Anne Cécile Desclos was a French journalist and novelist who wrote under the pseudonyms Dominique Aury and Pauline Réage, is best known for her erotic novel Histoire d'O. Born in Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, France to a bilingual family, Desclos began reading in French and English at an early age. After completing her studies at the Sorbonne, she worked as a journalist until 1946 when she joined Gallimard Publishers as the editorial secretary for one of its imprints where she began using the pen name of Dominique Aury. An avid reader of English literature, Desclos either translated or introduced to readers in France such renowned authors as Algernon Charles Swinburne, Evelyn Waugh, Virginia Woolf, T. S. Eliot, F. Scott Fitzgerald and numerous others, she was made a member of the jury for several prominent literary awards. Desclos' lover and employer Jean Paulhan, a fervent admirer of the Marquis de Sade, had made the remark to her that no woman was capable of writing an erotic novel. To prove him wrong, Desclos wrote a graphic, sadomasochistic novel, published under the pseudonym Pauline Réage in June 1954.
Titled Histoire d'O, with a sympathetic preface by Jean Paulhan which did not reveal her identity, it was an enormous, though controversial, commercial success. The book caused much speculation as to the identity of the author. Many doubted that it was a woman, let alone the demure and prudish persona displayed in Dominique Aury's writings. Many well-known male writers were alternately suspected to be the author, including André Malraux and Henri de Montherlant. In addition, the book's graphic content sparked so much controversy that the following March the government authorities brought obscenity charges against the publisher and its mysterious author that were thrown out of court in 1959. However, a publicity ban and a restriction on the book's sale to minors was imposed by the judge. Following the lifting of the publicity ban in 1967, the conclusion to Story of O was published under the title Retour à Roissy using the pseudonym of Pauline Réage. However, according to her recent biography by Angie David, Desclos did not write this second novel.
In 1975, she did a long interview about erotic books with author Régine Deforges, published by Story of O editor Jean-Jacques Pauvert, yet at the time her authorship was still unknown. An English-language edition of the interview was released in the United States in 1979 by Viking Press. Desclos publicly admitted that she was the author of The Story of O in 1994, 40 years after the book was published, in an interview with The New Yorker, she explained the pseudonym of Pauline Réage: she chose the first name in homage to Pauline Bonaparte and Pauline Roland and she randomly picked up the name of Réage on a topographic map. Writer of O, a 2004 documentary film by Pola Rapaport, mixed interviews with re-enactments of certain scenes from the book. In the documentary, the real author of Story of O, Dominique Aury, talks about the book A Girl in Love; this book was written about. A documentary was made for BBC Radio 4 entitled The Story of O: The Vice Francaise, presented by Rowan Pelling, former editor of the Erotic Review, which looked at the history of the book and its author Desclos.
Erotica: A Journey Into Female Sexuality, a documentary by filmmaker Maya Gallus, featured the final interview with 90-year-old Dominique Aury before she died. In the film, she recounts the extraordinary love story behind Story of O and marvels that she has reached such a grand age. Desclos had a long-term relationship with her employer Jean Paulhan, the director of the prestigious Nouvelle Revue Française, 23 years her senior, she was bisexual at times in her life. She notoriously had a liaison with historian and novelist Édith Thomas, who may have been an inspiration for the character of Anne-Marie in Story of O, she had a son from a brief marriage in her early twenties. See also: Legacy of Story of O In 2007, the National Leather Association International inaugurated awards for excellence in SM/fetish/leather writing; the categories include the Pauline Reage award for fiction novel. In 2020, Desclos was inducted into the Leather Hall of Fame. Chantons sous l'Occupation – a documentary film Dominique Aury by Angie David – Editions Léo Scheer, 560 pp – ISBN 2-7561-0030-7 – Biography in French Watson, Sasha.
