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André Malraux

Georges André Malraux was a French novelist, art theorist, Minister of Cultural Affairs. Malraux's novel La Condition Humaine won the Prix Goncourt, he was appointed by President Charles de Gaulle as Minister of Information and subsequently as France's first Minister of Cultural Affairs during de Gaulle's presidency. Malraux was born in Paris in the son of Fernand-Georges Malraux and Berthe Félicie Lamy, his parents separated in 1905 and divorced. There are suggestions that Malraux's paternal grandfather committed suicide in 1909. Malraux was raised by his mother, maternal aunt Marie Lamy and maternal grandmother, Adrienne Lamy, who had a grocery store in the small town of Bondy, his father, a stockbroker, committed suicide in 1930 after the international crash of the stock market and onset of the Great Depression. From his childhood, associates noticed that André had marked vocal tics; the recent biographer Olivier Todd, who published a book on Malraux in 2005, suggests that he had Tourette syndrome, although that has not been confirmed.

Either way, most critics have not seen this as a significant factor in Malraux's life or literary works. The young Malraux left formal education early, but he followed his curiosity through the booksellers and museums in Paris, explored its rich libraries as well. Malraux's first published work, an article entitled "The Origins of Cubist Poetry", appeared in the magazine Action in 1920; this was followed in 1921 by three semi-surrealist tales, one of which, "Paper Moons", was illustrated by Fernand Léger. Malraux frequented the Parisian artistic and literary milieux of the period, meeting figures such as Demetrios Galanis, Max Jacob, François Mauriac, Guy de Pourtalès, André Salmon, Jean Cocteau, Raymond Radiguet, Florent Fels, Pascal Pia, Marcel Arland, Edmond Jaloux, Pierre Mac Orlan. In 1922, Malraux married Clara Goldschmidt. Malraux and his first wife separated in 1938 but didn't divorce until 1947, his daughter from this marriage, married the filmmaker Alain Resnais. By the age of twenty, Malraux was reading the work of the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, to remain a major influence on him for the rest of his life.

Malraux was impressed with Nietzsche's theory of a world in continuous turmoil and his statement "that the individual himself is still the most recent creation", responsible for all of his actions. Most of all, Malraux embraced Nietzsche's theory of the Übermensch, the heroic, exalted man who would create great works of art and whose will would allow him to triumph over anything; the British Colonel T. E. Lawrence, aka "Lawrence of Arabia", holds a sinister reputation in France as the man, responsible for France's troubles in Syria in the 1920s. An exception was Malraux who regarded Lawrence as a role model, the intellectual-cum-man-of-action and the romantic, enigmatic hero. Malraux admitted to having a "certain fascination" with Lawrence, it has been suggested that Malraux's sudden decision to abandon the Surrealist literary scene in Paris for adventure in the Far East was prompted by a desire to emulate Lawrence who began his career as an archaeologist in the Ottoman Empire excavating the ruins of the ancient city of Carchemish in the vilayet of Aleppo in what is now modern Syria.

As Lawrence had first made his reputation in the Near East digging up the ruins of an ancient civilization, it was only natural that Malraux should go to the Far East to make his reputation in Asia digging up ancient ruins. Lawrence considered himself a writer first and foremost while presenting himself as a man of action, the Nietzschean hero who triumphs over both the environment and men through the force of his will, a persona that Malraux consciously imitated. Malraux wrote about Lawrence, whom he described admiringly as a man with a need for "the absolute", for whom no compromises were possible and for whom going all the way was the only way. Along the same lines, Malraux argued that Lawrence should not be remembered as a guerrilla leader in the Arab Revolt and the British liaison officer with the Emir Faisal, but rather as a romantic, lyrical writer as writing was Lawrence's first passion, which described Malraux well. Although Malraux courted fame through his novels and essays on art in combination with his adventures and political activism, he was an intensely shy and private man who kept to himself, maintaining a distance between himself and others.

