People's Artist of Russia
People's Artist of the Russian Federation sometimes translated as National Artist of the Russian Federation, is an honorary and the highest title awarded to citizens of the Russian Federation, all outstanding in the performing arts, whose merits are exceptional in the sphere of the development of the performing arts. It succeeded both the all-Soviet Union "People's Artist of the USSR" award, more directly the local republic's "People's Artist of the RSFSR" award, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Now, the status of the People's Artist of the Russian Federation has risen above that of the earlier RSFSR award. There are presently two levels to this award: The lower Honored Artist of Russia translates as "Meritorious Artist"; this was equivalent to the earlier «Заслуженный артист РСФСР», which became «Заслуженный артист Российской Федерации». The higher People's Artist of Russia is the highest honorary title of the Russian Federation for outstanding achievements in the field of theater, circus and film art.
Receiving the lower Honored... award makes the recipient eligible to receive the higher People's... award at a time. For example, the light entertainment singer Sergei Georgievich Zakharov was awarded Honored Artist of the RSFSR in 1988 People's Artist of Russia in 1996; the awards may be issued to people working in the following fields: - Architect - Teacher - Artist - Agronomist - Architect - Chemist - Miner - veterinarian - Military Pilot - Military Expert - Military Navigator - Doctor - Geologist - Scientist - Land surveyor - Husbandry - Inventor - Designer - Forester - Test Pilot - Mechanic - Metallurgist - Meteorologist - Border Guard - Community services worker - Foreign Service Employee - Health Worker - Cultural Worker - Forestry Worker - Oil & Gas Industry Worker - Employee of the Food Industry - Employee of the Aerospace Industry Other professionals are open to attaining the title as well as those listed. Vadim Abdrashitov — film director Vera Alentova – actress Gennadi Bortnikov – actor Ivan I.
Krasko – actor Yuri Lyubimov – actor Tamara Nosova – actress Tatiana Samoilova – actress Vitaly Solomin – actor Tatyana Vasilyeva – actress Lev Dodin – theatre director Pyotr Fomenko – film and theatre director Georgy Garanian – musician Boris Khimichev – actor Olga Ostroumova – actress Ruzhena Sikora – singer Sergei Solovyov – director Evgeniy Steblov – actor Olga Volkova – actress Irina Zhurina – singer Liya Akhedzhakova – actress Oleksandr Bondurianskyi – pianist Boris Novikov – actor Albert Filozov – actor Yevgeny Krylatov – composer Rimma Markova – actress Andrey Martynov – actor Irina Muravyova – actress Georgy Natanson – director Valery Nosik – actor Victor Pavlov – actor Elvina Podchernikova-Elvorti – circus performer Aleksandr Porokhovshchikov – actor, director Viktor Alexejewitsch Romanko - bayan-virtuoso Boris Shcherbakov – actor Nina Usatova – actress Anatoly Vasilyev – actor Gennadi Yukhtin – actor Aleksei Zharkov – actor Lev Leshchenko – singer Nina Ananiashvili – ballet dancer Yevgeniya Glushenko – actress Dmitri Hvorostovsky – singer Igor Kostolevsky – actor Savva Kulish – director Gennady Pasko – painter Vladimir Rubin – composer Yevgeniya Simonova – actress Vladimir Verbitsky – conductor Svetlana Bezrodnaya – violinist Alexander Burdonsky - theater director Nikolai Burlyayev – actor Vyacheslav Dobrynin – composer, singer Valery Fokin – theatre director Valery Gergiev – conductor Nadezhda Gracheva – ballet dancer Igor Krutoy – composer Valery Leontiev – singer Tamara Miansarova – singer Yuriy Norshteyn – director Valery Polyansky – conductor Natalya Seleznyova – actress Nikolay Serebryakov – director Mikhail Svetin – actor Margarita Terekhova – actress Sergei Zakharov – singer Yuri Antonov – musician Victor Balashov – radio host Valery Lantratov- ballet dancer Alexander Lenkov – actor Alexander Malinin – musician Vladimir Matorin – singer Klara Novikova – actress Kirill Tikhonov – conductor Olga Barnet – actress Vitali Konyayev – actor Fuat Mansurov – conductor Sergey Migitsko – actor Yuri Nikolaev – TV and radio host, actor Maria Pakhomenko – singer Boris Plotnikov – actor Gennadi Poloka – actor, director Nina Ruslanova – actress Sergei Skripka – conductor Larisa Udovichenko – actress Emmanuil Vitorgan – actor Alla