"The Smuttiest French Novel Ever Written, Still Shocking 50 Years Later". Slate; the complete Story of O website: all about Histoire d'O and Dominique Aury Writer of O, a 2004 documentary film by Pola Rapaport Name Upon Name at Rain Taxi
Robert Cleckler Bowden is a retired American football coach. Bowden is best known for coaching the Florida State Seminoles football team from the 1976 to 2009 seasons. During his time at Florida State, Bowden led FSU to an Associated Press and Coaches Poll National Title in 1993 and a BCS National Championship in 1999, as well as twelve Atlantic Coast Conference championships since FSU joined the conference in 1991. After a difficult 2009 season and amid questioning fans, Bowden was fired by President T. K. Wetherell, just weeks after his 80th birthday, he was allowed to make his final coaching appearance in the 2010 Gator Bowl game on January 1, 2010, with a 33–21 victory over his former program, West Virginia. On March 6, 2009, NCAA ruling required Florida State to "vacate wins for any games in which an ineligible player participated", threatening to remove as many as fourteen of Bowden's wins from the 2006 and 2007 seasons in relation to an academic scandal. Florida State appealed the ruling, but the NCAA upheld it on January 5, 2010.
Upon final investigation by Florida State University it was determined that Bowden was to vacate 12 wins, bringing his final career record to 377–129–4. Born in Birmingham, Bowden spent a portion of his childhood ill in bed. Bowden is the son of Sunset Bowden; when he was 13 years old, Bowden was diagnosed with rheumatic fever. After a six-month hospital stay, he was confined to his bed at home for just over a year with nothing more than his imagination to pass the time, it was listening to World War II reports on the radio that began Bowden's interest in the war, an interest he still has to this day. It was around this time that his love for football increased, as he would listen to University of Alabama football on Saturday mornings. Bowden was an outstanding football player at Woodlawn High School in Birmingham, went on to play for the University of Alabama as a quarterback, fulfilling a lifelong dream to play for the Crimson Tide, he returned to Birmingham and married his high school sweetheart, Ann Estock, on April 1, 1949.
Today, the couple has 21 grandchildren. Bobby transferred to Howard College, where he played football, ran track and became a brother in Pi Kappa Alpha. In his junior year, he was elected president of Pi Kappa Alpha, his senior year, he was re-elected to the presidency as well as captain of the football team where he garnered All-American honors at quarterback. The Howard College faculty nominated him for Who's Who Among Students in American Universities & Colleges in recognition of his academic and athletic leadership. Bowden graduated from Howard in 1953. Bowden served as an assistant football coach and head track and field coach at Howard College in the FCS football division) in Birmingham, Alabama from 1954–55, he left his alma mater to become Athletic Director as well as head football and basketball coach at South Georgia College from 1956 to 1958. After a losing basketball season, Bowden fired himself as head coach. Bowden returned to Howard as head coach, where he compiled a 31–6 record between 1959 and 1962.
In 1962, Bowden went to Florida State University as an assistant coach under Head Coach Bill Peterson. Three other coaching legends who worked under Peterson during this time were Bill Parcells, Joe Gibbs and Don James. Bowden left Florida State in 1965 to go to West Virginia University as an assistant under Jim Carlen; when Carlen left following the 1969 season to become head coach at Texas Tech, Bowden replaced him. Bowden compiled a 42–26 record at WVU before returning to FSU as head coach in 1976. During Bowden's first year as head coach at WVU, the football team of the state's other top-division school, Marshall University, were killed in a plane crash, he asked NCAA permission to wear Marshall jerseys and play Marshall's final game of the 1970 season against Ohio, but was denied. In memory of the victims of the crash, Mountaineers players put green crosses and the initials "MU" on their helmets. Bowden allowed Marshall's new head coach Jack Lengyel and his assistants access to game film and playbooks to acquaint themselves with the veer offense, a variation of the option offense which aids teams with weak offensive lines.
Lengyel credits Bowden with helping the young Thundering Herd recover. Bowden became emotional while viewing the movie We Are Marshall, has said that he was the original candidate for the Marshall head coaching job filled by crash victim Rick Tolley. Bowden became the head coach of the Florida State Seminoles because the climate was warmer than in Morgantown, because Tallahassee was closer to Birmingham, where his mother and mother-in-law both lived; the team had a 4–29 record over the previous three seasons, he planned to stay only before taking a better job as head coach at Alabama. Bowden became successful quickly at Florida State. By his second year, Bowden had to deny many rumors, he said that he would be content to finish his career at Florida State and told another athletic-department employee that he would "never coach anywhere north of Tallahassee". During 34 years as head coach he had only one losing season–his first, in 1976–and declined head coaching job offers from Alabama, Auburn, LSU, the National Football League's Atlanta Falcons.
