Digby, Nova Scotia
Digby is a town in southwestern Nova Scotia, Canada. It is largest population centre in Digby County; the town is situated on the western shore of the Annapolis Basin near the entrance to Digby Gut, which connects the basin to the Bay of Fundy. Named after Admiral Robert Digby, RN, the town is famous for its scallop fishing fleet and the MV Fundy Rose ferry service connecting to Saint John, New Brunswick. Digby was called meaning ear of land by the Mi ` kmaq. A small group of New England Planters settled in the area of the town in the 1760s naming it Conway; however Digby was formally settled and surveyed as a town in June 1783 by the United Empire Loyalists under the leadership of Sir Robert Digby. The town developed a sizable shipping fleet in the 19th century. One famous Digby vessel was the brigantine Dei Gratia, which discovered the famous mystery ship Mary Celeste in 1872; the town became an important regional transportation centre in the 1890s with the arrival of the Dominion Atlantic Railway.
Trains connected with a series of steamships such as the City of Monticello and the SS Princess Helene. Digby's history is preserved and interpreted by the Admiral Digby Museum, located facing the harbour in the historic Woodrow/Dakin home, one of oldest houses in the town. Tourism has played an important role in Digby during the 20th century beginning with the establishment of railway and steamship links that opened the town and surrounding communities as an-easy-to-reach destination for larger urban centres in eastern North America. A landmark in this industry was the construction of the Digby Pines Resort on the town's outskirts. Built in 1905 and purchased in 1917 by the Dominion Atlantic Railway, the resort provided a focal point to the local tourism industry with a large expansion in 1927; the Pines attracted notable visitors including early film star Theda Bara who spent her honeymoon there in 1921. Expanded several times since, it was bought by the Government of Nova Scotia after the Dominion Atlantic sold its hotels.
About 20 additional motels and Bed and Breakfast operations are based in Digby making tourism an important employer. The annual Scallop Days Festival, held the first week of August annually, brings the fishing and tourism industries together to showcase the town’s history and heritage to the tourists; the festival offers a variety of themed activities for all ages, including scallop shucking contests, a parade, an exhibition of local artists. Since 2004, Digby has become the destination of the largest motorcycle rally in Atlantic Canada, the annual Wharf Rat Rally, it attracts many times the town's population. So many that schools and some roads have to close for the day due to crowds and motorcycle traffic; the Wharf Rat Rally event is held the weekend of Labour Day in August/September each year. Fishing has been an essential economic activity since the town's settlement. Digby's schooner fishery reached its peak in the early 1900s, documented by the famous Canadian historian and photographer Frederick William Wallace.
In years, trawlers those harvesting scallops became the mainstay. A restaurant in Stornoway, Scotland, Digby Chick, is named after a fish from Digby; the town council consists of four councillors. The offices of Digby County are located adjacent to the town. Digby is represented provincially by the riding of Digby-Annapolis and federally by the riding of West Nova. Numerous provincial and federal services for the county and western Nova Scotia such Access Nova Scotia and the Department of Community and Social Services are located in Digby. There are two groceries stores located in both Atlantic Superstore and Sobeys. There is a Walmart, a Canadian Tire, a Home Hardware, a Dollarama, a Shoppers Drug Mart. Restaurants include franchises such as two Tim Hortons locations, Dairy Queen, Pizza Delight, Kentucky Fried Chicken, McDonald's along with several other locally owned restaurants filling the downtown Water Street area. Most of the locally owned restaurants serve seafood dishes with a high concentration on scallops.