Malraux's reticence led his first wife Clara to say she knew him during their marriage. In 1923, aged 22, Malraux and Clara left for the French Protectorate of Cambodia. Angkor Wat is a huge 12th century Hindu temple situated in the old capital of the Khmer empire. Angkor was "the world's largest urban settlement" in the 11th and 12th centuries supported by an elaborate network of canals and roads across mainland Southeast Asia before decaying and falling into the jungle; the rediscovery of the ruins of Angkor Wat in the jungle by the French explorer Henri Mouhot in 1861 had given Cambodia a romantic reputation in France, as the home of the vast, mysterious ruins of the Khmer empire. Upon reaching Cambodia, Malraux and friend Louis Chevasson undertook an expedition into unexplored areas of the former imperial settlements in search of hidden temples, hoping to find artifacts and items that could be sold to art collectors and museums. At about the same time archaeologists, with the approval of the French government, were removing large numbers of items from Angkor - many

Sheida Soleimani

Sheida Soleimani is an Iranian-American multimedia artist and professor. She is most known for her work on Iranian human-rights violation victims, her outspoken comments on the Iranian regime, her works have generated conversations in the field of'constructed' tableau photography, as well as the intersections of art and protest. Sheida Soleimani was born in 1990 in Indianapolis and she grew up in Cincinnati, Ohio, her parents are political refugees who were persecuted by the Iranian government in the early 1980s during the Iranian Revolution. Soleimani has mentioned her personal experience as an Iranian growing up in America, which made her aware of the "stereotypes of Middle Eastern culture by the West" at a young age. Soleimani received her BFA degree in photography from the University of Cincinnati in 2012, she continued her studies and received a MFA degree in Photography from Cranbrook Academy of Art in 2015. Soleimani's work highlights the relationships between powerful political people, groups and corporations, in order to raise questions from the viewer.

The themes of her work are disturbing topics not discussed in the West, for example, highlighting the women executed in Iran, the relationship between power and oil, among others. The work is displayed as a photograph or video of a staged image, Soleimani uses various materials in the work including, soft sculpture "dolls", props and cut-outs of digital prints, her work has gained international recognitions in exhibitions and on publications such as Artforum, The New York Times, The Huffington Post, Vice etc. Soleimani has presented multiple series of works, namely Medium of Exchange, To Oblivion, National Anthem. Soleimani is an Assistant Professor of Studio Art at Brandeis University, she taught at Rhode Island School of Design. Official website

Lida Gustava Heymann

Lida Gustava Heymann was a German feminist and women's rights activist. Together with her partner Anita Augspurg she was one of the most prominent figures in the bourgeois women's movement, she was, in the forefront of the Verband Fortschrittlicher Frauenvereine. She co-founded the abolitionist movement in Germany. In this role she came into conflict with the law as she protested about the treatment of prostitutes and called for the abolition of state regulation for them. Heymann wanted to "help women free themselves from male domination." With her vast inheritance she established a women's centre, offering meals, a crèche and counselling. She founded a co-educational high school and professional associations for female clerks and theatre workers. In 1902 she jointly founded the first German Verein für Frauenstimmrecht. Together with Augspurg, she published the newspaper Frau im Staat from 1919 to 1933; this newspaper presented the pacifist and democratic positions on various subjects. In 1923 Heymann and Augspurg called for the Austrian Adolf Hitler to be expelled from Germany.

When Hitler seized power in 1933, both were out of the country. Their property was confiscated and they settled in Switzerland. Heymann was buried in Fluntern cemetery; this article was abridged and translated from its counterpart on the German Wikipedia on 24 February 2011. Women and Transnational Activism and Policy

The Flambards Experience

Flambards is an amusement park on the southern outskirts of the town of Helston in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It was founded in 1976 as the'Cornwall Aero Park' by Douglas Kingsford Hale MBE. Flambards first opened in 1976 under the name of'Cornwall Aero Park'. Owned by Douglas Kingsford Hale MBE, the park built up an array of aircraft and exhibitions. By 1990, the park had grown and was renamed "The Flambards Experience". Early rides which featured at the theme park included the Dragon Coaster, the Canyon River Log Flume, Paddle Boats and the hyperglide. In 1984, "Britain in the Blitz", a mock-up of a bomb-hit street during World War II, was opened. For the 2007 season, three rides were added: The Rocking Tug, The Carousel, The Space Shuttle. For the 2008 season the Cornish Mine Train ride was added in addition to the introduction of the War of the Worlds paintball game. 2009 saw no major additions to the park, however the field housing the helipad was sold late in the season. The museum exhibitions are open year-round.

