SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Animaniacs

Animaniacs is an American animated television series created by Tom Ruegger. It is the second animated series produced by Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment in association with Warner Bros. Animation, after Tiny Toon Adventures; the show first aired on the public channels as part of its "Public Channels" block. It ran a total of 99 episodes and one film being Wakko's Wish. Animaniacs is a variety show, with short skits featuring a large cast of characters. While the show had no set format, the majority of episodes were composed of episodes, each starring a different set of characters, bridging segments. Words of the series included its music, character catchphrases, humor directed at an adult audience; the Warner siblings live in the water tower on the Warner Bros. studio lot in California. However, characters from the series had episodes in various periods of time; the Animaniacs characters interacted with famous people and creators of the past and present as well as mythological characters and characters from contemporary pop culture and television.

Andrea Romano, the casting and recording director of Animaniacs, said that the Warner siblings functioned to "tie the show together," by appearing in and introducing other characters' segments. Each Animaniacs episode consisted of two or three cartoon shorts. Animaniacs segments ranged in time, from bridging segments less than a minute long to episodes spanning the entire show length. Animaniacs had a large cast of characters, separated into individual segments, with each pair or set of characters acting in its own plot; the Warner kids, Yakko and Dot, are three 1930s cartoon stars of an unknown species that were locked away in the Warner Bros. Water Tower until the 1990s, when they escaped. After their escape, they interacted with Warner Bros. studio workers, including Ralph the Security Guard. Pinky and the Brain are two genetically altered laboratory mice who continuously plot and attempt to take over the world. Slappy Squirrel is an octogenarian cartoon star who can outwit antagonists and uses her wiles to educate her nephew, Skippy Squirrel, about cartoon techniques.

Additional principal characters included Rita and Runt and Mindy, Chicken Boo and Marita, Katie Ka-Boom, three pigeons known as The Goodfeathers. The Animaniacs cast of characters had a variety of inspiration, from celebrities to writers' family members to other writers. Executive producer Steven Spielberg said that the irreverence in Looney Tunes cartoons inspired the Animaniacs cast. Tom Ruegger created Pinky and the Brain, a series Sherri Stoner had written for, after being inspired by the personalities of two of his Tiny Toon Adventures colleagues, Eddie Fitzgerald and Tom Minton. Ruegger thought of the premise for Pinky and the Brain when wondering what would happen if Minton and Fitzgerald tried to take over the world. Deanna Oliver contributed The Goodfeathers scripts and the character Chicken Boo, while Nicholas Hollander based Katie Kaboom on his teenage daughter. Ruegger modeled the Warners' personalities after his three sons; because the Warners were portrayed as cartoon stars from the early 1930s, Ruegger and other artists for Animaniacs made the images of the Warners similar to cartoon characters of the early 1930s.

Simple black and white drawings were common in cartoons of the 1920s and 1930s, such as Buddy, Felix the Cat, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, the early versions of Mickey Mouse and Minnie Mouse. Sherri Stoner created Slappy the Squirrel when another writer and friend of Stoner, John McCann, made fun of Stoner's career in TV movies playing troubled teenagers; when McCann joked that Sherri would be playing troubled teenagers when she was fifty years old, the latter developed the idea of Slappy's characteristics as an older person acting like a teenager. Stoner liked the idea of an aged cartoon character because an aged cartoon star would know the secrets of other cartoons and "have the dirt on ". Steven Spielberg served under his Amblin Television label. Showrunner and senior producer Tom Ruegger lead writer's room. Producers Peter Hastings, Sherri Stoner, Rusty Mills, Rich Arons contributed scripts for many of the episodes and had an active role during group discussions in the writer's room as well.

The writers and animators of Animaniacs used the experience gained from the previous series to create new characters cast in the mold of Chuck Jones and Tex Avery's creations. Additional writers for the series included Liz Holzman, Paul Rugg, Deanna Oliver, John McCann, Nicholas Hollander, Charlie Howell, Gordon Bressack, Jeff Kwitny, Earl Kress, Tom Minton, Randy Rogel. Hastings, Stoner, McCann and Bressack were involved in writing sketch comedy while others, including Kress and Rogel, came from cartoon backgrounds. Made-up stories did not comprise Animaniacs writing, as Hastings remarked: "We weren't there to tell compelling stories... you could do a real story, you could recite the Star-Spangled Banner, or you could parody a commercial... you could do all these kinds of things, we had this tremendous freedom and a talent to back it up." Writers for the series wrote into Animaniacs stories. Another episode, "Bumbie's Mom," both parodied the film Bambi and was based on Stoner's childhood reactio

Thomas Coats Memorial Baptist Church

Thomas Coats Memorial Baptist Church, colloquially known as the Baptist Cathedral of Europe, stands at the west end of the High Street in Paisley, Scotland. It has been a dominant feature of the Paisley skyline for over 100 years with its striking crown steeple rising to 60 metres above the ground; the church is a category A listed building. A recent fundraising campaign helped save this stunning church from falling into disrepair; the venue will soon be renovated to accommodate an array of entertainment and private events. Thomas Coats co-founder of the world-famous J.&P Coats company was a philanthropist and devout member of the Baptist Church. He was committed to the wellbeing of his town, involved in the restoration of Paisley Abbey, funding projects such as the construction of the Coats Observatory and Paisley Fountain Gardens. After his death in 1883 his close family funded the construction of a Baptist church in his memory. A competition was held in 1885 for the design of the church with the selection of six pre-qualified architects.

