Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, the District of Columbia to its south and west. The state's largest city is Baltimore, its capital is Annapolis. Among its occasional nicknames are Old Line State, the Free State, the Chesapeake Bay State, it is named after the English queen Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary. Sixteen of Maryland's twenty-three counties border the tidal waters of the Chesapeake Bay estuary and its many tributaries, which combined total more than 4,000 miles of shoreline. Although one of the smallest states in the U. S. it features a variety of climates and topographical features that have earned it the moniker of America in Miniature. In a similar vein, Maryland's geography and history combines elements of the Mid-Atlantic and South Atlantic regions of the country. One of the original Thirteen Colonies of Great Britain, Maryland was founded by George Calvert, a Catholic convert who sought to provide a religious haven for Catholics persecuted in England.
In 1632, Charles I of England granted Calvert a colonial charter, naming the colony after his wife, Queen Mary. Unlike the Pilgrims and Puritans, who enforced religious conformity in their settlements, Calvert envisioned a colony where people of different religious sects would coexist under the principle of toleration. Accordingly, in 1649 the Maryland General Assembly passed an Act Concerning Religion, which enshrined this principle by penalizing anyone who "reproached" a fellow Marylander based on religious affiliation. Religious strife was common in the early years, Catholics remained a minority, albeit in greater numbers than in any other English colony. Maryland's early settlements and population centers clustered around rivers and other waterways that empty into the Chesapeake Bay, its economy was plantation-based, centered on the cultivation of tobacco. The need for cheap labor led to a rapid expansion of indentured servants, penal labor, African slaves. In 1760, Maryland's current boundaries took form following the settlement of a long-running border dispute with Pennsylvania.
Maryland was an active participant in the events leading up to the American Revolution, by 1776 its delegates signed the Declaration of Independence. Many of its citizens subsequently played key military roles in the war. In 1790, the state ceded land for the establishment of the U. S. capital of Washington, D. C. Although a slave state, Maryland remained in the Union during the U. S. Civil War, its strategic location giving it a significant role in the conflict. After the war, Maryland took part in the Industrial Revolution, driven by its seaports, railroad networks, mass immigration from Europe. Since the Second World War, the state's population has grown to six million residents, it is among the most densely populated states in the nation; as of 2015, Maryland had the highest median household income of any state, owing in large part to its close proximity to Washington, D. C. and a diversified economy spanning manufacturing, higher education, biotechnology. Maryland has been ranked as one of the best governed states in the country.
The state's central role in American history is reflected by its hosting of some of the highest numbers of historic landmarks per capita. Maryland is comparable in overall area with Belgium, it is the 42nd largest and 9th smallest state and is closest in size to the state of Hawaii, the next smaller state. The next larger state, its neighbor West Virginia, is twice the size of Maryland. Maryland possesses a variety of topography within its borders, contributing to its nickname America in Miniature, it ranges from sandy dunes dotted with seagrass in the east, to low marshlands teeming with wildlife and large bald cypress near the Chesapeake Bay, to rolling hills of oak forests in the Piedmont Region, pine groves in the Maryland mountains to the west. Maryland is bounded on its north by Pennsylvania, on its west by West Virginia, on its east by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean, on its south, across the Potomac River, by West Virginia and Virginia; the mid-portion of this border is interrupted by District of Columbia, which sits on land, part of Montgomery and Prince George's counties and including the town of Georgetown, Maryland.
