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Animal House

National Lampoon's Animal House is a 1978 American comedy film directed by John Landis and written by Harold Ramis, Douglas Kenney and Chris Miller. It stars John Belushi, Peter Riegert, Tim Matheson, John Vernon, Verna Bloom, Thomas Hulce, Stephen Furst, Donald Sutherland; the film is about a misfit group of fraternity members who challenge the authority of the dean of Faber College. The film was produced by Ivan Reitman for Universal Pictures, it was inspired by stories published in National Lampoon. The stories were based on Ramis's experience in the Zeta Beta Tau fraternity at Washington University in St. Louis, Miller's Alpha Delta Phi experiences at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire, producer Reitman's at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Of the younger lead actors, only the 28-year-old Belushi was an established star, but he had not yet appeared in a film, having gained fame from his television appearances on Saturday Night Live, starting its third season in autumn 1977. Several of the actors who were cast as college students, including Hulce, Karen Allen, Kevin Bacon, were just beginning their film careers, although Matheson had appeared as one of the vigilante cops in the second Dirty Harry film, Magnum Force, had voiced the title character in Jonny Quest.

Upon its initial release, Animal House received mixed reviews from critics, but Time and Roger Ebert proclaimed it one of the year's best. Filmed for only $2.8 million, it garnered an estimated gross of more than $142 million in the form of theatrical rentals and home video, not including merchandising, making it the highest grossing comedy film of its time. The film, along with 1977's The Kentucky Fried Movie directed by Landis, was responsible for defining and launching the gross out film genre, which became one of Hollywood's staples. In 2001, the United States Library of Congress deemed Animal House "culturally or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry, it was No. 1 on Bravo's "100 Funniest Movies". It was No. 36 on AFI's "100 Years... 100 Laughs" list of the 100 best American comedies. In 2008, Empire magazine selected it as #279 of "The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time." In 1962, Faber College freshmen Lawrence "Larry" Kroger and Kent Dorfman seek to join a fraternity.

Finding themselves out of place at the prestigious Omega Theta Pi house's party, they visit the slovenly Delta Tau Chi house next door, where Kent is a "legacy": he cannot be rejected, because his older brother Fred was a member. John "Bluto" Blutarsky welcomes them, they meet other Deltas, including motorcyclist Daniel Simpson "D-Day" Day, chapter president Robert Hoover, ladies' man Eric "Otter" Stratton, Otter's best friend Donald "Boon" Schoenstein, whose girlfriend Katy is pressuring him to stop drinking with the Deltas and do something with his life. Larry and Kent are invited to pledge and given the fraternity names "Pinto" and "Flounder" by Bluto, Delta's sergeant-at-arms. College Dean Vernon Wormer wants to remove the Deltas, who are on probation, due to various campus conduct violations and an abysmal academic standing, so he invokes his emergency authority and places the fraternity on "double-secret probation." He directs the clean-cut, smug Omega president Greg Marmalard to find a way for him to remove the Deltas from campus.

Various incidents further increase the Dean's and the Omegas' animosity toward the Deltas, including the prank-related accidental death of a horse belonging to Omega member and Reserve Officers' Training Corps cadet commander Douglas C. Neidermeyer and Otter flirting with Marmalard's girlfriend Mandy. Bluto and D-Day steal the answers to an upcoming test from the trash, not realizing that the Omegas have switched papers for the exam; the Deltas fail the exam, their grade-point averages fall so low that Wormer tells them he needs only one more incident to revoke their charter. To cheer themselves up, the Deltas organize a toga party and bring in Otis Day and the Knights to provide live music. Wormer's wife, Marion has sex with him. Pinto hooks up with Clorette, a cashier, they do not have sex because she passes out drunk. Pinto learns that she is the mayor's daughter. Outraged by his wife's escapades and the mayor's threat of personal violence, Wormer organizes a court hearing and revokes Delta's charter.

To take their minds off their troubles, Boon and Pinto go on a road trip. Otter picks up four young women from Emily Dickinson College as dates for himself and his Delta brothers by posing as Frank Lymon, the fiancé of a college student who died in a recent explosion, they stop at a roadhouse bar where Day's band is performing, not realizing it has an African-American clientele. A couple of hulking patrons intimidate the Deltas and they leave, smashing up Flounder's brother's car in their haste and leaving their dates behind. Marmalard and other Omegas lure Otter to a motel and beat him up after Mandy's best friend Babs tells him that Mandy and Otter are having an affair; the Deltas' midterm grades are so poor that an ecstatic Wormer expels them all, having notified their local draft boards that they are now eligible for military service. The news shocks Flounder so badly; the Deltas are despondent, but Bluto rallies them with an impassioned, if inaccurate, speech. They decide to get revenge on Wormer, the Omegas, the college.