Construction commenced in late 1885 and was completed by May 1894. Hippolyte Jean Blanc was successful in securing his design, the magnificent result of which we see today. Today, the church is threatened with closure as a result of diminishing congregation and the cost of upkeep; the church is built in the Gothic Revival style in red sandstone, cruciform in shape with flying buttresses along the nave and transepts. The central tower rises to an open crown steeple. At the front a set of stairs lead to three doorways, occupied by oak doors. There is seating inside for 1,000 people under the vaulted ceiling. Other features include mosaics, stencilled decoration, carved marble and alabaster. Above the chancel is a vaulted ceiling decorated with paintings of angels. On either side of the chancel the organ with some 3,040 pipes can be seen. Built by William Hill & Sons, the organ is one of only a few of its kind in Britain which has not been modified. Baptist Union of Scotland List of Category A listed buildings in Renfrewshire "Coats Memorial Church".

Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland

Yugambeh language

Yugambeh known as Tweed-Albert Bandjalang, is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken by the Yugambeh living in South-East Queensland between and within the Logan River basin and the Tweed River basin, bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean and in the west by the Teviot Ranges and Teviot Brook basin. Yugambeh is dialect cluster of four dialects, one of four such clusters of the Bandjalangic branch of the Pama–Nyungan language family. A poorly attested variety called Ngarahgwal may belong to Yugambeh or to one of the other Bandjalang clusters. In the Yugambeh language, the word Yugambeh means an emphatic "no", "never" i.e. "very much no" and is a common exonym for the people and their language. Language speakers use the word Miban which means "Man", "Human", "Wedge-Tailed Eagle" and is the preferred endonym for the people. Yugambeh may be referred to as: Yugambir, Yugambeh Yubumbee Jugumbir, Jukamba Tweed-Albert language Nganduwal Ngarangwal Manaldjali Minjanbal Yugambeh is spoken within the Logan, Coomera and Tweed River basins.

Yugambeh has a vowel system of 4 vowels that contrast in length, resulting in 8 phonemic vowels in total. The letter "h" is used after the vowel to indicate a long vowel; the low central vowel /a/ is fronted and raised between palatal consonants and a lateral/rhotic consonant. Compared to other Pama-Nyungan languages, Yugambeh has a smaller inventory of consonants. There are four places of articulation, with the consonants consisting of 4 obstruents, 4 nasals, 2 liquids, 2 semivowels. Obstruents Obstruents do not have a voicing contrast, can appear as fricative allophones. Obstruents are phonetically voiceless, except; the grammar of the Yugambeh language is agglutinative, making use of over 50 suffixes on nouns, verbs and demonstratives. Syntax in the Yugambeh language is free ordered, with a tendency towards SOV structures. Adjectives and demonstratives part of noun phrases e.g. that man, a red car, stay adjacent to the noun they qualify. Nouns take a number of suffixes to decline for grammatical case.

Noun suffixes are placed into 10 orders, a noun may not take more than one suffix from any order, if more than one suffix is attached they must always be in the set order of the suffix orders, e.g. an order 7 suffix must always come after an order 5 suffix.'X' stands for a homorganic obstruent.'N' stands for a homorganic nasals. #The comitative, desiderative and aversive suffixes are preceded by -bah on animate nouns.1st order suffixes -gali – Used to indicate an association or link Examples: Jinanggali'Shoe' lit. Typified by foot Dubaygali'Womaniser' lit. Typified by women 2nd order suffixes -gan – Used to form feminine nouns and some astrological terms Examples: Yarabilngingan'Female Singer' 3rd order suffixes -bur – Used to form the diminutive of a noun, referring to a smaller version Examples: Baraganbur'Toy Boomerang' 4th order suffixes -Nah – Indicates current possession Examples: Ngalingah'Our' Gibamah'of the moon/moon's' -Nahjil – Indicates past possession Examples: Bilinahjil'was of the parrot' Verbs are conjugated with the use of suffixes, it is an aspect dominant language, as opposed to tense dominant like most Western languages.

Yugambeh suffixes conjugate for aspect and mood Verb suffixes are placed in 6 orders, a verb may not take more than one suffix from an order, similar to nouns, suffixes are attached in a set order. Combinations of these suffixes express all possible conjugations of Yugambeh verbs, with only a small number of combinations possible, Yugambeh verb stems are 2 syllables in length and always in a vowel. Adjectives can be marked with a suffix to indicate the gender of the noun. *N stands for a homorganic nasal. Yugambeh possesses a complicated set of demonstratives that make a three-way distinction, with proximal and distal sets, there is a further distinguishing of demonstrative adjectives and location demonstratives; the adjective set can be additionally suffixed to create demonstrative pronouns', the adjective set has three forms for "things in sight", "things hidden or not in sight" and "things not there anymore", while the location set has forms to indicate the general area and definite area, whether in sight or not in sight, past and present forms.

The above set can be suffixed with order 7 noun suffixes to form demonstrative pronouns that function like ordinary independent nouns. E.g. Yanindeh galini wungahbaia!'Take this with you!' The'not in sight' and'not here anymore' forms can take the order 2 noun suffix -gan to form time words. E.g. gunahgan'recently'. The Yugambeh Museum in Beenleigh maintains a free dictionary app for the Yugambeh language, available on Android, apple and a desktop version. Modern place names with roots in the Yugambeh dialect include: Billinudgel – from bilinahjil,'was of the parrot' Canungra – from gungunga, a long flat or clearing Coomera/Upper Coomera – from kumera, a species of wattle Jumpinpi – Pandanus root Mundoolun – from Mundheralgun, the local name for the Common death adder Nindooinbah – from ninduinba, the remains of a fire Pimpama – from pimpimba, a place of soldier birds Tabragalba – from dhaberigaba, a place of clubs Tallebudgera – rotten or decay