Andrew Inglis Clark was an Australian founding father and co-author of the Australian Constitution. He qualified as an engineer, but he re-trained as a barrister in order to fight for social causes which concerned him. After a long political career spent as Attorney-General, he was appointed a Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of Tasmania. Despite being acknowledged as the leading expert on the Australian Constitution, he was never appointed to the High Court of Australia, he popularised the Hare-Clark voting system, introduced it to Tasmania. In addition Clark was a prolific author, though most of his writings were never published, rather they were circulated privately. Clark was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Tasmania. Throughout his life, Clark was a progressive, he championed the rights of workers to organise through trades unions, universal suffrage and the rights to a fair trial - all issues which today we take for granted, but were so radical in the 1880s that he was described as a'communist' by the Hobart Mercury."Clark was an Australian Jefferson, like the great American Republican, fought for Australian independence.
He is described as "never too busy to mend a toy for a child, his wife once wrote on hearing of his imminent return from America:'to celebrate your return I must do something or bust'". Clark was born in Hobart, the son of a Scottish engineer, Alexander Clark, he was educated at Hobart High School. After leaving school, he was apprenticed to his family's engineering business, becoming a qualified engineer, its business manager, his father had established a successful engineering business, based on an iron foundry. The business was involved with industrial design and construction of flour mills, water mills, coal mines and other substantial undertaking, he grew to manhood during the 1860s, when the major issue in remote Tasmania, was the American Civil War and emancipation. This last issue had an especial resonance in Tasmania where a form of slavery, had been abolished as as 1853. Convicts were still a common sight for years later; as late as 1902, Clark would publicly be moved to tears. Clark became fascinated by all things American.
In 1872, Clark disappointed his father by leaving to study law, becoming an articled clerk with R. P. Adams, he was called to the bar in 1877. Clark, as a child attended a Baptist Sabbatical School until 1872 when the chapel was dissolved on a motion put by Clark due to the "lack of discipline and proper order of government in worship." He joined a Unitarian chapel, which led him into contact with leading American Unitarians, including Moncure Conway and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. The friendship formed with the latter would influence his views and the development of the Clarks' draft of the Australian Constitution. Early in his life, Clark developed a passion for liberty, he joined the Minerva Club. In 1874, he edited its journal Quadrilateral; as a'young ardent republican', he was a member of the American Club, where at the 1876 annual dinner, he declared "We have met here tonight in the name of the principles which were proclaimed by the founders of the Anglo-American Republic… and we do so because we believe those principles to be permanently applicable to the politics of the world".
He was inspired by Italian Risorgimento by Joseph Mazzini of whom he had a picture in every room. He became a democrat and a republican. In 1878 he married Grace Ross, the daughter of local shipbuilder John Ross, with whom he had five sons and two daughters: Esma Alexander Marine engineer Andrew Justice of the Supreme Court of Tasmania 1928–1953. Conway Architect Wendell Doctor Melvyn Correl Clerk of Tasmanian Legislative Council Ethel One of the many mysteries of Clark's private life is the circumstances of his marriage; as the son of a prominent family, a leading figure of his church, marrying the daughter of a well-known businessman, his marriage might have been expected to be a major social event. Instead, they slipped away to Melbourne. In 1878, Clark stood for election to the House of Assembly, despite his reputation as an extreme ultra-republican, he was attacked by the Hobart Mercury for "holding such extreme ultra-republican, if not revolutionary, ideas" that his proper place should be among the'Communists', the Launceston Examiner as a "stranger from Hobart".
He was unopposed to the electorate of Norfolk Plains. His election was due to the influence of Thomas Reibey, a political power broker and a recent Premier. Clark was the founder of the Southern Tasmania Political Reform Association, whose agenda included manhood suffrage, fixed term parliaments, electoral reform. While a member of the House of Assembly, Clark was regarded as ultra-progressive, he was one of the few members introduce a private members bill. He failed to reform industrial law by amending the Master and Servant Act, but he succeeded with the Criminal Procedure Amendment Act in 1881, he assisted with reframin
Patty Prather Thum was an American artist from Louisville, Kentucky known for her landscapes, paintings of roses, book illustrations. She studied art at Vassar College and the Art Students League of New York and maintained a portrait and landscape studio in Louisville for 35 years, she taught art, illustrated books and magazines, served as the president of the Louisville Art League, was the art critic for the Louisville Herald until 1925. Patty Prather Thum, daughter of Mandeville and Louisiana Thum, was born in Louisville, Kentucky on October 1, 1853, she was first tutored in drawing by her mother. As a child, Thum visited her grandparents at their rural home and developed a "love of nature". Thum studied art at Vassar College with Henry Van Ingen, under William Merritt Chase, Henry Mobray, Lemuel Wiles at the Art Students League of New York. In the mid-1870s, Thum began a career as a painter. Thum had an art studio at the Francis Building in Louisville for over 35 years, she is most well known for her landscape painting of flowers and Kentucky scenes, but painted still-lifes and portraits.
She contributed to art magazines and newspapers. She painted private gardens in Jefferson and Oldham Counties with native trees being a focus of her work. Thum was a member of several art organizations, including the Louisville Art Association, the Art Association of Indianapolis, the American Federation of Art, the Arts Club. Thum received an honorable mention for book illustration of "Robbie and Annie: A Child's Story" at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. After an illness of several months, Thum died at her home in Louisville at the age of seventy-two on September 28, 1926, she was buried at Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery on September 30, 1926. Southern Exposition, Louisville, 1883 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893 New York State Fair, Albany, 1898 Saint Louis Exposition, St. Louis, 1904 Paintings by Patty Thum, Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1909Posthumous Kentucky Expatriates, Owensboro KY, 1984 Kentucky Women Artists: 1850-2000, Owensboro Museum of Fine Arts and Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, 2001 Patty Thum, Howard Steamboat Museum, Jeffersonville IN, 2009
Lake Gilead is a 116-acre reservoir located in Carmel Hamlet in Putnam County, New York. Known as Dean's Pond, it is 0.8 miles long, has a mean depth of 43 feet, a maximum depth of 120 feet. The lake is located within the lower Hudson River basin in the Croton River watershed. Lake Gilead is controlled lake in the Croton Watershed of the New York City water supply system. A dam and spillway are located on its southern end, with a 500' shore-to-shore set-back restricting boaters from the area. Recreational use of the controlled lakes falls under DEP regulations. Fishing and self-powered boating are allowed with a valid DEP permit and New York State Department of Environmental Conservation-issued fishing license. Swimming is prohibited. Ice fishing is allowed on Lake Gilead during the winter. Fish species present include largemouth bass, rainbow and brown trout, chain pickerel, yellow perch, panfish. In the 1990s a local fisherman illegally introduced northern pike, though they are caught