Johnnie Lucille Collier, known professionally as Ann Miller, was an American dancer and actress. She is best remembered for her work in the Classical Hollywood cinema musicals of the 1940s and 1950s. Johnnie Lucille Collier, was born in Texas to Clara Emma and John Allison Collier, a criminal lawyer who represented the Barrow Gang, Machine Gun Kelly, Baby Face Nelson, among others, her maternal grandmother was Cherokee. Miller's father insisted on the name Johnnie because he had wanted a boy, but she was called Annie, she began to take dance classes at the age of five, after suffering from a case of rickets. Her mother believed, she lived in Texas until she was nine, when her parents divorced due to her father's infidelities. Her mother moved with her to Los Angeles; as her mother was deaf, it was hard for her to find work. About this time she adopted the stage name Ann Miller, she was considered a child dance prodigy. In an interview in a "behind the scenes" documentary on the making of the compilation film That's Entertainment!
Part III, she said. At age 13 in 1936, Miller became a showgirl at the Bal Tabarin, she was hired as a dancer in the "Black Cat Club" in San Francisco. It was there that she was discovered by talent scout/comic Benny Rubin; this led Miller to be given a contract with RKO in 1936 at the age of 13 and she remained there until 1940. In 1938 she played quirky dancing Essie Carmichael in Oscar's best picture winner, Frank Capra's You Can't Take it With You, starring Lionel Barrymore and Jimmy Stewart. In 1941, she signed with Columbia Pictures, starting with Time Out for Rhythm, she starred in 11 B movie musicals from 1941 to 1945. In July 1945, with World War II still raging in the Pacific, she posed in a bathing suit as a Yank magazine pin-up girl, she ended her contract in 1946 with The Thrill of Brazil. The ad in Life magazine featured Miller's leg in a large, bow-tied stocking as the "T" in "Thrill", she hit her mark in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer musicals such as Easter Parade, On the Town and Kiss Me Kate.
In life, Miller claimed to have invented pantyhose in the 1940s as a solution to the continual problem of tearing stockings during the filming of dance production numbers. The common practice had been to sew hosiery to briefs. If torn, the entire garment had to be resewn with a new pair. Miller asked a hosiery maker to produce a single combined garment. Miller was famed for her speed in tap dance. Studio publicists concocted press releases claiming she could tap 500 times per minute, but, in truth, the sound of ultra-fast "500" taps was looped in later; because the stage floors were waxed and too slick for regular tap shoes, she had to dance in shoes with rubber treads on the sole. She would loop the sound of the taps while watching the film and dancing on a "tap board" to match her steps in the film, she was known later in her career, for her distinctive appearance, which reflected a studio-era ideal of glamour: massive black bouffant hair, heavy makeup with a splash of crimson lipstick, fashions that emphasized her lithe figure and long dancer's legs.
Her film career ended in 1956 as the studio system lost steam to television, but she remained active in the theater and on television. She starred on Broadway in the musical Mame in 1969, in which she wowed the audience in a tap number created just for her. In 1979 she astounded audiences in the Broadway show Sugar Babies with fellow MGM veteran Mickey Rooney, which toured the United States extensively after its Broadway run. In 1983, she won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre, she appeared in a special 1982 episode of The Love Boat, joined by fellow showbiz legends Ethel Merman, Carol Channing, Della Reese, Van Johnson and Cab Calloway in a storyline that cast them as older relatives of the show's regular characters. Her last stage performance was a 1998 production of Stephen Sondheim's Follies, in which she played hardboiled Carlotta Campion and received rave reviews for her rendition of the song "I'm Still Here". Miller appeared as a dance instructor in Home Improvement episode "Dances with Tools".