D-Day converts Flounder's brother's damaged car into an armored vehicle and they hide it inside a cake

1960 United States presidential election in New Mexico

The 1960 United States presidential election in New Mexico took place on November 8, 1960. This was the first year where all 50 current states were part of the United States presidential election. New Mexico voters chose four electors to represent them in the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. In its early days New Mexico had been divided between Republican machine-run highland regions and its Southern Democrat "Little Texas" region in its east. However, with a shift of these machine-run regions to the Democratic Party, the state became largely a one-party Democratic state in the years following the New Deal, although Republicans – despite being faction-ridden – retained strength in many highland counties. Despite the GOP recapturing the governorship under Edwin L. Mechem in 1950 and retaining it for all but one term up to this point, the state's electorate was overwhelmingly aligned with the Democratic Party; the nomination by the Democratic Party of a Roman Catholic in Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy introduced major complications into voting behaviour.

In 1928, Al Smith had lost most of his party's traditional support in the Baptist "Little Texas" region due to his Catholic faith and Tammany links. However, increasing Mexican-American voting and the power of older Hispanic Catholic voting meant that there was a potential counterweight to this trend, whose power was seen in a wave of anti-Catholic pamphlets in the southeast. New Mexico was won by Kennedy by a narrow 1 point margin, his narrow win reflected a balancing of anti-Catholic forces. In Baptist Roosevelt County, Kennedy declined 15 percent from Adlai Stevenson II's share of the vote in 1956. In contrast, in traditionally Republican Socorro County – the solitary county won by Alf Landon in 1936 – Kennedy won 57 percent of the vote and became the first Democrat to win the county since 1932. Kennedy was the first Democrat since 1936 to carry Mora County and the first since 1940 to win Santa Fe County. Both counties would become among the most Democratic in the state from the 1970s onwards.

It is believed indeed that as many as 98 percent of Hispanic voters may have supported fellow Catholic Kennedy. In his first bid for the presidency, Republican nominee incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon was defeated in an electorally sound nationwide Democratic victory

Pop-Up Magazine

Pop-Up Magazine is a magazine performed live. The shows feature never-before seen or heard multimedia stories performed on stage by writers, radio producers, photographers and musicians; the events are not live-streamed or recorded for viewing. Pop-Up Magazine events are produced two to three times a year and sell out. There are around 12 short stories; the production runs 100 minutes. Each story is designed for a live format using media considered unconventional for journalism. Many stories are performed alongside photographs and illustrations, or film, many are accompanied by an original score performed live by Magik*Magik Orchestra. After each show, the performers and audience share drinks and conversation together in the venue or a nearby bar. Pop-Up Magazine was founded in San Francisco in 2009 by Douglas McGray, Lauren Smith, Derek Fagerstrom, Evan Ratliff, Maili Holiman. McGray says the idea for the show came from trying to get different kinds of storytellers and artists together in the same room.

"Filmmakers have their film openings, artists will have gallery openings, writers will have their readings. And we're never at the same things together. We thought about the idea of a live magazine as a way to bring these different communities together and bring their communities of fans together."The first Pop-Up Magazine show was at the 360-seat Brava Theater in San Francisco's Mission District in 2009. Its audience has nearly tripled every year since launching, growing from that 360-seat theater to a 900-seat auditorium in 2010 to a 2,600-member audience in 2011. In the fall of 2015, Pop-Up Magazine went on its first national tour with stops in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle and New York City. In spring of 2016, the show toured again, for a live audience of nearly 10,000 people, in New York City, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland. In 2018, Pop-Up Magazine was acquired by Emerson Collective. Outside of its own tours, Pop-Up Magazine partners with organizations and public figures for special performances.

In 2011, they collaborated with SFMOMA with a show about wine and ESPN the Magazine for a show about sports. In 2013, they produced a night of stories and live music inspired by Beck’s Song Reader, a collection of sheet music written by Beck and published by McSweeneys. And, in 2015 they curated Session 8 of TED2015 in Vancouver, producing a set of 11 stories performed on TED's main stage. Pop-Up Magazine is produced by California Sunday, Inc. which publishes an online and print magazine called The California Sunday Magazine. McGray launched the magazine with publisher Chas Edwards in October 2014. In 2016, the magazine won the National Magazine Award for overall excellence in print magazine photography. Other finalists included National Geographic, New York, Vanity Fair, Wall Street Journal. McGray said: “We started a media company. We approached it like a story production company; some of the things we’d make would be live experiences, live stories, some of the things we’d make would be stories for you to read at home.”

