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Angela Rippon

Angela May Rippon is an English television journalist, newsreader and presenter. Rippon presented radio and television news programmes in South West England before moving to BBC One's Nine O'Clock News, becoming a regular presenter in 1975, she was the first female journalist permanently to present the BBC national television news. Rippon appeared on a Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show in 1976, presented the first two series of Top Gear and presented Come Dancing, she was a presenter on, co-founder of, breakfast television franchisee TV-am. In the 1990s, she moved to radio, presenting daily news programmes for LBC Newstalk between 1990 and 1994, appeared on Channel 4's The Big Breakfast as a stand-in newsreader, she presented the BBC broadcast of the United Kingdom Ballroom Championships at the Bournemouth International Centre in 1991. Rippon has written fourteen books, toured with a production of Anything Goes and presented a segment of BBC One's The One Show. Since 2009, she has co-presented the BBC consumer show Rip Off Britain with Gloria Hunniford and Julia Somerville and since 2013, she has co-hosted Holiday Hit Squad on the BBC alongside Helen Skelton and Joe Crowley.

Rippon was born in Plymouth, into a working-class family. Her father, was a Royal Marine. Rippon's Scottish mother, worked at a fine china company called Lawley's and was a seamstress, she attended Coburg Street in Plymouth. After leaving school at 17, Rippon joined the photographic office of the Western Morning News and worked for the Sunday Independent, BBC local radio and Westward Television as an editor; when she was 21, Rippon began her television career at BBC South West in Plymouth in 1966, before becoming a reporter for BBC TV news. Rippon first presented a national news programme on BBC2 in 1974. For a fortnight, she replaced newsreader Richard Baker –, on holiday – on BBC One's Nine O'Clock News, was offered a permanent newsreading role on that programme in 1975. Rippon was called by newspapers the first female television newsreader. However, ITN's Barbara Mandell predated her, having first appeared on the second night of ITV in 1955. Rippon was the first female journalist to read the news on national television.

In an interview with The Guardian, she said: "You just become an automated autocue reader and if you've half a brain you want an opportunity to use it. When I read the Nine O'Clock News, I kept my brain active by working on programmes like Antiques Roadshow, Top Gear and In the Country." Rippon was a guest in the 1976 Morecambe and Wise Christmas Show, first appearing behind a BBC newsdesk emerging to perform a high-kicking dance routine. Her appearance was so popular she made a cameo appearance in the following year's show, in which she was revealed to be one of a chorus line. Rippon presented the long-running show Come Dancing. In 1977, Rippon hosted the Eurovision Song Contest at the Wembley Conference Centre in London, she was the first presenter of BBC television's Top Gear, presenting the motoring programme from 1977 to 1979. Rippon appeared on TV-am following its launch in 1983. After a much publicised exit from TV-am, she worked as an Arts and Entertainments correspondent for WHDH-TV in Boston, Massachusetts for a brief period.

Rippon co-presented the BBC's coverage of the wedding of the Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer on 29 July 1981 and BBC One's coverage of the 1979 UK general election results. In the mid-1980s, she hosted the quiz show, Masterteam on BBC One, hosted ITV's revival of the panel game What's My Line? from 1989 to 1990. In 1990, she hosted a game show, based on tennis format, she became a regular presenter on BBC Radio 2 sitting in for Jimmy Young and presenting a seasonal Friday night show from 1986 to 1989. From 1990 to 1994, she presented Angela Rippon's Morning Report, a daily radio news programme on LBC Newstalk, Angela Rippon's Drivetime, she was a stand-in newsreader on Channel 4's The Big Breakfast until 2002. In 2005, Rippon co-hosted a series of Sun and Bargain Spotting for BBC 2 and in April 2006, she toured the UK as a cast member of the musical Anything Goes. In 2007, she became a presenter on Cash in the Attic, a BBC One daytime television programme broadcast where presenters meet members of the general public, who seek out valuables and antiques to be sold at auction, in their homes.

