Laurens County, South Carolina
Laurens County is a county located in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 66,537, its county seat is Laurens. Laurens County is included in SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Laurens County was formed in 1785, it was named after the fifth president of the Continental Congress. One of nine modern counties of the Colonial Ninety-Six District, Laurens County hosted more "official" battles than did half of the original colonies; the Battle of Musgrove Mill was the first time during the American Revolution that regular soldiers of Great Britain were defeated in battle by militia. Those battles in modern Laurens County were: Fort Lindley/Lindler Widow Kellet's Block House Musgrove's Mill Farrow's Station Duncan Creek Meeting House Indian Creek Hammond's Store Fort Williams Cedar Springs Mud Lick Creek Hayes' Station. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 724 square miles, of which 714 square miles is land and 10 square miles is water.
Spartanburg County - north Union County - northeast Newberry County - southeast Greenwood County - south Abbeville County - southwest Anderson County - west Greenville County - northwest Interstate 26 Interstate 385 U. S. Route 25 U. S. Route 76 U. S. Route 221 South Carolina Highway 72 South Carolina Highway 418 Sumter National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 69,567 people, 26,290 households, 18,876 families residing in the county; the population density was 97 people per square mile. There were 30,239 housing units at an average density of 42 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 71.57% White, 26.23% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. 1.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 26,290 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families.
24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,933, the median income for a family was $39,739. Males had a median income of $30,402 versus $21,684 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,761. About 11.60% of families and 14.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over. As of December 2017, the county unemployment rate was 4.4%. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 66,537 people, 25,525 households, 17,707 families residing in the county.
The population density was 93.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 30,709 housing units at an average density of 43.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 70.4% white, 25.4% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.3% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 11.8% were American, 9.8% were Irish, 9.6% were German, 8.8% were English. Of the 25,525 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 39.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $37,529 and the median income for a family was $45,769. Males had a median income of $36,807 versus $26,799 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $18,757. About 14.1% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.0% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over. There are three public school districts in the county. Laurens County District 55 covers what is the northeastern half of the county while District 56 covers the southwestern half; the Ware Shoals area is covered by the multi-county Greenwood County District 51. There are two public high schools in the county: Laurens and Clinton Public K-12 education includes Hickory Tavern Elementary, Ford Elementary, Gray Court-Owings, E. B. Morse, Hickory Tavern Middle, Laurens Middle, Sanders Middle. Private K-12 education includes Laurens Academy. Presbyterian College, located in Clinton, is a four-year liberal-arts school founded in 1880. Clinton Fountain Inn Laurens Cross Hill Gray Court Ware Shoals Waterloo Joanna Mountville Princeton Watts Mills Barksdale Hickory Tavern Kinards Madden Owings James Adair, resided in Laurens County in
Pickens County, South Carolina
Pickens County is a county in the northwest part of the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, its population was 119,224, its county seat is Pickens. The county was created in 1826, it is part of SC Metropolitan Statistical Area. Pickens County was Cherokee Indian Territory until the American Revolution; the Cherokees sided with the British, suffered defeat, surrendered their South Carolina lands. This former Cherokee territory was included in the Ninety-Six Judicial District. In 1791 the state legislature established Washington District, a judicial area composed of present-day Greenville, Anderson and Oconee counties, composed of Greenville and Pendleton counties. Streets for the courthouse town of Pickensville were laid off, soon a cluster of buildings arose that included a large wooden hotel, which served as a stagecoach stop. In 1798 Washington District was divided into Pendleton districts; the latter included what became Anderson and Pickens counties. A new courthouse was erected at Pendleton to accommodate the Court of General Sessions and Common Pleas, soon thereafter Pickensville began to decline.
