Angel Mounds State Historic Site, an expression of the Mississippian culture, is an archaeological site managed by the Indiana State Museum and Historic Sites that includes more than 600 acres of land about 8 miles southeast of present-day Evansville, in Vanderburgh and Warrick County, Indiana. The large residential and agricultural community was constructed and inhabited from AD 1100 to AD 1450 and served as the political and economic center of the Angel chiefdom, it extended within 120 miles of the Ohio River valley to the Green River in present-day Kentucky. The town had as many as 1,000 inhabitants at its peak and included a complex of thirteen earthen mounds, hundreds of home sites, a palisade, other structures. Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964, the property includes an interpretive center, recreations of Mississippian structures, a replica of a 1939 Works Projects Administration archaeology laboratory, a 500-acre area away from the archaeological site, a nature preserve.
The historic site continues to preserve and relate the story of pre-contact Middle Mississippian culture on the Ohio River. The site is named after the Angel family who in 1852 began purchasing farmland on which the archaeological site is located. In 1938, the Indiana Historical Society, with funding from Eli Lilly, purchased 480 acres of property to preserve it and to use it for long-term archaeological excavation. From 1939 to 1942, the Works Progress Administration employed more than 250 workers to excavate 120,000 square feet of the site, which resulted in the recording and processing of 2.3 million archaeological items. After excavation was temporarily halted during World War II, work resumed in 1945 as part of the Indiana University Archaeology Field School during the summer months. In 1946, the Indiana Historical Society transferred ownership of the site to the State of Indiana, which manages the site through the Indiana State Museum. Archaeological research on Angel Mounds continues to be conducted through the Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, established in 1965 at Indiana University Bloomington.
For thousands of years, the area that became the eastern United States was home to a succession of native groups who settled near the rivers and used them for travel and trade. The widespread Mississippian culture, named in reference to its geographical origins along the Mississippi River valley and its tributaries, began around AD 900; this culture extended as far west as Oklahoma, as far north as the present-day suburbs of Saint Louis, Missouri, in southwestern Illinois, ranging east into the Southeastern Woodlands, to present-day North Carolina and as far south as present-day Mississippi. The people of the Middle Mississippian culture built and lived in a community in what became southwestern Indiana around AD 1100 and remained there until AD 1450,a period that Marjory Honerkamp defined in the 1970s as the Angel phase; the Angel phase and the Mississippian town are named after the Angel family, who in 1852 began purchasing farmland that included the archaeological site. Archeologist Sherri Hilgeman and others have used the distinctive pottery produced at the Angel site and in other satellite communities in this section of the Ohio River valley to define the Angel phase as the middle period between the Emergent Mississippian Yankeetown phase and the Terminal Mississippian Caborn-Wellborn phase.
The Angel chiefdom the regional trading center in a group of communities within 12 miles of the Ohio River valley and extended as far as the Green River in present-day Kentucky. The large residential and agricultural community was the political and economic center of the chiefdom, whose residents traded with other chiefdoms and peoples along the Ohio and Mississippi rivers; the Angel community inhabited an area bounded by the Ohio River to the south, the White River and its East Fork to the north, the Wabash River to the west, the Anderson River to the east. Archaeologists have inferred that the smaller communities were politically subordinate to the main Angel site. Continuing excavations at the site reveal new elements of the complex society. Laborers built the main Angel site sometime after AD 1000, they established the surrounding villages and farming areas along the Ohio River and engaged in hunting and farming on the rich bottom lands. In addition, the Mississippian culture is known for its earthen mounds, with shapes including platform and ridgetop.
Working with a variety of soils to create a stable mass, the Mississippian people built major earthworks at the Angel site. The community covered about 100 acres and included thirteen mounds near the Ohio River; some of these mounds were built for cosmological purposes. In addition to the mounds, the Mississippians constructed structures and a defensive palisade (stockade]] made of wattle and daub with 12-foot walls and punctuated with bastions; this settlement was the largest-known town of its time in. Scholars believe the town may have had as many as 1,000 inhabitants at its peak, which Indiana archeologist Glenn Albert Black estimated to be about 200 households. Archaeologists believe that the Angel community existed from around AD 1100 to around AD 1450, although estimates for the site vary from AD 1000 to AD 1600. Carbon dating of the community indicats its existence as early as AD 1200 and as late as AD 1500; the Mississippian people abandoned the Angel site long before European contact.
