Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie kar-NAY-gee was a Scottish-American industrialist, philanthropist. Carnegie led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century and became one of the richest Americans in history, he became a leading philanthropist in the British Empire. During the last 18 years of his life, he gave away $350 million to charities and universities – 90 percent of his fortune, his 1889 article proclaiming "The Gospel of Wealth" called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, stimulated a wave of philanthropy. Carnegie was born in Dunfermline and immigrated to the United States with his parents in 1848 at age 12. Carnegie started work as a telegrapher, by the 1860s had investments in railroads, railroad sleeping cars and oil derricks, he accumulated further wealth as a bond salesman. He built Pittsburgh's Carnegie Steel Company, which he sold to J. P. Morgan in 1901 for $303,450,000, it became the U. S. Steel Corporation. After selling Carnegie Steel, he surpassed John D. Rockefeller as the richest American for the next several years.

Carnegie devoted the remainder of his life to large-scale philanthropy, with special emphasis on local libraries, world peace and scientific research. With the fortune he made from business, he built Carnegie Hall in New York, NY, the Peace Palace and founded the Carnegie Corporation of New York, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, Carnegie Hero Fund, Carnegie Mellon University, the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh, among others. Andrew Carnegie was born to Margaret Morrison Carnegie and William Carnegie in Dunfermline, Scotland, in a typical weaver's cottage with only one main room, consisting of half the ground floor, shared with the neighboring weaver's family; the main room served as a living room, dining bedroom. He was named after his paternal grandfather. In 1836, the family moved to a larger house in Edgar Street, following the demand for more heavy damask, from which his father benefited, he was educated at the Free School in Dunfermline, a gift to the town by the philanthropist Adam Rolland of Gask.

Carnegie's maternal uncle, George Lauder, Sr. a Scottish political leader influenced him as a boy by introducing him to the writings of Robert Burns and historical Scottish heroes such as Robert the Bruce, William Wallace, Rob Roy. Lauder's son named George Lauder, grew up with Carnegie and would become his business partner; when Carnegie was thirteen, his father had fallen on hard times as a handloom weaver. His mother helped support the family by assisting her brother, by selling potted meats at her "sweetie shop", leaving her as the primary breadwinner. Struggling to make ends meet, the Carnegies decided to borrow money from George Lauder, Sr. and move to Allegheny, Pennsylvania, in the United States in 1848 for the prospect of a better life. Carnegie's migration to America would be his second journey outside Dunfermline – the first being an outing to Edinburgh to see Queen Victoria. In September 1848, Carnegie arrived with his family at their new prosperous home. Allegheny was populating in the 1840s, growing from around 10,000 to 21,262 residents.

The city was industrial and produced many products including wool and cotton cloth. The "Made in Allegheny" label used on these and other diversified products was becoming more and more popular. For his father, the promising circumstances still did not provide him any good fortune. Dealers were not interested in selling his product, he himself struggled to sell it on his own; the father and son both received job offers at the same Scottish-owned cotton mill, Anchor Cotton Mills. Carnegie's first job in 1848 was as a bobbin boy, changing spools of thread in a cotton mill 12 hours a day, 6 days a week in a Pittsburgh cotton factory, his starting wage was $1.20 per week. His father quit his position at the cotton mill soon after, returning to his loom and removing him as breadwinner once again, but Carnegie attracted the attention of John Hay, a Scottish manufacturer of bobbins, who offered him a job for $2.00 per week. In his autobiography, Carnegie speaks of his past hardships. Soon after this Mr. John Hay, a fellow Scotch manufacturer of bobbins in Allegheny City, needed a boy, asked whether I would not go into his service.

I went, received two dollars per week. I had to fire the boiler in the cellar of the bobbin factory, it was too much for me. I found myself night after night, sitting up in bed trying the steam gauges, fearing at one time that the steam was too low and that the workers above would complain that they had not power enough, at another time that the steam was too high and that the boiler might burst. In 1849, Carnegie became a telegraph messenger boy in the Pittsburgh Office of the Ohio Telegraph Company, at $2.50 per week following the recommendation of his uncle. He was a hard worker and would memorize all of the locations of Pittsburgh's businesses and the faces of important men, he made many connections this way. He paid close attention to his work, learned to distinguish the differing sounds the incoming telegraph signals produced, he developed the ability to translate signals by ear, without using the paper s


Anupshahr is a major village located in Bhadra, Rajasthan tehsil, Hanumangarh District, India. It belongs to Bikaner division, it is popular as name "Anopra". It is an Historical village located some 24 km south-west of Bhadra and around 134 km off to Hanumangarh, it located at border of Hanumangarh District. Anupshahr can be reached from the nearest railway station, it is 50 km off 285 km from State capital Jaipur. It is 230 km from national capital New Delhi. According to 2011 Census of India, Anupshahr Town had a population of 4,177, of which male and female are 2142 and 2035 respectively; the sex ratio was 14.17 % were under six years of age. The effective literacy rate was 69.26%, with male literacy at 79.29% and female literacy at 58.71%. The village has One Government Higher Secondary School for boys and girls, one Government Primary School. There are a number of Non Government Schools for Middle, Secondary Education. Govt. Sr. Secondary School, Anupshahr Govt. Balika Secondary School, Anupshahr Govt.

Upper Primary School, ward Number 1 Anupshahr Govt. Primary school Bhata wala johar, Anupshahr R. L. memo. School, Anupshahr S. D. Model sr. sec. school, Anupshahr Sarswati vidhya mandir school, Anupshahr

Reni Lane

Reni Lane is a singer-songwriter and alt pop/rock artist hailing from Oregon now living in New York City. Her major label debut, was released in 2010, she is a member of synth-pop band Fever High and Razorlight. Oregon born, alternative pop artist Reni Lane was featured as a concert and jazz pianist as well as trombonist in the Lafayette High School "Ram" band in Williamsburg, Virginia before moving to New York City when she was 18 to attend Columbia University, she began to perform weekly at The Sidewalk Cafe, worked with songwriters such as David Poe and Joseph Arthur. When Reni finished her first album, American Baby, she toured Europe with her band. In 2009 she toured as a member of The Like with the popular indie rock band Arctic Monkeys. MTV featured her in their'First Ladies of Rock' ad campaign sponsored by Virgin Mobile and this brought her to the attention of songwriter/producer Sam Bisbee, their work was handed over to super producer Linda Perry who signed her, resulting in her Custard Records/ Motown Universal debut, Ready.

Reni performed at Michele Clark's Sunset Sessions 2010 where she played songs from her new album Ready in front of Music Supervisors, record companies, artist managers, radio stations. Lane partnered with Anna Nordeen and songwriter/producer Adam Schlesinger in 2015 to form Fever High; the band is signed to Sire Records. In 2019 Razorlight announced. American Baby 2007 Ready 2010 "A Place for Us" Monsieur Adi Remix Glitter & Blitz Remix Rac Remix You Should Know Reni Lane - Reni Lane's “A Place For Us” used as a theme for VH1's Secrets of Aspen – Reni Lane appears at NYC swap Reni Lane Fashion spread – click on image to turn page Official website Facebook Twitter YouTube