Between 1995 and 2001, Molly Shannon parodied Miller several times on Saturday Night Live in a recurring sketch titled "Leg-Up!" In 2001, she took her last role, playing "Coco" in director David Lynch's critically acclaimed Mulholland Drive. Miller married three times, to Reese Llewellyn Milner in 1946, to William Moss in 1958 and to Arthur Cameron in 1961, in between marriages dated such well-known men as Howard Hughes, Conrad Hilton and Louis B. Mayer. During her marriage to Reese Llewellyn Milner, while pregnant with daughter Mary in her last trimester, Miller fell and went into early labor. Baby Mary lived only three hours on November 12, 1946. Miller died, aged 80, from lung cancer, her remains were interred in Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, California. For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Miller has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6914 Hollywood B
James Harrison Coburn III was an American actor. He featured in more than 70 films action roles, made 100 television appearances during a 45-year career winning an Academy Award in 1999 for his supporting role as Glen Whitehouse in Affliction. A capable, rough-hewn leading man, his toothy grin and lanky physique made him a perfect tough guy in numerous leading and supporting roles in westerns and action films, such as The Magnificent Seven, Hell Is for Heroes, The Great Escape, Our Man Flint, In Like Flint, You Sucker!, Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, Cross of Iron. Coburn provided the voice of Mr. Waternoose in Inc.. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, Coburn cultivated an image synonymous with "cool" and, along with such contemporaries as Lee Marvin, Steve McQueen, Charles Bronson, became one of the prominent "tough-guy" actors of his day. Coburn was born in Laurel, Nebraska on August 31, 1928, the son of James Harrison Coburn II and Mylet Coburn, his father was of Scottish-Irish ancestry and his mother was an immigrant from Sweden.
The elder Coburn had a garage business, destroyed by the Great Depression. Coburn himself was raised in Compton, where he attended Compton Junior College. In 1950, he enlisted in the United States Army, in which he served as a truck driver and a disc jockey on an Army radio station in Texas. Coburn narrated Army training films in Mainz, Germany. Coburn attended Los Angeles City College, where he studied acting alongside Jeff Corey and Stella Adler, made his stage debut at the La Jolla Playhouse in Herman Melville's Billy Budd. Coburn's first professional job was a live television play for Sidney Lumet, he was selected for a Remington Products razor commercial in which he was able to shave off 11 days of beard growth in less than 60 seconds, while joking that he had more teeth to show on camera than the other 12 candidates for the part. Coburn's film debut came in 1959 as the sidekick of Pernell Roberts in the Randolph Scott western Ride Lonesome, he soon got a job in another Western Face of a Fugitive.
Coburn appeared in dozens of television roles including, with Roberts, several episodes of NBC's Bonanza. Coburn appeared twice each on two other NBC westerns Tales of Wells Fargo with Dale Robertson, one episode in the role of Butch Cassidy, The Restless Gun with John Payne in "The Pawn" and "The Way Back", the latter segment alongside Bonanza's Dan Blocker. Coburn's third film was a major breakthrough for him - as the knife-wielding Britt in The Magnificent Seven, directed by John Sturges for the Mirisch Company. Coburn was hired through the intervention of Robert Vaughn. During the 1960 to 1961 season, Coburn co-starred with Ralph Taeger and Joi Lansing in the NBC adventure/drama series, set in the Alaskan gold rush town of Skagway; when Klondike was cancelled and Coburn were regrouped as detectives in Mexico in NBC's short-lived Acapulco. Coburn made two guest appearances on CBS's Perry Mason, both times as the murder victim in "The Case of the Envious Editor" and "The Case of the Angry Astronaut."
In 1962, he portrayed the role of Col. Briscoe in the episode "Hostage Child" on CBS's Rawhide. Coburn had a good role in Hell Is for a war movie with Steve McQueen. Coburn followed this with another war film with McQueen, The Great Escape, directed by Sturges for the Mirisches. For the Mirisches, Coburn narrated Kings of the Sun. Coburn was one of the villains in Charade, starring Audrey Hepburn, he was cast as a glib naval officer in Paddy Chayefsky's The Americanization of Emily, replacing James Garner, who had moved up to the lead when William Holden pulled out. This led to Coburn being signed to a seven-year contract with 20th Century Fox. Coburn had another excellent support role as a one-armed Indian tracker in Major Dundee, directed by Sam Peckinpah. At Fox, he was second-billed in the pirate film A High Wind in Jamaica, supporting Anthony Quinn, he had a cameo in The Loved One. Coburn became a genuine star following the release of the James Bond parody film Our Man Flint, playing super agent Derek Flint for Fox.
