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Angus, Scotland

Angus is one of the 32 local government council areas of Scotland, a registration county and a lieutenancy area. The council area borders Dundee City and Perth and Kinross. Main industries include fishing. Global pharmaceuticals company GSK has a significant presence in Montrose in the north of the county. Angus was a county, known as Forfarshire from the 18th century until 1928, bordering Kincardineshire to the north-east, Aberdeenshire to the north and Perthshire to the west, it remains a lieutenancy area. In 1975 some of its administrative functions were transferred to the council district of the Tayside Region, in 1995 further reform resulted in the establishment of the unitary Angus Council; the name "Angus" indicates the territory of the eighth-century Pictish king of that name. The area that now comprises Angus has been occupied since at least the Neolithic period. Material taken from postholes from an enclosure at Douglasmuir, near Friockheim, about five miles north of Arbroath has been radiocarbon dated to around 3500 BC.

The function of the enclosure is unknown, but may have been for agriculture or for ceremonial purposes. Bronze Age archaeology is to be found in abundance in the area. Examples include the short-cist burials found near West Newbigging, about a mile to the North of the town; these burials included a pair of silver discs and a gold armlet. Iron Age archaeology is well represented, for example in the souterrain nearby Warddykes cemetery and at West Grange of Conan, as well as the better-known examples at Carlungie and Ardestie; the county is traditionally associated with the Pictish kingdom of Circinn, thought to have encompassed Angus and the Mearns. Bordering it were the kingdoms of Ce to the North, Fotla to the West, Fib to the South; the most visible remnants of the Pictish age are the numerous sculptured stones that can be found throughout Angus. Of particular note are the collections found at Aberlemno, St Vigeans and Monifieth. Angus is marketed as the birthplace of Scotland; the signing of the Declaration of Arbroath at Arbroath Abbey in 1320 marked Scotland's establishment as an independent nation.

It is an area of rich history from Pictish times onwards. Notable historic sites in addition to Arbroath Abbey include Glamis Castle, Arbroath Signal Tower museum and the Bell Rock Light House. Angus can be split into three geographic areas. To the north and west, the topography is mountainous; this is the area of the Grampian Mountains, Mounth hills and Five Glens of Angus, sparsely populated and where the main industry is hill farming. Glas Maol - the highest point in Angus at 1,068 m - can be found here, on the tripoint boundary with Perthshire and Aberdeenshire. To the south and east the topography consists of rolling hills bordering the sea. In between lies Strathmore, a fertile agricultural area noted for the growing of potatoes, soft fruit and the raising of Angus cattle. Montrose in the north east of the county is notable for its tidal basin. Angus's coast is regular, the most prominent features being the headlands of Scurdie Ness and Buddon Ness; the main bodies of water in the county are Loch Lee, Loch Brandy, Loch Wharral, Den of Ogil Reservoir, Loch of Forfar, Loch Fithie, Rescobie Loch, Balgavies Loch, Crombie Reservoir, Monikie Reservoirs, Long Loch, Lundie Loch, Loch of Kinnordy, Loch of Lintrathen, Backwater Reservoir, Auchintaple Loch, Loch Shandra, Loch Esk.

In the 2001 census the population of Angus was recorded as 108,400. 20.14% were under the age of 16, 63.15% were between 16 and 65 and 18.05% were aged 65 or above. Of the 16 to 74 age group, 32.84% had no formal qualifications, 27.08% were educated to'O' Grade/Standard Grade level, 14.38% to Higher level, 7.64% to HND or equivalent level and 18.06% to degree level. The most recent available census results show that Gaelic is spoken by 0.45% of the Angus population. This, similar to other lowland areas, is lower than the national average of 1.16%. These figures are not broken down into levels of fluency. Meanwhile, the 2011 census found that 38.4% of the population in Angus can speak Scots, above the Scottish average of 30.1%. This puts Angus as the council area with the sixth highest proficiency in Scots, behind only Shetland, Moray and East Ayrshire; the dominant language in Angus was Pictish until the sixth to seventh centuries AD when the area became progressively gaelicised, with Pictish extinct by the mid-ninth century.