Many restaurants close during the winter months due to the slow tourism during that time. Downtown has locally owned shops. Circle K, Ultramar and Esso have gas stations located in Digby. There is a Royal Canadian Mounted Police station located on Victoria Street; the Digby General Hospital, located on Warwick Street, provides medical care to the residents, including primary care, restorative care, day surgery. Although they note on the website they provide emergency care, it is only available when a physician is available; the DGH is closed most Wednesdays and Fridays. During those periods, patients are redirected to the CEC in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia or Yarmouth, Nova Scotia in the case of an emergency. In October of 2018, the base cost for a walk-in visit to the clinic at the hospital for a non-Canadian visitor was $900 Canadian. Similar charges applied at walk-in clinics located in Annapolis Royal and other nearby towns. Located in Digby are Royal Bank, CIBC, Scotiabank. In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Digby recorded a population of 2,060 living in 1,036 of its 1,145 total private dwellings, a change of −4.3% from its 2011 population of 2,152.
With a land area of 3.15 km2, it had a population density of 654.0/km2 in 2016. Digby Pop Smith, major league baseball player Maud Lewis, One of Canada's best known folk artists Isaiah W. Wilson Memorial Library.
The Cornwallis River is in Kings County, Nova Scotia, Canada. It has a meander length of 48 kilometres through eastern Kings County, from its source on the North Mountain at Grafton to its mouth near Wolfville on the Minas Basin; the lower portion of the river beginning at Kentville is tidal and there are extensive tidal marshes in the lower reaches. In its upper watershed at Berwick, the river draws on the Caribou Bog while a longer branch continues to the official source, a stream on the North Mountain at Grafton; the original peoples of the area, the Mi'kmaq, knew it as The Narrow River, or Chijekwtook There are references to the Mi'kmaq calling the river Jijuktu'kwejk. The river was named Riviere St. Antoine by Samuel de Champlain after his arrival in the New World in the early 17th Century, it was called the Riviere des Habitants by the Acadians, who built a series of settlements around its mouth including the village of Grand-Pré and a smaller settlement further up the river at New Minas.
The Acadians built extensive dykelands in the area, although there is no clear evidence that the running dykes beside the river were built by them. Following the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755, the area was settled by New England Planters in 1760 who named the river after the townships established along its banks; the river became known as the Horton River. After Horton Township, the major Planter settlement at the mouth of the river, named after the ancestral home of George Montagu-Dunk, the official in charge of English settlement in Nova Scotia. However, in the 19th century and commercial growth moved upriver to the Kentville area in Cornwallis Township, named after Edward Cornwallis, first governor of Nova Scotia; as a result, the river assumed the name Cornwallis River by 1829. The Mi'kmaq of Annapolis Valley First Nation in Cambridge, Nova Scotia, voted unanimously in 2011 to have the name revert to what they consider to be the original, historical Mi'kmaw name for the river, the Jijuktu'kwejk.
Annapolis Valley First Nations Chief Brian Toney wants the name of the Cornwallis River changed. He said band members are reminded of Gov. Edward Cornwallis. Cornwallis put a bounty on the scalps of natives, including women and children in 1749 during the frontier warfare that followed the founding of Halifax; the proposal has led to the portrayal of history. The river was an important early transportation route, connected by a portage through the Berwick area to the headwaters of the Annapolis River. Coastal schooners used landings and wharves along the river as far as Kentville while larger sailing vessels and steamships used Port Williams for agricultural and timber exports; the Cornwallis Valley Railway, a branch line of the Dominion Atlantic Railway, was named after the river in 1889, when it was built, crossing the river at Kentville. The Annapolis Valley is an important agricultural district in Nova Scotia and depends on the river for irrigation and drainage; however heavy agricultural runoffs as well as municipal sewage have created severe pollution problems in the river.
