Andrássy Avenue is a boulevard in Budapest, dating back to 1872. It links Erzsébet Square with the Városliget. Lined with spectacular Neo-renaissance mansions and townhouses featuring fine facades and interiors, it was recognised as a World Heritage Site in 2002, it is one of Budapest's main shopping streets, with fine cafes, theatres and luxury boutiques. Among the most noticeable buildings are the State Opera House, the former Ballet School, the Zoltán Kodály Memorial Museum and Archives, the Hungarian University of Fine Arts and the Ferenc Hopp Museum of East Asian Arts, it was decreed to be built in 1870, to discharge the parallel Király utca from heavy traffic and to connect the inner city parts with the City Park. Its construction began in 1872 and the avenue was inaugurated on August 20, 1876, its realization was a blend of the plans proposed by the top 3 competitors Lajos Lechner, Frigyes Feszl and Klein & Fraser. Its palaces were built by the most distinguished architects of the time, financed by Hungarian and other banking houses.
These were finished by 1884 and aristocrats, bankers and historical families moved in. It was named in 1885 after the main supporter of Prime Minister Gyula Andrássy; the construction of the Budapest Metro, the first underground railway in Continental Europe, was proposed in 1870, since the capital had always been opposed to surface transport on this road. Construction began in 1894 and was finished in 1896, so this new metro line could facilitate the transport to Városliget, the main venue of the millennium celebrations of Hungary; the boulevard was renamed three times in the 1950s. It became Sztálin út in 1950 during the Soviet occupation. During the 1956 uprising it was renamed to Magyar Ifjúság útja; the following year the governing communists changed the name to Népköztársaság út. The former name of Andrássy was restored after the end of the communist era. In September 2011, Secretary of State for Culture Géza Szőcs announced plans to build a new structure along Andrássy út close to City Park and near the existing Budapest Museum of Fine Arts and Budapest Art Hall.
This building would house the collections of the current Hungarian National Gallery. This expanded plan, which would utilize the entire boulevard, is referred to as the Budapest Museum Quarter or Andrássy Quarter. However, since that announcement the plans changed several times and have now been reduced to three new museum buildings in and around the city park. Andrássy út consists of four main parts, from inside to outside as follows: From Erzsébet tér to Oktogon: an urban-like part for commercial purposes. From Oktogon to Kodály körönd: widened with an allée, including residential areas and universities. From Kodály körönd to Bajza utca: it is more widened, residential palaces are fronted by small gardens. From Bajza utca to Városliget: the same width. Hungarian State Opera House Drechsler House The "Pest Broadway": a junction of Nagymező utca with four exquisite theatres at its four corners Franz Liszt square: a square with the Academy of Music and a multitude of cafés Oktogon: junction with Grand Boulevard Kodály körönd House of Terror: commemorating the two main oppressing regimes in Hungary and Communism, their victims Franz Liszt Memorial House and the old Academy of Music Zoltán Kodály Memorial House College of Fine Arts Ferenc Hopp East-Asian Art Museum Heroes' Square: the entrance of the City Park, with the Millennium Monument, the Palace of Art, the Museum of Fine Arts Recently opened world-famous luxury fashion shops like Dolce & Gabbana, Louis Vuitton, Armani and more List of most expensive streets by city Derzsi Elekes Andor: Terézváros, Andrássy út 94 szám in: Metapolisz 802 Budapest, 2014, ISBN 963-229-987-6 Media related to Andrássy út at Wikimedia Commons Andrássy út – another description
The Bursfelde Congregation called Bursfelde Union, was a union of predominantly west and central German Benedictine monasteries, both of men and women, working for the reform of Benedictine practice. It was named after Bursfelde Abbey. During the 15th century a strong desire for monastic and other ecclesiastical reforms made itself felt throughout Europe. One of the first Benedictine reformers was John Dederoth of Nordheim. After effecting notable reforms at Clus Abbey, where he had been abbot since 1430, Dederoth was persuaded by Duke Otto of Brunswick in 1433 to undertake the reform of the neglected and dilapidated Bursfelde Abbey after the previous abbot had resigned in despair. Obtaining four exemplary monks from St. Matthias' Abbey in Trier, he assigned two of them to Clus to maintain his reformed discipline there, while the other two went with him to Bursfelde; as abbot of Clus, he was able to recruit from that community for Bursfelde. Dederoth succeeded beyond expectations in the restoration of Bursfelde and began the reform of Reinhausen Abbey near Göttingen but died on 6 February 1439, before his efforts in that quarter had borne fruit.
