Annemasse

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Annemasse
Commune
An aerial view of Annemasse
An aerial view of Annemasse
Flag of Annemasse
Flag
Coat of arms of Annemasse
Coat of arms
Annemasse is located in France
Annemasse
Annemasse
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Annemasse is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Annemasse
Annemasse
Coordinates: 46°11′45″N 6°14′11″E / 46.1958°N 6.2364°E / 46.1958; 6.2364Coordinates: 46°11′45″N 6°14′11″E / 46.1958°N 6.2364°E / 46.1958; 6.2364
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentHaute-Savoie
ArrondissementSaint-Julien-en-Genevois
CantonAnnemasse
IntercommunalityAnnemasse – Les Voirons
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Christian Dupessay
Area14.98 km2 (1.92 sq mi)
Population (2014)2[1]34,953
 • Density7,000/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code74012 /74100
Elevation399–504 m (1,309–1,654 ft)
(avg. 433 m or 1,421 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Annemasse (French pronunciation: ​[anmas]) is a commune in the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France. It is a chef-lieu de canton and part of a transborder agglomeration known as Grand Genève.

It lies on the border with Switzerland, approximately 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of Geneva. It is the second largest city in the Haute-Savoie department with a population estimated at 33,166 in 2012.[1]

Annemasse in Haute-Savoie.

Geography[edit]

Annemasse from space

Annemasse is part of the metropolitan area of Geneva, 2 km from the Swiss border, and 45 km from Annecy, the prefecture of the department. The city is surrounded by the Mont Salève (alt. 1300m) and the Arve River on the West, the Voirons (alt. 1450m) on the East and the Swiss border on the North.

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate with influences from the Alps and the Leman Lake. The coldest months are January and February, and the hottest are in July and August. There is an annual average of 80 days with below zero temperatures. The minimum average is -1 °C and the maximum average is 26 °C. Annual rain is 975,7 mm with 118 rainy days a year.

Economy[edit]

The main activity is commerce: due to the current foreign exchange situation, a lot of Swiss residents come to Annemasse to purchase food and other commodities. A large proportion of the population work in Geneva, Switzerland, where the salaries are higher than in France.

Companies[edit]

Annemasse has 1,898 company locations on its territory, a large share of it being shops and services. The three main companies operating in Annemasse are Parker Hannifin (turnover: €134 million), Siegwerk (107 M €) and the Giant Casino Annemasse (17 M €, enlarged in 2003).

Transport[edit]

Annemasse is an important crossroad. It is the last exit of the French motorway A40 before the border and is thus well connected with the other cities of the region. It is also connected to Annecy via motorway A41.

Local transport is done with 6 bus lines by the TP2A company (Transports publics de l'Agglomération d'Annemasse). A tram is under construction to the Swiss border, scheduled to be open in 2016.

Annemasse has had a railway station since 1880. It is the second most important station of the department with 2,000 passengers a day. To encourage mobility, the CEVA project will extend the existing rail connection between Annemasse and Gare de Cornavin through Genève Eaux-Vives.

Annemasse also has a small airport for small tourist and business planes.

It is also known for being a pit-stop of the great Montessuit, Mayor of Taninges. This is the grandmaster's place of choice for picking up children, thus naming the park Montessuit after him.

Administration[edit]

Christian Dupessey, 2009

The urban area of Annemasse (consisting of six cities or "communes") is the second largest agglomération in Haute-Savoie.

The city mayor 1977 - 2008 was Robert Borrel from the Socialist Party. Christian Dupessay (PS) was elected mayor in the 2008 elections following Borrel's retirement, and elected again in 2014.

Education[edit]

Kindergartens

Bois-Livron, Marianne-Cohn, Jean-Mermoz, La Fontaine, Les Hutins, Saint-Exupéry

Primary schools
  • Public schools: Bois-Livron, Marianne-Cohn, Jean-Mermoz, La Fontaine, Les Hutins, Saint-Exupéry
  • Privates schools: Chamarette, Saint-François
Secondary schools
High secondary schools
  • General education: Les Glières (Formation tertiaire BTS intégré)
  • General and technical education: Jean-Monnet
  • Professional education: Le Salève
Other schools

The Beaux Arts School

Religion[edit]

Annemasse has several religious places. There are two catholic churches: Saint-André and Saint-Joseph, one synagogue, two muslim religious organisations, and several protestant churches.

Servetus Monument[edit]

The Michael Servetus Monument in Annemasse, by Clothilde Roch.

In 1903, 350 years after the dissident Michael Servetus was executed in Geneva at the instigation of John Calvin, a committee was formed to erect a monument in Servetus' honour - led by a French Senator, Auguste Dide, an author of a book on heretics and revolutionaries. The committee commissioned a local Geneva sculptor, Clothilde Roch, to do a statue showing a suffering Servetus. The work was three years in the making and was finished in 1907. However, supporters of Calvin were still strong in Geneva, and the statue was rejected.

The committee then offered the statue to the neighboring Annemasse, which in 1908 placed it in front of the city hall, with the following inscriptions:

“The arrest of Servetus in Geneva, where he did neither publish nor dogmatize, hence he was not subject to its laws, has to be considered as a barbaric act and an insult to the Right of Nations.” Voltaire

"I beg you, shorten please these deliberations. It is clear that Calvin for his pleasure wishes to make me rot in this prison. The lice eat me alive. My clothes are torn and I have nothing for a change, nor shirt, only a worn out vest.” Servetus, 1553

In 1942, the pro-Nazi Vichy Government took down the statue, as it was a celebration of freedom of conscience, and melted it. In 1960, having found the original molds, Annemasse had it recast and returned the statue to its previous place.[2]

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (in French) National statistics : INSEE - Annemasse : Données générales
  2. ^ Goldstone, Nancy Bazelon; Goldstone, Lawrence (2003). Out of the Flames: The Remarkable Story of a Fearless Scholar, a Fatal Heresy, and One of the Rarest Books in the World. New York: Broadway. ISBN 0-7679-0837-6.pp. 313-316

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]