Elkville is a village in Jackson County, United States. The population was 928 at the 2010 census, down from 1,001 at the 2000 census; as of 2018 the estimated population was 871. The village was named for the elk. Harmon P. Burroughs and Illinois state representative, lived in Elkville. Elkville is located in northeastern Jackson County at 37°54′39″N 89°14′7″W. U. S. Route 51 runs through the center of the village, leading north 7 miles to Du Quoin and south the same distance to De Soto. Carbondale is 13 miles south of Elkville via US-51. According to the 2010 census, Elkville has a total area of 0.765 square miles, of which 0.76 square miles is land and 0.005 square miles is water. As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 1,001 people, 400 households, 289 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,305.6 people per square mile. There were 455 housing units at an average density of 593.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.00% White, 2.90% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.20% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population. There were 400 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.91. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $27,969, the median income for a family was $30,417. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $17,727 for females; the per capita income for the village was $12,475.
About 17.3% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. Elverado CUSD #196
The Ministry of Economy and Industry or METI, is a ministry of the Government of Japan. It was created by the 2001 Central Government Reform when the Ministry of International Trade and Industry merged with agencies from other ministries related to economic activities, such as the Economic Planning Agency. METI has jurisdiction over a broad policy area, containing Japan's industrial/trade policies, energy security, control of arms exports, "Cool Japan", etc. METI is known for its liberal atmosphere and officials of METI have been well known for their excellence, it is called "human resource agency" for its leaders of politics and academia. METI is organized into the following bureaus, departments and 3 agencies: Economic and Industrial Policy Bureau Economic and Industrial Policy Division Macro Economic Affairs Division Industrial Structure Policy Division Industrial Organization Division Industrial Revitalization Division Industrial Finance Division Corporate Affairs Division Research and Statistics Department Regional Economic and Industrial Policy Division Business Environment Promotion Division Industrial Facilities Division Regional Technology Division Trade Policy Bureau Multilateral Trade System Department Trade Policy Division Research and Analysis Division Economic Partnership Division Americas Division Europe, Middle East, Africa Division Asia and Pacific Division Northeast Asia Division Trade and Economic Cooperation Bureau Trade Control Department Trade Control Policy Division Trade Licensing Division Security Export Control Policy Division Security Export Licensing Division Trade and Investment Facilitation Division Trade Financial and Economic Cooperation Division Financial Cooperation Division Technical Cooperation Division Trade Insurance Division Industrial Science and Technology Policy and Environment Bureau Industrial Science and Technology Policy Division Technology Evolution and Research Division Academia-Industry Cooperation Promotion Division Technology Promotion Division Research and Development Division Technical Regulations and Conformity Assessment Policy Division Measurement and Intellectual Infrastructure Division Environmental Policy Division Recycling Promotion Division Manufacturing Industries Bureau Infrastructure and Advanced Systems Promotion Office Creative Industries Promotion Office Water Industry and Infrastructure Systems Promotion Office Monodzukuri Policy Planning Office Office for Intellectual Property Right Infringement and International Trade Iron and Steel Division Iron and Steel Technology Office Nonferrous Metals Division Chemical Management Policy Division Chemical Safety Office Chemical Weapon and Drug Materials Control Policy Office Fluoride Gases Management Office Chemical Risk Assessment Office Chemicals Division Fine Chemicals Office Alcohol Office Bio-Industry Division Bio-Business Promotion Office Housing Industry and Construction Materials Division Fine Ceramics and Advanced Materials Policy Planning Office Industrial Machinery Division Robot Industry Office International Projects Promotion Office Machine Parts and Tooling Industries Office Automobile Division Electric Vehicle and Advanced Technology Office ITS Promotion Office Automobile Recycling Policy Office Aerospace and Defense Industry Division Space Industry Office Vehicle Division Textile and Clothing Division Fashion Policy Office International Textile and Clothing Trade Office Paper Industry and Recreational Goods