Annwn, Annwfn, or Annwfyn is the Otherworld in Welsh mythology. Ruled by Arawn, it was a world of delights and eternal youth where disease was absent and food was ever-abundant, it became identified with the Christian afterlife in paradise. Middle Welsh sources suggest; the appearance of a form antumnos on an ancient Gaulish curse tablet which means an tumnos, suggests that the original term may have been *ande-dubnos, a common Gallo-Brittonic word that meant "underworld". The pronunciation of Modern Welsh Annwn is. In both Welsh and Irish mythologies, the Otherworld was believed to be located either on an island or underneath the earth. In the First Branch of the Mabinogi, it is implied that Annwn is a land within Dyfed, while the context of the Arthurian poem Preiddeu Annwfn suggests an island location. Two other otherworldly feasts that occur in the Second Branch of the Mabinogi are located in Harlech in northwest Wales and on Ynys Gwales in southwest Pembrokeshire. Annwn plays a reasonably prominent role in the Four Branches of the Mabinogi, a set of four interlinked mythological tales dating from the early medieval period.
In the First Branch of the Mabinogi, entitled Pwyll, Prince of Dyfed, the eponymous prince offends Arawn, ruler of Annwn, by baiting his hunting hounds on a stag that Arawn's dogs had brought down. In recompense he exchanges places with Arawn for a year and defeats Arawn's enemy Hafgan, while Arawn rules in his stead in Dyfed. During this year, Pwyll abstains from sleeping with Arawn's wife, earning himself gratitude and eternal friendship from Arawn. On his return, Pwyll becomes known by the title Penn Annwn, "Head of Annwn." In the Fourth Branch, Arawn does not appear. The mythological epic poem Cad Goddeu describes a battle between Gwynedd and the forces of Annwn, led again by Arawn, it is revealed that Amaethon, nephew to Math, king of Gwynedd, stole a bitch, a lapwing and a roebuck from the Otherworld, leading to a war between the two peoples. The denizens of Annwn are depicted as hellish creatures. Gwydion, the Venedotian hero and magician defeats Arawn's army, first by enchanting the trees to rise up and fight and by guessing the name of the enemy hero Bran, thus winning the battle.
Preiddeu Annwfn, an early medieval poem found in the Book of Taliesin, describes a voyage led by King Arthur to the numerous otherworldy kingdoms within Annwn, either to rescue the prisoner Gweir or to retrieve the cauldron of the Head of Annwn. The narrator of the poem is intended to be Taliesin himself. One line can be interpreted as implying that he received his gift of poetry or speech from a magic cauldron, as Taliesin does in other texts, Taliesin's name is connected to a similar story in another work; the speaker relates how he journeyed with Arthur and three boatloads of men into Annwfn, but only seven returned. Annwfn is referred to by several names, including "Mound Fortress," "Four-Peaked Fortress," and "Glass Fortress", though it is possible the poet intended these to be distinct places. Within the Mound Fort's walls Gweir, one of the "Three Exalted Prisoners of Britain" known from the Welsh Triads, is imprisoned in chains; the narrator describes the cauldron of the Chief of Annwn: it is finished with pearl and will not boil a coward's food.
Whatever tragedy killed all but seven of them is not explained. The poem continues with an excoriation of "little men" and monks, who lack various forms of knowledge possessed by the poet. Over time, the role of king of Annwn was transferred to Gwyn ap Nudd, a hunter and psychopomp, who may have been the Welsh personification of winter; the Christian Vita Collen tells of Saint Collen vanquishing Gwyn and his otherworldly court from Glastonbury Tor with the use of holy water. In Culhwch and Olwen, an early Welsh Arthurian tale, it is said that God gave Gwyn ap Nudd control over the demons lest "this world be destroyed." Tradition revolves around Gwyn leading his spectral hunts, the Cŵn Annwn, on his hunt for mortal souls. The Dark, a 2005 film directed by John Fawcett and based on the novel Sheep by Simon Maginn, involves the legend, though set in contemporary times. Annwn is the name of a German pagan folk duo from North Rhine-Westphalia; the name was previously used by an unrelated Celtic Rock trio in Berkeley, from 1991 until the death of lead singer Leigh Ann Hussey on 16 May 2006.