It was designated as one of Canada's ten most endangered rivers in 2002 and labelled as "little more than a farm sewer". A number of initiatives are underway to improve farm use of the river and upgrade municipal sewage systems along the river; the communities of Wolfville, Port Williams and Berwick all have sewage treatment facilities that discharge effluent into the river. Kentville New Minas Port Williams Berwick Grand-Pré Wolfville Cornwallis Square List of rivers of Nova Scotia Natural History of Nova Scotia, Vol. I Nova Scotia Museum Christian Perry-Giraud, Thirty Year Assessment of the Cornwallis Estuary Evolution, Bay of Fundy Ecosystem Partnership, 2005
Kings County, Nova Scotia
Kings County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. With a population of 60,600 in the 2016 Census, Kings County is the third most populous county in the province, it is located in central Nova Scotia on the shore of the Bay of Fundy, with its northeastern part forming the western shore of the Minas Basin. Kings' economy and identity are tied into its current and historical role as the province's agricultural heartland. A strong agricultural base has been bolstered by the farm-to-table movement and a growing and acclaimed Nova Scotia wine industry, the success of both has bolstered the area's tourism industry; the county benefits from the profile and population gained from hosting both Acadia University in Wolfville and the NSCC Kingstec campus in Kentville. Canadian Forces Base Greenwood and the Michelin tire plant in Waterville both provide significant positive economic impact in the County. While the majority of the area of county is governed by the Municipality of the County of Kings, the county includes three separately incorporated towns, Wolfville and Berwick, two First Nations reserves.
The glaciers began their retreat from in the Maritimes 13,500 years ago, with final deglaciation, post-glacial rebound, sea level fluctuation ending and leaving the New England-Maritimes region ice free 11,000 years ago. The earliest evidence of Palaeo-Indian settlement in the region follows after deglaciation. Evidence of settlement found in the Debert Palaeo-Indian Site dates to 10,600 before present, though settlement seems to have occurred earlier, following large game animals such as the caribou as they expanded into the land revealed by the retreating glaciers; the record of continuous habitation through the paleo and archaic period over ten thousand years culminated in the development of the culture and language now known as the Mi’kmaq. For several thousand years the territory of the province has been a part of the territory of the Mi'kmaq nation of Mi'kma'ki. Mi'kma'ki includes what is now the Maritimes, parts of Maine and the Gaspé Peninsula. King's County is located in the traditional Mi'kmaw district of Sipekni'katik.
The colonization of "Les Mines" and Grand Pre began in the 1680s when a few families relocated from the French settlement at Port Royal. These "Acadian" settlers were named after the French name for the land "Acadie" meaning "land of plenty"; these farmers were accustomed to farming on dyked lands, did so here as well. This took place on the salty but fertile marshes that were found on the banks of the Minas Basin, through the use of dykes and aboiteaux that allowed fresh water to enter but kept out the salt-water tide; the Acadian farmers prospered in Kings County, lived harmoniously with the Mi'kmaq. The Acadians and Mi'kmaq jointly fought numerous battles against the British in the Raid on Grand Pré, Battle of Grand Pré, the Siege of Grand Pré. After defeating and expelling the Acadians, British control of the land was secured by repopulating the former French lands with settlers from New England. Between 1760 and 1768 some 8000 New England Planters arrived in Nova Scotia, the largest number settling in Kings County in three agricultural townships: Horton and Aylesford.
The Planters revived and expanded the Acadian dykeland agriculture through projects such as the Wellington Dyke and cleared more upland fields moving west from the initial settlements along the Minas Basin Rivers. The legacy of the New England Planters is still a tangible part of the life in Kings County, had an important influence on Nova Scotian ideas on democratic government, freedom of religion and equality of education; the Planters were followed in the 1780s by further settlers from the United Empire Loyalists and significant numbers of Irish immigrants. The roots of Black heritage in Kings County began 250 years ago when the New England Planters were accompanied by slaves and freed Blacks to settle in Horton and Cornwallis townships; this initial African population increased with larger migrations following the American Revolution and the War of 1812. Further waves of immigration followed in the following two centuries, adding to the population and diversity of Kings County; the county's agricultural industry blossomed in the 19th century after the arrival of the Dominion Atlantic Railway which led to a major expansion of exports the apple industry.
