Anemophily or wind pollination is a form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by wind. All gymnosperms are anemophilous, as are many plants in the order Poales, including grasses and rushes. Other common anemophilous plants are oaks, sweet chestnuts and members of the family Juglandaceae. Features of the wind-pollination syndrome include a lack of scent production, a lack of showy floral parts, reduced production of nectar, the production of enormous numbers of pollen grains; this distinguishes them from entomophilous and zoophilous species. Anemophilous pollen grains are light and non-sticky, so that they can be transported by air currents, they are 20–60 micrometres in diameter, although the pollen grains of Pinus species can be much larger and much less dense. Anemophilous plants possess well-exposed stamens so that the pollens are exposed to wind currents and have large and feathery stigma to trap airborne pollen grains. Pollen from anemophilous plants tends to be smaller and lighter than pollen from entomophilous ones, with low nutritional value to insects.

However, insects sometimes gather pollen from staminate anemophilous flowers at times when higher-protein pollens from entomophilous flowers are scarce. Anemophilous pollens may be inadvertently captured by bees' electrostatic field; this may explain why, though bees are not observed to visit ragweed flowers, its pollen is found in honey made during the ragweed floral bloom. Other flowers that are anemophilous are observed to be worked by bees, with solitary bees visiting grass flowers, the larger honeybees and bumblebees gathering pollen from corn tassels and other grains. Anemophily is an adaptation that helps to separate the male and female reproductive systems of a single plant, reducing the effects of inbreeding, it accompanies dioecy – the presence of male and female reproductive structures on separate plants. All pollens that are allergens are from anemophilous species. Grasses are the most important producers of aeroallergens in most temperate regions, with lowland or meadow species producing more pollen than upland or moorland species.

Media related to Wind pollination at Wikimedia Commons

Giga Pet

Giga Pets are digital pets that were first released in the United States by Tiger Electronics in 1997 in the midst of a virtual-pet toy fad. Available in a variety of different characters each is a palm-sized video screen attached to a key ring. To ensure a happy, healthy pet, its owner has to take care of it in some of the same ways one might care for a real animal. Among other things, Giga Pets have to be fed and played with. Giga Pets are "born" on a tiny LCD screen; the pets come to life in different ways. For example, Baby T-Rex hatches from an egg. Compu Kitty is delivered by a stork. A beep sound and alert icon notify the owner. To determine what the Giga Pet needs, owners must scroll through various activities and push a button to select one. Activities include but are not limited to bathing and disciplining the pet. Sometimes a selected activity is refused and the owner has to try a different one. A running score determines the pet’s overall well-being; the average life of a Giga Pet is 2 weeks but healthy pets can live longer.

When a Giga Pet dies it grows angel wings. When Giga Pets were tested, it was reported that the first thing most girls did was name their pets whereas most boys opted to discipline the digital creatures. Giga Pets were first created in 1995 by Chicago Toy inventing firm REHCO LLC. Rehco licensed the concept to Tiger Electronics and the product was launched as Giga Pets. In 1996 Tamagotchis, egg-shaped virtual pets were introduced in Japan by Bandai and are credited with initiating the virtual pet craze in the U. S. the UK, other countries. In the U. S. Giga Pets were reported to be more available than Tamagotchis and at a price of $10 USD $5 less than the suggested retail price for their Japanese counterpart. By the end of 1997, Tiger Electronics, a privately held electronics toy and game-maker based in Vernon Hills, was one of many manufacturers creating virtual pets. Others included Fujitsu, PF Magic, Viacom New Media and Technosphere; the first series available in the United States consisted of Compu Kitty, Digital Doggie, Micro Chimp, Baby T-Rex and Virtual Alien.

Roger Shiffman, a Chicago native and co-founder of Tiger Electronics, is credited as being the driving force behind Giga Pets and Furby, a furry interactive pet with big eyes and pointed ears that could talk and sneeze. Intended to be a follow up to Giga Pets, Shiffman included Furby in the deal he made with Hasbro when Tiger Electronics was sold to the giant toy manufacturer in 1998 for $335 million USD. 20 million Furbies were sold in the first 6 months following its 1998 release. Top Secret Toys LLC relaunched GigaPets on August 1, 2018 after receiving the licensing rights from REHCO LLC; the virtual pets are made by the same manufacturer and game designers from the 1990s. Top Secret Toys aimed to renew customer engagement and nostalgia through design contests allowing the winners to have their pet designs manufactured and sold. Giga Pets Explorer TV Plug n Play Game was launched in the spring of 2006 along with new versions of Giga Pets handheld devices; the TV game came with three pets within the unit and one separate handheld unit and sold for $40 USD.

