Liv Johanne Ullmann is a Norwegian actress and film director. She is known as one of the muses of Swedish director Ingmar Bergman, Ullmann won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama in 1972 for the film The Emigrants, and has been nominated for another four. In 2000, she was nominated for the Palme dOr for her directorial feature film. She has received two BAFTA Award nominations for her performances in Scenes from a Marriage and Face to Face, and two Academy Award nominations for The Emigrants and Face to Face. Ullmann was born in Tokyo, the daughter of Erik Viggo Ullmann, a Norwegian aircraft engineer who was working in Tokyo at the time, and Janna Erbe, Norwegian. Her grandfather was sent to the Dachau concentration camp during the Second World War for helping Jewish people escape from the town where he lived in Norway, he died in the camp. When she was two old, the family relocated to Toronto, where her father worked at the Norwegian air force base on Toronto Island during World War II.
The family moved to New York, where four years later, her father died of a brain tumor and her mother worked as a bookseller while raising two daughters. They eventually returned to Norway, settling in Trondheim, Ullmann began her acting career as a stage actress in Norway during the mid-1950s. Ullmann acted with Laurence Olivier in A Bridge Too Far, directed by Richard Attenborough, during 1971, Ullmann was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for the movie The Emigrants, and again during 1976 for the movie Face to Face. Ullmann made her New York City stage debut in 1975 in A Dolls House, appearances in Anna Christie and Ghosts followed, as well as the less than successful musical version of I Remember Mama. This show, composed by Richard Rodgers, experienced numerous revisions during a preview period. She featured in the widely deprecated musical movie remake of Lost Horizon during 1973, the role subsequently went to Angie Dickinson. In 1982 Ingmar Bergman wanted Ullmann to play the main character Emelie Ekdahl in his last feature film and Alexander, but Ullmann felt the role was too sad and declined.
Liv Ullmann stated in interviews that turning it down was one of the few things she really regrets, during 1984 she was chairperson of the jury at the 34th Berlin International Film Festival, and during 2002 chaired the jury of Cannes Film Festival. She introduced her daughter, Linn Ullmann, to the audience with the words and her daughter was there to receive the Prize of Honour on behalf of her father, she would return to serve the jury herself during 2011. In 2003 Ullmann reprised her role for Scenes from a Marriage in Saraband and this was her comeback as an actress since her last role on the screen, in the Swedish movie Zorn. In 2004 Ullmann revealed that she had received an offer in November 2003 to play in 3 episodes of the popular American series, Ullmann was amused by the offer and said that it was one of the few programs she regularly watched, but she turned it down
Mexico City, or City of Mexico, is the capital and most populous city of Mexico. As an alpha global city, Mexico City is one of the most important financial centers in the Americas and it is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 metres. The city consists of sixteen municipalities, the 2009 estimated population for the city proper was approximately 8.84 million people, with a land area of 1,485 square kilometres. The Greater Mexico City has a domestic product of US$411 billion in 2011. The city was responsible for generating 15. 8% of Mexicos Gross Domestic Product, as a stand-alone country, in 2013, Mexico City would be the fifth-largest economy in Latin America—five times as large as Costa Ricas and about the same size as Perus. Mexico’s capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Amerindians, the other being Quito. In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, Mexico City served as the political and financial center of a major part of the Spanish colonial empire.
After independence from Spain was achieved, the district was created in 1824. Ever since, the left-wing Party of the Democratic Revolution has controlled both of them, in recent years, the local government has passed a wave of liberal policies, such as abortion on request, a limited form of euthanasia, no-fault divorce, and same-sex marriage. On January 29,2016, it ceased to be called the Federal District and is now in transition to become the countrys 32nd federal entity, giving it a level of autonomy comparable to that of a state. Because of a clause in the Mexican Constitution, however, as the seat of the powers of the federation, it can never become a state, the city of Mexico-Tenochtitlan was founded by the Mexica people in 1325. According to legend, the Mexicas principal god, Huitzilopochtli indicated the site where they were to build their home by presenting an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its beak. Between 1325 and 1521, Tenochtitlan grew in size and strength, eventually dominating the other city-states around Lake Texcoco, when the Spaniards arrived, the Aztec Empire had reached much of Mesoamerica, touching both the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean.
