Anna Sergeyevna Kournikova is a Russian former professional tennis player and American television personality. Her appearance and celebrity status made. At the peak of her fame, fans looking for images of Kournikova made her name one of the most common search strings on Google Search. Despite never winning a singles title, she reached No. 8 in the world in 2000. She achieved greater success playing doubles. With Martina Hingis as her partner, she won Grand Slam titles in Australia in 1999 and 2002, the WTA Championships in 1999 and 2000, they referred to themselves as the "Spice Girls of Tennis". Kournikova retired at the age of 21 due to serious back and spinal problems, including a herniated disk, she lives in Miami Beach and played in occasional exhibitions and in doubles for the St. Louis Aces of World Team Tennis before the team folded in 2011, she was a new trainer for season 12 of the television show The Biggest Loser, replacing Jillian Michaels, but did not return for season 13. In addition to her tennis and television work, Kournikova serves as a Global Ambassador for Population Services International's "Five & Alive" program, which addresses health crises facing children under the age of five and their families.
Kournikova was born in Moscow, Russia on 7 June 1981. Her father, Sergei Kournikov, a former Greco-Roman wrestling champion earned a PhD and was a professor at the University of Physical Culture and Sport in Moscow; as of 2001, he was still a part-time martial arts instructor there. Her mother Alla had been a 400-metre runner, her younger half-brother, Allan, is a youth golf world champion, featured in the 2013 documentary film The Short Game. Sergei Kournikov has said, "We were young and we liked the clean, physical life, so Anna was in a good environment for sport from the beginning". Kournikova received her first tennis racquet as a New Year gift in 1986 at the age of five. Describing her early regimen, she said, "I played two times a week from age six, it was a children's program. And it was just for fun, it was only. I would go to school, my parents would take me to the club, I'd spend the rest of the day there just having fun with the kids." In 1986, Kournikova became a member of the Spartak Tennis Club, coached by Larissa Preobrazhenskaya.
In 1989, at the age of eight, Kournikova began appearing in junior tournaments, by the following year, was attracting attention from tennis scouts across the world. She signed a management deal at age ten and went to Bradenton, Florida, to train at Nick Bollettieri's celebrated tennis academy. Following her arrival in the United States, she became prominent on the tennis scene. At the age of 14, she won the Italian Open Junior tournament. In December 1995, she became the youngest player to win the 18-and-under division of the Junior Orange Bowl tennis tournament. By the end of the year, Kournikova was crowned the ITF Junior World Champion U-18 and Junior European Champion U-18. Earlier, in September 1995, still at the age of 14, debuted in the WTA Tour, when she received a wildcard into the qualifications at the WTA tournament in Moscow, the Moscow Ladies Open, played her way through the qualifying rounds before losing in the second round of the main draw to third-seeded Sabine Appelmans. There at the 1995 Moscow Ladies Open Kournikova reached her first WTA Tour doubles final.
Partnering with 1995 Wimbledon girls' champion in both singles and doubles Aleksandra Olsza, she lost the title match to Meredith McGrath and Larisa Savchenko-Neiland. In February–March 1996, Kournikova won two ITF titles, in Midland and Rockford, Illinois. Still only 14 years of age, in April 1996 she debuted at the Fed Cup for Russia, the youngest player to participate and win a match. In 1996, she started playing under Ed Nagel, her six-year tenure with Ed would produce terrific results. At the age of 15, she made her Grand Slam debut, when she reached the fourth round of the 1996 US Open, only to be stopped by then-top ranked player Steffi Graf, the eventual champion. After this tournament, Kournikova's ranking jumped from No. 144 to debut in the Top 100 at No. 69. Kournikova was a member of the Russian delegation to the 1996 Olympic Games in Georgia. In 1996, she was named WTA Newcomer of the Year, she was ranked No. 57 in the end of the season. Kournikova entered the 1997 Australian Open as world No.
67, where she lost in the first round to world No. 12, Amanda Coetzer. At the Italian Open, Kournikova lost to Amanda Coetzer in the second round. However, she reached the semi-finals in the doubles partnering with Elena Likhovtseva, before losing to the sixth seeds Mary Joe Fernández and Patricia Tarabini. At the French Open, Kournikova made it to the third round before losing to world No. 1, Martina Hingis. She reached the third round in doubles with Likhovtseva. At the Wimbledon Championships, Kournikova became only the second woman in the open era to reach the semi-finals in her Wimbledon debut, the first being Chris Evert in 1972. There she lost to eventual champion Martina Hingis. At the US Open, she lost in the second round to the eleventh seed Irina Spîrlea. Partnering with Likhovtseva, she reached the third round of the women's doubles event. Kournikova played her last WTA Tour event of 1997 at Porsche Tennis Grand Prix in Filderstadt, losing to Amanda Coetzer in the second round of si
Eduardo López de Romaña y Alvizuri served as the 40th President of Peru from 1899 to 1903. A respected member of the Peruvian elite, the López de Romaña family, he was the first engineer to become President of the Republic, one of several Presidents from the Civilista Party during the era of the "Aristocratic Republic". López de Romaña was born in Arequipa but left to study in at the Jesuit Stonyhurst College in Lancashire and worked as an engineer. Upon his return to Peru in 1874, he worked in the fledgling agricultural development and engineering circles of the country, he came into contact with members of the Civilista Party, which he joined. When he took power in 1899, it was with the support of the National Coalition Party, an alliance between the civilist and democratic parties that took place on November 24, 1898; the support of both parties was offered to his brother, Alejandro López de Romaña, but he declined it in favor of Eduardo. During these years, Carlos de Piérola, brother of former president Nicolás de Piérola, was the majority leader of the Chamber of Deputies, while Manuel Candamo, a civilista party leader, presided over the Senate.