This land was ceded to the United States Federal Government in 1790 to form the District of Columbia.. The Chesapeake Bay nearly bisects the state and the counties east of the bay are known collectively as the Eastern Shore. Most of the state's waterways are part of the Chesapeake Bay watershed, with the exceptions of a tiny portion of extreme western Garrett County, the eastern half of Worcester County, a small portion of the state's northeast corner. So prominent is the Chesapeake in Maryland's geography and economic life that there has been periodic agitation to change the state's official nickname to the "Bay State", a nickname, used by Massachusetts for decades; the highest point in Maryland, with an elevation of 3,360 feet, is Hoye Crest on Backbone Mountain, in the southwest corner of Garrett County, near the bo
Inbee Park is a South Korean professional golfer who plays on the LPGA Tour and the LPGA of Japan Tour. She has been the number one ranked player in the Women's World Golf Rankings for four separate runs: April 2013 to June 2014, October 2014 to February 2015, June 2015 to October 2015, since April 2018. Park has won seven major championships in her career, including three consecutive major wins during the 2013 season, becoming only the fourth LPGA Tour player to win three majors in a calendar year, she is the youngest player to win the U. S. Women's Open and the second player, after Annika Sorenstam, to win the Women's PGA Championship three years in a row. Park is only the seventh player to win four different majors during her career and capture a career Grand Slam. In 2016, she won the first Olympic gold medal since 1900 in the women's individual tournament. Park has endorsement deals with KB Financial Group, Panasonic, Jeju Samdasoo & Mercedes-Benz. Park was born in Seoul, she began playing golf at the age of 10.
Two years at age 12, she moved to the United States to pursue a golf career. She won nine events on the American Junior Golf Association circuit and was a five-time Rolex Junior All-American, she was a semifinalist at the 2003 U. S. Women's Amateur, she won the 2002 U. S. Girls' Junior and finished as runner-up in both 2003 and 2005. While an amateur from 2004 through 2006, Park played in the Kraft Nabisco Championship as a sponsor invite and in the LPGA Takefuji Classic three times, recording two top-10 finishes. Park graduated from Kwangwoon University in Korea. In 2006, after graduating from Bishop Gorman High School in Las Vegas, Park appealed to the LPGA for permission to attempt to qualify for the LPGA as a 17-year-old. LPGA rules require that a player be 18 to join the Tour; the LPGA denied Park's request, so she enrolled at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas but soon after dropped out and turned professional, playing on the Duramed Futures Tour where the age of entry had been lowered to 17 in late January.
In 2006, she recorded 11 top-10 finishes on the Futures Tour. She finished third on its season-ending money list to earn exempt status on the LPGA Tour for the 2007 season. During her rookie season in 2007, Park tied for fourth at the U. S. Women's tied for second at the Safeway Classic, she finished 37th on the money list and fourth in the rookie of the year standings. In 2007, Park changed the English spelling of her name from In-Bee to Inbee. In 2008, Park won the U. S. Women's Open at Interlachen Country Club in Minnesota for her first LPGA win. At 19, she was the youngest player to win the title, finished four strokes ahead of runner-up Helen Alfredsson. After her breakout year in 2008, Park struggled in 2009, recording only four top-10 finishes and ending the season 50th on the LPGA official money list. In 2010, Park had top-10 finishes in all four major tournaments, won twice on the LPGA of Japan Tour and finished the season ranked 12th in the world rankings. Park's results in 2011 did not match those of the previous years.
With no top-five finishes on the LPGA Tour, she sunk to 31st on the official money list and 27th in scoring average. She won once at the Daikin Orchid Ladies. Park bounced back from her 2011 slump in 2012, she had two wins on the LPGA Tour, finished in the top-three in 10 out of 23 tournaments she played, topped the LPGA in both money earned and scoring average. Park won her fourth LPGA Tour event in the second tournament of the year at the Honda LPGA Thailand event by a single stroke, she shot a final round 67 to come from four back to finish a shot ahead of Ariya Jutanugarn. In April, Park won her second major title with a four-stroke victory at the Kraft Nabisco Championship over compatriot Ryu So-Yeon; the following week, she became. Park won her sixth LPGA Tour title and third of the year a couple weeks at the North Texas LPGA Shootout, she holed a four-foot birdie putt on the 72nd hole to edge out Carlota Ciganda by a stroke. In June, Park won her second consecutive major of the year and third career major at the LPGA Championship at Locust Hill Country Club.
After a 36-hole final day of regulation play, Park defeated Catriona Matthew on the third sudden-death playoff hole to clinch the victory. She started the third round a shot ahead of Morgan Pressel. Park became the seventh player in LPGA Tour history to win the year's opening two major championships. Two weeks Park won her fifth title of the season at the Walmart NW Arkansas Championship when she defeated compatriot Ryu So-Yeon in a sudden-death playoff; the following week, Park won her third consecutive major championship of the year and fourth career major at the U. S. Women's Open; the third consecutive major to start the season is a mark matched only by Babe Zaharias in 1950 when she won that season's only three majors. The victory was the third consecutive for Park, a feat last accomplished on the LPGA Tour in 2008 by Lorena Ochoa when she won four consecutive tournaments; the victory was her sixth championship overall in 2013. In March, Park won the Mission Hills World Ladies Championship, an event on the Ladies European Tour.