In view of the growing population and poor transportation facilities in Pendleton District, the legislature divided it into counties in 1826, a year decided instead to divide the area into districts. The legislation went into effect in 1828; the lower part became Anderson and the upper Pickens, named in honor of the Revolutionary soldier, Brigadier General Andrew Pickens, whose home Hopewell was on the southern border of the district. A courthouse was established on the west bank of the Keowee River, a small town called Pickens Court House soon developed By 1860 Pickens District had a population of over 19,000 persons of whom 22 percent were slaves; the district was rural and agricultural. Its small industry consisted of sawmills, a few other shops producing goods for home consumption; the district's Protestant churches were numerous. The Blue Ridge Railroad reached the district in September 1860. There was little combat between the two sides during the Civil War the district was plundered by marauders and deserters who swept down from the mountains.
The war left the region destitute. The South Carolina Constitutional Convention of 1868, meeting during the first year of Congressional Reconstruction, changed the name district to county throughout the state; the Convention established Oconee County out of the portion of Pickens District west of the Keowee and Seneca rivers plus a small area around the Fort Hill estate that belonged to John C. Calhoun; this small area around the Calhoun property was transferred to Pickens County in the 1960s. A new courthouse for Pickens County was erected at its present location, many of the residents of Old Pickens on the Keowee moved to the newly created town, some with their dismantled homes; the loss of the Oconee area reduced the county's population. It did not again reach 19,000 until 1900; the county's growth was accelerated by the building of the Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Railroad in the 1870s. The town of Easley, named for General W. K. Easley, was chartered in 1874. Liberty and Central were soon incorporated.
Calhoun came into being in the 1890s, to be followed in the early 1900s by Six Mile and Norris as incorporated areas. A major factor in Pickens County's growth was the coming of the textile industry; the county's first modern cotton mill, organized by D. K. Norris and others, was established at Cateechee in 1895. By 1900 the county could boast of three cotton mills, two railroads, three banks, three roller mills, thirty-seven sawmills, ten shingle mills, four brickyards, yet until 1940, with a population of 37,000, the county remained rural and agricultural. Like many other Piedmont counties, Pickens had a one-crop economy, its citizens were engaged in growing cotton or manufacturing it into cloth. A notable change in the Pickens landscape was the coming of paved highways; the most significant developments in the county's history have occurred since World War II. By 1972 there were 99 manufacturing plants in the county employing 15,000 personnel and producing not only textiles but a wide variety of other products.
The population today is estimated to be 93,894 residents. There is a heavy in-migration to Pickens County because of its climate, industrial opportunity, proximity to Greenville's labor market, scenic beauty. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 512 square miles, of which 496 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; the county contains the highest natural point in South Carolina, Sassafras Mountain, with an elevation of 3560 feet. Table Rock State Park is in Pickens County. Pickens County is in the Savannah River basin, the Saluda River basin, the French Broad River basin. Transylvania County, North Carolina – north Greenville County – east Anderson County – south Oconee County – west US 76 US 123 US 178 As of the census of 2000, there were 110,757 people, 41,306 households, 28,459 families residing in the county; the population density was 223 people per square mile. There were 46,000 housing units at an average density of 93 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.27% White, 6.82% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.18% A
The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been a Gaelic people. Viking invasions of Ireland during the 8th to 11th centuries established the cities of Dublin, Waterford and Limerick. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of the smaller Northern Ireland; the people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Northern Irish or some combination thereof. The Irish have their own customs, music, sports and mythology. Although Irish was their main language in the past, today most Irish people speak English as their first language.
The Irish nation was made up of kin groups or clans, the Irish had their own religion, law code and style of dress. There have been many notable Irish people throughout history. After Ireland's conversion to Christianity, Irish missionaries and scholars exerted great influence on Western Europe, the Irish came to be seen as a nation of "saints and scholars"; the 6th-century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is regarded as one of the "fathers of Europe", followed by saints Cillian and Fergal. The scientist Robert Boyle is considered the "father of chemistry", Robert Mallet one of the "fathers of seismology". Famous Irish writers include Oscar Wilde, W. B. Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, Bram Stoker, James Joyce, C. S. Lewis and Seamus Heaney. Notable Irish explorers include Brendan the Navigator, Sir Robert McClure, Sir Alexander Armstrong, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Tom Crean. By some accounts, the first European child born in North America had Irish descent on both sides. Many presidents of the United States have had some Irish ancestry.