Gaelic/Middle Irish began to retreat from lowland areas in the late-eleventh century and was absent from the Eastern lowlands by the fourteenth century. It was replaced there by Middle Scots, the contemporary local South Northern dialect of Modern Scots, while Gaelic persisted as a majority language in the highland Glens until the 19th century. Angus Council are planning to raise the status of Gaelic in the county by adopting a series of measures, including bilingual road signage, vehicle livery and staffing. Angus Council is one of the 32 local government council areas of Scotland. In 1996, the two-tier local government council was abolished and Angus was established as one of the replacement single-tier Council Areas. Prior to 1974 the county had been served by Tayside Regional Council; as of May 2017 there are 28 seats on the council. From the May 2017 elections the seats are held as follows — Independent 9, SNP 9, Conservative 8, L

K.M. Akhtaruzzaman

K. M. Akhtaruzzaman is philanthropist, he is the chairman of the business conglomerate Akhtar Group, Akhtar Group runs business in various sectors including furniture, board, foam and property development and industrial establishments. Akhtar Furnishers Akhtar Constructions Ltd. Akhtar Foam Industries Ltd. Jat Holdings Bangladesh Ltd.. Thai Bangla Tools Ltd. Akhtar Mattress Industries Ltd. Akhtar Polymer Industries Ltd. Akhtar Board Industries Ltd. Sanafir Fashions Ltd. Akhtar Multimedia Ltd. Akhtar Door Industries Ltd. Trust Builders Ltd. Zaman Enterprise. Akhtar Real Estate Ltd. Akhtaruzzaman is related to: Founding member: Asia Pacific University Past Dist. Governor: Lions Clubs International, District 315 B3 Chairman: Akhtar Furniture Academy. Founder: Kalimuddin Hifizia Madrasha and Anowara Begum Islami Shikhhalaya Chairman: Akhtar Technical Institute. Director: Federation of Bangladesh Chamber of Commerce and Industry. Chairman: Bangladesh Furniture Exporters Associations. Member: Dhaka Chamber of Commerce & Industry Former Chairman: Bangladesh Furniture Industries Owners Association.

Founder and Senior Vice Chairman: Bangladesh Foam Manufacturer and Exporters Association. Founder and Chairman: Bangladesh Mattress Manufacturer and Exporters Association. সাক্ষাতকারঃ কে এম আকতারুজ্জামান, চেয়ারম্যান, আকতার ফার্নিচার. 2 January 2012. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. "Furniture fair begins tomorrow". The Daily Star. 28 March 2010. "Furniture makers see good overseas sales ahead". The Daily Star. 27 March 2015. Interview on Business Lunch

Capital Circle

Capital Circle is a circular road surrounding Capital Hill in the centre of Canberra, Australia's capital city. It is one of three concentric roads on the hill, with State Circle the outermost and Parliament Drive the innermost. There are no buildings on Capital Circle. Parliament Drive surrounds New Parliament House. Roads named for each of Australia's state capitals converge at State Circle; the main roads leading from the circle are Commonwealth Avenue to the north and Canberra Avenue and Adelaide Avenue to the south. Capital Circle is a three-lane road. All traffic runs in a clockwise direction. A short section under Federation Mall is in tunnel; the road does not form a complete circle, as a section under Commonwealth Avenue was closed a few years after opening due to the high number of crashes resulting from the closeness of the entrance from Commonwealth Avenue and the exit to Kings Avenue. Vehicles are now forced to exit at Commonwealth Avenue. Australian Roads portal

Andy Lassner

Andy Lassner is an American television producer. He has been the executive producer of The Ellen DeGeneres Show since 2003, is featured in many segments in the show, his career as a producer began in the mid 1990s, including The Jane Whitney Show, The Richard Bey Show, The List, The Rosie O'Donnell Show. Lassner has won 18 Daytime Emmy Awards. Andy Lassner was born to Jewish parents in Colombia, his mother, Danièle G Lassner, was a foreign language expert. His father, Jules Lassner, was a captain in the United States Marine Corps. Jules was born in New York City to Ukrainian parents, his parents moved to Bogotá after their marriage for his father's job at Seagram. They lived there for 9 years during which, they founded a Talmud Torah Hebrew school, before returning to New York City. Lassner was a New York Rangers fan, he has one brother. Lassner started his career in the mid 1990s as a line producer for The Jane Whitney Show, he produced The Richard Bey Show. In 2001, Lassner was the co-executive producer of The List.