Bayanova – singer Andrei Chistyakov – conductor Valentin Dikul – circus performer Vladimir Ilyin – actor Alexander Gradsky – musician David Goloschekin – musician Nadezhda Kadysheva – singer Mikhail Kononov – actor Aristarkh Livanov – actor Lyudmila Polyakova – actress Andrey Makarevich – musician Tatyana Piletskaya – actress Joseph Raihelgauz – theatre director Alexey Rybnikov – composer Alexey Sheynin - actor Nikolai Sorokin – actor Ivan Bortnik – actor Tatyana Dogileva – actress Taisia Kornilova — circus performer Evgeny Brazhnik – conductor Aleksandr Misharin Dmitry Nazarov – actor Emilyano Ochagaviya – actor Yuri Sarantsev – actor Alla Surikova – director Lev Borisov – actor Zakhar Bron – violinist Boris Bystrov – actor Lydia Davydova – singer Sergei Filin – ballet dancer Oleg Gazmanov – singer Boris Khmelnitsky – actor Georgi Movsesyan – composer Ilya Oleynikov – actor Slava Polunin – circus performer, actor Alexander Rosenbaum – musician Vladimir Steklov – actor Nikolay Tsiskaridze – ballet dancer Alexandra Zakharova – actress Olga Borodina – singer Gennady Gladkov – composer Boris Klyuyev – actor Tatyana Kravchenko – actress Vladimir Ponkin – conductor Stahan Rakhimov – singer Nikolay Rastorguyev
The Soviet Union the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics, its government and economy were centralized; the country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Other major urban centres were Leningrad, Minsk, Alma-Ata, Novosibirsk, it spanned over 10,000 kilometres east to west across 11 time zones, over 7,200 kilometres north to south. It had five climate zones: tundra, steppes and mountains; the Soviet Union had its roots in the 1917 October Revolution, when the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, overthrew the Russian Provisional Government which had replaced Tsar Nicholas II during World War I. In 1922, the Soviet Union was formed by a treaty which legalized the unification of the Russian, Transcaucasian and Byelorussian republics that had occurred from 1918. Following Lenin's death in 1924 and a brief power struggle, Joseph Stalin came to power in the mid-1920s.
Stalin committed the state's ideology to Marxism–Leninism and constructed a command economy which led to a period of rapid industrialization and collectivization. During his rule, political paranoia fermented and the Great Purge removed Stalin's opponents within and outside of the party via arbitrary arrests and persecutions of many people, resulting in at least 600,000 deaths. In 1933, a major famine struck the country. Before the start of World War II in 1939, the Soviets signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, agreeing to non-aggression with Nazi Germany, after which the USSR invaded Poland on 17 September 1939. In June 1941, Germany broke the pact and invaded the Soviet Union, opening the largest and bloodiest theatre of war in history. Soviet war casualties accounted for the highest proportion of the conflict in the effort of acquiring the upper hand over Axis forces at intense battles such as Stalingrad and Kursk; the territories overtaken by the Red Army became satellite states of the Soviet Union.
The post-war division of Europe into capitalist and communist halves would lead to increased tensions with the United States-led Western Bloc, known as the Cold War. Stalin died in 1953 and was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev, who in 1956 denounced Stalin and began the de-Stalinization; the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred during Khrushchev's rule, among the many factors that led to his downfall in 1964. In the early 1970s, there was a brief détente of relations with the United States, but tensions resumed with the Soviet–Afghan War in 1979. In 1985, the last Soviet premier, Mikhail Gorbachev, sought to reform and liberalize the economy through his policies of glasnost and perestroika, which caused political instability. In 1989, Soviet satellite states in Eastern Europe overthrew their respective communist governments; as part of an attempt to prevent the country's dissolution due to rising nationalist and separatist movements, a referendum was held in March 1991, boycotted by some republics, that resulted in a majority of participating citizens voting in favor of preserving the union as a renewed federation.