In 1997, Rippon Presented the Channel 4 show "Game of War" with co-pesenter Paddy Griffith, a programme that re-enacted historic battles on the wargames table with modern-day military commanders re-fighting the battles. The show only aired for three episodes; the battles re-fought were Battle of Battle of Waterloo and Battle of Balaklava. In 2010, Rippon appeared for one night on the ITV show Dancing on Ice as a judge, covering for Robin Cousins and returned to the show as one of 16 participants in the sixth season on 9 January 2011, with her professional partner, Canadian ice skater Sean Rice. In March 2011, she appeared with Lenny Henry, Samantha Womack and Reggie Yates in a BBC documentary to raise funds for Comic Relief, it was called Famous, Rich and in the Slums, showed four celebrities travelling to Kibera in Kenya, Africa's largest slum. In 2011 she joined The One Show, presenting a five-minute slot called "Rippon's Britain". On 19 November 2011, Rippon appeared on Children in Need, performing alongside BBC newsread


The RD-0146 is a Russian cryogenic rocket engine. The RD-0146 engine was developed by KBKhA design bureau in Voronezh, Russia, in cooperation with the American Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne company. In 2009, it came into prominence, as Russian space agency chose it for the second-stage of the proposed Rus-M launch vehicle designed to carry the future Russian PPTS crewed spacecraft. After the cancellation of Rus-M rocket, the RD-0146D variant was selected as the powerplant for the KVTK upper stage. In 1999, Khrunichev requested KBKhA to develop RD-0146U version of the engine for Proton and Angara rockets; the development of the engine was financed by Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne. Pratt & Whitney signed a preliminary marketing agreement on April 7, 2000 with Russia's Chemical Automatics Design Bureau giving Pratt & Whitney exclusive international marketing rights to the RD-0146; the RD-0146 is the first Russian rocket engine not to feature a gas generator and to be equipped with extendable nozzle extension without a cooling system.

The engine is capable of thrust control in two planes. According to the developer, the lack of a gas generator system ensures higher reliability of the engine for multiple firings, by removing the potential of an ignition failure in the engine power cycle. Spacecraft propulsion Rocketdyne RL10 RL60 HM7B YF-75D Vinci LE-5B-2 CE-7.5 KVD-1 KBKhA RD-0146 RD-0146 Specifications RD-0146 description from Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne

Purley, North Carolina

The Caswell County, North Carolina, unincorporated community of Purley, along with the communities of Blanche and Providence, makes up Dan River Township. On a farm in this area a process for curing brightleaf tobacco was discovered by a slave in 1839 and improved in the 1850s. Tradition relates that the name "Purley" came from the Samuel Satterwhite Harrison House that sat on a hill and was painted a "pearly white" when such a paint scheme was a novelty; this resulted in much comment and the area was named "Purley." Another community landmark is the Purley Store operated by the Pleasant family for over fifty years. Here are the observations of William S. Powell at 336-337 of When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977, William S. Powell: Purley in the north central part of the county is noted as the source of the earliest bright leaf tobacco; the Slade family lived here and it was on their plantation in 1852 that the first bright leaf was cured. A post office at Purley served the community from 1855 until 1920.

The community developed along the Yanceyville-Danville plank road. Tradition relates that the name evolved because the Samuel Satterwhite Harrison house built before 1846 atop a hill here was painted a gleaming white. From a distance it appeared to be a "pearly white" house. Purley at one time had a doctor. Pleasant's Store has been in operation since 1914 and owner William Pleasant commented that he once sold large quantities of flour in 25 and 50-pound bags; the growing sale of milk and eggs, he noted, reflects the demise of the family barnyard and milk cow. Dog food and other items for dogs far outsell flour now. Purley is located in the north central part of Caswell County just south of the Virginia border, it occupies a level plain that leads down to Moon Creek, which flows into the Dan River. The Purley region is less rugged that some other areas of Caswell County the ridges that are on either side of Country Line Creek, it is a small rural area of Caswell County long dominated by farming activities.

Caswell County Historical Association

Pan-Blue Coalition

The pan-Blue coalition, pan-Blue force or pan-Blue groups is a loose political coalition in Taiwan, consisting of the Kuomintang, the People First Party, New Party and Non-Partisan Solidarity Union. The name comes from the party colours of the Kuomintang; this coalition tends to favor a Chinese nationalist identity over a separate Taiwanese one and favors a softer policy and greater economic linkage with the People's Republic of China, as opposed to the Pan-Green Coalition. The Pan-Blue Coalition was associated with Chinese unification, but has moved towards a more conservative position supporting the present status quo, while rejecting immediate unification with mainland China, it now argues that reunification is possible only after the communist regime in China collapses and/or transitions to a democracy either as a new democratic government or with the re-establishment of Sun Yat-sen's Kuomintang government which fled to Taiwan after the Chinese Civil War. This would allow the body of Chiang Kai-shek to be returned to his ancestral home.