The movie was a solid success at the box office. He followed it with What Did You Do in the War, Daddy?, a wartime comedy from Blake Edwards, made for the Mirisches. The film was a commercial disappointment. Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round was a crime movie made at Columbia. Back at Fox, Coburn made a second Flint film, In Like Flint, popular but Coburn did not wish to make any more, he went over to Paramount to make Waterhole No. 3, the political satire The President's Analyst. Neither film performed well at the box office but over the years The President's Analyst has become a cult film. In 1967 Coburn was voted the twelfth biggest star in Hollywood. Over at Columbia, Coburn was in Duffy which flopped, he was one of several stars who had cameos in Candy played a hitman in Hard Contract for Fox, another flop. Coburn tried a change of pace, an adaptation of a Tennessee Williams play, Last of the Mobile Hot Shots directed by Sidney Lumet, but the film was not popular. In July 1970 Richard F Zanuck of Fox dropped its option it had with Coburn worth $300,000.
In 1971, Coburn starred in the Zapata Western Duck, You Sucker!, with Rod Steiger and directed by Sergio Leone, as an Irish explosives expert and revolutionary who has fled to Mexico during the time of the Mexican Revolution in the early 20th century. In 1964 Coburn said he would do A Fistful o
Marilyn Pauline "Kim" Novak is a retired American film and television actress. She began her film career in 1954 after signing with Columbia Pictures. There she starred among them the well received Picnic, she starred in such films as The Man with the Golden Arm and Pal Joey. However, she is best known today for her performance as Madeline Elster/Judy Barton in Alfred Hitchcock's thriller Vertigo with James Stewart. Novak enjoyed box-office success and starred opposite several prominent leading men of the era, including Fred MacMurray, William Holden, Frank Sinatra, Tyrone Power, Kirk Douglas, Laurence Harvey. Although still only in her mid-30s, Novak withdrew from acting in 1966, has only sporadically worked in films since, she appeared in The Mirror Crack'd, had a regular role on the primetime series Falcon Crest. After a disappointing experience during the filming of Liebestraum, she permanently retired from acting, stating she had no desire to return, her contributions to world cinema have been honored with two Golden Globe Awards, an Honorary Golden Bear Award, a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame among others.
She works as a visual artist. Novak was born in Chicago, Illinois on February 13, 1933, she is the daughter of Blanche Novak. Both her parents were of Czech descent, her father was a history teacher who took a job as a freight dispatcher on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad during the Depression, her mother was a factory worker, she was raised Catholic. She attended William Penn Elementary, Farragut High School, Wright Junior College, she won two scholarships to the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, during the summer break in her last semester of junior college, Novak went on a cross-country tour modeling for a refrigerator company at trade shows. While stopping by Los Angeles, Novak was crowned "Miss Deepfreeze" by the refrigerator company. While there and two other models stood in line to be extras in two RKO films: The French Line, starring Jane Russell and Son of Sinbad. There she was discovered by an agent. From the beginning of her career, she wanted to be an original and not another stereotype.