He began working at The Rosie O'Donnell Show in 2002. Lassner began working at The Ellen DeGeneres Show in 2003, he is the main role in the segment Average Andy... where he plays an average person contrasting with experts in their fields. Another recurring segment features host Ellen DeGeneres sending Lassner with a celebrity to haunted houses every Halloween. Lassner has three children, he has a daughter and two sons who were born in 2006. They reside in Los Angeles. Lassner is a fan of the Los Angeles Kings, where he has season tickets, he is friends with Anže Kopitar, hosting him on the Ellen Show to raise donations for Breast cancer awareness month. He supports gay rights in the US. In 2017, Lassner was critical of Donald Trump's "America First" policy. Lassner has struggled with drug addiction in his past, he became sober for six years, while working on The Rosie O'Donnell show, he took a case of free listerine home with him and began drinking it to get drunk. He soon relapsed into other forms of addiction.

He entered rehab a number of times in 1999 and has been clean since. Lassner has won 18 Daytime Emmy Awards. for the Ellen DeGeneres show. Andy Lassner on IMDb

Victoria Tunnel (Liverpool)

The Victoria Tunnel in Liverpool, England is a 1.537 miles long rail tunnel. Opened in 1849, its eastern portal is adjacent to Edge Hill station; the western portal opens into a short cutting, between Byrom Street and Fontenoy Street, the shorter Waterloo Tunnel exits the cutting terminating at Waterloo Dock. The Victoria and Waterloo tunnels are one long tunnel connected by a ventilation cutting; the whole length is known as the Waterloo Tunnel. The city of Liverpool is built on an escarpment. Edge Hill stands on the ridge to the east of the city; the escarpment falls down to the River Mersey. The Victoria Tunnel followed a western course downwards on a falling gradient of 1:57 to the river; the lowest point is at the Byrom Street cutting. The tunnel continues towards the Waterloo Dock with the much shorter Waterloo Tunnel; the tunnel rises upwards from this point with rising gradients of 1:513 for 251 yd, 1:139 for 400 yd and 1:86 for 217 yd to the western Waterloo Dock portal. When cutting the tunnel, from Byrom Street eastwards and upwards to Edge Hill the work was difficult as care was needed not to disturb the buildings above due to the shallow depth of the tunnel.

Ventilation is via five air shafts. Refuges were cut into both walls with two small huts cut into the down-side for storage space rest places for rail workers. Demolition of buildings between Byrom Street and Fontenoy Street was needed to open out a box cutting, of 69 yd in length at Byrom Street, where two sidings were laid. Locomotive watering tank facilities were installed in the cutting along with gas lighting, allowing 24-hour operation; the work cutting the tunnel from the Byrom Street Cutting to Waterloo Dock good station resulted in houses subsiding forcing the residents to abandon their homes. In August 1849 the first goods trains ran through the tunnel to Waterloo Goods railway station. Rail wagons were pulled by locomotive from Waterloo Dock down a gradient in the Waterloo Tunnel to the Byrom Street cutting. From the cutting the tunnel rose to Edge Hill. Rail wagons were pulled up the steep gradient from the Byrom Street cutting by a wire rope; the rope was the largest iron wire rope manufactured.

A brick building housed a large static steam engine that wound the rope pulling the rail wagons up the tunnel. At 26 ft in width and 18 ft in height, the tunnel could accommodate rail wagons 9 ft wide and 13 ft 3 in high. Electric wiring was installed through the tunnel operating bells, allowing men at the Byrom Street cutting to communicate with men at Edge Hill; the Victoria tunnel’s east portal at Edge Hill features a rusticated red sandstone arch. Of architectural merit the portal stonework has been Grade II listed since June 1985. After 46 years of use, the wire rope severed on 16 February 1895, it was decided to abandon the old rope system as locomotives were now much more powerful to climb the whole tunnel incline without assistance. On 12 June 1895 passenger trains were introduced into the tunnel serving the now-demolished Riverside passenger liner terminal station at the Pier Head. From the tunnel portal at Waterloo Goods Station trains ran on the Mersey Docks & Harbour Board’s railway to the Riverside station.

Riverside liner terminus suffered a steep decline in trade during the 1960s as trans-Atlantic passenger trade was diverted to airliners. The last passenger service was in February 1971; the tunnel closed on 19 November 1972. A section of the up-line was retained as a 600 yd head-shunt at Edge Hill; the structure of the tunnel is generally dry and in good condition. The tunnel is in the ownership of Network Rail; the eastern section of the Victoria Tunnel was considered as an addition to Merseyrail in 1975, to link the city centre from Liverpool Central underground station to the east of Liverpool. However, the tunnel was rejected in favour of the Wapping Tunnel. Spur works were built to enable a tunnelled connection to the Wapping Tunnel at Central station; however these short tunnels can be used to create tunnel links to either of the tunnels in the future. Budget cuts prevented further work. In May 2007 it was reported that Merseytravel Chief Executive Neil Scales had prepared a report outlining the possibilities for reuse of the Wapping tunnel and Victoria tunnel with the latter to aid in redeveloping the north shore area of Liverpool.