Larry Sultan, photographer Daniel Alarcón, journalist, co-creator, Radio Ambulante Susan Orlean, writer for The New Yorker Beck, musician Alice Walker, novelist Jeff Bridges, actor Michael Pollan, author Marc Bamuthi Joseph, playwright, dancer Alexis Madrigal, editor in chief, Fusion John C. Reilly, actor Autumn de Wilde, photographer Kumail Nanjiani and actor, Silicon Valley Starlee Kine and host, Mystery Show Lee Unkrich, Oscar-winning filmmaker, Toy Story 3 Tracy Clayton and Heben Nigatu, co-hosts, BuzzFeed's Another Round Alex Gibney, Oscar-winning filmmaker Stephanie Foo, This American Life Jon Mooallem and author Jenna Wortham, staff writer, The New York Times Magazine Sam Green, Oscar-nominated filmmaker and live cinema performer Christopher Hawthorne, architecture critic for the LA Times Jad Abumrad and host, Radiolab Katy Grannan, photographer Ava DuVernay, Oscar-nominated director, Selma The Kitchen Sisters, radio producers Steven Okazaki, Oscar-winning filmmaker Rebecca Solnit, author Jon Ronson and radio personality Sasheer Zamata, cast member, Saturday Night Live Alec Soth, photographer Samin Nosrat and writer


A surcingle is a strap made of leather or leather-like synthetic materials such as nylon or neoprene, sometimes with elastic, that fastens around the horse's girth. A surcingle may be used for ground training, some types of in-hand exhibition, over a saddle or horse pack to stabilize the rider's weight, it is a primary component of a horse harness. A basic surcingle is unpadded, attaches around the horse by means of buckles or rings, has no other hardware. A training surcingle, sometimes called a "roller," has many extra rings attached, running from the ribcage up to the withers area, it has padding to relieve pressure on the horse's spine. A variation of this design is used for equestrian vaulting. Many trainers first teach a young horse to accept girth pressure by strapping on a surcingle before a saddle and girth; the surcingle is used for longeing as a base from which to attach training equipment such as side reins, lauffer reins, or chambons. A surcingle is important in long lining or ground driving, as it provides rings for the long reins to run through.

Double longeing, using two longe lines, requires the use of a surcingle to thread the longe lines through the rings. Compared to a saddle, a surcingle allows more precise adjustment of side reins due to the placement of additional rings. While a saddle only provides one height to attach the rings, can be uneven or at the wrong position, a training surcingle places rings at more appropriate locations for ground work. Many surcingle designs allow the side reins to be attached at several different heights along the sides of the horse; when used without a saddle, a surcingle sits just behind the withers. When used with a saddle, the surcingle runs over the seat near the pommel. A surcingle is used over the top of certain types of pack saddle and pack to keep the pack bags and swag in place. A surcingle is used with a pad, fit to the horse's back as as a saddle would be, it is tightened enough to prevent slipping, more when used with a saddle and rider, less when used for ground training. Longeing Horse harness Bitting rig Price, Steven D.

The Whole Horse Catalog: Revised and Updated New York:Fireside 1998 ISBN 0-684-83995-4

West Stafford

West Stafford is a village and civil parish in southwest Dorset, situated in the Frome valley 2 miles east of Dorchester. In the 2011 census the parish had a population of 291; the village contains the public house'The Wise Man Inn', St Andrew's Church. The river Winterbourne 2 miles south lies the village of West Knighton. Thomas Hardy, when training as an architect, assisted in the design of Talbothays Lodge and the cottages opposite; the village is accepted as the setting for part of Hardy's novel Tess or the D'Urbevilles, during the period when Tess works at the Talbothays Dairy. Reginald Bosworth Smith, schoolmaster and President of the Oxford Union, was born in West Stafford on 28 June 1839, his father, Reginald Southwell Smith, was the fourth son of Sir John Wyldbore Smith, Baronet, of Sydling St Nicholas, Dorset. Media related to West Stafford at Wikimedia Commons

Busan Metro Line 3

Busan Metro Line 3 3호선 is a line of the Busan Metro system. The line was built from 1997 to 2005 and opened on November 28, 2005; the line is 18.3 kilometers long, has 17 stations. Each train of the line has 4 cars. Line 3's trains have an open gangway between each car, giving an unblocked view of the whole train from one end to the other; the line was planned to have a main line from Suyeong Station to Daejeo Station with a second phase that splits from Minam Station. However, the second phase split into a separate line and is now called Line 4. Due to the "Daegu Subway Fire" in 2003, all of Line 3's stations were built with platform screen doors. Line 3 was one of the first metro lines in both Korea and the world to have platform screen doors equipped at every station. Line 3 increased the efficiency of the entire Busan Metro system. While Line 2 connects the Deokcheon region to the Suyeong region in a rather curved,'southernly' way, Line 3 connects the two areas in a more straight line. For example, a person living in the Yangsan area would not use the whole line 2 to reach the Haeundae area.

Line 3 increased the efficiency of traveling between Deokcheon and Yeonsandong area, along with the Minam and Dongnae area. A ride through the entire line takes about 34 minutes. Busan Transportation Corporation's official website