After landing in Veracruz, Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés advanced upon Tenochtitlan with the aid of many of the native peoples. Cortés put Moctezuma under house arrest, hoping to rule through him, the Aztecs thought the Spaniards were permanently gone, and they elected a new king, Cuitláhuac, but he soon died, the next king was Cuauhtémoc. Cortés began a siege of Tenochtitlan in May 1521, for three months, the city suffered from the lack of food and water as well as the spread of smallpox brought by the Europeans. Cortés and his allies landed their forces in the south of the island, the Spaniards practically razed Tenochtitlan during the final siege of the conquest. Cortés first settled in Coyoacán, but decided to rebuild the Aztec site to erase all traces of the old order and he did not establish a territory under his own personal rule, but remained loyal to the Spanish crown
Lyceum Theatre (Broadway)
The Lyceum Theatre is a Broadway theatre located at 149 West 45th Street near Times Square between Seventh and Sixth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Opened in 1903, the Lyceum Theatre is one of the three oldest surviving Broadway venues and it is the oldest continuously operating legitimate theatre in New York City, and the first Broadway theatre ever to be granted landmark status. It is one of the few theatres in New York which continues to operate under its original name, designed by architects Herts & Tallant in the Beaux-Arts style, the Lyceum was built by impresario Daniel Frohman, replacing Frohmans earlier Lyceum on Fourth Avenue that closed in April 1902. The new Lyceum opened on November 2,1903, with the play The Proud Prince, Frohmans brother Charles served as the theaters manager until his death in 1915. The theatre maintains most of its original Beaux-Arts design, including its elaborate marble staircases, although it has three levels, it is one of the smallest Broadway theatres in terms of capacity, seating only 950.
An apartment located above the orchestra, originally used by Frohman, is now the headquarters of the Shubert Archives, Lyceum Theatre at the Internet Broadway Database Official website Lyceum Theatre at the Internet Broadway Database Lyceum Theatre, New York City Theatre Lyceum Theatre, Playbill
West End theatre
West End theatre is a common term for mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres of Theatreland in and near the West End of London. Along with New York Citys Broadway theatre, West End theatre is considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world. Seeing a West End show is a common tourist activity in London, in 2013, ticket sales reached a record 14.4 million, making West End the largest English speaking audience in the world. Famous screen actors frequently appear on the London stage, helen Mirren received an award for her performance as the Queen on the West End stage, and stated, theatre is such an important part of British history and British culture. Theatre in London flourished after the English Reformation, the first permanent public playhouse, known simply as The Theatre, was constructed in 1576 in Shoreditch by James Burbage. It was soon joined by The Curtain, both are known to have been used by William Shakespeares company.
In 1599, the timber from The Theatre was moved to Southwark and these theatres were closed in 1642 due to the Puritans who would influence the interregnum of 1649. After the Restoration, two companies were licensed to perform, the Dukes Company and the Kings Company, performances were held in converted buildings, such as Lisles Tennis Court. The first West End theatre, known as Theatre Royal in Bridges Street, was designed by Thomas Killigrew and built on the site of the present Theatre Royal and it opened on 7 May 1663 and was destroyed by a fire nine years later. It was replaced by a new designed by Christopher Wren and renamed the Theatre Royal. Outside the West End, Sadlers Wells Theatre opened in Islington on 3 June 1683. Taking its name from founder Richard Sadler and monastic springs that were discovered on the property, it operated as a Musick House, with performances of opera, as it was not licensed for plays. In the West End, the Theatre Royal Haymarket opened on 29 December 1720 on a site north of its current location.