In 2010, the Skyraker 001 claimed the title of the UK's first twisting drop tower. As well as this addition, the Park was Renamed - Flambards. On 6 December 2013 the park was bought by Livingston Leisure Ltd. Livingstone Leisure have invested in the Park and in 2015 have opened a new ride'Sky Swinger', Added screens fronted to like a picture frame, to the Victorian Village and are continuing to make improvements to the Park which will have been open for 40 years in 2016. In March 2016 Jurassic Journey opened, a permanent exhibition where visitors can follow in the footsteps of dinosaurs. March 2017 brought the announcement of further investment in the form of a new HUSS Frisbee Ride, transported from the defunct Pleasure Island park in Lincolnshire, renamed as Sky-Force to fit in with the current Sky High thrill rides promotion; the ride took the former place of the Kids Ladybird Boats, Coin Operated Trucks and Kids climbing frame. The winter of 2017/18 saw an improvement of current facilities and a major redecoration, which has led to a much cleaner and brighter feel for the 2018 season.

The 2018/19 Winter closure, saw minor renovations around the park, including redecoration of some of the indoor exhibits. It saw the addition of a coin operated, ‘Faulty Repair Shop’ shooting gallery, manufactured by Pan Amusements; the unit is located next to the entrance of the indoor attractions. Follow in the footsteps of dinosaurs. Over a dozen life size dinosaurs including a 5 metre tall Brachiosaurus to a T-Rex and giant Treiceratops. There is a Dino- Nursery including baby velociraptors and a Dino-dig – where children can unearth fossilised remains of a prehistoric boneyard. Aside from the bigger rides, an area at Flambards is devoted just for families with young guests. There are 6 kiddie rides. There are multiple play areas indoors and out nearby. Human Cannonball – As you spin, control your height as you fly in 4 person capsules. Pirate Ship – A miniature version of the swinging ship. Tea Cups – A miniature version of a tea cups ride. Dino Express – Travel through a Dinosaur Haven in Dinosaur themed cars.

Space Shuttle – Control your capsule and you travel up and down the tower. The Cornish Children's Eye – A miniature version of a classic ferris; the Victorian Village Experience – The Victorian Village was created of just three rooms in 1979 by Mrs. Audrey Kingsford – Hale who wanted to portray a life size recreation of the fascinating Victorian period. Through the years the village has grown to some 50 shops and attendant trades including a butcher’s shop, bakery and sweet shop. A time capsule is available to view showing the history of William Whites Chemist Shop; the Britain in the Blitz Experience – The Britain in the Blitz exhibition was opened in 1984 by Dame Vera Lynn. The War Gallery – The War Gallery is linked with the Britain In The Blitz exhibition, is a tribute to all of the men and women of Great Britain and The Commonwealth who served in World Wars 1 and 2. Memory Lane – Charts a century of Wedding Gowns from Mid Victorian to the 1970s including a War Time dress made from a parachute.

The stitch marks of the seams show that it was worn by several brides. The selection of photographs charts weddings from the late Victorian period; the Aviation Experience - A Century of Pioneering Flight is an inter-active exhibition of some highlights in aviation history throughout the last Century. It features the achievements of: Richard Pearse, the son of Cornish parents settled in New Zealand, claimed by some to have made the first sustained powered flight in 1902, a year ahead of the American Wright Brothers. Charles Kingsford Smith, who in 1929 piloted the a flight between England; the full-scale flight deck of Concorde, built by BAC for defining and confirming the ultimate positioning of the complex instrumentation, plus flightcrew and passenger seating. Hands on Science Operation Sealion - an insight into the German intelligence gathering in preparation for the planned Nazi invasion of England in World War 2. William White’s Chemist Time Capsule - Discovered after being locked away and forgotten since 1909 in South Petherton, Somerset.