The population of Ireland is about 6.3 million, but it is estimated that 50 to 80 million people around the world have Irish forebears, making the Irish diaspora one of the largest of any nation. Emigration from Ireland has been the result of conflict and economic issues. People of Irish descent are found in English-speaking countries Great Britain, the United States and Australia. There are significant numbers in Argentina and New Zealand; the United States has the most people of Irish descent, while in Australia those of Irish descent are a higher percentage of the population than in any other country outside Ireland. Many Icelanders have Scottish Gaelic forebears. During the past 12,500 years of inhabitation, Ireland has witnessed some different peoples arrive on its shores; the ancient peoples of Ireland—such as the creators of the Céide Fields and Newgrange—are unknown. Neither their languages nor the terms they used to describe; as late as the middle centuries of the 1st millennium the inhabitants of Ireland did not appear to have a collective name for themselves.
Ireland itself was known by a number of different names, including Banba, Fódla, Ériu by the islanders and Hiverne to the Greeks, Hibernia to the Romans. Scotland takes its name from Scota, who in Irish mythology, Scottish mythology, pseudohistory, is the name given to two different mythological daughters of two different Egyptian Pharaohs to whom the Gaels traced their ancestry explaining the name Scoti, applied by the Romans to Irish raiders, to the Irish invaders of Argyll and Caledonia which became known as Scotland. Other Latin names for people from Ireland in Classic and Mediaeval sources include Attacotti and Gael; this last word, derived from the Welsh gwyddel "raiders", was adopted by the Irish for themselves. However, as a term it is on a par with Viking, as it describes an activity and its proponents, not their actual ethnic affiliations; the terms Irish and Ireland are derived from the goddess Ériu. A variety of historical ethnic groups have inhabited the island, including the Airgialla, Fir Ol nEchmacht, Fir Bolg, Érainn, Eóganachta, Conmaicne and Ulaid.
In the cases of the Conmaicne, Érainn, it can be demonstrated that the tribe took their name from their chief deity, or in the case of the Ciannachta, Eóganachta, the Soghain, a deified ancestor. This practice is paralleled by the Anglo-Saxon dynasties' claims of descent from Woden, via his sons Wecta, Baeldaeg and Wihtlaeg; the Greek mythographer Euhemerus originated the concept of Euhemerism, which treats mythological accounts as a reflection of actual historical events shaped by retelling and traditional mores. In the 12th century, Icelandic bard and historian Snorri Sturluson proposed that the Norse gods were historical war leaders and kings, who became cult figures set into society as gods; this view is in agreement with Irish historians such as Francis John Byrne. One legend states that the Irish were descended from one Míl Espáine, whose sons conquered Ireland around 1000 BC or
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Robert Anderson (Revolutionary War)
Robert Anderson was a politician, militia officer, surveyor from South Carolina. He was a lifelong friend of General Andrew Pickens. Anderson, South Carolina, Anderson County, South Carolina, the ghost town of Andersonville are named for him, he was born on November 1741 in Augusta County, Virginia. His parents were Jane Anderson who had immigrated from Ireland, he married Anne Thompson in 1765. They settled near his friend from Virginia, Andrew Pickens, she died after twenty-five years of marriage. They had five children: Jr. married Maria Thomas. Anne married Dr. William Hunter. Mary married Robert Maxwell, a Revolutionary War hero, was appointed as Sheriff of the Greenville District, he lived in Greenville County, was killed by an ambush on November 10, 1797 while crossing the Saluda River shoals where Piedmont Mill Dam was built. His grave is located fifteen miles south near Ware Place. Jane Anderson Married William Shaw. Elizabeth married Samuel Maverick. One child was Samuel Maverick. In 1793 Anderson married a second time, to a widow in Pendleton, South Carolina.