The western portal emerges near to the site of the proposed Liverpool Waters docklands redevelopment scheme. Merseytravel safeguards the tunnel for future use. Another use was suggested in September 2015 by the Mayor of Liverpool Joe Anderson, this was to provide access to a new station on the former site of Archbishop Blanch School Moore, Jim Underground Liverpool, Liverpool: Bluecoat Press, ISBN 1-872568-43-2 London and North Western Railway Society website Subterranea Britannica

Per-Olof H. Wikström

Per-Olof Helge Wikstrӧm is Professor of Ecological and Developmental Criminology at the University of Cambridge, Professorial Fellow of Girton College and Principal Investigator of the Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study, a major ESRC funded longitudinal study of young people in the UK which aims to advance knowledge about crime causation and prevention. His main research interests are developing a unified theory of the causes of crime, testing it empirically and applying it to devising knowledge-based prevention policies, his work is internationally acknowledged, as demonstrated by his election as a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology in 2010 and a Fellow of the British Academy in 2011. Research and teaching: Wikström held teaching and research posts in the Department of Criminology at the University of Stockholm from 1979-1990, where he served as Deputy Head of Department from 1987-1990. During this time he was a senior research officer for the Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, became the Director of the Research Department from 1990-1994.

He returned to the University of Stockholm as Adjunct Professor of the Sociology of Crime from 1993-1996, during which time he worked as a Principal Research Fellow in the Swedish National Policing College's Research Unit. In 1997 he moved to the University of Cambridge becoming Professor of Ecological and Developmental Criminology in 2001. Professional affiliations: Wikström has been a Board Member of the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, the Scientific Commission of the International Society for Criminology, the European Society of Criminology. Main fellowships and awards: Wikström received the University of Edinburgh Northern Scholars Award in 1991, the Sellin-Glueck Award from the American Society of Criminology in 1994, he was awarded a Fellowship at the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Science at Stanford University in 2002, was elected as a Fellow of the American Society of Criminology in 2010, the British Academy in 2011. In 2016, Wikström received the prestigious Stockholm Prize in Criminology for outstanding achievements in criminological research.

In 2017 he was appointed Doctor Honoris Causa by the UNED in recognition of his'long academic career and extraordinary scientific contributions'. Wikström's contributions to the field of criminology include the development of original theory to tackle the causes of crime, the design of innovative research methods to study the social ecology of crime, the publication of groundbreaking new findings about the role of social contexts in acts of crime which he is developing into recommendations for policy and practice. Early in his career, Wikström made significant scholarly contribution to the study of criminal careers, the social ecology of crime, the etiology of violence, cross-national comparisons – accomplishments which earned him the American Society of Criminology's Thorsten Sellin and Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck Award in 1994 and a fellowship at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University in 2002. In recent years, Wikström has focused his energies on advancing multidisciplinary theory into the explanation of crime through Situational Action Theory.

SAT represents one of the first attempts in the field of criminology to specify the situational mechanisms that link individual differences and behavioural contexts to specific acts of crime. At the core of SAT is the proposition that crime, which represents a form of moral rule-breaking, is the outcome of an interaction between people with relevant personal characteristics and settings with relevant features; this interaction may lead certain people in certain settings to perceive crime as an action alternative, which they choose to commit. SAT frames this situational perception-choice process against the backdrop of developmental processes which lead people and places to acquire crime-relevant characteristics, selection processes which bring certain kinds of people and places together in space and time. In a field where many prominent observers have highlighted the serious problems caused by theoretical fragmentation, the importance of this endeavor cannot be underestimated. SAT has gone head to head with other contemporary theories and established its unique contributions to the explanation of crime, including its clear and testable implications, its integration of individual and environmental levels of explanation, its attention to crime as a form of moral rule-breaking.

To test this theory, Wikström has designed and implemented an ambitious, multilevel longitudinal study investigating key personal dimensions of young people. The Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study is one of the largest and most successful longitudinal studies of crime undertaken in the UK, the only one to empirically test cross-level interactions in the explanation of crime. PADS+ combines existing methodologies with innovative techniques designed to measure social environments and participants’ exposure to those environments, at a level of detail attempted lon