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Anigozanthos manglesii

Anigozanthos manglesii known as the red-and-green kangaroo paw, Mangles kangaroo paw, Kurulbrang, is a plant species endemic to Western Australia, the floral emblem of that state. The flower has become symbolic of the region; the display between August and November is remarkable for the high standing flowers occurring in urban and coastal regions. The species is protected under state legislation. A license is required for collection from the wild, it is desirable as a cut flower, possessing striking colours that last well. A member of the Anigozanthos genus, Anigozanthos manglesii is a rhizotomous perennial with long, grey-green linear leaves around 30 to 60 cm long; the leaves extended from a central point at ground level. Its red and green flowers appear at the end of long stalks between November; the flowers display in a sequence from the lowest point, those following are in a progression of development. The spent flower-stalks may remain well after their season; the length of these stalks from the base is up to 1200 mm tall.

The species is distributed throughout the Southwest Australian biogeographic regions, preferring white, yellow or grey sand, or sandy loam. The occurrence is confirmed in the northernmost part of its range in the Geraldton Sandplains and the Swan Coastal Plain near Perth. Extensive records exist of occurrence in Jarrah Forest and Warren region to the south, but not reaching the southern coasts, it extends inland to the Avon Wheatbelt. The species was first described by a Scottish botanist David Don in 1834 from the type specimen: This singularly beautiful species of Anigozanthos was raised in the garden at Whitmore Lodge, Berks; the seat of Robert Mangles, Esq. from seeds brought from Swan River by Sir James Stirling, the enterprising governor of that colony, by whom they had been presented to Mr. Mangles. There are two recognised subspecies as follows: Anigozanthos manglesii subsp. Quadrans HopperDistribution of the subspecies is as far north as Shark Bay, variation in habit and structure of the subspecies is otherwise discrete.

Anigozanthos manglesii D. Don subsp. ManglesiiWide occurrence as far north to Cape Leeuwin in the south. Anigozanthos manglesii is known to hybridize with other Anigozanthos species: A. viridis – progeny have been named Anigozanthos manglesii var. × angustifolius Lindl. and Anigozanthos manglesii var. × virescens Ostenf. A. bicolor A. kalbarriensis A. humilis Anigozanthos manglesii is artificially hybridized with A flavidus and to a lesser extent A. rufus. Cultivars include: Autumn Mystery - A. manglesii x A. flavidus Big Red - A. manglesii x A. flavidus Bush Emerald - A. manglesii x A. flavidus Hickman’s Delight - A. manglesii x A. flavidus Rogue Radiance - x A. flavidus Space Age - A manglesii x A. flavidus Sue Dixon - x A. flavidus In temperate regions this plant is either grown under glass or outdoors with the winter protection of a mulch. The species germinates from seed; as plants deteriorate after the second season, they are best treated as biennial. Watering should be withheld during the dormant period.

They are susceptible to fungal ink spot disease and the leaves are attractive to snails. They are used as cut flowers, due to their unique appearance and lasting qualities; this plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. In November 1960, Anigozanthos manglesii was adopted as the floral emblem of Western Australia in a proclamation made by Premier of Western Australia David Brand, it appears on the armorial bearings of that state, framing the crown in the Coat of arms. This is given to denote the independence of Western Australia; the blazon reads: And for Crest: On a Wreath Or and Sable The Royal Crown between two Kangaroo Paw flowers slipped proper. A red and green kangaroo paw superimposed over a scene of Perth was depicted on a 5 pence on a 1962 Australian stamp issue designed by R. M. Warner to mark the British Empire and Commonwealth Games held in Perth that year. In 1968 another stamp issue, designed by Nell Wilson, showed the red and green kangaroo paw as part of a series on state floral emblems.

