An Animatronic is an electro-mechanically animated puppet. It is a modern variant of the automaton and is used for the portrayal of characters in films and in theme park attractions. Before the term "animatronics" became common, they were referred to as "robots". Since robots have become known as more practical programmable machines that do not resemble living creatures. Robots designed to convincingly resemble humans are known as "androids". Animatronics is a multi-disciplinary field which integrates puppetry and mechatronics. Animatronic figures can be implemented using both computer control and human control, including teleoperation. Motion actuators are used to imitate muscle movements and create realistic motions in limbs. Figures are covered with body shells and flexible skins made of hard and soft plastic materials and finished with details like colors and feathers and other components to make the figure more lifelike. Animatronics is a portmanteau of animate and electronics; the term Audio-Animatronics was coined by Walt Disney in 1961 when he started developing animatronics for entertainment and film.
Audio-Animatronics does not differentiate between androids. Autonomatronics was defined by Disney Imagineers, to describe a more advanced Audio-Animatronic technology featuring cameras and complex sensors to process information around the character's environment and respond to that stimulus. 1939: Sparko, The Robot Dog, pet of Elektro, performs in front of the public but Sparko, unlike many depictions of robots in that time, represented a living animal, thus becoming the first modern day animatronic character, along with an unnamed horse, reported to gallop realistically. The animatronic galloping horse was on display at the 1939 World's Fair, in a different exhibit than Sparko's. 1939 New York World's Fair 1961: Heinrich Ernst develops the MH-1, a computer-operated mechanical hand. 1961: Walt Disney coins the term "Audio-Animatronics" and his WED Enterprises team begins developing modern animatronic technology. 1963: The first Audio-Animatronics created by Disney, the Enchanted Tiki Birds of Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room, debut at Disneyland.
Disneyland 1964: In the film Mary Poppins, animatronic birds are the first animatronics to be featured in a motion picture. The first animatronic figure of a person is created by Disney and is Abraham Lincoln, featured at the Illinois State Pavilion of the 1964 New York World's Fair. 1968: The first animatronic character at a restaurant is created. Goes by the name Golden Mario and was built by Team Built in 1968. 1977: Chuck E. Cheese's opens its doors, as the first restaurant with animatronics as an attraction. 1980: ShowBiz Pizza Place opens with the Rock-afire Explosion 1982: Ben Franklin is the first animatronic figure to walk up a set of stairs. 1989: The first A-100 animatronic is developed for The Great Movie Ride attraction at the Disney-MGM Studios' to represent The Wicked Witch of the West. 1993: The largest animatronic figure built is the T. rex for the movie, Jurassic Park. 1998: Tiger Electronics begins selling Furby, an animatronic pet with over 800 English phrases or Furbish and the ability to react to its environment.
Vernon Hills, Illinois May 11, 1999: Sony releases the AIBO animatronics pet. Tokyo, Japan 2005: Engineered arts produced the first version of their animatronic actor, RoboThespian 2008: Mr. Potato Head at the Toy Story exhibit features lips with superior range of movement to any other animatronic figure previously. Disney's Hollywood Studios October 31, 2008 – July 1, 2009: The Abraham Lincoln animatronic character is upgraded to incorporate autonomatronic technology; the Hall of Presidents September 28, 2009: Disney develops Otto, the first interactive figure that can hear and sense actions in the room. D23 Expo Animatronics stand in a long tradition of mechanical automata, that could be powered by for instance hydraulics, pneumatics or clockwork. Early descriptions are found in ancient Chinese writings; the oldest extant examples date to the 16th century. The first animatronics characters to be displayed to the public were a horse; each were the attraction at two separate spectacles during the 1939 New York World's Fair.
Sparko, The Robot Dog, pet of Elektro the Robot, performs in front of the public at the 1939 New York World's Fair but Sparko is not like normal robots. Sparko represents a living animal, thus becoming the first modern day animatronic character, along with an unnamed horse, reported to gallop realistically; the animatronic galloping horse was on display at the 1939 World's Fair, in a different exhibit than Sparko's. Walt Disney is credited for popularizing animatronics for entertainment after he bought an animatronic bird while he was vacationing, although it is disputed whether it was in New Orleans or Europe. Disney's vision for audio-animatronics was focused on patriotic displays rather than amusements. In 1951, two years after Walt Disney discovered animatronics, he commissioned machinist Roger Broggie and sculptor Wathel Rogers to lead a team tasked with creating a 9" tall figure that could move and talk simulating dance routines performed by actor Buddy Ebsen; the project was never finished.