British author Niel Bushnell's novels Sorrowline and Timesmith feature an island called Annwn in the realm of Otherworld. The Anglo-Welsh author, poet and playwright, David Jones Annwn adopted the name Annwn in 1975 in the same spirit that his great-uncle, the Welsh bard Henry Lloyd, had adopted the name Ap Hefin; the Gaulish term Antumnos and the otherworld features in Swiss folk metal band Eluveitie's 2014 release Origins, Specifically their song "King". Using the variant spelling Annwyn, it is an otherworldly location in the MMORPG Vindictus. Vindictus is loosely based on Celtic mythology, known as Mabinogi: Heroes in Asia. Annwyn, Beneath the Wa
Rose Hill known as Chance and Wheeler Point, is a historic home located at Earleville, Cecil County, United States. It is the product of four major building periods: a gambrel-roofed frame structure built at the end of the 18th or beginning of the 19th century. On the property are a smokehouse, ice house, shed; the garden includes two of the largest yew trees living in the United States. It was the home of General Thomas Marsh Forman, who served as a young man in the American Revolutionary War. Rose Hill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Rose Hill, Cecil County, including photo from 1997, Maryland Historical Trust
Andrei Mocioni de Foen was an Austrian and Hungarian jurist and informal leader of the ethnic Romanian community, one of the founding members of the Romanian Academy. Of a mixed Aromanian and Albanian background, raised as a Greek Orthodox, he belonged to the Mocioni family, elevated to Hungarian nobility, he was brought up at his family estate in the Banat, at Foeni, where he joined the administrative apparatus, identified as a Romanian since at least the 1830s. He rose to prominence during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848: he was a supporter of the House of Lorraine, trying to obtain increased autonomy for Banat Romanians in exchange for loyalism; the Austrians appointed Mocioni to an executive position over that region, but curbed his expectations by including the Banat as a whole into the Voivodeship of Serbia. This disappointment pushed Mocioni to renounce politics during much of the 1850s; the attempt by Austria to ensure a new administrative formula in the 1860s saw Mocioni's co-option into the Imperial Diet.
He organized, in 1860, the National Assembly in the Banat—an abortive project, seeking to obtain autonomy on ethnic grounds. He oscillated between ethnic federalism within a nominal Hungarian realm and full centralism in Austria's custody, while failing in his bid to promote election boycott as a political weapon, he had noted political rivalries with Romanians who sided with Hungarian radicalism, in particular Eftimie Murgu. Serving one full term in the Diet of Hungary, Mocioni turned to cooperation with the Romanians of Transylvania, helped Andrei Șaguna to reestablish an independent Transylvanian Metropolis for Romanian Orthodox Christians. Alongside his brothers Gheorghe and Anton, his lawyer Vincențiu Babeș, he founded the newspaper Albina of Vienna; the creation of Austria-Hungary and the Banat's absorption into the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen were significant blows for Mocioni's nationalist-loyalist campaign. Mocioni withdrew to Foeni and out of the public eye for the final decade of his life.
He was still a noted philanthropist and sponsor of the Romanian press, but had conflicts with Krassó County voters and the Romanian peasants on his estates, a matter which contributed to his voluntary isolation. He was survived by his wife Laura, daughter of Petar Čarnojević, by his nephew, the politician Alexandru Mocioni; the Mocionis were descended from Petru Mucină, an Aromanian priest from Aspropotamos in Thessaly or Moscopole, who declared loyalty to the Habsburg Monarchy and served in the Great Turkish War. He and one of his brothers were killed in action somewhere in the Banat. Archpriest Constantin Mocioni, or "Constantinus Motsonyi", who may have been Mucină's son, settled among the Greek Orthodox community of Pest in the 1740s. Family documents suggest that he was from Moscopole, that he died at 110 years of age, his two sons Andrei and Mihai were raised into the nobility by King-Emperor Joseph II: the former in February 1783, the latter in June 1798, after distinguished service in the War of the First Coalition.
The Mocionis were thus one of some 200 Aromanian families to receive titles, became integrated with the 12,500 Romanian noble families attested in Hungary by 1800. Andrei the elder was killed in mysterious circumstances before he could receive his diploma, but this was granted to his wife; the more senior branch established by them became known as Mocioni de Foen, or fényi Mocsonyi, in reference to its core estate of Foeni. This was by contrast with Mihai's descendants, the armalist Mocionis, who did not hold a titular estate—although they built a manor at Birchiș, they were based in Pest, where they founded the Kefala Library. Andrei the second was a grandson of the original Andrei, born to lawyer Ioan Mocioni de Foen and his wife Iuliana Panaiot. On his mother's side, Andrei had Albanian roots, he had an elder brother, born in 1808, two junior ones: Anton and Gheorghe. Other siblings included brothers Lucian and sister Ecaterina. Ioan and Iuliana together had as many as 11 other children. Andrei was the uncle and cousin of writer Alexandru Mocioni, born from a consanguine marriage between Ecaterina and her uncle Mihai Mocioni.