Gorbachev's power was diminished after Russian President Boris Yeltsin's high-profile role in facing down a coup d'état attempted by Communist Party hardliners. In late 1991, Gorbachev resigned and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union met and formally dissolved the Soviet Union; the remaining 12 constituent republics emerged as independent post-Soviet states, with the Russian Federation—formerly the Russian SFSR—assuming the Soviet Union's rights and obligations and being recognized as the successor state. The Soviet Union was a powerhouse of many significant technological achievements and innovations of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite, the first humans in space and the first probe to land on another planet, Venus; the country had the largest standing military in the world. The Soviet Union was recognized as one of the five nuclear weapons states and possessed the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction, it was a founding permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as well as a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the World Federation of Trade Unions and the leading member of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance and the Warsaw Pact.
The word "Soviet" is derived from a Russian word сове́т meaning council, advice, harmony and all deriving from the proto-Slavic verbal stem of vět-iti, related to Slavic věst, English "wise", the root in "ad-vis-or", or the Dutch weten. The word sovietnik means "councillor". A number of organizations in Russian history were called "council". For example, in the Russian Empire the State Council, which functioned from 1810 to 1917, was referred to as a Council of Ministers after the revolt of 1905. During the Georgian Affair, Vladimir Lenin envisioned an expression of Great Russian ethnic chauvinism by Joseph Stalin and his supporters, calling for these nation-states to join Russia as semi-independent parts of a greater union, which he named as the Union of Soviet Republics of Europe and Asia. Stalin resisted the proposal, but accepted it, although with Lenin's agreement changed the name of the newly proposed sta
Boris Borisovich Grebenshchikov, stage name Boris Grebenshikov known as Boris Purushottama Grebenshikov, is one of the most prominent members of the generation, considered the "founding fathers" of Russian rock music. Due as much to his personal contribution as to the undisputed and lasting success of his main effort, the band Aquarium, he is a household name in Russia and much of the former Soviet Union. Grebenshchikov is colloquially known as BG after his initials, he is called the'Grandfather of Russian Rock'. Boris Grebenshchikov was born on 27 November 1953 in Leningrad, he co-founded Aquarium with a childhood friend, Anatoly "George" Gunitsky, in 1972 as a post-modernistic theater-centric effort that involved poetry and music. Gunitsky provided absurdist symbolic lyrics to some of BG's earliest songs. Grebenshchikov was accepted into the prestigious Leningrad State University, his musical activities began taking up the bulk of his time. Despite an eventual graduate degree in Applied Mathematics, Grebenshchikov had always been a voracious consumer of culture music.
His school-years enamorment with The Beatles extended to include a deep appreciation of Bob Dylan, which transformed Aquarium into a low-fi electric blues band that moonlighted in acoustic reggae. As popular legend has it, the first song he managed to play on guitar was The Beatles' "Ticket to Ride"; the first six years of Aquarium's history lacked cohesion as Grebenshchikov and his various bandmates followed the Soviet equivalent of the hippie lifestyle: playing apartment jams, drinking the low-quality port wine available from the Soviet stores of the time, intermittently travelling to remote gigs trainhopping on freight trains. Youthful philandering was frowned upon by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union regime; the several homebrew 2-track recordings hacked out over those years were of necessity unprofessional, but showcased the off-kilter wit, showy erudition, a pervasive interest in Oriental thought and mysticism that became BG's trademarks. The year 1976 saw the recording of BG's first solo album, On the Other Side of the Mirror Glass, a dual album with another prominent nascent Russian rock-n-roller, Mike Naumenko, All Brothers are Sisters.
BG's big break, came in 1980, when Artemy Troitsky, the first public Russian rock critic and the enabling figure in many a Russian rock musician's career, invited Aquarium to perform at the Tbilisi Rock Festival. The festival was a state-sanctioned attempt to channel the then-burgeoning Russian rock music movement into a controllable ideological vessel, it featured a laundered line-up of government-approved rock bands, but Aquarium. A covert KGB-bound report pinned the shenanigans on Aquarium, which caused BG to lose his day job and membership in Komsomol, the Young Communist League, a career kiss of death for a Soviet citizen in 1980; the band's underground profile, continued to rise over the next 7 years, post-Leonid Brezhnev KGB-fueled reactionism and Mikhail Gorbachev's perestroika notwithstanding. This was both due to talent, the scarcity of supply – Western rock music was still banned at the time. Over the first five albums, the band attracted guitarist Alexander Lyapin, considered to be among the best rock guitar players of Russian origin, the pianist Sergey Kuryokhin, renowned for the impressive speed and virtuosity of his playing and boundless avant-garde experimentation, Igor Butman, a world-class jazz saxophone player and one of the reigning kings of Soviet jazz.