A year Walt Disney Imagineering was created. Disney used a animatronic bird in 1962 for the film Mary Poppins; this was controlled by bicycle cables. After "Project Little Man", the Imagineering team at Disney's first
1920 silent film comedy directed by Herbert Blaché and starring May Allison. It was distributed through Metro Pictures, it was based on The Walk-offs, by Fanny and Frederic Hatton. May Allison - Kathleen Rutherford Emory Johnson - Robert Winston Effie Conley - Caroline Rutherford Darrell Foss - Schuyler Rutherford Joseph Kilgour - Murray Van Allan Richard Morris - Judge Brent Kathleen Kerrigan - Mary Carter Marie Pavis - Sonia Claire Du Brey - Mrs. Elliott Estelle Evans - Mrs. Asterbilt No prints exist of this film; the Walk-Offs on IMDb synopsis at AllMovie
Jorge Brito was a painter and muralist. He is famous for having signed the Manifesto of four young artists distributed at the opening of the National Art Exhibition of Buenos Aires, in which four art students opposed the institution and identified their opponents as the "stonecutters". In the pamphlet, they questioned the orientation sought to be imposed on art education, by both mediocre winners and the "vanguard" jurors who rewarded them; the manifesto was signed by Jorge Brito, Claudio Girola, Tomas Maldonado and Alfredo Hlito who, in 1942, were students of the National School of Fine Arts Prilidiano Pueyrredón. Attracted by the teachings of Joaquín Torres García, he traveled to Montevideo and went to his'Taller' although not being part of it. In Uruguay, he devoted to painting, mural art and he taught industrial design. In 1962, after participating in the first exhibition of MAMBA, he moved to Venezuela. In 1968 he settled in Paris, where he continued his work as a painter and put particular interest in printmaking and sculpture.
1925 Jorge Brito was born in Buenos Aires on June 11. 1938–1941 Studied at the Fine Arts National School Manuel Belgrano. 1942 Entered the National School of Decorative Arts Prilidiano Pueyrredón. In September he signed the Manifesto of Four Young, with Claudio Ambulatory, Alfredo Hlito and Tomas Maldonado. 1943 Attracted by the teachings of Joaquín Torres García traveled to Montevideo. He not made part of it. 1944 Moved to the city of Cordoba Argentina, where he met the art teacher Lola Altamira, whom he married. 1945 Along with young Cordovan student Antonio Pezzino traveled to Montevideo. At first Pezzino and Brito moved into a studio located in Peach and Convention streets near where José Gurvich lived and settled in the workshop Manuel Aguiar had in Pocitos, he closed ties with several members of the Torres García. Came Lola and her little son Cristian. 1947 One of the portraits sent to the XI National Painting and Sculpture ROU scored Foreign Artist Award, Silver Medal. He made his first solo exhibition at the Libertarian Club of Montevideo.
As part of its sample gave a lecture "Two streams in abstract painting". 1948 Between January 30 and February 8 participated in the Uruguayan Painters Exhibition, held at the Casino Míguez Hotel, Punta del Este. 1950 He was appointed professor of applied in Uruguay Industrial Design School. He started his experiences in ceramics. 1951 His oil painting won the London-Paris Bronze Medal Award from the XV National Painting and Sculpture ROU. 1952 he was appointed Director of the School of Arts Department of the Uruguayan city of Melo. 1953 In May spoke on "the art" in the 1st. Cycle Cultural of Events and Art organized by the Club Union de Melo. In Melo Pablo, his second son was born, he participated in the XVII National Hall with his oil paintings"Lovers' and'The Christ'. He presented a solo show of paintings at Friends of the Arts in Montevideo. 1954 He made three murals in the city of Montevideo, including a ceramic relief in a building designed by the architect Vaz Nadal. 1956 He won the prize in the contest organized by the Ministry of Education of Uruguay for wall decoration Practice School No. 2 "Cervantes", located on the street Soriano 1658 Montevideo.