Handhelds were sold in a 12-package assortment of characters as well as individually. The characters Pixie, Puff Ball, Dragon Lizard and Bunny were all available individually at a suggested retail price of $15 USD. Giga Pets, along with other virtual pets, were banned in some schools in different countries around the world including Iceland, the U. S. and Canada because they were deemed a distraction in the classroom. Common complaints included annoying beeping sounds and children’s constant worry over their pets’ well-being; some parents felt. Others worried. Beyond the classroom, Giga Pets and their kind inspired debate over the implications of caring for virtual pets versus biological pets; some people thought the on/off/reset switch implied to children that death wasn’t final and many people, some animal rights activists among them, believed that virtual pets taught children that caring for an animal was a matter of convenience. In a Journal of American and Comparative Cultures article published in 2000, David W. Kritt, discussed the impact virtual pets had on young females in terms of gender stereotypes.

Kritt claimed, “The implicit message to the predominantly female owners is that an emotional meaningful relationship is care and dependence. In contrast and blood pets provide mutuality, a exclusive and enduring affection, some self-enhancing function.” Kritt went on to address the impact of virtual pets on girls and technology. He wrote: “Despite McLuhan’s trenchant insight that the medium is the message, the virtual pet may not be so much a point of entry intro cyberspace for girls as it is a promoter of traditional values.” Kritt argued that this message is amplified when a child’s parent her mother, focuses on helping the daughter keep the virtual pet alive. Digital Monster Digital pet Tamagotchi

Sunil Raoh

Sunil Raoh is a Kannada cinema actor from India. He is a seasoned singer and lyricist who has performed for few Kannada film songs, he has acted in numerous films as a child artist and featured in few Television series. Sunil Rao comes from a family of well-known musicians, his mother B. K. Sumitra, is a prominent Sugama Sangeetha singer, his sister Sowmya Raoh is an established playback singer who has performed for various films in different languages. He was interested in playback singing and entered the film industry aspiring to be one, but he had to change his path towards acting since offers came pouring since he was a child. He has a love for good music and swanky music systems apart from long driving, he studied at National College and lives in Bangalore, India. Rao started his career as a child artiste in the year 1987 for the films such as Kendada Male and Elu Suttina Kote, he went on acting in a few more films. He has done a small role as a child artist in famous'Malgudi days' as character'Mali'.

Rao, aspiring to be a playback singer, re-entered the industry in his teens. But he was noticed by small screen producers and they cast him in many daily series such as Janani, Saadhane and Chaduranga; these performances made him a starlet and was noticed by the film industry Sunil Rao began his film career acting in some non-significant character roles in the films such as Chitra and Panchaalee. However, he shot to fame in the 2003 released Hinglish film Freaky Chakra, he starred alongside Deepti Naval as a young boy infatuated by an older woman. He starred as a teenage lover in the Kavita Lankesh directorial Preethi Prema Pranaya opposite Anu Prabhakar, the same year. Came his most successful Kannada film Excuse Me where he played an anti-hero character alongside Ajay Rao and Ramya. In 2005, he starred in a series of unsuccessful films like Chappale and Sakha Sakhi; the latter was a remake of the Tamil hit Thiruda Thirudi. Most of his films during this time featured him alongside other male lead characters.

Sakha Sakhi was an exception to this. In 2006, he starred in the critically acclaimed Belli Betta directed by Shivaraj Hoskere, he appeared as one of the lead characters in the film Jackpot. Following these ventures, Rao became choosy and featured in few films in the late 2000s, his only release in 2008 was his cameo appearance in the film Tajmahal. Minugu opposite Pooja Gandhi was his solo release in the year 2010. Noted film maker Sunil Kumar Desai announced a film called Sarigama in 2008 with Rao and Prajwal Devaraj in the lead; this film, expected to have a 2012 release got shelved due to unknown reasons. Reports of him coming back to acting after a hiatus made news with his longtime associate director announcing his project called Bangalore Calling, it reported. He has been awarded the'Roopakala Belli Kanmani Award' as a'Naada shreshta Kalavida' by the'Roopakala Utsava-25' linked with the Karnataka State in the year 2011 Sunil Raoh on IMDb