The first Aquarium music available in the "west" was in 1986 when a double album entitled "RED WAVE, 4 UNDERGROUND BANDS FROM THE USSR" appeared in record stores in the U. S. Besides Aquarium, three other bands, Strange Games and Alisa were recorded on a four track machine, smuggled out of the country and released by a small record label from Hollywood. During this time, bands in the USSR were either sanctioned or were not allowed to play in public or record in professional recording studios. In 1986, when the record was released in America, Aquarium was immensely popular throughout the Soviet Union, but were forced to play at underground clubs and private gatherings. By the time Aquarium disbanded amid internal squabble in 1991, they had 11 "official" records under their belt and were considered a living legend of Russian rock. BG himself was likened to Bob Dylan, not least because of his borrowing amply from Dylan stylistically in his earlier years. Railway water off the 1981 Blue album, for example, is a spitting image of Dylan's It takes a lot to laugh off the 1965 Highway 61 revisited.
Perestroika has ushered in a new era of opportunity for rock musicians. BG's came from Dave Stewart. Stewart-produced Radio Silence was released in 1989, featuring covers of Alexander Vertinsky's China amid songs by BG, including a song written to Sir Thomas Malory's Death of King Arthur. Annie Lennox, Billy MacKenzie and Chrissie Hynd
The National News Agency of Ukraine or Ukrinform is a state information and news agency of Ukraine. It was founded in 1918 during the Ukrainian War of Independence as the Bureau of Ukrainian Press; the first director of the agency was Dmytro Dontsov. The state agency was established as the Bureau of Ukrainian Press in 1918, yet since it went through series of reorganizations. During the Soviet period, it was associated with Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union. 1918 - Bureau of Ukrainian Press 1920 - All-Ukrainian bureau of the Russian Telegraph Agency 1921 - Radio-Telegraph Agency of Ukraine 1990 - Ukrainian National Informational Agency 1996 - State Informational Agency of Ukraine 2000 - Ukrainian National Informational Agency 2015 - Ukrinform became a part of the Multimedia Broadcasting Platform of Ukraine Ukrinform main objectives are: the coverage of public policy and public life in Ukraine and providing information to government bodies. Per day Ukrinform issues some 500 reports in English, German and Ukrainian and around 200 photos and audio digest.
Ukrinform delivers information to the media, TV channels, radio stations, official establishments and local governments, foreign embassies and Ukrainian diplomatic missions abroad and foreign media. Ua|Tv is a 24/7 international channel with worldwide range, the latest news from Ukraine are broadcast in four languages. Channel is transmitted live in television. National News Agency of Ukraine National News Agency of Ukraine Agency's statute
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Mashina Vremeni is a Russian rock band founded in 1969. Mashina Vremeni was a pioneer of Soviet rock music, remains one of the oldest still active rock bands in Russia; the band's music incorporates elements of classic rock and Russian folk music. Mashina Vremeni's best known members are Andrei Makarevich - the founder, principal singer-songwriter and the band's public persona, Alexander Kutikov - the bass player and producer/sound engineer, guitarist/songwriter Evgeny Margulis. Andrei Makarevich's musical career can be traced to a school band called The Kids, made up of two male guitarists and two female vocalists; the group sang English-language folk songs and performed at talent shows put on in Moscow schools. According to Makarevich, the momentous event in his musical career came when the Soviet group VIA Atlanty visited his school and allowed him to play a couple of songs on their equipment during a break in the performance. On the heels of this experience, Makarevich joined with other musically talented students from his school and another school to form Mashiny Vremeni The most significant founders included Sergey Kavagoe and Andrey Makarevich.