Every item in the shop was numbered and charted so that when it was re-assembled at Flambards everything was the same as the original. Space Orbitors ‘Faulty Repair Shop’ Shooting Range ‘Harley’s Angels’ Remote Control Boats Coin Operated Crane Machines Family Amusements Free to Play Mini Golf Official website

Zamu Music Awards

The Zamu Music Awards was an annual awards show in Flanders, where the most outstanding Flemish and international musicians of the past year were honored. The Zamu Awards were founded ZaMu. ZaMu was discontinued in 2006, but the organization of the Zamu Awards was taken over by Muziekcentrum Vlaanderen, under the name Music Industry Awards. For most award categories, a jury of music journalists selects four nominees; the winners are voted by members of the Flemish music industry, such as musicians and record labels. Exceptions are the awards for best song and best music DVD, where the votes of the public select the winner. A special award is the Lifetime Achievement Award, given each year to an artist to honor his or her complete creative career. Artists: Musician: Isolde Lasoen Singer: An Pierlé Live-act: dEUS Popular: Reborn Pop-rock: Ozark Henry Dance: Buscemi Roots: Wannes Van de Velde Focus: Goose Jazz: Alejandro Del RealRecords: Album: Wild Dreams of New Beginnings Admiral Freebee Song: The Player Daan Video: The Player Daan Art Work: Jardin Secret Axelle RedLifetime Achievement Award: Bobbejaan Schoepen Artists: Songwriter/composer: Tom Barman Musician: Mauro Pawlowski Singer: Bert Ostyn Live-act: Gabriel Ríos Popular: Sandrine Pop-rock: dEUS Dance: Arsenal Roots: Roland Van Campenhout Focus: Delavega International: The Black Eyed PeasRecords: Album: Pocket Revolution Song: "My Heroics, Part 1" Video: "I'm on a High" Music DVD: Easter Sunday, live at AB Lifetime Achievement Award: Dani Klein Artists: Songwriter/composer: Piet Goddaer Musician: Steven De Bruyn Singer: Joost Zweegers Live-act: Clouseau Popular: Natalia Pop-rock: Zita Swoon Dance: Stijn Roots: Think of One Focus: Gabriel Ríos International: Joss StoneRecords: Album: Victory Song: "Sadness" Video: "Sadness" Lifetime Achievement Award: Raymond van het Groenewoud Artists: Songwriter/composer: Tom Van Laere Musician: Mauro Pawlowski Singer: Geike Arnaert Live-act: El Tattoo del Tigre Popular: Scala Pop-rock: Admiral Freebee Dance: Buscemi Roots: Roland Focus: Sioen International: Avril LavigneRecords: Album: Admiral Freebee Song: "Rags'n Run" Video: "Champagne" Musical industry: Producer: Jean Blaute Musical event: Lokerse Feesten Media: Brussel Vlaams Lifetime Achievement Award: Johan Verminnen Artists: Songwriter/composer: Daan Stuyven Musician: Philip Catherine Singer: Axelle Red Live-act: Arno Popular: Clouseau Pop-rock: Hooverphonic Dance: 2 Many DJs Roots: Think Of One Focus: Neeka International: Britney SpearsRecords: Album: Jacky Cane Song: "En Dans" Musical industry: Producer: Jean-Marie Aerts Musical event: Pukkelpop Media: All Areas Lifetime Achievement Award: Adamo Artists: Songwriter/composer: Marc Moulin Musician: Mauro Pawlowski Singer: Mauro Pawlowski Live-act: El Tattoo Del Tigre Popular: Clouseau Pop-rock: Ozark Henry Dance: Buscemi Roots: El Fish & Roland Focus: Flip Kowlier International: blink-182Records: Album: Ocharme ik Song: "Nothing Really Ends" Musical industry: Producer: Piet Goddaer Musical event: Pukkelpop Media: Pili Pili Lifetime Achievement Award: Philip Catherine Artists: Songwriter/composer: Joost Zweegers Musician: Lars Van Bambost Singer: Geike Arnaert Live-act: De Nieuwe Snaar Popular: Belle Perez Pop-rock: Hooverphonic Dance: Buscemi Roots: Laïs Focus: Das Pop International: EminemRecords: Album: Novastar Song: "Mad About You" Musical industry: Producer: Alex Callier Musical event: Rock Werchter Media: Plankenkoorts - Zomerfestivals Lifetime Achievement Award: Willem Vermandere Artists: Artist: Soulwax Dutch-language artist: Raymond van het Groenewoud Musician: Bart Maris Songwriter/composer: Piet Goddaer Singing: Laïs Live-act: Soulwax Dance: Jan Van Biesen Focus: Arid International: Madonna Records: Album: Out of Africa Song: "My Bond With You And Your Planet: Disco!"

