guam after its liberation. Its construction was supported by the United States Navy Seabees. North Field and its co-located Northwest Field was a massive installation, with four main runways, revetments for over 200 B-29s, a large containment area for base operations and personnel; the first host unit at North Field was the 314th Bombardment Wing, XXI Bomber Command, Twentieth Air Force. The 314th arrived in Guam on 16 January 1945 from Colorado; the 314th controlled four operational B-29 bomb groups, the 19th, 29th, 39th, 330th. B-29 Superfortress missions from North Field were attacks against strategic targets in Japan, operating in daylight and at a high altitude to bomb factories and other objectives. In March 1945, the XXI Bomber Command changed tactics and started carrying out low-level night incendiary raids on area targets. During the Allied assault on Okinawa, groups of the 314th Bomb Wing attacked airfields from which the Japanese were sending out suicide planes against the invasion force.
Flying out of Guam, S/Sgt Henry E Erwin of the 29th Bombardment Group was awarded the Medal of Honor for action that saved his B-29 during a mission over Koriyama, Japan, on 12 April 1945. When a phosphorus smoke bomb exploded in the launching chute and shot back into the plane, Sgt Erwin picked up the burning bomb, carried it to a window, threw it out. After the war, B-29s from North Field dropped food and supplies to Allied prisoners and participated in several show-of-force missions over Japan; the 29th, 39th and 330th Bomb Groups returned to the United States and deactivated in December 1945. The 19th remained in Guam to become the station's host unit after the 314th Bomb Wing was reassigned to Johnson AB, Japan for occupation duty. After the end of World War II, Guam served as a collection point for surplus war goods that had accumulated in the Pacific Theater; the 19th Bombardment Wing was formed at North AFB in 1948 from the resources of the former North Guam Air Force Base Command. The 19th BW operated continued utilizing B-29s.
In May 1949, the headquarters of the Twentieth Air Force moved from Guam to Okinawa. Its former staff was assigned to the 19th BW. At Andersen, the wing assumed responsibility for supervising two active bases and one semi-active base, an assortm
The Kolkata Mail is a daily train running between two metro cities Kolkata, in West Bengal and Mumbai, in Maharashtra. Numbered 12321/22, the train belongs to the superfast category; this train travels through Asansol, Mughalsarai Junction, Allahabad Chheoki Junction, Katni Junction, Itarsi Junction, Manmad Junction, Kalyan to reach Mumbai CSMT, vice versa. An Itarsi based WAP-4 locomotive hauls the train from Mumbai CSMT to Katni Junction after which an Itarsi-based WDP-4D or Katni-based WDM 3A locomotive hauls the train until Mughalsarai Junction. From Mughalsarai, a Howrah based WAP-7 hauls the train for the remainder of its journey until Howrah. Before 6 June 2015, this train was used to be hauled by a Kalyan-based WCAM 3 locomotive from Mumbai CSMT to Igatpuri. Dedicated Intercity trains of India Timetable
Peter de Valognes was a Norman noble who became a great landowner in England following the Norman Conquest. Between 1070 and 1076 Peter de Valognes was granted lands in the six counties of Hertfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk and Lincolnshire. In 1086 when the Domesday book was completed, Peter was sheriff of the counties of Essex and Hertfordshire and he farmed the boroughs of Havering and Hertford. Peter de Valognes made his caput in Benington in Hertfordshire where a motte-and-bailey castle was built in the late 11th or early 12th century. Peter's most valuable lands however, were in Norfolk, the latter being a grant at the forfeiture of Ralph de Guader after the revolt of the Earls in 1075. Peter de Valognes was the founder of Binham Priory in North Norfolk in 1091, built on land given to him by William the Conqueror; the land on which the priory stands was, according to the Domesday Book the property of a freeman named Esket. Peter de Valognes married Albreda de Rie, the sister of Eudo the Dapifer, are known to have had the following known children: Roger de Valognes, Lord of Benington, married Agnes, daughter of John FitzRichard, had issue.
Robert, married Aubrey, daughter of William FitzNeel, Lord of Halton, Agnes de Widness, had issue. William, died without legitimate heirs. Muriel, married firstly William de Bachetone and secondly Hubert de Munchensy, had issue. Daughter, married Alfred of Attleborough, had issue. Parkin, Charles. An essay towards a topographical history of the county of Norfolk. Volume 3. Oxford University
Eduardo Luís Barreto Ferro Rodrigues is a Portuguese politician and economist, President of the Assembly of the Republic since 2015, in the 13th and 14th Legislatures. He was Minister for Social Security, Minister for Public Works, in the governments of António Guterres. Born in Lisbon, he obtained the degree of licenciado in economics at what today is the Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão of Lisbon University, is a lecturer in economics at ISCTE - University Institute of Lisbon. In 2002, Ferro Rodrigues was elected Secretary-General of the Portuguese Socialist Party, a position he retained for two years, he resigned on 9 July 2004 after President Jorge Sampaio announced a decision not to hold early elections when Prime Minister José Manuel Barroso stepped down from office in order to be appointed President of the European Commission. Shortly after, Rodrigues was appointed as Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Portugal to the OECD. Following the October 2015 parliamentary election, he was elected as President of the Assembly of the Republic on 23 October 2015 with the support of the Socialists, the Communists and the Left Bloc.