Therefore, she fought with Harry Cohn, over the changing of her name. He suggested the name "Kit Marlowe", arguing, "Nobody's gonna go see a girl with a Polack name!", but she insisted on keeping her name, saying, "I'm Czech, but Polish, Czech, no matter, it's my name!" The two sides settled on the name "Kim Novak" as a compromise. Columbia intended for Novak to be their successor to Rita Hayworth, their biggest star of the 1940s, whose career had declined. Novak's first role for the studio was in the film noir Pushover, in which she received third billing below Fred MacMurray and Philip Carey, she co-starred in the romantic comedy Phffft as Janis, a character who finds Robert Tracey "real cute". Both films were reasonably successful at the box office, Novak received favorable reviews for her performances. In her third feature film, 5 Against the House, a gritty crime drama, she received equal billing with Guy Madison, it was only a minor box-office success. She played Madge Owens in the film version of Picnic, from the William Inge play, co-starring William Holden and Rosalind Russell.
Its director, Joshua Logan, felt. Picnic was a resounding critical and box-office triumph, Novak won a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer, she was nominated for BAFTA Film Award for Best Foreign Actress, but did not win. She appeared as a mystery guest on the game show What's My Line? on February 5, 1956, to promote the film's opening at the Radio City Music Hall. Director Otto Preminger cast her in The Man with the Golden Arm, in which she played Frank Sinatra's sultry ex-girlfriend. In a cast which included Eleanor Parker, Novak received praise for being one of the film's bright spots, the film was a box-office hit Novak's next project, The Eddy Duchin Story, cast her as Marjorie Oelrichs, the wife of pianist Eddy Duchin, played by Tyrone Power; because the two leads did not get along during filming, Novak nearly considered backing out of the production, but decided against it. At the time of its release, the film was a critical and box-office hit, with many suggesting that Novak's advertisements for No-Cal diet soda contributed positively to the film's success.
Offered a choice for her next project, she selected the biopic Jeanne Eagels, in which she portrayed the stage and silent-screen actress, addicted to heroin. Co-starring Jeff Chandler, the film was a fictional account of Eagels' life. Eagels' family sued. After appearing in a series of successful movies, Novak became one of the biggest box-office draws of 1957 and 1958. Columbia placed her in a film adaptation of Pal Joey, based on the 1940 novel and Broadway play, both written by John O'Hara. Playing Linda English, a naive showgirl, she again co-starred opposite Frank Sinatra and Rita Hayworth. Released in October, the film received favorable reviews; the movie was a box-office hit and has been considered one o
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables. This contrasts with broadcast television, in which the television signal is transmitted over the air by radio waves and received by a television antenna attached to the television. FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephone services, similar non-television services may be provided through these cables. Analog television was standard in the 20th century, but since the 2000s, cable systems have been upgraded to digital cable operation. A "cable channel" is a television network available via cable television; when available through satellite television, including direct broadcast satellite providers such as DirecTV, Dish Network and Sky, as well as via IPTV providers such as Verizon FIOS and AT&T U-verse is referred to as a "satellite channel". Alternative terms include "non-broadcast channel" or "programming service", the latter being used in legal contexts.
Examples of cable/satellite channels/cable networks available in many countries are HBO, Cinemax, MTV, Cartoon Network, AXN, E!, FX, Discovery Channel, Canal+, Fox Sports, Disney Channel, Nickelodeon, CNN International, ESPN. The abbreviation CATV is used for cable television, it stood for Community Access Television or Community Antenna Television, from cable television's origins in 1948. In areas where over-the-air TV reception was limited by distance from transmitters or mountainous terrain, large "community antennas" were constructed, cable was run from them to individual homes; the origins of cable broadcasting for radio are older as radio programming was distributed by cable in some European cities as far back as 1924. To receive cable television at a given location, cable distribution lines must be available on the local utility poles or underground utility lines. Coaxial cable brings the signal to the customer's building through a service drop, an overhead or underground cable. If the subscriber's building does not have a cable service drop, the cable company will install one.