After the loss of the British export market for apples in World War II, Kings County farmers diversified into other crops and livestock. Agriculture remains a major industry, as the county has some of the best farmland in Nova Scotia, but farmland now faces pressure from suburban development around valley towns; the county faces serious pollution problems in its major water artery, the Cornwallis River. Kings County was a major wooden shipbuilding area in the 19th Century, including a four-masted barque built in Kingsport named Kings County, one of the largest built in Canada. Today a number of light industrial factories are located in Waterville; the county's history is preserved and interpreted at the Kings County Museum in Kentville and a number of Kings County towns have museums related to their specific stories such as the Wolfville Historical Society and the Apple Capital Museum in Berwick. The majority of the land area of county is governed by the Municipal Council of the Municipality of the County of Kings, though the county includes three incorporated towns, Wolfville and Berwick, with their own independent municipal governments.
In addition to municipal governments there are two First Nations reserves under b
The Annapolis Basin is a sub-basin of the Bay of Fundy, located on the southeastern shores of the bay, along the northwestern shore of Nova Scotia and at the western end of the Annapolis Valley. The basin takes its name from the Annapolis River, which drains into its eastern end at the town of Annapolis Royal; the basin measures 24 kilometres northeast-southwest and 6 kilometres at its widest from northwest to southeast. It is a sheltered and shallow water body, framed by the ridges of the North Mountain and South Mountain ranges of the Annapolis Valley. A break in the North Mountain range at the northwestern edge of the basin, called Digby Gut, provides an outlet to the Bay of Fundy; the Bay Ferries Limited ferry service operating across the Bay of Fundy between Digby and Saint John maintains a terminal on the western shore of the basin near the Digby Gut. Rivers which drain into the basin include: Annapolis River Bear River Moose River Two major islands are located in the basin: Bear Island Goat Island The basin hosts several historic seaports, including: Towns of Annapolis Royal and Digby Village of Bear River Communities of Granville Ferry, Port Royal, Port Wade, Victoria Beach, Deep Brook, Smiths CoveA former Royal Canadian Navy base and decommissioned Canadian Forces Base is located between Deep Brook and Clementsport on the southeast shore of the basin - see CFB Cornwallis
The Minas Basin is an inlet of the Bay of Fundy and a sub-basin of the Fundy Basin located in Nova Scotia, Canada. It is known for its high tides; the Minas Basin forms the eastern part of the Bay of Fundy which splits at Cape Chignecto and is delineated by the massive basalt headlands of Cape Split and Cape d'Or. The Minas Basin is split into four sections: Cobequid Bay, from the mouth of the Salmon River to a narrow point between Economy and the Noel Shore. Several important rivers in Nova Scotia drain into the Minas Basin: Shubenacadie River, Cornwallis River, Avon River, Gaspereau River, the Salmon River. Lesser rivers include the Canard River, Diligent River, Farrell River, Debert River. Along the northern edge of the Minas Basin lies a chain of intermittent high-cliffed basaltic bluffs and islands called the Basalt Headlands. Burntcoat Head, located on the "Noel Shore" along the south side of the Minas Basin, is the location of the highest tidal range recorded, exceeding 16-metre and has one of the highest average tidal ranges every day.
The waters of Minas Bay exchange with the main part of the Bay of Fundy through the Minas Channel which flows between Cape Split and Cape Sharp, creating strong tidal currents and, near Cape d'Or, the turbulent collision of currents known as the Dory Rips. The water in the Minas Basin is a dense and nearly opaque reddish brown due to large amounts of suspended silt which are continually churned by tidal currents. At mid-tide, the currents exceed 8 knots, the flow in the deep, 5-kilometre -wide channel on the north side of Cape Split equals the combined flow of all the rivers and streams on Earth together. Several communities border the rivers that flow into it, they include Truro, Parrsboro, Great Village, Bass River, Five Islands, Wolfville and Kingsport. Parrsboro and Kingsport were connected by the MV Kipawo ferry, whose name was derived from the three communities. Provincial parks at Anthony, Five Islands, Cape Blomidon allow visitors to enjoy and explore the Minas Basin. Community parks interpreting the Basin include the Kingsport waterfront in Kings County.