She won the event by five strokes over defending champion Suzann Pettersen. She won the events team portion with fellow South Korean, Ryu So-Yeon, they won by twenty-eight strokes combined over the Chinese duo of Xi Yu Lin. The team victory was her second at the event, as Park and teammate Kim Ha-Neul won the previous year. In June, Park won her tenth title on the LPGA Tour when she grabbed victory at the Manulife Financial LPGA Classic, she won the event by three strokes o
2009 Solheim Cup
The 11th Solheim Cup Matches were held August 21–23, 2009 at Rich Harvest Farms in Sugar Grove, west of Chicago. The biennial matches are a three-day team competition for professional female golfers, pitting the 12 best players born in the United States against the 12 best players of European nationality; the United States claimed the Cup for the third consecutive meeting, winning 16–12. Entering the final day, the competition was tied at 8 points each, but the U. S. won. The United States and European teams were selected by different methods. Team USA qualified by earning points for wins and for top-20 finishes on the LPGA Tour over a two-year period. Points were earned beginning with the 2007 State Farm Classic and concluding with the 2009 Women's British Open; the ten players with the highest points were automatically selected for Team USA. Two additional players were selected by captain Beth Daniel after the conclusion of the Women's British Open on August 2, 2009. Team Europe was selected by taking the top five players from the LET Solheim Cup standings, followed by the top four European LET members on the Rolex Women’s World Rankings at the agreed cut off date who were not qualified via The Solheim Cup standings, three captain’s selections.
Qualifying points for Team Europe were awarded weekly to the top-10 finishers at official LET events. *Residence/Hometown according to official 2009 Solheim Cup designation. Rolex rankings as of August 2, 2009. Rolex ranking does not factor into US Team selection. Shown for comparison purposes only. Lang was 24 on the second day. *Residence/Hometown according to official Solheim Cup designation. LET rankings as of August 2, 2009 Rolex rankings as of August 2, 2009 Friday, August 21, 2009 Sunday, August 22, 2009 Sunday, August 23, 2009 Each entry refers to the Win–Loss–Half record of the player. Solheim Cup – official site About.com: 2009 Solheim Cup
Brittany Lang is an American professional golfer who plays on the LPGA Tour. She has won one major championship, the 2016 U. S. Women's Open. Born in Richmond and raised in McKinney, Lang had a decorated amateur career, she won eight American Junior Golf Association events and was a two-time First-Team Polo Golf Junior All-American, in 2001 and 2002. Lang represented the United States at the PING Junior Solheim Cup in 2002. In 2003, she won the North and South Women's Amateur and the Women's Western Amateur in consecutive weeks, she won the 2004 Trans National Amateur title. Following graduation from McKinney High School in 2003, Lang played golf at Duke University for two years and won six collegiate tournaments, she was named the 2004 Atlantic Coast Conference Freshman of the Year and NCAA Freshman College Golfer of the Year, the 2005 ACC Player of the Year and won back-to-back ACC individual titles in 2004 and 2005. Lang was a member of the victorious Curtis Cup team in 2004 and won medalist honors at the U.
S. Women's Amateur Public Links, where she advanced to the quarterfinals of match play. While still an amateur in 2005, Lang competed as a sponsor's exemption in both the Kraft Nabisco Championship and the LPGA Corning Classic, where she tied for 15th, she finished her amateur career at the U. S. Women's Open at Cherry Hills, where she tied for second with fellow low amateur Morgan Pressel, two strokes behind champion Birdie Kim. With the last hole to play, Lang was in the clubhouse when Kim holed out from the 18th greenside bunker to seal the victory. After two years of college golf at Duke, Lang turned professional in July 2005, shortly after her T2 finish at the U. S. Women's Open, she received sponsor's exemptions in 2005 to the Jamie Farr Owens Corning Classic, State Farm Classic, Canadian Women's Open. She was the medalist in the first stage of the LPGA Qualifying Tournament in September finished T22 at the final stage in December to earn full playing privileges for the 2006 season. Lang recorded six top-ten finishes, in 2006 and 2008.