The standard cable used in the U. S. is RG-6, which has a 75 ohm impedance, connects with a type F connector. The cable company's portion of the wiring ends at a distribution box on the building exterior, built-in cable wiring in the walls distributes the signal to jacks in different rooms to which televisions are connected. Multiple cables to different rooms are split off the incoming cable with a small device called a splitter. There are two standards for cable television. All cable companies in the United States have switched to or are in the course of switching to digital cable television since it was first introduced in the late 1990s. Most cable companies require a set-top box or a slot on one's TV set for conditional access module cards to view their cable channels on newer televisions with digital cable QAM tuners, because most digital cable channels are now encrypted, or "scrambled", to reduce cable service theft. A cable from the jack in the wall is attached to the input of the box, an output cable from the box is attached to the television the RF-IN or composite input on older TVs.
Since the set-top box only decodes the single channel, being watched, each television in the house requires a separate box. Some unencrypted channels traditional over-the-air broadcast networks, can be displayed without a receiver box; the cable company will provide set top boxes based on the level of service a customer purchases, from basic set top boxes with a standard definition picture connected through the standard coaxial connection on the TV, to high-definition wireless DVR receivers connected via HDMI or component. Older analog television sets are "cable ready" and can receive the old analog cable without a set-top box. To receive digital cable channels on an analog television set unencrypted ones, requires a different type of box, a digital television adapter supplied by the cable company. A new distribution method that takes advantage of the low cost high quality DVB distribution to residential areas, uses TV gateways to convert the DVB-C, DVB-C2 stream to IP for distribution of TV over IP network in the home.
In the most common system, multiple television channels are distributed to subscriber residences through a coaxial cable, which comes from a trunkline supported on utility poles originating at the cable company's local distribution facility, called the "headend". Many channels can be transmitted through one coaxial cable by a technique called frequency division multiplexing. At the headend, each television channel is translated to a different frequency. By giving each channel a different frequency "slot" on the cable, the separate television signals do not interfere with each other. At an outdoor cable box on the subscriber's residence the company's service drop cable is connected to cables distributing the signal to different rooms in the building. At each television, the subscriber's television or a set-top box provided by the cable company translates the desired channel back to its original frequency, it is displayed onscreen. Due to widespread cable theft in earlier analog systems, the signals are encrypted on m
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known by his pen name Lewis Carroll, was an English writer of world-famous children's fiction, notably Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass. He was noted for his facility at word play and fantasy; the poems Jabberwocky and The Hunting of the Snark are classified in the genre of literary nonsense. He was a mathematician and Anglican deacon. Carroll came from a family of high church Anglicans, developed a long relationship with Christ Church, where he lived for most of his life as a scholar and teacher. Alice Liddell, daughter of the Dean of Christ Church, Henry Liddell, is identified as the original for Alice in Wonderland, though Carroll always denied this. Dodgson's family was predominantly northern English and high church Anglican. Most of Dodgson's male ancestors were Church of England clergy, his great-grandfather named Charles Dodgson, had risen through the ranks of the church to become the Bishop of Elphin. His paternal grandfather, another Charles, had been an army captain, killed in action in Ireland in 1803 when his two sons were hardly more than babies.
The older of these sons – yet another Charles Dodgson – was Carroll's father. He went to Westminster School and to Christ Church, Oxford, he took holy orders. He was mathematically gifted and won a double first degree, which could have been the prelude to a brilliant academic career. Instead, he became a country parson. Dodgson was born in the small parsonage at Daresbury in Cheshire near the towns of Warrington and Runcorn, the eldest boy but the third child. Eight more children followed; when Charles was 11, his father was given the living of Croft-on-Tees in North Yorkshire, the whole family moved to the spacious rectory. This remained their home for the next 25 years. Charles's father was an active and conservative cleric of the Church of England who became the Archdeacon of Richmond and involved himself, sometimes influentially, in the intense religious disputes that were dividing the church, he was high church, inclining toward Anglo-Catholicism, an admirer of John Henry Newman and the Tractarian movement, did his best to instil such views in his children.