From 1987 to 2000, the Seminoles finished every season with at least 10 wins and in the top 5 of the Associated Press College Football Poll, won the national championship in 1993 and 1999. The team was dominant after joining the Atlantic Coast Conference in 1992, win
Dylan Guthro is a Canadian singer/songwriter based in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The son of musician Bruce Guthro, Dylan released his debut album, All That’s True, in 2012. In 2015, Guthro teamed up with fellow Halifax singer-songwriters Carleton Stone and Breagh MacKinnon to form the band Port Cities. Dylan Guthro was exposed to music since birth as the son of Cape Breton singer/songwriter Bruce Guthro. While on tour with his father, Guthro played some demos he had recorded of his own material to musician Dave Gunning. Gunning was eager to help transform the demos into a full-fledged album. What became All That's True was recorded and mixed over a number of different sessions during the course of six months. Bruce Guthro co-wrote five of the album's songs, it was not the first time they had collaborated. All That’s True was released in 2012, it was called "one of the strongest debut albums" of the year by a music critic in the Prince Edward Island Guardian, won the Best New Artist Recording of the Year at the Nova Scotia Music Awards in 2012.
The album received a number of placements on the popular Canadian television series, Degrassi: The Next Generation. Guthro has toured extensively in Canada, as well as Europe. Guthro's 2014 release, "Do It All Again," was written with singer/songwriter David Myles, produced by rapper Classified; the song placed in the finals in the 2015 USA Songwriting Competition in the R&B Category. In 2014, Guthro made his producing debut, when he co-produced singer/songwriter Dave Sampson's debut album, "No Pressure No Diamonds."Guthro has co-written songs with artists of many different genres, over the years became more and more involved in working with local hip-hop and EDM artists, resulting in three features on Quake Matthews’ latest album Rap Music. He had several co-writing credits on Neon Dreams’ album The Last of Us including being featured alongside internationally renowned rapper Waka Flocka Flame on the single "High." In 2015, Guthro and fellow singer-songwriters Carleton Stone and Breagh MacKinnon united to form the band Port Cities.
The band makes singer/songwriter-style pop music featuring both two- and three-part harmonies. They met at the Gordie Sampson Songcamp in Cape Breton early in the summer of 2011, have been playing together as a threesome for a few years before becoming a band; the band recorded their debut album in both Cape Breton and Nashville with producer/songwriter Gordie Sampson, released in February 2017. In July 2016, Guthro released a self-titled solo urban pop EP, which includes tracks co-written with his two Port Cities bandmates, as well as collaborations with Quake Matthews and members of Neon Dreams. With Port Cities As Dylan Guthro Official website Video: "High" - Neon Dreams
Campbell's law is an adage developed by Donald T. Campbell, a psychologist and social scientist who wrote about research methodology, which states: "The more any quantitative social indicator is used for social decision-making, the more subject it will be to corruption pressures and the more apt it will be to distort and corrupt the social processes it is intended to monitor." Campbell's law can be seen as an example of the cobra effect, the sometimes unintended negative effect of public policy and other government interventions in economics and healthcare. In 1976, Campbell wrote: "Achievement tests may well be valuable indicators of general school achievement under conditions of normal teaching aimed at general competence, but when test scores become the goal of the teaching process, they both lose their value as indicators of educational status and distort the educational process in undesirable ways."The social science principle of Campbell's law is used to point out the negative consequences of high-stakes testing in U.
S. classrooms. This may take the form of teaching to outright cheating. "The High-Stakes Education Rule" is identified and analyzed in the book "Measuring Up: What Educational Testing Really Tells Us". Campbell’s Law helps people discern that the Obama administration program of Race to the Top and Bush administration program, the No Child Left Behind Act can impair, not improve, educational outcome. There are related ideas known by different names, such as Goodhart's law and the Lucas critique. Another concept related to Campbell's law emerged in 2006 when UK researchers Rebecca Boden and Debbie Epstein published an analysis of evidence-based policy, a practice espoused by Prime Minister Tony Blair. In the paper and Epstein described how a government that tries to base its policy on evidence can end up producing corrupted data because it "seeks to capture and control the knowledge producing processes to the point where this type of'research' might best be described as'policy-based evidence'."When someone distorts decisions in order to improve the performance measure, they surrogate, coming to believe that the measure is a better measure of true performance than it is.