Ferro received 120 votes against 108 votes for the candidate of the centre-right government. After the 2019 parliamentary election, Ferro Rodrigues was re-elected as President of the Assembly of the Republic, receiving 178 votes. Married to Maria Filomena Lopes Peixoto de Aguilar, he has two children, João Luís de Aguilar Ferro Rodrigues and a daughter, television presenter Rita Ferro Rodrigues. Grand-Cross of the Order of Liberty, Portugal Grand Cross of the Order of May, Merit Class, Argentina Grand-Cross of the Order of Charles III, Spain Grand-Cross of the Order of Honour, Greece
Gender inequality can be found in various areas of Salvadoran life such as employment, education, political participation, family life. Although women in El Salvador enjoy equal protection under the law, they are at a disadvantage relative to their male counterparts. In the area of politics, women have the same rights as men, but the percentage of women in office compared to men is low. Though much progress has been made since the Salvadoran Civil War ended in 1992, women in El Salvador still face gender inequality. El Salvador is a country in Central America. Most of its population is Mestizo, but there are white and indigenous Salvadorans; the country was the scene of a brutal civil war, the Salvadoran Civil War, between 1979 – 1992, which subjected women to extreme violence. More than half of Salvadorans are Roman Catholic, with the next group being that of Protestants. On August 19, 1981, El Salvador ratified the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, which defines discrimination and establishes an agenda for national action to end such discrimination.
Upon signing, El Salvador made one reservation to article 29 paragraph 1. The paragraph states that any dispute between states, not resolved through negotiation shall go to arbitration. If the dispute is not resolved through arbitration within 6 months, the case shall go to the International Court of Justice. In reviewing the combined third and fourth, fifth and sixth periodic reports submitted by El Salvador in 2003, the CEDAW committee expressed concern that the laws and policies against inequality had not been implemented. In the seventh periodic report in 2007, the government of El Salvador responded to the Committee that the Salvadoran Constitution does address the issues of concern, citing articles 32, 37, 53, 65, 71, 72, 101 of the country's constitution. Although CEDAW may be correct in referring to El Salvador's lack of implementation, the Salvadoran Constitution does address the issue of discrimination. In 1996, prior to the Committee's review of El Salvador's compliance with CEDAW, the government of El Salvador established the Institute for Development of Women.
The Institute seeks to ensure that action plans created by the government to protect women are implemented effectively. On March 17, 2011, the General Assembly passed the Law of Equality and the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, which improves the judicial framework for protecting women's rights by implementing a set of regulations; the law recognizes the value of domestic labor. In addition, it helps protect the rights of rural women. In 2015, the maternal mortality ratio in El Salvador was 54 deaths/100,000 live births and the total fertility rate was 1.91 children born/woman. During the 2005–2009 period, 94 percent of Salvadoran pregnant women received at least one antenatal visit, above the 84.1 percent average for their Human Development group. In addition, 96 percent of all births were attended by skilled health personnel, compared to the 78.1 percent average for their respective group, signifying stronger reproductive health status among women. Reproductive rights of women in El Salvador are restricted.
The abortion policy in El Salvador is one of the most restrictive in the world. Abortion is illegal in all cases when the mother's life is endangered. Both major political parties, ARENA on the right and FMLN on the left, have anti-abortion platforms. Prior to 1999, the FMLN had a moderate stance on abortion, they were against it except when the health of the mother is in danger, but after strong opposition and not winning an election since its founding, the FMLN switched its stance and allowed their representatives to "vote their conscience". In 1999, a constitutional amendment was passed, putting in place the current policy, with 72 favorable votes in a legislative assembly of 84 members. There were 12 abstentions, no negative votes; the penalty for getting an abortion can range from two to eight years if convicted and abortion practitioners can receive prison terms of six to 12 years. If a judge rules that the fetus is viable the ruling can be switched to aggravated homicide, which can result in the woman receiving 30–50 years of prison.
During the abortion debate, dialogue between opposing sides brought to light the state of gender inequality in the country. Some politicians and activists suggested that women should not sleep with men if they did not want to become pregnant. In "The Left and Life in El Salvador," Jocelyn Viterna points out that such views powerfully ignore the reality for many Salvadoran women, given that many of them have little control over their own sexual encounters. In 2017 Maria Teresa Rivera became the first woman in the world granted asylum because of being wrongly jailed for disregarding a ban on abortion; as in other Latin American countries, cohabitation is common, with formal marriage being practised by the upper classes. In the 1990s, 73% of births were to unmarried women; as in other countries of the region, formal marriage is a marker of education. Although primary school participation rates are similar for both men and women, secondary education rates differ significantly. In 2011, 47.5 percent of men 25 and older had a secondary education and only 40.5 percent of women 25 and older obtained the same level.