Young Charles was to develop an ambiguous relationship with his father's values and with the Church of England as a whole. During his early youth, Dodgson was educated at home, his "reading lists" preserved in the family archives testify to a precocious intellect: at the age of seven, he was reading books such as The Pilgrim's Progress. He suffered from a stammer – a condition shared by most of his siblings – that influenced his social life throughout his years. At the age of twelve, he was sent to Richmond Grammar School at nearby Richmond. In 1846, Dodgson entered Rugby School where he was evidently unhappy, as he wrote some years after leaving: I cannot say... that any earthly considerations would induce me to go through my three years again... I can say that if I could have been... secure from annoyance at night, the hardships of the daily life would have been comparative trifles to bear. Dodgson did not claim he suffered from bullying but cited little boys as the main targets of older bullies at Rugby.
Stuart Dodgson Collingwood, Dodgson's nephew, wrote that "even though it is hard for those who have only known him as the gentle and retiring don to believe it, it is true that long after he left school, his name was remembered as that of a boy who knew well how to use his fists in defense of a righteous cause", the protection of the smaller boys. Scholastically, though, he excelled with apparent ease. "I have not had a more promising boy at his age since I came to Rugby", observed mathematics master R. B. Mayor. Francis Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant; some pages included annotations such as the one found in p. 129, where he wrote "Not a fair question in decimals" next to a question. He left Rugby at the end of 1849 and matriculated at the University of Oxford in May 1850 as a member of his father's old college, Christ Church. After waiting for rooms in college to become available, he went into residence in January 1851, he had been at Oxford only two days. His mother had died of "inflammation of the brain" – meningitis or a stroke – at the age of 47.
His early academic career veered between irresistible distraction. He did not always work hard but was exceptionally gifted and achievement came to him. In 1852, he obtained first-class honours in Mathematics Moderations and was shortly thereafter nominated to a Studentship by his father's old friend Canon Edward Pusey. In 1854, he obtained first-class honours in the Final Honours School of Mathematics, standing first on the list, graduating Bachelor of Arts, he remained at Christ Church studying and teaching, but the next year he failed an important scholarship through his self-confessed inability to apply himself to study. So, his talent as a mathematician won him the Christ Church Mathematical Lectureship in 1855, which he continued to hold for the next 26 years. Despite early unhappiness, Dodgson was to remain at Christ Church, in various capacities, until his death, including that of Sub-Librarian of the Christ Church library, where his office was close to the Deanery, where Alice
Teri Ann Garr is a retired American actress and dancer. She appeared in comedic roles throughout her career, which spans four decades and includes over 140 credits in film and television, her accolades include one Academy Award nomination, a BAFTA Award nomination, one National Board of Review Award. Born in Lakewood, Garr was raised in North Hollywood, the third child of a vaudevillian father and costume designer mother. In her youth, Garr trained extensively in ballet, she began her career as a teenager with small roles in television and film in the early 1960s, including appearances as a dancer in nine Elvis Presley musicals. After spending two years attending college, Garr left Los Angeles and studied acting at the Lee Strasberg Institute in New York City. Garr had a supporting role in Francis Ford Coppola's thriller The Conversation before having her film breakthrough as Inga in Young Frankenstein. In 1977, she was cast in a high-profile role in Steven Spielberg's Close Encounters of the Third Kind.
Garr continued to appear in various high-profile roles throughout the 1980s, including supporting parts in the comedies Mr. Mom and Tootsie, for the latter of which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role Sandra Lester, she reunited with Coppola the same year, appearing in his musical One from the Heart, followed by a supporting part in Martin Scorsese's black comedy After Hours. Her quick banter led to Garr being a regular guest on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson and Late Night with David Letterman. In the 1990s, she appeared in two films by Robert Altman: The Player and Prêt-à-Porter, followed by supporting roles in Michael and Ghost World, she appeared on television as Phoebe Abbott in three episodes of the sitcom Friends. In 2002, Garr announced that she had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, the symptoms of which had negatively affected her ability to perform beginning in the 1990s. Teri Ann Garr was born December 1944 in Lakewood, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland.