The Patent theatre companies retained their duopoly on drama well into the 19th century, by the early 19th century, music hall entertainments became popular, and presenters found a loophole in the restrictions on non-patent theatres in the genre of melodrama. Melodrama did not break the Patent Acts, as it was accompanied by music, these entertainments were presented in large halls, attached to public houses, but purpose-built theatres began to appear in the East End at Shoreditch and Whitechapel. The West End theatre district became established with the opening of small theatres and halls. South of the River Thames, the Old Vic, Waterloo Road, the next few decades saw the opening of many new theatres in the West End. It abbreviated its name three years later, the theatre building boom continued until about World War I
Monte Cristo Cottage
A National Historic Landmark, it is located at 325 Pequot Avenue in New London, Connecticut. In June 1884, the ONeill family came to New London, james purchased two plots of land on Pequot Avenue for his wife Ellas 27th birthday. The property included a built in the 1840s, which ONeill expanded. It is now a house, three bays wide, with a porch that wraps across the front and around to the north side. A tower with pyramidal roof stands just beyond the porch on the north side, the house was the principal family residence during Eugene ONeills childhood. As a child Eugene would spend much of the year traveling with his father as the latter toured from city to city. The cottage was named for the play in which his father starred for many years, ONeill probably wrote his first two plays here and it is the setting of his plays Ah, Wilderness. and Long Days Journey into Night. Long Days Journey into Night particularly reflects members of his own family in the home, characters are unfulfilled, the house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1971 for its association with ONeill.
The house is owned and operated by the Eugene ONeill Theater Center as a house museum. The house features exhibits about ONeills life and works, as well as artifacts, list of National Historic Landmarks in Connecticut National Register of Historic Places listings in New London County, Connecticut Monte Cristo Cottage - official site at the ONeill Theater
London /ˈlʌndən/ is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain and it was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. Londons ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1. 12-square-mile medieval boundaries. London is a global city in the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism. It is crowned as the worlds largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world, London is a world cultural capital. It is the worlds most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the worlds largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic, London is the worlds leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. Londons universities form the largest concentration of education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted the modern Summer Olympic Games three times, London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.
Its estimated mid-2015 municipal population was 8,673,713, the largest of any city in the European Union, Londons urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The citys metropolitan area is the most populous in the EU with 13,879,757 inhabitants, the city-region therefore has a similar land area and population to that of the New York metropolitan area. London was the worlds most populous city from around 1831 to 1925, Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Pauls Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world, the etymology of London is uncertain. It is an ancient name, found in sources from the 2nd century and it is recorded c.121 as Londinium, which points to Romano-British origin, and hand-written Roman tablets recovered in the city originating from AD 65/70-80 include the word Londinio. The earliest attempted explanation, now disregarded, is attributed to Geoffrey of Monmouth in Historia Regum Britanniae and this had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had allegedly taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
From 1898, it was accepted that the name was of Celtic origin and meant place belonging to a man called *Londinos. The ultimate difficulty lies in reconciling the Latin form Londinium with the modern Welsh Llundain, which should demand a form *lōndinion, from earlier *loundiniom. The possibility cannot be ruled out that the Welsh name was borrowed back in from English at a date, and thus cannot be used as a basis from which to reconstruct the original name. Until 1889, the name London officially applied only to the City of London, two recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area
Aldwych was home to the earlier Royal Strand Theatre The Novello Theatre is a West End theatre on Aldwych, in the City of Westminster. The theatre was built as one of a pair with the Aldwych Theatre on either side of the The Waldorf Hilton, the theatre was opened by The Shubert Organization as the Waldorf Theatre on 22 May 1905, and was renamed the Strand Theatre, in 1909. It was again renamed as the Whitney Theatre in 1911, before becoming the Strand Theatre in 1913. In 2005, the theatre was renamed by its owners the Novello Theatre in honour of Ivor Novello, the black comedy Arsenic and Old Lace had a run of 1337 performances here in the 1940s, and Sailor Beware. Ran for 1231 performances from 1955, stephen Sondheims musical A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum opened here in 1963, running for nearly two years. In 1971, the comedy No Sex Please, Were British opened here, the theatre was extensively refurbished in 1930 and again in the early 1970s. It was Grade II listed by English Heritage on 20 July 1971, after The Rat Pack, Live From Las Vegas in 2005, its 100th anniversary year, the theatre was extensively refurbished.