At the end of 2008, her third season on the LPGA Tour, her career earnings exceeded $1 million. Lang's first professional win came in June 2012 at the inaugural Manulife Financial LPGA Classic in Canada, where she triumphed in a four-player playoff, she birdied the last hole four consecutive times to win the playoff. It was the first-ever victory in an LPGA event by a former Duke Blue Devil, Lang's 154th event on tour. Lang has one as an amateur, she won the U. S. Women's Open in 2016 at CordeValle and was a solo runner-up at the Women's British Open in 2011 at Carnoustie, she has represented the United States in four successive Solheim Cups in 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015. She was undefeated in singles play until falling to Melissa Reid in 2015. LPGA Tour playoff record 1 Defeated Nordqvist in a three-hole aggregate playoff: Lang and Nordqvist Results not in chronological order before 2019. ^ The Evian Championship was added as a major in 2013LA = Low Amateur DNP = did not play CUT = missed the half-way cut T = tied Green background for wins.
Yellow background for top-10. Most consecutive cuts made – 9 Longest streak of top-10s – 2 official as of 2018 season* Includes matchplay and other events without a cut. Position in Women's World Golf Rankings at the end of each calendar year. Amateur Junior Solheim Cup: 2002 Curtis Cup: 2004 Professional Solheim Cup: 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 Official website Brittany Lang at the LPGA Tour official site Brittany Lang at the Women's World Golf Rankings official site
The Ladies Professional Golf Association is an American organization for female professional golfers. The organization is headquartered at the LPGA International in Daytona Beach, is best known for running the LPGA Tour, a series of weekly golf tournaments for elite female golfers from around the world. Other "LPGAs" exist in other countries, each with a geographical designation in its name, but the U. S. organization is the first and best known. The LPGA is an organization for female club and teaching professionals; this is different from the PGA Tour, which runs the main professional tours in the U. S. and, since 1968, has been independent of the club and teaching professionals' organization, the PGA of America. The LPGA administers an annual qualifying school similar to that conducted by the PGA Tour. Depending on a golfer's finish in the final qualifying tournament, she may receive full or partial playing privileges on the LPGA Tour. In addition to the main LPGA Tour, the LPGA owns and operates the Symetra Tour the Futures Tour, the official developmental tour of the LPGA.
Top finishers at the end of each season on that tour receive playing privileges on the main LPGA Tour for the following year. In its 70th season in 2019, the LPGA is the oldest continuing women's professional sports organization in the United States, it was founded in 1950 by a group of 13 golfers: Alice Bauer, Patty Berg, Bettye Danoff, Helen Dettweiler, Marlene Bauer Hagge, Helen Hicks, Opal Hill, Betty Jameson, Sally Sessions, Marilynn Smith, Shirley Spork, Louise Suggs, Babe Zaharias. The LPGA succeeded the WPGA, founded in 1944 but stopped its limited tour after the 1948 season and ceased operations in December 1949. In 2001, Jane Blalock's JBC Marketing established the Women's Senior Golf Tour, now called the Legends Tour, for women professionals aged 45 and older; this is affiliated with the LPGA, but is not owned by the LPGA. Michael Whan became the eighth commissioner of the LPGA in October 2009, succeeding the ousted Carolyn Bivens. Whan is a former marketing executive in the sporting goods industry.