The Mi'kmaq were the first people to inhabit the area around the Minas Basin. Mi'kmaq tradition ties the god Glooscap in with significant geographical features such as Cape Blomidon and Five Islands. European explorers and traders arrived in the early 1600s. Among them were the French explorer Samuel de Champlain who explored the copper deposits at Cape d'Or at the entrance to the Basin in 1607. Champlain bestowed the name Port of Mines on nearby Advocate Harbour to reflect the seams of copper ore at Cape d'Or. While the French did not establish a mine, the name "Les Mines" became associated with the upper Bay of Fundy beyond Cape d'Or which became known as the "Baie des Mines"' Anglicized to Minas Basin. French Acadian settlements began in the late 1600s first with settlements around the southern shore of the Minas Basin which became known as Les Mines; the Acadians had a significant impact of the area in that they reclaimed considerable farmland through the use of dykes and aboiteaux. They founded in the area Grand-Pré, Les Mines, Cobequid, Rivière-aux-Canards, Beaubassin.
Today their dyke systems—greatly expanded by additions—are still used near Truro and Wolfville at Port Williams and Grand Pré. In 1755, the British forcibly expelled the over 12,000 Acadians from Grand Pré, Pisiguit and Beaubassin, in what became known as the Grand Dérangement, or Great Expulsion; the vacant Acadian settlements around the Minas Basin were succeeded by the New England Planters who arrived in 1760 and were joined by Loyalists settlers in the 1780s. The Planters rebuilt and expanded the Acadian dyke systems, reclaiming more farmland from the Basin through projects like the Wellington Dyke in 1816; the communities around the Minas Basin were sustained by fishing, farming, boat building and shipbuilding. In the late 19th Century the Basin's shipyards produced some of the highest numbers of wooden ships in Canadian history and some of the largest, including the ship William D. Lawrence, the largest wooden ship built in Canada along with the giant barques Kings County, Canada's largest four masted-barque and Hamburg, Canada's largest three-masted barque.
The tidal water provided a means of transporting commodities such as lumber and gypsum and powered Tide mills at locations such as Canning and Walton. Mining included gypsum, barite and copper. Gypsum was shipped from Hantsport until 2009. Marine mammals include porpoises. Fish include bass and flounder. Many types of seaweed, worms and more are found. Birds include sandpipers, eagles, seagulls and kingfishers. Fossils are found near Parrsboro, Blue Beach and othe
Hants County, Nova Scotia
Hants County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. The county of Hants was established June 17, 1781, on territory taken from Kings County and consisted of the townships of Windsor and Newport; the name Hants is an old abbreviation for the English county of Hampshire, from the Old English name Hantescire. In 1861, Hants County was divided for court sessional purposes into two districts named East Hants and West Hants; the Miꞌkmaq are the indigenous peoples. In the course of their historical relationship with the Acadians, many Miꞌkmaq became Catholic and therefore played an active role in the Acadian resistance to the Protestant British annexation of Hants County, they were supporters of Abbe LeLoutre's work in protecting Acadian and Miꞌkmaq and Catholic interests in the region. Within Hants County, they fought in the Battle at St. Croix on the St. Croix River. There is a long history of missionary work in Hants County, such as the work of Silas Tertius Rand's work on Glooscap First Nation near Hantsport.
There are still Miꞌkmaq communities in Hants County such as Indian Brook 14 and Shubenacadie 13. Shubenacadie is the oldest community in Hants County. There is a significant monument in the middle of the reserve to Major Jean-Baptiste Cope, the signatory to the peace Treaty of 1752 with the British, upheld by the Supreme Court of Canada; the first Acadians to settle in present-day Hants County established farms at in the early 1680s, as the 1686 census shows a number of families on well established farms utilizing dyked pastures. More Acadian villages soon followed spreading along the shores of the St. Croix rivers. One of these was at present day Windsor. With an expanding population the region by 1722 was split into two parishes; the l'Assomption parish church was situated on a hill overlooking the confluence of the Pisiquit and Saint Croix rivers where in 1750 it was pulled down by the Acadians under orders from the British to make way for Fort Edward. By the early 1700s Acadians migrated all along the shore of Hants County to the Shubenacadie River.