List of Australian floral emblems Hopper, Stephen D. Kangaroo paws and catspaws: a natural history and field guide. Illustrations by Babs and Bert Wells. Como, W. A. p. 144 p. ISBN 0-7309-5913-9. "Anigozanthos manglesii". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. "Anigozanthos manglesii D. Don". Australian Plant Name Index, IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. "Anigozanthos manglesii". The Kangaroo Paw Family. ASGAP. 4 June 2004. Archived from the original on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007; the plant is susceptible to fungal disease such as "ink spot", first seen as small black spots on the foliage which spread and kill the plant. Anne Boden. "Red and Green Kangaroo Paw. Anigozanthos manglesii". Emblems. Australian National Botanic Gardens. Archived from the original on 20 August 2007. Retrieved 2 August 2007. Extract from Government Gazette of 18 November 1960. PROCLAMATION: By His Excellency The Honourable Sir John Patric Dwyer...

Lieutenant-Governor in and over the State of Western Australia and its Dependencies in the Commonwealth of Australia....desirable that a floral emblem be adopted as an emblem of the State... described as Anigosanthos Manglesii D. Don: NOW THEREFORE I, the Lieutenant-Governor... Given under my hand and the Public Seal of the said State at Perth, this 9th day of November, 1960. By His Excellency's Command, David Brand, Premier. God save the Q

Latvia 100

The 100th Anniversary of the Latvian Republic commercialized as Latvia 100 is a national event in the Latvian Republic celebrating the country's 100th anniversary since its 1918 establishment. The main celebrations are held on 11 November 2018, other commemorative events are set to take place from 2017-2021. Outside from the official celebrations, 11 November is a public holiday, being the Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia. On 18 November 1918, The People's Council of Latvia, a coalition of competing Latvian political factions, proclaimed the independence of the Latvian region from the Russian Empire and established a new state, the Republic of Latvia, following a summit held inside the Latvian National Theatre. A Provisional Government was created, with Kārlis Ulmanis acting as its first Prime Minister. 2 and a half weeks Latvian War of Independence began, with the Red Army and the Imperial German Army invading the country joined by the West Russian Volunteer Army, in order to have a foothold in the Baltic states.

The war ended with a Latvian/pan-Baltic victory in August 1920 and the signing of the Treaty of Riga. The centennial will be the biggest event in the history of modern Latvia. More than 800 wide range celebratory events and festivities were planned to take place from May 2017 to January 2021 in Latvia and in more than 70 countries; the 5-year span will include events that mark the centenaries of different stages of Latvia's path to independence, as well as Latvia's accomplishments after its statehood was achieved. The official celebrations started on May 4, 2017, the Day of the Restoration of the Independence of Latvia, with the Embrace Latvia initiative when citizens planted 100 oaks along the country's border; as per events on its actual centennial anniversary on 11 November 2018, many high-level government officials, military leaders, public figures laid wreaths and flowers at the Freedom Monument in the capital. A musical concert was held at the Latvian National Theatre, where Latvia declared its sovereignty in 1918.

A special meeting of the Saeima was held at the theatre. The annual military parade on the November 11th Embankment in Riga marked the centennial anniversary's main events, it was the largest in history with around 1,700 soldiers from the Latvian National Armed Forces participating in the march past. It was composed of personnel of the Land Forces, Air Force, National Guard, Border Guard, Military Police, State Police, State Fire and Rescue Service and military academies; the parade was led by Latvian President Raimonds Vējonis, Chief of the National Defence Forces Leonīds Kalniņš and Naval Forces commander Ingus Vizulis. Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid and Armed Forces chief Riho Terras, Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaitė, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö and Icelandic President Guðni Th. Jóhannesson joined in attending the celebrations; the NATO countries and other military partners of Latvia that were represented at the parade were Italy, Lithuania, Romania, the Czech Republic, Albania, the Netherlands, Slovakia, Spain Slovenia, Denmark, Germany and the United States.

Latvian Song and Dance Festival The 26th Latvian Song and Dance Festival in early July touched upon the centenary of the country and used elements of the centenary logo in its design. Each year of the anniversary has a keyword in recognition of events that took place 100 years ago, which were significant to the foundation of the country. 2017 - The Year of Will. Honours the consolidation of the independence movement in Latvia. 2018 - The Year of Birth. Commemorates the creation of Latvia as well as the countries of the Baltics and Central and Eastern Europe from the ruins of former empires. 2019 - The Year of Courage. Commemorates those who died in the Latvian War of Independence. 2020 - The Year of Freedom. Honours freedom, the birth of parliamentarism with the first parliament elections and the election of the first Latvian President. 2021 - The Year of Growth. Honours the days when Latvia was internationally recognised as a country and was accepted into the League of Nations. Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia Public holidays in Latvia Lāčplēsis Day 90th anniversary of the Latvian Republic 100th Anniversary of the Estonian Republic Centennial of the Restored State of Lithuania Latvia: Military parade celebrates Latvian 100th Independence Day anniversary