After a lawsuit filed by golfer Lana Lawless, the rules were changed in 2010 to allow transgender competitors. In 2013, trans woman Bobbi Lancaster faced local scorn for attempting playing in Arizona's Cactus Tour and attempting to qualify in the LPGA Qualifying Tournament. In 2010, total official prize money on the LPGA Tour was $41.4 million, a decrease of over $6 million from 2009. In 2010 there were 24 official tournaments, down from 28 in 2009 and 34 in 2008. Despite the loss in total tournaments, the number of tournaments hosted outside of the United States in 2010 stayed the same, as all four lost tournaments had been hosted in the United States. By 2016, the number of tournaments had risen to 33 with a record-high total prize money in excess of $63 million. In its first four decades, the LPGA Tour was dominated by American players. Sandra Post of Canada became the first player living outside the United States to gain an LPGA tour card in 1968; the non-U. S. Contingent is now large; the last time an American player topped the money list was in 1993, the last time an American led the tour in tournaments won was in 1996, from 2000 through 2009, non-Americans won 31 of 40 major championships.
One of the notable trends seen in the early 21st century in the LPGA is the rise and dominance of Korean golfers. Se Ri Pak's early success in the LPGA sparked the boom in Korean women golfers on the LPGA Tour. In 2009, there were 122 non-Americans from 27 countries on the tour, including 47 from South Korea, 14 from Sweden, 10 from Australia, eight from the United Kingdom, seven from Canada, five from Taiwan, four from Japan. Of the 33 events in 2006, a total of 11 were won by Koreans and only seven were won by Americans. In 2007, Americans saw a relative resurgence. For the first time since 2000, two Americans won majors In 2008, Americans grew in dominance, winning 9 of 34 events, tied with Koreans, but no majors, one of, won by a Mexican player, one by Taiwanese player, the other two by teenage Korean players In 2009, Americans won 5 of 28 official events, including one major, the Kraft Nabisco Championship while Koreans won 11 events Most of the LPGA Tour's events are held in the United States.
In 2010, two tournaments were played in Mexico and one each in Singapore, France, Malaysia, South Korea and Japan. Unofficial events were held in Brazil and Jamaica. In 2011, the unofficial Jamaica event was dropped and a tournament in Mexico was canceled months in advance over security concerns; the Women's British Open rotated from England to Scotland and all other countries retained their tournaments. In addition, events were added in China and Taiwan, while the biennial USA–Europe team competition, the Solheim Cup was played in Ireland. Five of the tournaments held outside North America are co-sanctioned with other professional tours; the Ladies European Tour co-sanctions the Women's British Open, The Evian Championship in France, the Women's Australian Open. The other two co-sanctioned events—the LPGA Hana Bank Championship and Mizuno Classic —are held during the tour's autumn swing to Asia; the LPGA's annual major championships are: ANA Inspiration U. S. Women's Open Women's PGA Ch
In the sport of golf, the distinction between amateurs and professionals is rigorously maintained. An amateur who breaches the rules of amateur status may lose their amateur status. A golfer who has lost their amateur status may not play in amateur competitions until amateur status has been reinstated, it is difficult for a professional to regain their amateur status. A player must apply to the governing body of the sport to have amateur status reinstated; the distinction between amateur and professional golfers had much to do with social class. In 18th and 19th century Britain, golf was played for pleasure; the early professionals were working class men who made a living from the game in a variety of ways: caddying, greenkeeping and playing challenge matches. When golf arrived in America at the end of the 19th century, it was an elite sport there, too. Early American golf clubs imported their professionals from Britain, it was not possible to make a living from playing tournament golf until some way into the 20th century.
In the developed world, the class distinction is now entirely irrelevant. Golf is affordable at public courses to a large portion of the population, most golf professionals are from middle-class backgrounds, which are the same sort of backgrounds as the members of the clubs where they work or the people they teach the game, educated to university level. Leading tournament golfers are wealthy. S. usage of the term. However, in some developing countries, there is still a class distinction. Golf is restricted to a much smaller and more elite section of society than is the case in countries like the United States and the United Kingdom. Professional golfers from these countries are quite from poor backgrounds and start their careers as caddies, for example, Ángel Cabrera of Argentina, Zhang Lian-wei, the first significant tournament professional from the People's Republic of China. In various countries, Professional Golfers' Associations serve either or both of these categories of professionals. There are separate LPGAs for women.