Division Consumer Goods Office Traditional Craft Industry Office Design Policy Office Commerce and Information Policy Bureau Information Policy Division IT Project Office Information and International Policy Office Office for IT Security Policy Information and Communication Electronics Division Device Industry Strategy Office Environmental Affairs and Recycling Office Digital Consumer Electronics Strategy Office Information Service Industry Division Local Informatization and Human Resource Development Office Service Affairs Policy Division Service Industries Office Healthcare Industries Division Medical and Assistive Device Industries Office Creative Industries Division Fashion Policy Office Cool Japan Promotion Office Design Policy Office Consumer Goods Office Traditional Craft Industry Office Media and Content Industry Division Agency for Natural Resources and Energy Small and Medium Enterprise Agency Japan Patent Office Minister's Secretariat Regional Bureaus & Industrial Safety and Inspection Department Incorporated Administrative Agencies Ministry of Economy and Industry METI, Japan on Twitter Ministry of Economy and Industry on Instagram
The Japanese submarine I-14 was a Type AM submarine built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. The Type AM submarines were versions of the preceding A2 class-class with the command facilities replaced by an enlarged aircraft hangar were fitted for a pair of Aichi M6A1 floatplane bombers, they displaced 3,661 tonnes surfaced and 4,838 tonnes submerged. The submarines were 113.7 meters long, had a beam of 11.7 meters and a draft of 5.9 meters. They had a diving depth of 100 meters. For surface running, the boats were powered by two 2,200-brake-horsepower diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft; when submerged each propeller was driven by a 300-horsepower electric motor. They could reach 16.75 knots on 5.5 knots underwater. On the surface, the AMs had a range of 21,000 nautical miles at 16 knots; the boats were armed with six internal bow 53.3 cm torpedo tubes and carried a total of a dozen torpedoes. They were armed with a single 140 mm /40 deck gun and two triple and one single mount for 25 mm Type 96 anti-aircraft guns.
The aircraft hangar was enlarged to accommodate two aircraft. It was offset to the right of, was faired into the base of, the conning tower which protruded over the left side of the hull. A single catapult was positioned on the forward deck. Two folding crane on the forward deck were used to recover the floatplanes. I-14 surrendered at sea at the end of the war, it was one of five subs that were brought to Hawaii at war's end sunk off Oahu after U. S. technicians had studied their secrets. It was located in 2009 by a group from the Hawaii Undersea Research Laboratory and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. I-400 class submarine Bagnasco, Erminio. Submarines of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-962-6. Boyd, Carl & Yoshida, Akikiko; the Japanese Submarine Force and World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-015-0. Carpenter, Dorr B. & Polmar, Norman. Submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy 1904–1945. London: Conway Maritime Press.
ISBN 0-85177-396-6. Chesneau, Roger, ed.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. Hashimoto, Mochitsura. Sunk: The Story of the Japanese Submarine Fleet 1942 – 1945. Colegrave, E. H. M.. London: Cassell and Company. ASIN B000QSM3L0. Layman, R. D. & McLaughlin, Stephen. The Hybrid Warship:The Amalgamation of Big Guns and Aircraft. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-555-1. Stille, Mark. Imperial Japanese Navy Submarines 1941-45. New Vanguard. 135. Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84603-090-1. Submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy NatGeoTv, Hunt for Samurai Subs NatGeoNews, PICTURES: WWII "Samurai Subs" Found -- Carried Aircraft
Aqif Përmeti was an Albanian military officer and politician. He served as the Minister of Defense of Albania during the Italian occupation of Albania. In 1944 he was arrested by the communist regime and a year he was sentenced to death and executed on April, 14 in Tirana. Përmeti was born in around 1884 in Përmet a part of the Janina Vilayet of Ottoman Empire, he attended a military academy in Istanbul. In 1915, Përmeti moved to the United States. Përmeti returned to Europe to command an Albanian-American battalion of the United States Army. In 1920, Përmeti returned to Albania to support the created Delvina Cabinet. Përmeti joined the Albanian military and served as a commander in southern Albania. In 1924, he served as the commander of the Tiranë gendarmerie; that same year, following the rise of Ahmet Zogu, he fled Albania with Fan S. Noli but returned. After reconciling with Zogu, Përmeti was given a command in Shkodër. In 1929, he organized a military publishing house. In 1934, Përmeti worked for the Albanian Ministry of Education.