In August, his oil'Comedians' won the Alien Artist Award - Silver Medal in the XX National Exhibition of Fine Arts ROU. His son Cristian died. 1958 He continued his work. The family settled in the garden district of El Palomar, where Cristina, his third daughter was born, he Taught the conference "Society" at the Faculty of Architecture of Buenos Aires. 1959 He designed the poster for the theater performance of Hamlet, directed by Miguel Bebán in Lassalle Theater in Buenos Aires. He linked the Architect Mauricio Rantz and Rodolfo Cortegoso, with whom he made a mural in glazed pottery in the lobby of the building 1214 Anchorena street, he made scenery, ceramics and industrial design. 1960 He was commissioned and began work to decorate the gallery Le Boulevard, located at Avda. Rivadavia 6800 in the Flores neighborhood in Buenos Aires. José Gurvich and his wife Toto stayed at his home in El Palomar. There Gurvich painted a series of constructive tables. In September, he held an exhibition of paintings and drawings from the years 1959 to 1960 in the Gallery "Group 8" next to Plaza Cagancha Montevideo.
He was selected by Rafael Squirm and participated in the First Exhibition International Modern Art opened on October 12 at the headquarters of the Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art. 1961 He completed a fresco plaster frieze over an area of 113 meters long and 2.8 m in height to the Gallery Le Boulevard, the project was made for Cortegoso and Rantz architects. The work involved the collaboration of Coli, Batistin and Rodriguez, he designed and executed the mural in glazed ceramic residence at Traful street 3715. On November 11 he delivered the lecture "Approaches to a concept of plastic decoration" at the Aula Magna of the Faculty of Architecture, organized by the Student Center of Art and Architecture Student Center. 1964 He participated with three works in the I Salon of Young Artists from Latin America, organized by the Pan American Union in the Museo de Bellas Artes. 1968 traveled to Europe. In the early days he toured Spain and France and settled permanently in Paris. 1969 Formed couple with Blandine Deboeuf.
1970 In Paris, he was reunited with his friend Manuel Aguiar based in that city. 1971 Under the Caracas Cultural Plan, presented easel painting and sketches of murals in the Reading Room of the Plaza Bolivar and gave a lecture entitled "Problems of Plast
The Mount Nebo Archaeological District is a historic district in the southwestern corner of the U. S. state of Ohio. Located near North Bend, the district lies near the intersection of Mount Brower Roads. Included in the district's 40 acres of area are two contributing properties: one large archaeological site and one Native American mound; the southwestern corner of Hamilton County contains many archaeological sites, including nearly fifty in the nearby Shawnee Lookout Archeological District. This part of the state was frequented in the pre-Columbian era because its countryside was favorable for human habitation: the Ohio and Miami Rivers provide good transportation. Mount Nebo has gained a reputation as one of the most valuable archaeological sites in southwestern Ohio. Local amateur archaeologists have frequented the area, as large numbers of artifacts can be found on the surface of the ground. Among the findings are artifacts both of the Archaic and Woodland periods, thousands of years apart from each other.
Jimmy Clairet is a French racing driver competing in the TCR International Series. Having competed in the French Renault Clio Cup & French Peugeot 208 Racing Cup. Clairet began his career in 2013 in the French Peugeot 208 Racing Cup, he raced there up until 2014 and finished 2nd in the championship standings that year, he switched to the French Renault Clio Cup for 2015, taking a single victory on his way to finish 6th in the standings. He stayed in the championship for 2016. In April 2016 it was announced that he would race in the TCR International Series, driving a Peugeot 308 Racing Cup for Sébastien Loeb Racing. Jimmy Clairet career summary at DriverDB.com Official website Jimmy Clairet on Facebook
Peter Jones Barrett was an American sailor and Olympic champion. He competed at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, where he received a gold medal in the star class with the boat North Star, together with Lowell North, he received a silver medal in the finn class at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Barrett won two medals, he finished 11th in the Finn at the Naples, Italy Games 1960, won a silver medal in the Finn at the 1964 Tokyo Games, crewing for Lowell North won the Star class gold medal at the 1968 Games in Acapulco, Mexico. Throughout his competitive career Pete won several championships including the 470 Nationals, Finn North Americans, the C-Scow Blue Chip Regatta, the A-Scow Inlands, he crewed aboard the winning boat in the 1971 Chicago-Mackinac Race. In addition, Barrett served as a contributing editor to Yacht Racing/Cruising, designed several popular sailboats including the Aquarius 21 and 23 built by Coastal Recreation, the Mega 30 built by C&C Yachts. Barrett was inducted into the National Sailing Hall of Fame in 2012.