Under the rules of golf and amateur status of the R&A, the maximum an amateur can win is £500. Under the rules of golf and amateur status of the USGA the maximum an amateur can win is $750. If an amateur accepts a prize of greater than this they forfeit their amateur status, are therefore by definition a professional golfer. Professional golfers are divided into two main groups, with a limited amount of overlap between them: The great majority of professional golfers make their living from teaching the game, running golf clubs and courses, dealing in golf equipment. In golf pro refers to individuals involved in the service of other golfers; the senior professional golfer at a golf club is referred to as the club professional, but at a large golf club or resort with several courses his job title is to be director of golf. If they have assistants who are registered professional golfers, they are known as assistant professionals. A golfer who concentrates wholly or nearly so on giving golf lessons is a teaching professional, golf instructor or golf coach.
Most of these people will enter a few tournaments against their peers each year, they may qualify to play in important tournaments with the other group of professional golfers mentioned below. Many club and teaching professionals working in the golf industry start as caddies, or a general interest in the game, finding employment at golf courses and moving on to certifications in their chosen profession; these programs include independent institutions and universities, those that lead to a Class A golf professional certification. Note that the USGA defines "instruction" as teaching the physical aspects of golf. Instruction in the psychological aspects of the game is explicitly excluded from this definition. A much smaller but higher profile group of professional golfers earn a living from playing in golf tournaments, or aspire to do so, their income comes from prize money, sometimes endorsements. These individuals are referred to as tour professionals, or pro golfers. In the United States, the PGA of America has 31 distinct member classifications for professionals.
Many of the classifications have corresponding apprenticeship positions. Lists of golfers - lists of professional golfers PGA Tour PGA of America
Jessica Korda is an American professional golfer who plays on the LPGA Tour. Korda was a member of the 2009 U. S. Junior Solheim Cup and the 2010 U. S. Curtis Cup teams; as an amateur, she won the 2010 South Atlantic Amateur and made the cut at the 2008 and 2009 U. S. Women's Opens. Korda finished T19 in her U. S. Open debut in 2008 where she shot the only round in the 60s on Sunday, shooting a 69, she finished runner-up at the 2010 U. S. Women's Amateur, she represented the Czech Republic in the World Amateur Team Championship Espirito Santo Trophy in 2006, represented the United States in 2010, finishing tied for 4th. Korda entered LPGA Tour Qualifying School in the fall of 2010 as a 17-year-old, she finished runner-up in the final Qualifying Tournament, making her eligible for full membership on the Tour in 2011. Korda turned 18 during the second event of the 2011 season, she played in 15 events in her rookie year. Her first professional win was in the first event of the 2012 season, the Women's Australian Open at Royal Melbourne.
After rounds of 72-70-73-74, her victory came on the second hole of a six-person playoff. Korda won her second LPGA Tour title at the season opening Pure Silk-Bahamas LPGA Classic in January 2014, finishing one shot ahead of Stacy Lewis. Korda is the daughter of retired professional tennis players Petr Korda and Regina Rajchrtová, her father is a grand slam champion. Her younger brother, won the 2018 Australian Open title in the boys' division, her personal and professional lives intersected at the 2013 U. S. Women's Open. During the third round of that event and caddy Jason Gilroyed had several disagreements, she fired him after shooting 5-over-par for the first nine holes, she called for her boyfriend, professional golfer Johnny DelPrete, to come in from the gallery and serve as her caddy for the rest of the round. Korda shot 1-under for the second nine, she kept DelPrete on her bag for the final round. DelPrete was arrested for soliciting prostitution in February 2019, her sister Nelly Korda joined her on the 2017 LPGA Tour after earning her card via the Symetra Tour.
LPGA Tour playoff record Results not in chronological order before 2019. ^ The Evian Championship was added as a major in 2013. DNP = did not play CUT = missed the half-way cut T = tied WD = withdrew Yellow background for top-10 Most consecutive cuts made – 6 Longest streak of top-10s – 2 official as of 2018 season*Includes matchplay and other tournaments without a cut. Position in Women's World Golf Rankings at the end of each calendar year. Amateur Espirito Santo Trophy: 2006 Espirito Santo Trophy: 2010 Junior Solheim Cup: 2009 Curtis Cup: 2010 Professional Solheim Cup: 2013, 2017 International Crown: 2018 Official website Jessica Korda at the LPGA Tour official site Jessica Korda at the Women's World Golf Rankings official site