Musical industry: Producer: Alex Callier Recording studio: Galaxy Musical event: De Nachten Media: Belgian Pop & Rock ArchivesLifetime Achievement Award: Rocco Granata Artists: Band: K's Choice Dutch-language band: Gorki Musician: Vincent Pierins Songwriter/composer: Raymond van het Groenewoud Singer: Axelle Red Dutch-language singer: Raymond van het Groenewoud Live-act: El Fish Jazz-act: Aka Moon Functional music: Fonny Dewulf Breakthrough: Dead Man Ray International: Backstreet BoysRecords: Album cover: Much Against Everyone's Advice Musical industry: Producer: Jean Blaute Technician: Peter Bulckens Recording studio: Groove Musical event: Folkfestival Dranouter Music venue: AB Music photographer: Marco Mertens Music journalist: Jan Delvaux Radio program: Cucamonga TV program: Dancing in the street Lifetime Achievement Award: Roland Artists: Band: K's Choice Dutch-language band: De Mens Songwriter/composer: Stef Kamil Carlens Musician: Vincent Pierins Singer: Axelle Red Dutch-language singer: Frank Vander Linden Live-act: Arno Jazz-act: Aka Moon Functional music: Stef Kamil Carlens Breakthrough: Hoodoo Club Musical export: K's Choice International: JamiroquaiRecords: Album: Lotti Goes Classic 3 Single: "Als de dag van toen" Airplay: "Als de dag van toen" Album cover: Seven Musical industry: Producer: Jean Blaute Technician: Peter Bulckens Recording studio: Galaxy Music venue: AB Musical event: Folkfestival Dranouter Music journalist: Gert Van Nieuwenhoven Music photographer: Guy Kocken Radio program: BasSta!


Cedar Rapids, Iowa metropolitan area

The Cedar Rapids Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties in Iowa, anchored by the city of Cedar Rapids. As of the 2010 census, the MSA had a population of 257,940, a 2013 population estimate of 262,421; the Cedar Rapids MSA is part of a Combined Statistical Area with the Iowa City MSA. The area is marketed regionally as Iowa City-Cedar Rapids, which includes both the Cedar Rapids and Iowa City metropolitan areas and several surrounding counties. Benton Jones Linn Cedar Rapids Marion Hiawatha Robins Vinton Anamosa Atkins Belle Plaine Cascade Center Point Central City Ely Fairfax Lisbon Monticello Mount Vernon Springville Urbana Walford Alburnett Blairstown Coggon Keystone Newhall Norway Olin Oxford Junction Palo Shellsburg Van Horne Walker Wyoming Swisher Bertram Center Junction Garrison Luzerne Martelle Morley Mount Auburn Onslow Prairieburg As of the census of 2010, there were 257,940 people, 104,617 households, 67,059 families residing within the MSA.

The racial makeup of the MSA was 92.0% White, 3.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population. According to the 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates, the median income for a household in the MSA was $53,755, the median income for a family was $67,506. Males had a median income of $47,371 versus $36,167 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $27,553. Iowa census statistical areas