Sudbury District

The Sudbury District is a district in Northeastern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. It was created in 1894 from townships of eastern Algoma west Nipissing District; the overwhelming majority of the district is unincorporated and part of Unorganized North Sudbury District. With the exception of Chapleau, all of the district's incorporated municipalities are found in the area surrounding the city of Greater Sudbury to the west and south. North of the Greater Sudbury area, the district is sparsely populated; because the districts of Northern Ontario are unincorporated territorial divisions, unlike the counties or regional municipalities of Southern Ontario, the city of Greater Sudbury is defined as part of the district in the geographic sense. Politically, the district and the city are considered two distinct census divisions and two distinct jurisdictions for provincial government services; the district's social services board — which has offices in the district seat of Espanola, as well as satellite offices in several other communities in the district — instead shares its jurisdictional area with the neighbouring Manitoulin District, whereas equivalent services in Greater Sudbury, which has the status of a single-tier municipality, are provided directly from the city.

With the city included, the district would have had a population of 181,572 in the 2011 census. Espanola French River Markstay-Warren St. Charles Baldwin Chapleau Killarney Nairn and Hyman Sables-Spanish Rivers Sudbury, North PartLocal services areas in Unorganized Sudbury include: Cartier Foleyet Gogama Rainbow Country Chapleau 74A Chapleau 75 Duck Lake Mattagami Mountbatten Whitefish Lake Whitefish River The city and the district are considered two distinct census divisions by Statistics Canada. Therefore, the table above does not include the data for the City of Greater Sudbury; the Sudbury District is served by Trans-Canada Highways 17, which leads from the community of Walford in the west to the community of Warren in the east, 69, which enters the district at French River and exits at the southern boundary of Greater Sudbury. The Ontario government is converting Highway 69 to a freeway. Construction, renumbering as Highway 400, are expected to be complete by 2021. Other primary provincial highways in the district are: Highway 6, which extends from Highway 17 south to Whitefish Falls, where it enters the Manitoulin District, Highway 64, which runs from Highway 69 east and north through the Municipality of French River, enters the Nipissing District at Mashkinonje Provincial Park, Highway 101, which extends from the boundary of Algoma District, west of Chapleau, to the boundary of Cochrane District, just outside Timmins, Highway 129, which runs from Highway 101 to the boundary of Algoma District south of Chapleau, Highway 144, which runs from the northwestern city limits of Greater Sudbury north to the boundary of Timiskaming District, just outside Timmins.

The Sudbury District has a number of secondary provincial highways, which are the analogue in a district to county or municipal roads in Southern Ontario. They are important connections to the communities they serve, but are not significant routes for through traffic; the secondary highways are: Highway 528, connecting the community of Wolseley Bay to Highway 64, Highway 528A, which provides access to the south side of the water body at Wolseley Bay, Highway 535, connecting Highway 64 at Noëlville to Highway 17 at Hagar, Highway 553, extending north from the community of Massey, Highway 560, which runs from Highway 144 to the boundary of Timiskaming District, through Shining Tree, Highway 560A, which connects Westree to Highway 560, Highway 607, which runs from Bigwood to Highway 64, Highway 607A, which provides road access to the French River, Highway 637, which runs from Highway 69 to the community of Killarney, Highway 661, which connects the community of Gogama to Highway 144. See Sultan Industrial Road.

Biscotasi Lake Chapleau-Nemegosenda River Chiniguchi River Waterway Chutes Esker Provincial Park Five Mile Lake French River Halfway Lake Ivanhoe Lake Killarney Killarney Lakelands and Headwaters La Cloche La Motte Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Mashkinonje Missinaibi Mississagi River Obabika River The Shoals Solace Sturgeon River Wakami Lake Windy Lake List of townships in Ontario Manitoulin-Sudbury District Services Board