Although the monasteries reformed by him never united into a congregation, still Dederoth's reforms may be looked upon as the foundation of the Bursfelde Congregation. Dederoth had intended to unite the reformed Benedictine monasteries of Northern Germany by a stricter uniformity of discipline, but the execution of his plan was left to his successor, the celebrated John of Hagen. In 1445 John of Hagen obtained permission from the Council of Basel to restore the Divine Office to the original form of the old Benedictine breviary and to introduce liturgical and disciplinary uniformity in the monasteries that followed the reform of Bursfelde. A year on 11 March 1446, Louis d'Allemand, as Cardinal Legate authorized by the Council of Basel, approved the Bursfelde Congregation, which consisted of six abbeys: Bursfelde, Reinhausen, Cismar in Schleswig-Holstein, St. Jacob's Abbey near Mainz, Huysburg near Magdeburg; the cardinal decreed that the Abbot of Bursfelde should always ex officio be one of the three presidents of the congregation, that he should have power to convoke annual chapters.
The first annual chapter of the Bursfelde Congregation convened in the Abbey of Sts. Peter and Paul at Erfurt in 1446. In 1451, while on his journey of reform through Germany, the papal legate, Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa, met John of Hagen at Würzburg, where the Benedictine monasteries of the Mainz-Bamberg province held their triennial provincial chapter; the legate appointed the Abbot of Bursfelde visitor for this province, in a bull, dated 7 June 1451, the Bursfelde Congregation was approved, favoured with new privileges. On 6 March 1458, Pope Pius II approved the statutes of the congregation and gave it all the privileges which Pope Eugene IV had given to the Italian Benedictine Congregation of St. Justina since the year 1431. In 1461 this approbation was reiterated, various new privileges granted to the congregation. Favoured by bishops and popes, as well as by temporal rulers the Dukes of Brunswick, the Bursfelde Congregation exercised a wholesome influence during the second half of the fifteenth, the first half of the sixteenth, century to promote true reform in the Benedictine monasteries of Germany.
Its members included not only all the Benedictine monasteries in Lower Saxony, but many in Belgium, the Netherlands and Denmark. At the death of Abbot John of Hagen thirty-six monasteries had joined the Bursfelde Congregation, new ones were being added every year. During its most flourishing period, shortly before the Reformation, at least 136 abbeys, scattered through all parts of Germany, belonged to the Bursfelde Congregation; the religious revolution, the consequent risings of the peasants in Germany retarded the progress of the Bursfelde Reform. In 1579, Andrew Lüderitz, the last abbot of Bursfelde, was driven out by the Lutheran Duke Julius of Brunswick, after an existence of five hundred years, Bursfeld ceased to be a Catholic monastery; the possessions of the abbey were confiscated, the abbot was replaced by an adherent of Luther. About forty other Benedictine abbeys belonging to the Bursfelde Congregation were dissolved, their possessions confiscated by Lutheran princes, their churches demolished or turned to Protestant uses.
Though impeded in its work of reform, the Bursfelde Congregation continued to exist until the compulsory secularization of all its monasteries at the end of the eighteenth, the beginning of the nineteenth, century. Its last president was Bernard Bierbaum, abbot of Werden Abbey in the Rhine Province, who died in 1798; the Congregation was formally abolished in 1803. ^ Not to be confused with the Carthusian John of Hagen, otherwise called Johannes de Indagine. Heutger, Nicholas, 1975. Bursfelde und seine Reformklöster. Hildesheim: August Lax; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton
Harvinder Singh Sodhi is a former Indian first-class cricketer who played for Madhya Pradesh cricket team between the 1990/91 and 2003/04 seasons. Sodhi played as an all-rounder who batted bowled right-arm medium, he appeared in 76 first-class and 55 List A matches in a career that spanned 13 years between 1990/91 and 2003/04 besides Madhya Pradesh cricket team, Sodhi played for Central Zone cricket team from 1990/91 to 1999/00, Rest of India in 1999/00. After his playing career, Sodhi turned to coaching, he was appointed now current coach of the team. Harvinder Sodhi at ESPNcricinfo cricketarchive