Her father, Eddie Garr, was a vaudeville performer and actor whose career peaked when he took over the lead role in the Broadway drama Tobacco Road. He changed his surname before Teri's birth, her mother, Phyllis Lind Garr, was a dancer, a Rockette, wardrobe mistress, model. Her father was of Irish descent and her maternal grandparents were Austrian immigrants. Garr has two older brothers, she spent her early life in Cleveland, the family relocated to New Jersey before settling in Los Angeles, California. When Garr was 11 years old, her father died in Los Angeles of a heart attack, she recalled. And I saw my mother be this strong, creative woman who put three kids through college—one of my brothers is a surgeon. Any kind of lessons we wanted, we had to have sweep the floors, it had to be free. And so we always had to try harder; that was instilled in me early." During her youth, Garr expressed interest in dancing, trained extensively in ballet. "I'd go for four hours a day. "I'd take buses all over the city just to go to the best dancing schools.
You could just stand there and be quiet and beat yourself up, push the body." Garr graduated from North Hollywood High School, attended California State University, Northridge for two years before dropping out and relocating to New York City to further pursue acting. In New York, she studied at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute. Early in her career she was credited as Terry Garr, Teri Hope, or Terry Carr, her movie debut was as an extra in A Swingin' Affair. During her senior year she auditioned for the cast of the Los Angeles road company production of West Side Story, where she met one of the most important people in her early career, David Winters, who became her friend, dance teacher, mentor. Winters cast her in many of his early projects. Garr began as a background go-go dancer in uncredited roles in youth-oriented films and TV shows choreographed by Winters, including Pajama Party, the T. A. M. I. Show, Shindig!, Hullabaloo, Movin' with Nancy, nine Elvis Presley features (many of which were choreographed by Winters, including Presley's most profitable film, Viva Las Vegas.
When asked in a magazine interview about how she landed jobs in so many Presley films, Garr answered, "One of the dancers in the road show of West Side Story started to choreograph movies, whatever job he got, I was one of the girls he'd hire. So he was chosen to do Viva Las Vegas; that was my first movie."She appeared on television during this time, performing as a go-go dancer on several musical variety shows, along with friend Toni Basil, such as Shindig! and Hullabaloo. In 1966 Garr made one appearance on Batman. In 1968, she appeared in both The Andy Griffith Show and Mayberry R. F. D. and was in two episodes of It Takes a Thief. Her first speaking role in a motion picture was a brief appearance as a damsel in distress in the Monkees film Head, written by Jack Nicholson. "He wrote the script for Head, so all of us in the class got little tiny parts in the movie," she recalled. "I was… Who was I? Oh yes, I was the girl dying of a snakebite, who falls off the Calistoga wagon and says, "Quick, suck it before the venom reaches my heart!""
The same year, she was featured as secretary Roberta Lincoln in the Star Trek episode "Assignme
Ben Vereen is an American actor and singer who has appeared in numerous Broadway theatre shows. Vereen graduated from Manhattan's High School of Performing Arts. Vereen was born Benjamin Augustus Middleton on October 10, 1946, in Florida. While still an infant and his family relocated to the Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, he was adopted by James Vereen, a paint-factory worker, his wife, who worked as a maid and theatre wardrobe mistress. He discovered he was adopted when he applied for a passport to join Sammy Davis, Jr. on a tour of "Golden Boy" to London when he was 25. He was raised Pentecostal. During his pre-teen years, he exhibited an innate talent for drama and dance and performed in local variety shows. At the age of 14, Vereen enrolled at the High School of Performing Arts, where he studied under world-renowned choreographers Martha Graham, George Balanchine, Jerome Robbins. Upon his graduation, he struggled to find suitable stage work and was forced to take odd jobs to supplement his income.