Përmeti's service in the military continued through the Italian invasion of Albania. He was appointed to be the Minister of Defense for the Italian Protectorate of Albania, serving from 12 April 1939 to 28 April 1943. On 5 March 1943, he was promoted to general by Renzo Dalmazzo. From In April 1945, Përmeti was sentenced to death by the communist Special Court for War Criminals and Enemies of the People, he was executed on 14 April 1945
The Kyoto National Museum is one of the major art museums in Japan. Located in Kyoto's Higashiyama ward, the museum focuses on Asian art; the Kyoto National Museum the Imperial Museum of Kyoto, was proposed, along with the Imperial Museum of Tokyo and the Imperial Museum of Nara, in 1889, construction on the museum finished in October, 1895. The museum was opened in 1897; the museum went through a series of name changes, in 1900 changing its name to the Imperial Household Museum of Kyoto, once more in 1924 to the Imperial Gift Museum of Kyoto. The current name, the Kyoto National Museum, was decided upon in 1952; the growth and development of today's museum has been an evolving process: history 1897—Museum is established as the "Imperial Museum of Kyoto." 1900—Museum is renamed the "Imperial Household Museum of Kyoto." 1924—Museum is donated to City of Kyoto. 1952—Committee for the Preservation of Cultural Properties assumes responsibility for Museum collections. 1966—Collection Hall is completed.
1969—Special Exhibition Hall, Main Gate, ticket booth, fences are designated "Important Cultural Properties" under the name of the former "Imperial Museum of Kyoto." 1973—Saturday Lecture Series, 1st session is held. 1979—Conservation Center for Cultural Properties is completed. 2001—South Gate is constructed as a part of a project for the 100th Year Anniversary Hall. 2001—Museum is renamed the "Kyoto National Museum" of the "Independent Administrative Institution National Museum". 2005—IAI National Museum is expanded with addition of Kyushu National Museum. 2007—IAI National Museum is merged into Independent Administrative Institution National Institutes for Cultural Heritage, combining the four national museums with the former National Institutes for Cultural Preservation at Tokyo and Nara The museum consists of several buildings, the most prominent being the Special Exhibition Hall, designed by Katayama Tōkuma in 1895, The Collections Hall, designed in 1966 by Morita Keiichi. In September 2014, the museum completed renovations on a new permanent collections hall, the Heisei Chishinkan Wing, designed by Yoshio Taniguchi, known for his redesign of the Museum of Modern Art in New York and his design of the Gallery of Hōryū-ji Treasures at the Tokyo National Museum.
The regular exhibitions are shown in The Collections Galleries, while the Special Exhibition Hall is used for special exhibits. The Main Exhibition Hall, the Main Gate, the Ticket Area have all been designated as Important Cultural Properties in Japan; the museum was built to house and display art treasures owned by temples and shrines, as well as items donated by the Imperial Household Ministry. Most all of the items in the museum are more or less on permanent loan from one of those places; the museum focuses on pre-modern Japanese works and Asian art. The museum is well known for its collections of rare and ancient Chinese and Japanese sutras. Other famous works include senzui byōbu from the 11th century, the gakizōshi from the 12th century; the museum is divided into three parts: Fine Arts, including sculptures and works of calligraphy. Altogether, the museum houses over 12,000 works; the museum boasts photographic archives containing over 200,000 photographic negatives and color transparencies.
In the Fine Arts collections alone, there are more than 230 pieces that have been designated as either National Treasures or Important Cultural Properties. List of National Treasures of Japan List of National Treasures of Japan List of National Treasures of Japan List of National Treasures of Japan List of National Treasures of Japan List of National Treasures of Japan Kyoto National Museum Official Website The Collections - Masterworks