Campbell's Law imparts a complicated message. It is important to measure progress making use of qualitative indicators. However, utilizing quantitative data for evaluation can manipulate these indicators. Concrete measures must be adopted to reduce manipulation of information. In his article, “Assessing the Impact of Planned Social Change”, Campbell emphasized that “the more quantitative social indicator used for social decision-making is subjected to corruption pressure and liable to distort and damage social processes it meant to monitor.” Perverse incentive Reflexivity Proxy Goodhart's law – "When a measure becomes a target, it ceases to be a good measure." Observer effect
Created in 1981 9.0 by the U. S. greeting card company American Greetings, the Care Bears are a group of characters that have appeared in various media. Since early 1983, various companies in the Americas and Israel have published books based on the franchise. In the United States, the Care Bears' books have been available through Random House, Parker Brothers and Scholastic Books. Parker Brothers, a board game company owned by General Mills, launched its book publishing division in February 1983. Various authors contributed to Tales from the Care Bears. At the time of publication, various trade publications took note of Parker Brothers' unique marketing strategy for the books. On October 30, 1987, Great Britain's Octopus Books released a book under this title, containing Amelia Hubert's Sweet Dreams for Sally and Evelyn Mason's A Sister for Sam. Parker Brothers spent US$1 million in advertising on the original six-book series, made to promote the Care Bears characters. According to a company spokesperson, the stories would demonstrate "love, dreams, friendship and feelings".
The series made its debut at the 1983 American International Toy Fair, along with other Care Bears products. John Keller, editorial director for the books, commented on their creation: The old way was to give authors their head. We, on the other hand, make up a list of, thirty interesting plot ideas, we do consumer testing... Once I have the rankings, I call up my pool of authors and give them a plot to work with, a style sheet explaining the characters, and I say, "Please write 2,500 words filled with verve and excitement." In 1983, the U. S. publishing company Random House was granted paperback rights to books in the Care Bears franchise through American Greetings and General Mills, as Parker Brothers was unable to secure the exclusive publishing rights at the time. Bruce Jones, a Parker Brothers staffer, could not secure the exclusive publishing rights, had to settle for a split license with Random House. During the mid-1980s, Dorsey Laboratories promoted its Triaminic cough medicine through a Random House publication, The Care Bears Help Chase Colds.
A few months after the 2002 relaunch of the Care Bears franchise, Scholastic Books published its first titles featuring the characters. In 1984, Parker Brothers' Tales from the Care Bears made their appearance in Spain as the Un Cuento de Los Osos Amorosos series; the titles in this version were published by that country's division of General Mills, translated from the original English by Leopoldo Rodríguez Regueira. In 1987, Montena D. L. published two books featuring the Care Bears: Juego con los Osos Amorosos and Dónde, cómo, qué. That same year, Madrid's Mondadori published Osos Amorosos. France's division of General Mills published Danièle Laufer's translations of the Tales in 1984; the Tales from the Care Bears were published in German in 1984. These titles were published by Brazil's Fundamento, under the local franchise name Ursinhos Carinhosos; these were published in 2004 by Denmark's K. E. Media, translated by Søren Lampe. Around 1987, Israel's Modan published Hebrew versions of selected Tales from the Care Bears, marketed for this country as Sipur mi-sipure Dube'khpat li.