Both of these are below the average for El Salvador's Human Develop
Paul and Storm are an Arlington, Virginia-based comedic musical duo consisting of Paul Sabourin and Greg "Storm" DiCostanzo. They are best known for their humorous songs about geek culture and for amassing an internet fan base, they are regular radio guests on The Bob and Tom Show. They tour with Jonathan Coulton, singing backup vocals for a number of his songs. Coulton has appeared on stage to do backup for Paul and Storm's songs. For 12 years Sabourin and DiCostanzo were one half of the a cappella comedy band Da Vinci's Notebook; when that group went on their "Moxy Früvous-style hiatus," in 2004 the two struck out on their own, with Paul playing keyboard and penny whistle and Storm on the guitar. Before releasing an official debut album Paul and Storm released a demo EP of songs that would be re-recorded for their debut album Opening Band, as well as other songs that have yet to be rerecorded; the EP was titled Cookie Dough. In 2005, the duo released their first album release; the title stems from the lead track off the album, an idea thought up by Storm after their experience as being the opening act.
While they perform live as a duo, they had the help of many guest musicians on the album, including Mike Clem and Eddie Hartness of Eddie from Ohio and Valerie Vigoda, Brendon Milburn, Gene Lewin from Groovelily. Groovelily performed as Storm's back-up band at the 2005 Falcon Ridge Folk Festival; the album features a number of "Rejected Commercial Jingles" as well as a commentary track for two of the album's songs. Their second album News to Us was recorded week by week for The Bob and Tom Show as a featured weekly news segment. Many of the tracks on the album feature. At the end of the album, the duo placed the studio version of most of the tracks as well so that listeners could have a more traditional album experience; the song "Your Love Is" on the album was co-written by Jonathan Coulton. In 2007 their third full-length studio album Gumbo Pants was released; this album features their fan favorite, live concert closing track "The Captain's Wife's Lament" as well as other fan favorites such as "Count to Ten" and "A Better Version of You".
It featured a number of short tracks that were titled "One Sentence Songs" and more "Rejected Commercial Jingles". In 2010 after a three-year lapse between albums, the duo released their fourth studio album Do You Like Star Wars?. The album is a collection of songs that the duo had released one by one in the years following Gumbo Pants, it includes concert favorites such as "Nun Fight", "Cruel, Cruel Moon", "Frogger! The Frogger Musical!". A number of the songs released on this album were written for Quick Stop Entertainment's Masters of Song Fu contest. In 2013, their web series "Learning Town" began on the YouTube channel Sundry, their song "Another Irish Drinking Song" was featured in the 2013 film Despicable Me 2 as performed by the Minions. At the end of 2013, they crowdfunded a project in support of their new album, BALL PIT. Paul and Storm have toured all around the United States as well as in the United Kingdom, they tour alongside Jonathan Coulton opening up the shows, providing backing vocals for a number of songs in Coulton's set.
As part of their tour, they opened for Coulton's act at PAX in Seattle. In November 2009, they toured the United Kingdom alongside Jonathan Coulton, opening the shows with their own songs, just like at PAX; the duo has a weekly audio talk show podcast and Storm Talk About Some Stuff for Five to Ten Minutes. On the podcast the two will talk about food, live shows, upcoming projects. In 2009, in conjunction with friends Wil Wheaton and Adam Savage and Storm organized a series of music and comedy shows called w00tstock, which began in late October of that year; the events took place around the United States and were billed as "3 hours of Geeks and Music". In mid-2010 the duo created two separate internet memes via Twitter. Regarding the fact that both of them had come up with them Paul commented that they were considering changing the name of their act to "The Meme Brothers". In late July, Storm started the popular internet meme of WookieeLeaks by using the hashtag #wookieeleaks on Twitter; the meme is a play on the recent WikiLeaks publishing of secret government files.
Within these tweets a person will mention a secret leaked from the Star Wars universe. Following the success of the hashtag Storm was interviewed by Wired and NPR. Less than a week after the success of WookieeLeaks, Paul created the #kanyenewyorkertweets hashtag via Twitter. Within the tweets where this hashtag is used a person will link to a cartoon from The New Yorker with a tweet from Kanye West added as text below the image. Following its success the meme was picked up by The Onion, Paste Magazine, the Huffington Post, The New Yorker itself. In October 2010 they had acted as the musical guests on the online MMO, AQWorlds, in an event that celebrated the 2nd birthday of the game. Paul and Storm co-created and starred in this webseries for Felicia Day's Geek and Sundry channel on YouTube; the show was created and written by the duo and head writer Josh A. Cagan, a screenwriter behind the movie "Bandslam"; the duo plays fictional versions of themselves, who are offered the job of hosting Storm's favorite kids show after the original beloved host dies.
The show stars Bresha Webb as their producer and Mike Phirman as their biggest-fan-turned-puppeteer. Guest stars on the series included James Urbaniak, Greg Benson, Maurissa Tancharoen, Jeff Lewis, Michael Buckley, Weird Al Y