He was 18 years old when he made his New York stage bow off-off Broadway in The Prodigal Son at the Greenwich Mews Theater. By the following year, he was in Las Vegas, performing in Bob Fosse's production of Sweet Charity, a show with which he toured in 1967–68, he returned to New York City to play Claude in Hair in the Broadway production, before joining the national touring company. The following year, he was cast opposite Davis in the film adaptation of Sweet Charity. After developing a rapport with Davis, Vereen was cast as his understudy in the upcoming production of Golden Boy, which toured England and ended the run at the Palladium Theatre in London's West End. Vereen was nominated for a Tony Award for Jesus Christ Superstar in 1972 and won a Tony for his appearance in Pippin in 1973. Vereen appeared in the Broadway musical Wicked as the Wizard of Oz in 2005. Vereen has performed in one-man shows and lectures on black history and inspirational topics. Vereen has starred in numerous television programs, is well known for the role of'Chicken' George Moore in Alex Haley's landmark TV miniseries Roots, for which he received an Emmy nomination in 1977.
Vereen's four-week summer variety series, Ben Vereen... Comin' At Ya, aired on NBC in August 1975 and featured regulars Lola Falana, Avery Schreiber and Liz Torres. In 1978, on a Boston Pops TV special, Vereen performed a tribute to Bert Williams, complete with period makeup and attire, reprising Williams' high-kick dance steps, to vaudeville standards such as "Waitin' for the Robert E. Lee". In 1981, Vereen performed at Ronald Reagan's first inauguration; the performance generated controversy. Before the finale, ABC cut the live performance, generating confusion and anger from viewers at home, he was cast opposite Jeff Goldblum in Brown Shoe. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Vereen worked on television with projects ranging from the sitcom Webster to the drama Silk Stalkings. In 1985, Vereen starred in the Faerie Tale Theatre series as Puss in Boots alongside Gregory Hines, he appeared on The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air episode, “Papa’s Got a Brand New Excuse", in which he played Will Smith's biological father, Lou Smith.
He made several appearances on the 1980s sitcom Webster as the title character's biological uncle. He appeared as Mayor Ben on the children's program Zoobilee Zoo and as Itsy Bitsy Spider in Mother Goose Rock'n' Rhyme. In 1993 he appeared in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Interface" as the father of Roots co-star LeVar Burton's character Geordi La Forge. In Roots, Vereen had played "Chicken George", the grandson of Burton's character Kunta Kinte, he appeared on the television series The Nanny episode "Pishke Business". In 2010, he appeared on the television series How I Met Your Mother episodes "Cleaning House" and "False Positive" as Sam Gibbs, the long lost father of James Gibbs, Barney Stinson's brother, he returned in 2014 for another two episodes. Sweet Charity Gas-s-s-s Funny Lady All That Jazz This Boxer Wears a Shirt Cycling Through China Sabine The Zoo Gang Buy & Cell Once Upon a Forest Why Do Fools Fall in Love I'll Take You There The Painting Idlewild And Then Came Love Tapioca Accidental Friendship Mama, I Want to Sing!
Broadway: The Next Generation Khumba Mkhulu the Elder Zebra Time Out of Mind Dixon Top Five Ben Vereen... Comin' at Ya Louis Armstrong - Chicago Style The Muppet Show Roots The Carol Burnett Show The Sentry Collection Presents Ben Vereen: His Roots Tenspeed and Brown Shoe Pippin: His Life and Times The Love Boat SCTV 1984 The Charmkins The Jesse Owens Story Ellis Island Webster A. D; the Magic of David Copperfield VIII: Walking Through the Great Wall of China Lost in London roots Faerie Tale Theatre Puss in Boots Zoobilee Zoo You Write the Songs Jenny's Song J. J. Starbuck Rockin' Through the Decades The Kid Who Loved Christmas Mother Goose Rock'n' Rhyme Booker: "The Life and Death of Chick Sterling" Silk Stalkings Intruders Star Trek: The Nex