ʻIvri Shafrirah Zakai and Tom Ḳuḳ served as the translators. Shafrirah Zakai wrote another four books featuring the characters from Modan: Dube'khpat li ṿe-taḥarut ha-kishronot, Dubeʼkhpat li ṿeha-beʻayah ha-ḳeṭanah, Dubeʼkhpat li ṿe-tahalukhat ha-ḳarnaval and Dubeʼkhpat li ṿeha-mirdaf aḥare ha-otsar. Urodziny urwisa, an Ewa Ziółkowska translation of an earlier French work by Imelda Heuschen, was published in 1994 by Warsaw's RTV. General"Search results for Care Bears books". WorldCat. Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved August 22, 2010. "Search results for Care Bears books". Google Book Search. Google Inc. Retrieved August 22, 2010. "Search results for Care Bears books". Amazon.com Inc. Retrieved September 21, 2010. Specific
"Rogues in the House" is one of the original short stories starring the fictional sword and sorcery hero Conan the Cimmerian, written by American author Robert E. Howard and first published in Weird Tales magazine in January 1934. It's set in the pseudo-historical Hyborian Age, concerns Conan inadvertently becoming involved in the struggle between two powerful men fighting for control of a city-state, it was the seventh Conan story. It's famous for the fight scene between Conan and an ape known as the cover by artist Frank Frazetta Weird Tales magazine Terror by Night anthology Skull-Face and Others The Coming of Conan More Not at Night anthology Conan Rogues in the House The Conan Chronicles The Conan Chronicles, Volume 1: The People of the Black Circle Conan of Cimmeria: Volume One. "When did a priest keep an oath?” complained Conan, comprehending the trend of the conversation. “Let me cut his throat. They say in the Maze that his heart is black, so his blood must be black too..." The story begins in an unnamed city-state between Zamora and Corinthia during a power struggle between two powerful leaders: Murilo, an aristocrat, Nabonidus the "Red Priest", a clergyman with a strong power base.
After he is delivered a written threat by Nabonidus, Murilo learns of Conan's reputation as a mercenary and turns to him for help. Prior to the story's beginning, Conan kills a corrupt priest of Anu, both a fence and police informer. However, Conan was arrested after he became a prostitute turned him in. Languishing in a jail cell while awaiting his execution, Conan receives Murilo's visit and is proposed a bargain: in exchange for setting him free and getting him out of Corinthia with a bag of gold, Conan will assassinate Nabonidus. After accepting his offer, Conan is given wine by Murilo. However, while he's consuming a roasted duck, the jailer who should release Conan when Murilo has left is arrested on unrelated corruption charges. Soon, his replacement is flabbergasted to see a prisoner awaiting execution while chomping down on a slice of beef; as he's entering the cell to confiscate it, Conan splits the man's skull with the bone he was gnawing on and makes his escape. For a while, he considers leaving Murilo on his own, but decides to follow the original plan and keep his word.
After taking revenge on the prostitute who turned him in, Conan sneaks into Nabonidus' trap-filled mansion. However, he finds that Murilo and Nabonidus himself are being held captive by a mysterious third party who took control of Nabonidus' position while impersonating him; this turns out to be Thak, a primitive ape-like creature who Nabonidus had captured as a cub and trained as his personal bodyguard. The three observe Thak, via a series of hidden periscopes, see that the creature has learned to imitate Nabonidus well enough to activate a toxic pollen trap, which eliminates yet another party of assassins penetrating the villa. Conan and the other two men manage to regain entry into Nabonidus' mansion from the basement. Conan defeats Thak in hand-to-hand combat; the Red Priest soon betrays both Murilo. The surviving pair go their separate ways. "Rogues in the House" is written in an ironic fashion and as a Jacobean revenge story. It's revealed that Nabonidus' "usurper" is his pet, Thak, an intelligent ape-like creature who got the better of his master.
The story's title reflects the other main irony, the conflict between Murilo and Nabonidus. Each man has been using his position of influence for personal profit. After stumbling upon each other in a pit beneath Nabonidus' house, the two rivals realize that they're corrupt and, Conan may be the most morally honest of the three men because he doesn't attempt to conceal his criminal nature. In a January 1934 letter to H. P. Lovecraft, Clark Ashton Smith praised "Rogues in the House". Smith stated "Conan, as usual, put on a entertaining and imaginative show." The point where Conan clamors to be brought food while he waits to be set free evidently struck a chord in Lin Carter, the post-World War II heroic fantasy writer who cooperated with L. Sprague de Camp in bringing Lovecraftian and Howardian fiction back into publication, he included similar scenes in all instances when his Conan-inspired Lemurian hero Thongor managed to end up imprisoned. The story was adapted by Roy Thomas and Barry Smith in Marvel Comics' Conan the Barbarian #11, by Tim Truman and Cary Nord and Tomás Giorello in Dark Horse Comics' Conan #41–44.
Conan the Barbarian at AmratheLion.com Conan.com: The Official Website