Her son, married Robert's daughter Elizabeth. After the death of his second wife, he married Mrs. Reese, she was the widow of Dr. Thomas Reese, the pastor of Old Stone Church. In the Revolutionary War, he joined the Fifth South Carolina Militia, he became a captain in the regiment commanded by his friend Andrew Pickens when they fought Boyd's Loyalists. Anderson was one of the Patriots. Many took up arms. At the Battle of Cowpens, Anderson was a colonel under Brigadier General Andrew Pickens. Anderson served under Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee, he fought in the Battle of Eutaw Springs. His regiment held the line against the British between Augusta and Ninety Six. On the western frontier, he fought with Andrew Pickens against the Cherokees. A treaty signed in 1777 ceded most of the Cherokee lands in the present Anderson and Pickens counties. After the war, Anderson was promoted to the rank of general in the state militia, he served in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1791 to 1794 and from 1801 to 1802 from the Pendleton District.
He was an elder of the Old Stone Church. In 1800, he was elector for Aaron Burr, he owned 2,100 acres in the current Anderson and Pickens counties including his home, Westville, on the west side of the Seneca River across from Andrew Picken's home, Hopewell. He died at his home on January 9, 1813. Due to a flood, they were not able to bury him at Old Stone Church, he was buried on his estate. During the construction of Lake Hartwell, his body was reinterred at Old Stone Church; the ghost town of Andersonville, the City of Anderson, Anderson County were named for him. Louise Ayer Vandiver and History of Anderson County, Ruralist Press, Atlanta, GA, 1928. Frank A. Dickson, Journeys into the Past: The Anderson's Region's Heritage, Sponsored by the Anderson County Bicentennial Committee, 1975. Marks, Paula Mitchell, Turn Your Eyes Toward Texas: Pioneers Sam and Mary Maverick, Centennial Series of the Association of Former Students, Texas A&M University, Number 30, College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, ISBN 0-89096-380-0 Reynolds, Jr. William R..
Andrew Pickens: South Carolina Patriot in the Revolutionary War. Jefferson NC: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-6694-8. Rootsweb Robert Anderson's grave. Historical Marker Database Anderson S. C.: The Electric City Historical Marker
Oconee County, South Carolina
Oconee County is the westernmost county in the U. S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 74,273, its county seat is Walhalla. Oconee County is included in the Seneca, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area. South Carolina Highway 11, the Cherokee Foothills National Scenic Highway, begins in southern Oconee County at Interstate Highway 85 at the Georgia state line. Oconee County takes its name from the Cherokee word "Ae-quo-nee" meaning "land beside the water." Oconee was a local Cherokee town, situated on the main British/Cherokee trading path between Charleston and the Mississippi River in the early 18th century. Its geographic position placed it at the intersection of the trading path and the Cherokee treaty boundary of 1777. In 1792, a frontier outpost was built by the SC State Militia near the town site and was named Oconee Station; when Oconee County was created out of the Pickens District in 1868 it was named for Oconee Town.
1780s - The rare wildflower, Oconee Bell, first recorded by André Michaux. 1780s - After the American Revolutionary War, Colonel Benjamin Cleveland and a group of followers received land grants from Georgia and settled in present-day Oconee County. 1787 - Georgia withdrew its claims to the land between the Tugaloo and Keowee River by the Treaty of Beaufort to South Carolina. 1816 - Cherokee sold their remaining South Carolina land. 1850s - The largest town was Tunnel Hill, located above Stumphouse Mountain Tunnel. 1868 - Oconee County was formed when Pickens County was divided. Walhalla was made the county seat. 1870 - Air line Railroad built a railroad through the county which helped to form Seneca and Westminster 1893 - Newry was established as mill village to house workers of the Courtenay Manufacturing Company. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 674 square miles, of which 626 square miles is land and 47 square miles is water; the hilly landscape has created a haven for man-made lakes.