Throughout the 1990s, the Kuomintang consisted of an uneasy relationship between those party members who had mainland China backgrounds and Taiwanese political elites, Taiwanese factions led by President Lee Teng-hui, who supported a stronger Taiwanese identity and distinction from Chinese nationalism. Lee won the party control after the indirect election in 1990; this led to a split in the early 1990s, when the New Party was formed by the anti-Lee dissidents in the KMT. After the dissidents of KMT members left, the KMT remained loyal and control by President Lee Teng-hui throughout his presidency. During the 2000 presidential election, Lee Teng-hui arranged for Lien Chan to be nominated as Kuomintang candidate for president rather than the more popular James Soong, who left the party and formed his own People First Party after both he and Lien were defeated by Chen Shui-bian in the presidential elections. Despite Chen and the DPP won the presidency, they did not have majority in the Legislative Yuan while pro-KMT legislators in the Yuan had 140 out of 225 seats at that time.

Soong and Lien formed the coalition in opposition to the DPP minority government. In the 2000 presidential election itself, the split in Kuomintang votes between Soong and Lien led in part to the election of Chen Shui-bian. After the election, there was widespread anger within the Kuomintang against Lee Teng-hui, expelled and formed his own pro-Taiwan independence party, the Taiwan Solidarity Union. After Lee's expulsion, the Kuomintang moved its policies back to a more conservative one and began informal but close cooperation with the People First Party and the New Party; this coalition became informally known as the Pan-Blue Coalition. Although the members of the Pan-Blue Coalition maintain separate party structures, they cooperate in large part to ensure that electoral strategies are coordinated, so that votes are not split among them leading to a victory by the Pan-Green Coalition; the KMT and PFP ran a combined ticket in the 2004 presidential elections with Lien Chan running for president and James Soong running for vice president.

The campaign emblem for the Lien-Soong campaign was a two-seat bicycle with a blue figure in the first seat and an orange figure in the second. There were talks in late 2004 that the KMT and the PFP would merge into one party in 2005, but these talks have been put on hold. In the 2004 legislative election the three parties from the pan-blue coalition organized themselves to properly divide up the votes to prevent splitting the vote; the New Party ran all but one of its candidates under the KMT banner. The result was that the KMT gained the PFP lost 12 seats. Right after the election, PFP chairman James Soong began criticizing the KMT for sacrificing the PFP for its own gains and stated that he would not participate in any negotiations regarding to the two parties' merge. Soong's remarks have been criticized by the KMT, a majority of PFP members, the New Party, whose rank and file were absorbed by the PFP following the 2001 elections. Nonetheless, shortly after the legislative election, the PFP legislative caucus agreed to cooperate with the DPP over the investigation into the KMT's finances.

On 24 February 2005, James Soong met with President Chen for the first time in four years and issued a 10 point declaration supporting the name "Republic of China", the status quo in cross-Strait relations, the opening of the Three Links. Unlike Soong, Lien did not respond to the offer from Chen to meet. However, after the 2005 Pan-Blue visits to mainland China and Chen stopped their partnership; the popular Taipei mayor Ma Ying-jeou was elected the new head of the Kuomintang, was considered the leading contender for the KMT nomination in the 2008 presidential election. However, it was uncertain whether the PFP could agree to field a common ticket. On the 2005 chairmanship election, Soong had made a televised endorsement of Ma's opponent Wang Jin-pyng. In the December 2005 3-in-1 local elections, the KMT made large gains and held 14 seats, the DPP suffered defeat and held only six, the PFP retained only one, the TSU was shut out. Ma Ying-jeou was now assured of leading the KMT and pan-blues for the 2008 presidential election.

In the 2008 legislative election, the coalition won 86 of 113 seats in the Legislative Yuan, giving it the supermajority needed to recall the president and pass constitutional amendments for a referendum. The KMT, PFP, NP coordinated their candidate lists in the new single-member constituency system. Candidates of the Non-Partisan Solidarity Union, who despite their party


Obersaxen is a former municipality in the district of Surselva in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2016 the former municipalities of Obersaxen and Mundaun merged to form the new municipality of Obersaxen Mundaun. Obersaxen is first mentioned in 765 as Supersaxa though this is from a copy which dates from later. In 956 it was mentioned as Supersaxa, in 1227 as Ubersahse; the current settlement was founded in the thirteenth century, when a group of German-speaking Walser settled the plateau. Right in the heart of the Romansh-speaking Surselva, Obersaxen is an island of German-speakers. Obersaxen had an area, as of 2006, of 61.5 km2. Of this area, 54.8 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 2% is settled and the remainder is non-productive; the former municipality is located in the Rueun sub-district of the Surselva district. It is located on the northern face of the Mundaun mountain chain, on the right side of the Rhine valley, it consists of 28 settlements which are divided into five Pirten around the central village of Meierhof.