One of the most prominent Acadians from this area was Noël Doiron, the namesake of the community of Noel. With the founding of both Halifax and Fort Edward, there was an Acadian Exodus that involved an emigration of most of the Acadians from the Municipality of East Hants and from West Hants as well, they left British Nova Scotia for French occupied Prince Edward Island. During the 1755 Expulsion of the Acadians the majority of those Acadians remaining were deported to various locations along the eastern seaboard of the Thirteen Colonies, most notably New England and Maryland; the Expulsion of the Acadians from Hants County began at the same time as it happened at Grand-Pré, with the Acadian men being imprisoned within the walls of Fort Edward. Fort Edward was one of four British forts in Acadia to imprison Acadians throughout the nine years of the expulsion. After the Acadians were removed from the area of present-day Hants County, New England Planters began to arrive and settle the vacated lands.
They formed the townships of Windsor and Newport. Many arrived from Rhode Island. One of the Planters of note during this period was Henry Alline who led the New Light revival of the Great Awakening in the region. Alline's movement had a significant impact on the stance the New Englander Planters took with respect to the troubles building in the colonies to the west, between their British masters, brethren who remained in New England, that led to the Revolutionary War. Alline's Newlight congregations were the progenitors of the Baptist movement in Canada; the next wave of immigration to Hants County was the Ulster Scots people who settled all along the Cobequid shore such as the O'Briens in Noel and the Putnams in Maitland. During the American Revolution, Fort Edward played a pivotal role defending Halifax from a possible land attack and serving as the headquarters in Atlantic Canada for 84th Regiment of Foot. After the American Revolution, the Rawdon Township and Douglas Township were created for American Loyalists.
The Douglas Township was settled by the 84th Regiment of Foot. The Rawdon Township was settled by loyalists from South Carolina whose lives had been saved in the Siege of Ninety-Six by Lord Rawdon and the 84th Regiment of Foot. Windsor developed its gypsum deposits selling it to American markets at Passamaquoddy Bay; this trade was illegal. In 1820 an effort to stop this smuggling trade resulted in the "Plaster War", in which local smugglers resoundingly defeated the efforts of New Brunswick officials to bring the trade under their control. Productive timber lands and tidal building sites made Hants County an important shipbuilding centre in the 19th century. Loyalist merchant Abraham Cunard was an early shipbuilder in the county. Cunard's efforts were surpassed by much larger yards by the mid 19th century, including the William Dawson Lawrence shipyard in Maitland which built the William D. Lawrence, the largest wooden ship built in Canada, Ezra Churchill's in Hantsport; the Honourable Joseph Howe was the first member of parliament for Hants County.
He campaigned in the county with an agenda to punish those politicians who have forced Nova Scotia to participate in the formation, become a part of Canada without a mandate or referendum from the people. Over the next two years in office, deciding not to mobilize to join America or become a colony independent of Britain, Howe determined that Nova Scotia's best option was to remain in Canada and to fight
Hantsport is a Canadian community located in Hants County, Nova Scotia. It is administratively part of the Municipality of the District of West Hants; the community is located at the western boundary between Hants County and Kings County, along the west bank of the Avon River's tidal estuary. The community is best known for its former industries, including shipbuilding, a pulp mill, as well a marine terminal that once loaded gypsum, mined near Windsor; the community is the resting place of Victoria Cross recipient William Hall, VC. The area around Hantsport was known to the Miꞌkmaq as Kakagwek meaning "place where meat is sliced and dried" and the town is still home to a small Miꞌkmaq community known as the Glooscap First Nation or Pesikitk. Although no Acadians are known to have lived on the lands within the boundary of Hantsport proper, the area was part of the Acadian parish of Paroisse de Sainte Famille. Etienne Rivet and his progeny farmed the nearby marshlands of the Halfway River and his son, operated a mill on the river near where the marshlands meet the uplands on the town's southern boundary.