The band's repertoire consisted of eleven songs in English, now lost. Time Machine started playing during the last years of the Brezhnev era, but could not get official bookings as a professional band. In 1979 Makarevich signed the band up with Rosconcert, becoming legitimate in the State music system. 1971 - Alexander Kutikov becomes the bass player, introducing more of buoyant rock-n-roll into the band's material 1972 - Line-up losses in the band as several members are drafted into service 1973 - Tensions between Sergey Kavagoe and Alexander Kutikov. However, Kavagoe returns after about six months; the band performs with the following line-up: Andrei Makarevich, Alexander Kutikov, Sergey Kavagoe, Alexey Romanov 1975 - Romanov and Kutikov depart. Evgeny Margulis joins on guitar 1976 - Mashina Vremeni is invited to a festival "Songs of youth in Tallinn - 76" and performs there with a great success. Many people leave after some time during this year. 1978 - First studio record of Mashina Vremeni.
Alexander Kutikov, though playing in Visokosnoe Leto, was working in sound-recording studio in order to help the band gain access to good equipment. The record is now known as Eto bylo tak davno. 1979 - Band in crisis. Sergey Kavagoe and Evgeny Margulis join Voskresenie. At this time, Andrei Makarevich writes one of the band's most enduring and popular songs: "Poka gorit svecha", as a statement of his not giving up. After some time of frustration, Alexander Kutikov saves the situation by leaving the Visokosnoe Leto band and bringing Valeriy Efremov as drummer and Pyotr Podgorodetsky on the keyboards. 1980 - The beginning of the golden era of Mashina Vremeni. The band continues its concert tour. However, they are only allowed this because of musical freedom indulgences given in light of 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow. 1981 - The song "Povorot" stays on the top of charts for 18 months. The band composes the soundtrack to the popular movie Dusha, starring Sofia Rotaru watched by more than 57 million cinema-goers in the Soviet Union.
1982 - Repressions begin in earnest with a denouncing article "'Blue Bird' ragout" which describes the band's output as depressive and ideologically unsound. A nationwide wave of protest against the denunciation sends thousands of fan letters to newspaper editors. Pyotr Podgorodetsky leaves. 1986 - Best songs 1979-1985 compilation is recorded. Album V dobriy chas is recorded. 1987 - Reki i Mosty album recorded. It is considered Mashina Vremeni's first official album. First appearances on the television; the band performs at Live Aid 2 festival in Japan. 1988 - First international tours - USA, Greece and Bulgaria. 1989 - V kruge sveta album is released. 1990 - Alexandr Zaitsev leaves and Evgeny Margulis and Pyotr Podgorodetsky join the band once again. 1991 - Medlennaya khoroshaya muzyka album is released. 1993 - Alexander Kutikov's company "Sintez Records" releases retro albums Best songs 1979-1985 and That was so long ago. Album Vneshtatniy komandir Zemli is released. 1994 - Acoustic live album Unplugged is recorded and released.
25th anniversary is celebrated in a 7-hour concert on the Red Square featuring Chaif, Nautilus Pompilius, Garik Sukachov and Bravo. 1995 - Compilation of old unpublished songs is released. This compilation is known as Kovo ty hotiel udivit?, after one of Alexander Kutikov's most acclaimed songs. 1996 - Kartonniye krylia lubvi album is released. 1996 - 20 let spustya album is released. 1997 - Otryvayas album is released. 1999 - The 30th anniversary of the band. A massive concert considered to be the band's best takes place in the main stadium of "s
The Moscow Times
The Moscow Times is an English-language weekly newspaper published in Moscow, with a circulation of 55,000 copies. It is distributed free of charge at places frequented by English-speaking tourists and expatriates such as hotels, cafés, airlines, is available by subscription; the newspaper is popular among foreign citizens residing in English-speaking Russians. In November 2015 the newspaper changed its design and type from daily to weekly and increased the number of pages to 24; the newspaper publishes articles by prominent Russian journalists such as Yulia Latynina and Ivan Nechepurenko. Some foreign correspondents started their careers here, including Ellen Barry, who became the New York Times Moscow bureau chief and won a Pulitzer Prize. Derk Sauer, a Dutch publisher who came to Moscow in 1989, made plans to turn his small, twice-weekly paper called the Moscow Guardian into a world-class daily newspaper. Sauer brought in Meg Bortin as its first editor in May 1992, the team used a room at the Radisson Slavyanskaya Hotel as its headquarters.