The current seating capacity is 1,105, in 2006, the theatre played host to the London première of the Broadway musical Footloose, starring Cheryl Baker. The London production starred Elaine Paige, Bob Martin, Summer Strallen, the London production closed after a run of only two months on 4 August 2007 after failing to attract audiences, despite positive notices. The musical previewed on 16 October 2007, receiving its world première on 15 November 2007.5 million, a quick replacement came in the form of the cross-West End transfer of Shadowlands from the Wyndhams Theatre, commencing 21 December 2007 for a 12-week run to 25 February 2008. Producer Phil McIntyre opened ZooNations adaptation of the musical Into the Woods, entitled Into the Hoods and this theatre is one of the 40 theatres featured in the 2012 DVD documentary series Great West End Theatres, presented by Donald Sinden. Notes Bibliography Earl and Sell, Michael Guide to British Theatres 1750–1950 London, ISBN 0-7136-5688-3 Novello Theatre website Novello Theatre History
Arthur Joseph OConnell was an American stage and film actor. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for both Picnic and Anatomy of a Murder and his made his final film appearance in The Hiding Place, portraying a watch-maker who hides Jews during World War II. OConnell was born on March 29,1908 in Manhattan, New York and he made his legitimate stage debut in the middle 1930s, at which time he fell within the orbit of Orson Welles Mercury Theatre. In 1961, OConnell played the role of Grandpa Clarence Beebe in the film classic Misty. In 1962, he portrayed the father of Elvis Presleys character in the motion picture Follow That Dream, OConnell continued appearing in choice character parts on both television and films during the 1960s, but avoided a regular television series, holding out until he could be assured top billing. He appeared as Matt Dexter, an aging Irish drifter in the episode Songs My Mother Told Me on ABCs Stagecoach West series, in the story line, Dexter witnesses a shooting and is sought as a material witness to a crime.
Two criminals, one of whom is played by Richard Devon, young Davey Kane, played by Richard Eyer, sneaks food and clothing to Dexter, who kills a rattlesnake that had threatened Davey and his dog. Dexter teaches Davy new songs on his harmonica, hence the title of the episode. On Christmas Day,1962, OConnell was cast as Clayton Dodd in the episode Green, Green Hills of NBCs modern western series and this episode features Dayton Lummis as Jason Simms and Joanna Moore as Althea Dodd. In 1964, OConnell played Joseph Baylor in the episode A Little Anger Is a Good Thing on the ABC medical drama about psychiatry, Breaking Point, starring Paul Richards. In 1966, he guest-starred as a scientist who regretfully realized that he has created an android in the Voyage To The Bottom Of The Sea episode titled The Mechanical Man. Instead, top billing went to newcomer Monte Markham in the role of OConnells father. OConnell accepted the demotion to second billing as well as could be expected, at the time of his death from Alzheimers disease in California in May 1981, OConnell was appearing by his own choice solely in these commercials.
OConnell is interred at Calvary Cemetery, New York, in 1962, OConnell married Ann Hall Dunlop of Washington, D. C. widow of William Laird Dunlop III. Arthur OConnell and Ann Hall Dunlop divorced in December 1972 in Los Angeles, Arthur OConnell at the Internet Movie Database Arthur OConnell at the Internet Broadway Database Arthur OConnell at Find a Grave
Thomas H. Ince
Thomas Harper Ince was an American silent film producer, director and actor. Ince was known as the Father of the Western and was responsible for making over 800 films and he revolutionized the motion picture industry by creating the first major Hollywood studio facility and invented movie production by introducing the assembly line system of filmmaking. He was the first mogul to build his own film studio dubbed Inceville in Palisades Highlands, Ince was instrumental in developing the role of the producer in motion pictures. Two of his films, The Italian, for which he wrote the screenplay, and Civilization and he partnered with D. W. Griffith and Mack Sennett to form the Triangle Motion Picture Company whose studios are the present-day site of Sony Pictures. He built a new studio about a mile from Triangle which is now the site of Culver Studios. Thomas Harper Ince was born on November 16,1880 in Newport, Rhode Island and his father was born in Wigan, England, in 1841, and was the youngest of nine boys who enlisted in the British Navy as a powder monkey.