Three large man-made lakes provide residents with sport fishing, water skiing, sailing as well as hydroelectric power. The largest lake is Lake Hartwell, built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1955 and 1963. Lake Keowee is the second largest lake and the Oconee Nuclear Station operates by the lake. Lake Jocassee is the third largest and is a source of hydroelectric energy, but is popular for its breathtaking scenery and numerous waterfalls. Bad Creek Reservoir, located in the mountains above Jocassee, is for generating electricity during peak hours; the water level can fall by tens of feet per hour and during off-peak times water is pumped back into the lake for the next peak period. Because of this and swimming are prohibited in the reservoir. Oconee County is in the Savannah River basin. Sumter National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 66,215 people, 27,283 households, 19,589 families residing in the county; the population density was 106 people per square mile. There were 32,383 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 89.14% White, 8.38% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, 0.82% from two or more races. 2.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 26.5% were of American, 13.1% Irish, 11.9% German and 10.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 27,283 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.85. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,666, the median income for a family was $43,047. Males had a median income of $31,032 versus $22,156 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,965. About 7.60% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 74,273 people, 30,676 households, 21,118 families residing in the county; the population density was 118.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 38,763 housing units at an average density of 61.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87.8% white, 7.6% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.3% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry,Of the 30,676 households, 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 43.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,266 and the median income for a family was $52,332. Males had a median income of $40,943 versus $29,841 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,055. About 11.8% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the pover
Elbert County, Georgia
Elbert County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,166; the county seat is Elberton. The county was named for Samuel Elbert. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 374 square miles, of which 351 square miles is land and 23 square miles is water; the northern half of Elbert County, north of a line made by following State Route 17 from Bowman southeast to Elberton, following State Route 72 east to just before the South Carolina border, heading south along the shores of Lake Richard B. Russell & Clarkes Hill to the county's southeastern tip, is located in the Upper Savannah River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin; the portion of the county south of this line is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. State Route 17 State Route 72 State Route 77 State Route 77 Connector State Route 79 State Route 172 State Route 368 As of the census of 2000, there were 20,511 people, 8,004 households, 5,770 families residing in the county.
The population density was 56 people per square mile. There were 9,136 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 66.94% White, 30.85% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, 0.68% from two or more races. 2.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,004 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years.
For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,724, the median income for a family was $34,276. Males had a median income of $27,221 versus $19,737 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,535. About 14.60% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.50% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,166 people, 8,063 households, 5,604 families residing in the county; the population density was 57.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 9,583 housing units at an average density of 27.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 65.9% white, 29.5% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.7% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.1% were American, 6.0% were Irish, 5.7% were English, 5.5% were German.
Of the 8,063 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 41.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $30,543 and the median income for a family was $35,550. Males had a median income of $31,556 versus $25,562 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,100. About 17.0% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.9% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over. Elbert County is part of the Northern Judicial Circuit of Georgia, which includes the counties of Hart, Franklin and Oglethorpe. Elbert County's governing authority, the Elbert County Board of Commissioners, has five Commissioners elected in districts, a Chairperson elected County-wide, an appointed County Administrator.
Elbert County has many active civic organizations including, but not limited to, the Elbert County Chamber of Commerce, Elbert County Historical Society, Kiwanis Club, Rotary Club, Lions Club, Pilot Club, Elbert Theatre Foundation, NAACP, Boys and Girls Club, Elbert Civic League, Habitat for Humanity. Additionally, many local churches have active missions programs, many trade organizations, such as the Elbert Granite Association, are active. Historical and cultural sites in Elbert County include the Nancy Hart cabin, the Dan Tucker gravesite, the Stephen Heard Cemetery, the Petersburg Township site, Vans Creek Church, the Elbert County Courthouse, the Elberton Seaboard-Airline Depot, the Rock Gym, the Granite Bowl, the Elberton Granite Museum and Exhibit, the Richard B. Russell Dam, the Elbert Theatre, the Georgia Guidestones, Richard B. Russell State Park, Bobby Brown State Park. Bowman Elberton Dewy Rose Fortsonia Hard Cash Middleton Ruckersville Rock Branch Petersburg Though a rural county, Elbert County has been home to many notable people.
Included in these are Revolutionary War heroine Nancy Hart, who resided in southern Elbert County, the Rev. Daniel Tucker, a popular minister and ferry operator, who may have been the inspiration for the song "Old Dan Tucker"; the county was home to Corra Harris, author of "A Circuit Rider's Wife," a book that inspired the popular movie "I'd Climb the Highest Mountain." Stephen