The municipal coat of arms' blazon is Per pale Gules Azure two Bars Argent. The right half of the coat of arms comes from the seal of the Freiherr of Rhäzüns, who acquired rights in Obersaxen through the Walser immigration; the key is a symbol of Saint Peter, on the 14th Century village seal. Obersaxen had a population of 838; as of 2008, 6.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -4.9%. Most of the population speaks German, with Romansh being second most common and Portuguese being third; the language spoken here is a distinctive form of Swiss German. As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.7 % female. The age distribution, as of 2000, in Obersaxen is. Of the adult population, 65 people or 8.3 % of the population are between 29 years old. 130 people or 16.7% are between 30 and 39, 131 people or 16.8% are between 40 and 49, 92 people or 11.8% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 70 people or 9.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 62 people or 8.0% are between 70 and 79, there are 31 people or 4.0% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 2 people or 0.3% who are between 90 and 99.

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP. The next three most popular parties were the SVP, the FDP and the SP. In Obersaxen about 64.9% of the population have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education. Obersaxen has an unemployment rate of 0.71%. As of 2005, there were 98 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 47 businesses involved in this sector. 81 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 11 businesses in this sector. 171 people are employed with 42 businesses in this sector. The historical population is given in the following table: Obersaxen is a large, but not well-known ski resort. Despite the fact that it's quite close to the internationally popular resort of Flims-Laax, it is quite popular among locals and others who are "in-the-know", due to the quality of skiing and lack of the large crowds that are to be found in Flims. Obersaxen is home to 2010 overall alpine skiing World Cup & Olympic champion Carlo Janka

Not Dark Yet

"Not Dark Yet" is a song by Bob Dylan, recorded in January 1997 and released in September that year on his album Time Out of Mind. It was the first single from the album. "Not Dark Yet" subsequently featured on the Wonder Boys soundtrack. The song appeared on the album The Passion of the Christ: Songs Inspired by The Passion of the Christ. Christopher Ricks has remarked on the song's close affinities to John Keats' Ode to a Nightingale; the song, in its entirety, can be heard during the closing credits of the 2017 film Last Flag Flying. "Not Dark Yet" was covered by Robyn Hitchcock for his 2002 album of Dylan covers Robyn Sings, by Eric Clapton during his 2009 Ireland/UK tour, by the Silversun Pickups for the Chimes of Freedom compilation and by Kirsti Huke for her album Deloo. Jimmy LaFave covered the song on his album Cimarron Manifesto. Trey Gunn and Dylan Nicole Bandy cover this song on the Trey Gunn album "The Waters, They Are Rising." The song was covered by sisters Allison Moorer and Shelby Lynne on their 2017 collaborative album "Not Dark Yet", which takes its name from this track.

CD: "Not Dark Yet" - 6:29 "Tombstone Blues" - 6:26 "Ballad of a Thin Man" - 8:47 "Boots of Spanish Leather" - 6:352-track CD: "Not Dark Yet" - 6:29 "Tombstone Blues" - 6:26Not Dark Yet: Dylan Alive Vol. 2 Japanese EP: "Not Dark Yet" "Boots of Spanish Leather" - 6:34 "Tears of Rage" - 7:20 "Señor" - 4:39 "Not Dark Yet" is played in the ending part of the documentary Why We Fight The song was referenced in the movie High Fidelity A portion of the song was played during the ending credits to the Deadwood Season 2 premiere "A Lie Agreed Upon, Part 1" A portion was played in the movie Henry Poole Is Here The song was played in the 2000 movie'Wonder Boys.' It plays during the death scene of a character in Knockaround Guys A portion was played on the Showtime hit Californication. The chords were rearranged by The National guitarist Aaron Dessner to write the song "Slipped" that appeared on their 2013 album Trouble Will Find Me; the song was played at the end of Robert Icke's production of William Shakespeare's Hamlet at the Almeida Theatre, London.

The song was played at the end of the 2017 film Last Flag Flying. "Tombstone Blues" and "Ballad of a Thin Man" were recorded live at the House of Blues, Atlanta, GA. "Boots of Spanish Leather" was recorded live at the House of Blues, Atlanta, GA. Lyrics from official site