After the Expulsion of the Acadians, the Acadian region of Piziquid was formed into the Township of Falmouth. These lands were granted to New England Planters, officers of the British army. Colonel Henry Denny Denson, a retired British officer, was granted an extensive tract of land, which included the lands lying north of the Halfway River and south of the Horton Township boundary. In 1789, after Denson's death, his consort and heir, Martha Whitfield, sold Lots Three & Four to an Edward Barker. Edward Barker was a British soldier, having arrived in Halifax in 1769 as a member of the 59th Regiment of Foot. In the early 1770s he mustered out of the army and by 1774 was at Falmouth, having married Rebecca Chadwick of Newport, Rhode Island, he appears to have either worked on Abel Mitchener lands or rented farm lands until 1788 when he purchased land in Falmouth. A year Barker purchased the Hantsport lots and soon thereafter moved his family to Hantsport. Barker's arrival marks the beginning of the settlement, known as "Halfway River" being the point halfway between Grand-Pré and Windsor.
Shipbuilding emerged as a major industry in the 19th century and the town produced a large number of wooden sailing vessels and some steam vessels before the decline of wooden shipbuilding in the late 1800s. Notable vessels included the barque Hamburg, the largest three masted barque built in Canada, the barque Plymouth, famous for the diaries of Alice Coalfleet, who raised a family aboard her. Hantsport shipbuilders active to the end of the age of sail in the late 19th century and built tugs and one steamship before wooden shipbuilding collapsed in the early 1900s. William Hall, VC, an African-Canadian mariner born near Hantsport, was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1857 and is buried at a monument beside the Hantsport Baptist Church; the arrival of the Windsor and Annapolis Railway in 1869 stimulated a number of local manufacturers which provided some relief from the demise of shipbuilding. A cluster of small factories and fruit warehouses grew around the Hantsport station. Gypsum exports emerged as a major employer in the 20th Century, followed by the pulp mill and paper factory of the Minas Basin Pulp and Power Company established by the Jodrey family in the 1920s.
Artifacts from the town's history are preserved at Churchill House, the restored mansion of the Churchill shipbuilding family which serves as a community centre and museum. During the 20th century, the port was used for shipping gypsum, quarried at two locations east of Windsor and shipped to Hantsport using the Dominion Atlantic Railway, the Windsor and Hantsport Railway which ran frequent gypsum trains controlled by the Hantsport station; the marine terminal used a loader to move gypsum from the storage building to waiting ships and was one of the fastest ship-loaders in the world, necessitated by the fact that the extreme tides in the Minas Basin require ships to enter and leave the port within a four- to five-hour period. Operations at Fundy Gypsum Company's ship loading facility were idled in early 2011, with the facility permanently closed in 2011. On November 1, 2012, the Minas Basin Pulp & Power pulp mill, in operation in Hantsport for more than 85 years, announced it would cease all operations.
This mill closed in December 2012. The largest remaining employer in Hantsport is CKF Inc. a paper products maker founded by the Joudreys to provide a lcola market for the Minas Basin pulp mill, produces Royal Chinet paper plates, as well as egg cartons, cup carriers and other molded pulp products at its plant on the community's waterfront. In the wake of the closures of the marine terminal and the pulp mill, Hantsport town council voted on April 16, 2014 to dissolve its municipal incorporation; the town was formally dissolved into the Municipality of the District of West Hants effective July 1, 2015. Sports have been a significant part of the atmosphere in Hantsport; the Hantsport Hawks junior high team won the regional banner in 2015 and they repeated in 2016. The Hantsport Shamrocks are one of the most well known baseball clubs in Nova Scotia; the Hantsport Bruins are a dynasty in the Hants County Hockey League, winning 7 Howard Dill Cups since 1998. Some say. In the 2005-06 track and field season, Kira Pederson set the Hantsport Junior High 100 m dash record with a tim