The first edition of The Moscow Times was published in March 1992. It was the first Western daily to be published in Russia, became "a primary source of news and opinion" quoted in both Russia and the West, it "played an important role by giving space to Russian commentators". For example, in the fall of 1993, it was able to play a role in defeating the censors: "when anti-Yeltsin forces occupied the Russian Parliament and censorship was revived. Russian newspapers came out with large blank spaces on their front pages where articles critical of the authorities had been suppressed; the writers of those articles came to see us. Published the next day in English in The Moscow Times, their articles were picked up and beamed back in Russian by the BBC and other foreign radios, defeating the censors."From the mid 1990s until 2000, it was based in the old headquarters of Pravda. In 1997, the website moscowtimes.ru was registered. In 2003–04, the newspaper added Jobs & Careers and Real Estate appendices, in 2005 the Moscow Guide appendix, featuring high culture.
The annual Moscow Dining Guide was launched in 2005. Until 2005, the paper was owned by Independent Media, a Moscow-registered publishing house that prints a Russian-language daily newspaper, The St. Petersburg Times and Russian-language versions of popular glossy magazines such as FHM, Men's Health and Cosmopolitan Russia; that year, Independent Media was acquired by the Finnish publishing group Sanoma. In 2006, the paper began its alliance with the International Herald Tribune, while 2009 saw the launch of the themoscowtimes.com website. The first color issue was published in 2010. In 2009, it published Russia for Beginners: A Foreigner's Guide to Russia, written by foreign authors who offer advice based on their own experiences of living in Russia; the paper celebrated its 20th anniversary in 2012 with a gala dinner at the Hotel Baltschug Kempinski in Moscow. In January 2014, malicious ads on the newspaper's website redirected visitors to an exploit kit landing page. In December 2014, The Moscow Times was forced offline for two days by a distributed denial of service attack.
It was forced offline a second time in February 2015 for unknown reasons. In April 2014 longtime editor-in-chief Andrew McChesney stepped down and was replaced by Nabi Abdullaev, a former Moscow Times reporter, news editor, managing editor, deputy editor-in-chief who had left in 2011 to head RIA Novosti's foreign-language news service. Shortly after his appointment, Abdullaev argued in The Guardian that the west's "biased journalism...robs the west of its moral authority". In Autumn 2015 Abdullaev was replaced by Mikhail Fishman. In the aftermath of the Ukrainian crisis, The Moscow Times was criticized by a number of journalists including Izvestia columnist Israel Shamir, who in December 2014 called it a "militant anti-Putin paper, a digest of the Western press with extreme bias in covering events in Russia". In October 2014 The Moscow Times made the decision to suspend online comments after an increase in offensive comments; the paper said it disabled comments for two reasons—it was an inconvenience for its readers as well as being a legal liability, because under Russian law websites are liable for all content, including user-generated content like comments.
In 2014, sister publication The St. Petersburg Times ceased publication. In 2015, Sanoma sold MoscowTimes LLC to a former director of Kommersant. In 2017 The paper version stopped; the last paper number appeared on July 6.. In July 2017 the operation of the paper changed to a foundation based in the Netherlands; the ownership of the paper is split between Vladimir Jao, the CEO of an airline catering company, with 51%, Svetlana Korshunova, general director of the paper with 30%, Sauer with 19%. This is to comply with a Russian law mandating no more than 20% of media companies in Russia can be owned by foreigners. Online, it has PDF issues that go back to 2001, its archive contains nearly 130,000 articles dating back to 1994. International Herald Tribune – international news every day Inter-country annexes The Moscow Times – Russia-France, Russia-Finland, Russia-UK, etc; these editions are dedicated to bilateral issues of cooperation and promote establishing of business and investment programs of interaction between two countries.
They focus on economic and investment, as well as inter-culture project, tourism issues. Real Estate Catalog and Real Estate Quarterly – regular specialized business editions about the real estate market The Moscow Times Guide – Russia for Beginners, Russia for the Advanced, Dining Guide