He disembarked at San Francisco, and found work as a reporter, around 1887, when Ince was about seven, the family moved to Manhattan to pursue theater work. Inces father worked as both an actor and musical agent and his mother, Ince himself, sister Bertha and brothers, Ince made his Broadway debut at 15 in a small role of a revival 1893 play, Shore Acres by James A. Herne. He appeared with several companies as a child and was an office boy for theatrical manager Daniel Frohman. Later he would form an unsuccessful Vaudeville company known as Thomas H. Ince and His Comedians in Atlantic Highlands, in 1907, Ince met actress Elinor Kershaw and they were married on October 19 of that year. They had three children, William T, richard Kershaw and Thomas H. Jr. Inces directing career began in 1910 through a chance encounter in New York City with an employee from his old acting troupe, William S. Hart. Ince found his first film work as an actor for the Biograph Company, directed by his future partner, Griffith was impressed enough with Ince to hire him as a Production coordinator at Biograph.
This led to work coordinating productions at Carl Laemmles Independent Motion Pictures Co. And, although he tackled many different subjects, he was drawn to Westerns. Clashes between the trust and independent films became exacerbated, so Ince moved to California to escape these pressures and he hoped to achieve the effects accomplished with minimal facilities like Griffith, which he believed, could only be accomplished in Hollywood. After only a year with IMP, Ince quit, the offer came as a distinct shock, but I kept cool and concealed my excitement. I tried to convey the impression that he would have to raise the ante a trifle if he wanted me and that worked, and I signed a contract for three months at $150 a week. Very soon after that, with Mrs. Ince, my cameraman, property man and Ethel Grandin, my leading woman, together with his young wife and a small entourage, Ince moved to Bison Studios to begin work immediately
Alexander Humphreys Woollcott was an American critic and commentator for The New Yorker magazine and a member of the Algonquin Round Table. Woollcott was convinced he was the inspiration for his friend Rex Stouts brilliant, eccentric detective Nero Wolfe, Alexander Woollcott was born in an 85-room house, a vast ramshackle building in Colts Neck Township, New Jersey. Known as the North American Phalanx, it had once been a commune where many social experiments were carried on in the mid-19th century, when the Phalanx fell apart after a fire in 1854, it was taken over by the Bucklin family, Woollcotts maternal grandparents. Woollcott spent large portions of his childhood there among his extended family and his father was a neer-do-well Cockney who drifted through various jobs, sometimes spending long periods away from his wife and children. Poverty was always close at hand, the Bucklins and Woollcotts were avid readers, giving young Aleck a lifelong love of literature, especially the works of Charles Dickens.
With the help of a friend, he made his way through college, graduating from Hamilton College, New York. Despite a rather poor reputation, he founded a group there. In his early twenties he contracted the mumps, which left him mostly, if not completely. Woollcott once told McMein that “I’m thinking of writing the story of our life together, Woollcott joined the staff of The New York Times as a cub reporter in 1909. In 1914 he was named drama critic and held the post until 1922, in April 1917, the day after war was declared, Woollcott volunteered as a private in the medical corps. As chief reporter for the Stars and Stripes, Woollcott was a member of the talented team that formed its editorial board. These included Harold Ross, founding genius of The New Yorker magazine, Cyrus Baldridge, multifaceted illustrator and writer, going beyond simple propaganda and his colleagues reported the horrors of the Great War from the point of view of the common soldier. After the war he returned to The New York Times, transferred to the New York Herald in 1922, one of New Yorks most prolific drama critics, he was banned for a time from reviewing certain Broadway theater shows due to his florid and often vitriolic prose.
From 1929 to 1934, he wrote a column called Shouts and his book, While Rome Burns, published by Grosset & Dunlap in 1934, was named twenty years by critic Vincent Starrett as one of the 52 Best Loved Books of the Twentieth Century. Woollcotts review of the Marx Brothers Broadway debut, Ill Say She Is, helped the groups career inflate from mere success to superstardom, harpos two adopted sons, Alexander Marx and William Woollcott Marx, were named after Woollcott and his brother, Billy Woollcott. Billed as The Early Bookworm, Woollcott was first heard on CBS Radio in October 1929, reviewing books in various timeslots until 1933. His CBS show The Town Crier, which began July 21,1933, opened with the ringing of a bell, sponsored by Cream of Wheat and Grainger Tobacco, it continued until January 6,1938. He had no reservations about using this forum to promote his own books, Woollcott was one of the most quoted men of his generation