Anguilla is a British overseas territory in the Caribbean. It is one of the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles, lying east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and directly north of Saint Martin; the territory consists of the main island of Anguilla 16 miles long by 3 miles wide at its widest point, together with a number of much smaller islands and cays with no permanent population. The territory's capital is The Valley; the total land area of the territory is 35 square miles, with a population of 17,400. The name Anguilla is from the Italian anguilla meaning "eel" in reference to the island's shape, it is believed by most sources to have been named by Christopher Columbus. For similar reasons, it was known as Snake or Snake Island. Anguilla was first settled by Indigenous Amerindian peoples; the earliest Native American artefacts found on Anguilla have been dated to around 1300 BC. The native Arawak name for the island was Malliouhana; when Anguilla was first seen by Europeans is uncertain: some sources claim that Columbus sighted the island during his second voyage in 1493, while others state that the first European explorer was the French Huguenot nobleman and merchant René Goulaine de Laudonnière in 1564.
The Dutch West India Company established a fort on the island in 1631. However, the Company withdrew after its fort was destroyed by the Spanish in 1633. Traditional accounts state that Anguilla was first colonised by English settlers from Saint Kitts beginning in 1650; the settlers focused on planting tobacco, to a lesser extent cotton. The French temporarily took over the island in 1666 but returned it to English control under the terms of the Treaty of Breda the next year. A Major John Scott who visited in September 1667, wrote of leaving the island "in good condition" and noted that in July 1668, "200 or 300 people fled thither in time of war"; the French latter attacked again in 1688, 1745 and 1798, causing much destruction but failing to capture the island. It is that the early Europeans settlers brought enslaved Africans with them. Historians confirm that African slaves lived in the region in the early 17th century' for example, Africans from Senegal were living on St Kitts in 1626. By 1672 a slave depot existed on the island of Nevis.
While the time of African arrival in Anguilla is difficult to place archival evidence indicates a substantial African presence of at least 100 enslaved people by 1683. The slaves were forced to work on the sugar plantations which had begun to replace tobacco as Anguilla's main crop. Over time the African slaves and their descendants came to vastly outnumber the white settlers; the African slave trade was terminated within the British Empire in 1807, slavery outlawed in 1834. Many planters subsequently left the island. During the early colonial period, Anguilla was administered by the British through Antigua. Anguilla was federated against the wishes of many Anguillians. Economic stagnation, the severe effects of several droughts in the 1890s and the Great Depression of the 1930s led many Anguillians to emigrate for better prospects elsewhere. Full adult suffrage was introduced to Anguilla in 1952. After a brief period as part of the West Indies Federation, the island of Anguilla became part of the associated state of Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla with full internal autonomy in 1967.
However many Anguillians had no wish to be a part of this union, resented the dominance of St Kitts within it. On 30 May 1967 Anguillians forcibly ejected the St Kitts police force from the island and declared their separation from St Kitts following a referendum; the events, led by Atlin Harrigan and Ronald Webster amongst others, became known as the Anguillian Revolution. With negotiations failing to break the deadlock, a second referendum confirming Anguillians' desire for separation from St Kitts was held and the Republic of Anguilla was declared unilaterally, with Ronald Webster as President. Efforts by British envoy William Whitlock failed to break the impasse and 300 British troops were subsequently sent in March 1969. British authority was restored, confirmed by the Anguilla Act of July 1971. In 1980 Anguilla was allowed to formally secede from Saint Kitts and Nevis and become a separate British Crown colony. Since Anguilla has been politically stable, has seen a large growth in its tourism and offshore financing sectors.
Anguilla is a flat, low-lying island of coral and limestone in the Caribbean Sea, measuring some 16m long and 3.5m in width. It lies to the east of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands and directly north of Saint Martin, separated from that island by the Anguilla Channel; the soil is thin and poor, supporting scrub and forest vegetation. The terrain is low-lying, with the highest terrain located in the vicinity of The Valley. Anguilla is noted for its ecologically important coral beaches. Apart from the main island of Anguilla itself, the territory includes a number of other smaller islands and cays tiny and uninhabited: Anguillita Blowing Rock Dog Island Little Scru
Dieter Seebach is a German chemist known for his synthesis of biopolymers and dendrimers, for his contributions to stereochemistry. He was born on 31 October 1937 in Karlsruhe, he studied chemistry at the University of Karlsruhe under the supervision of Rudolf Criegee and at Harvard University with Elias Corey finishing in 1969. After his habilitation he became professor for organic chemistry at the University of Giessen. After six years he was appointed professor at the ETH Zurich where he worked until he retired in 2003, he works on the synthesis of beta-peptides. The development of the umpolung, a polarity inversion of the carbonyl group, with 1,3-propanedithiol together with Corey had a big influence on organic synthesis; the Fráter–Seebach alkylation, a diastereoselective reaction of beta-hydroxy esters, is named after him. 2000 Marcel Benoist Prize 2003 Tetrahedron Prize for Creativity in Organic Chemistry & BioMedicinal Chemistry 2004 The Ryoji Noyori Prize 2019 Arthur C. Cope Award Article on Seebach from 2003 Seebach homepage at ETH
Tadatoshi Fujimaki is a Japanese manga artist, best known as the creator of Kuroko's Basketball and Robot × LaserBeam, both serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump. Fujimaki enrolled in Sophia University, he chose to pursue a career in manga after finishing his studies. On Nikkei Entertainment's list of most successful manga artist's. Although he isn't a character of Kuroko no Basuke he ranked 15th in the first and 16th in the second character poll. On October 16, 2013, threatening letters were sent to Fujimaki and high schools and colleges affiliated with him; the letters carried the message "If you do not stop the parody manga, you will get hydrogen sulfide", accompanying unknown powder substances. After the arrival of many other threat letters, Fujimaki stated that he will continue the manga "no matter what". On December 16, 2013, the suspect was arrested. Not an acquaintance of Fujimaki, he told the police that he was "jealous of success." According to the CHARACTERS BIBLE, Fujimaki's favourite NBA team is the Los Angeles Clippers.
His all-time favourite player is Chris Paul. Fujimaki favours drawing a manga series about golf. According to him, Junpei Hyūga resembles him the most among all the characters in the series as both of them share several similar traits in personality. Tadatoshi Fujimaki at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Shonen Jump's Series of Manga Shorts About Creators as Rookies Continues with Yusei Matsui, Tadatoshi Fujimaki Japanese Comic Ranking, September 3-9 Japanese Comic Ranking, July 9-15 Robot × Laserbeam, ZIGA Manga Both End in Shōnen Jump Japanese Comic Ranking, May 7-13 Japanese Comic Ranking, February 26-March 4 Japanese Comic Ranking, December 4-10 Japanese Comic Ranking, July 10-16 Viz's Shonen Jump Adds Robot × Laserbeam, We Never Learn Manga Shonen Jump Magazine to Launch 6 New Series By Kuroko's Basketball, More Authors Other article: Tadatoshi Fujimaki Draws'Zen'ei no Archer' Fantasy 1-Shot Manga