This division allowed for the prevalence of the democrats in the Chamber of Deputies, for the civilistas in the Senate. These differences, however led to the democrats leading the opposition. López de Romaña reshuffled his cabinet exclusively with civilistas, a move which resulted in the majority democrats of the chamber of deputies to continuously censure; as a result, there were various parliamentary discords concerning the non-dismissal of censured ministers. The development in agriculture continued during López de Romaña's term, as well as that in the mining and other related industries; the code of mining was promulgated in 1901, as well as the Code of Trade and the Code of Waters in 1902. He created the Nueva Compañia for the collection of the taxes of the state. In 1901, the creation of Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina took place under his sponsorship and that of a Belgian mission. López de Romaña faced various coups in favor of the former president Andrés Avelino Cáceres, but he completed his presidency in 1903.
It was under his term that Peruvians coined the term "Aristocratic Republic" which continued until the second government of Augusto B. Leguía and the hegemony of the Civil Party in the government of the country. Eduardo López de Romaña died in Lima in 1912. Politics of Peru List of Presidents of Peru
The flumph is a monster found in the fictional world of the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy roleplaying game. Flumphs are described as sentient, are the only Lawful Good creatures in the original 1981 Fiend Folio. Since the 3rd edition of D&D, license-holders Wizards of the Coast have used flumphs for comedic value; the flumph was designed by Ian McDowall and Douglas Naismith, was first introduced in the Fiend Folio monster sourcebook for D&D 1st Edition. In the humorous adventure Castle Greyhawk, flumphs inhabit the plane of Silly and Unused Monsters, appear in an encounter titled "The Room That Lets the Party Make It to the Next Set of Rooms"; the flumph was updated for D&D 2nd Edition rules in the Monstrous Compendium Annual Vol. 2. The flumph is further detailed in "The Ecology of the Flumph" in Dragon #246; the flumph was featured in the 3.5 edition adventure "Box of Flumph" by Tim Hitchcock in Dungeon magazine #118. A 2006 April Fool's joke announced the release of miniatures for Modrons and similar creatures.
Knowledge Arcana #9, an electronic magazine which drew on contributions from members of the Wizards of the Coast online community, features the articles "Lawful Great – One Flumph's Epic Journey to Herodom" which includes a stat block for a male celestial flumph, in "Unglued! Top Secret New D&D Miniatures Set" there is a D&D miniatures version of Flumphy, the Huge Fiendish Dire Flumph of Legend; as part of a 2009 April Fools joke, 4th Edition stats for the Flumph were included in the "Fool's Grove" Dungeon Delve article. The flumph appeared in fourth edition in the humorous adventure "Fools Grove" on the Wizards of the Coast website. Wizards of the Coast discussed potential changes to the flumph for fifth edition in 2013. In May 2014, Wizards of the Coast confirmed the flumph would be included in the Monster Manual for fifth edition, released September 30, 2014. Flumphs are depicted as similar in appearance to jellyfish. However, they float in the air rather than water, have eyes on stalks. Flumphs are helpless if flipped on to their "back".
The flumph appeared in the Tome of Horrors from Necromancer Games. Center Stage Miniatures created two flumph miniatures for the Tome of Horrors Complete; the flumph is detailed in Paizo Publishing's book Misfit Monsters Redeemed, on pages 34–39. The flumph appeared in Pathfinder Roleplaying Game Bestiary 3, on page 118. Flumphs have appeared in online comics, including 5 Minute Workday, d20Monkey, in The Order of the Stick, where the flumphs are recurring characters; the flumph has featured in Something Awful, on Dungeon Bastard. Knowing what happens when a flumph is flipped on its back was cited as an example characteristic of a hardcore fantasy role-playing gamer by writer David M. Ewalt in his book Of Dice and Men. CJ Miozzi included the flumph on The Escapist's list of "The Dumbest Dungeons & Dragons Monsters Ever". Screen Rant compiled a list of the game's "10 Most Powerful Monsters, Ranked" in 2018, calling this one of the weakest, saying "In order to defeat the flump, all you have to do is turn it over it becomes helpless.
You don't need to unsheathe your sword or cast a spell, as your hands will do the job just fine. Just make sure to pack some Axe body spray in order to alleviate the effects of the flumph's smelly spray. If you have a character, slain by a flumph in battle you are honor-bound to give up playing Dungeons & Dragons and take up a new hobby, as you will never be able to wash away the stain of losing an adventurer to a Lawful Good smelly jellyfish." Burlew, Richard. "The Order of the Stick: Dungeon Crawlin Fools". 2007 Roving Band of Misfits. "Why We Should Care About the Flumph". Nov. 2011. Http://www.enworld.org/forum/showthread.php?399173-Monster-ENCyclopedia-Flumph