Andrei the younger was a native of Pest, but grew up in Foeni where, according to scholar Păun Otiman, he received "a profoundly Christian Orthodox education, inspired by Macedo-Romanian traditions and culture". The Mocionis only spoke Aromanian and Hungarian; the family encouraged intercultural contacts, with Ioan speaking as many as eleven languages. According to the Banatian Serb journalist Mihailo Polit-Desančić, the local Mocionis, including Andrei made a point of learning Serbian, "sort of carried themselves like Serbs". Seen by his contemporaries as a man of outstanding culture and upbringing, Andrei had "perfect" command of Aromanian, Hungarian, Serbian, as well as Latin and German. Like his father, he took a law degree from the Royal University of Pest, he worked in the local administration of Banat. In 1836, he was the second-ranked notary of Torontál County, being appointed first pretor in 1843. Ethnologist Elena Rodica Colta dates the Mocionis' definitive self-ident
Babette Hughes was an American playwright of one-act plays and mystery novelist. She was born in Seattle and while an English student at the University of Washington she met the American playwright Glenn Hugheswhom she married in 1924 for around 20 years. Hughes wrote comedic one-act plays and non-fiction works, she was born Helen Babette Plechner in Seattle, Washington on December 28, 1905. In 1923, while an English student at the University of Washington she met the American playwright Glenn Hughes, who had joined the university as an assistant professor of drama in 1919. Secretly married in 1924, they were together for around 20 years. After their divorce in 1944 or 1946, she relocated from Seattle to New York City and married Benn Hall, a public relations executive, her daughter Mary Anne remained in Seattle, she returned to Seattle several times to visit. Once Hall died, Hughes took over his public relations firm. Hughes wrote comedic one-act plays in the subgenre of 10-minute plays, her writing was reviewed positively, she was known for her sophisticated characters.
As well as writing her own plays, she worked with her husband to translate other monologues and plays from French into English. She wrote more than 20 plays, including: The Oakland Tribune called her play One Egg "a rather clever farce". In 1936, she was published in a collection of One-Act plays in a 2 volume collection, The One Act Theater, along with Ethel van der Veer and her husband, Glen Hughes and published by Samuel French, Inc.. Her 1937 one-act-play If the Shoe Pinches was published in the 1938 anthology The Best One-Act Plays of 1937, which features work by "the best-known playwrights". If the Shoe Pinches was performed in 1938 with blind actresses performing the six roles. Another of Hughes' earliest works was Christopher Morley, multi ex uno, a work based on the life and personality of American poet and novelist Christopher Morley, it was published as part a series of chapbooks developed by her husband at the University of Washington. Hughes presents different aspects of Morley as different characters in the book, reviewed positively in the Oakland Tribune in 1928.
She wrote two mysteries about a fictional detective from Stanford University, Murder in the Zoo in 1932 and Murder in Church in 1934. In May 1935, she wrote a fictional ending to the actual George Weyerhaeuser kidnapping in a piece for the Seattle Daily Times, in which the poet Egbert Lobe rescues the nine-year-old boy. Hughes' 1946 semi-autobiographical novel Last Night When We Were Young features a character named Julie who experiences similar things to the author. Kenneth Horan, writing for the Chicago Tribune on February 22, 1948, said in a review of the book, "There is sufficient talent in Miss Hughes' charming head to write any number of novels, but she seems to be in a hurry. She glosses over incidents with the wide broad sweep of a scythe, she rushes headlong into the great moments of reconciliation or regret or accomplishment, without waiting to explain, but her writing has a quality of entertainment and for that, all else is forgiven". The book was followed the next year by Magic Penny, about a playwright in a relationship with a much younger woman.
She wrote a non-fiction book based on her work in public relations, The right angles.
An arterial line is a thin catheter inserted into an artery. It is most used in intensive care medicine and anesthesia to monitor blood pressure directly and in real-time and to obtain samples for arterial blood gas analysis. Arterial lines are not used to administer medication, since many injectable drugs may lead to serious tissue damage and require amputation of the limb if administered into an artery rather than a vein. An arterial line is inserted into the radial artery in the wrist, but can be inserted into the brachial artery at the elbow, into the femoral artery in the groin, into the dorsalis pedis artery in the foot, or into the ulnar artery in the wrist. A golden rule is that there has to be collateral circulation to the area affected by the chosen artery, so that peripheral circulation is maintained by another artery if circulation is disturbed in the cannulated artery. Insertion is painful. Arterial lines are inserted by Physicians, Acute Care Nurse Practitioners, ICU Physician Assistants, Anesthesiologist Assistants, Nurse Anesthetists, Respiratory Therapists
Domenico Gerosolimitano Rabbi Samuel Vivas of Jerusalem, was a notable ecclesiastical censor of Hebrew books. His Sefer Hazikkuk, the Hebrew equivalent of Index Expurgatorius, played an important role in the censorship of Hebrew books in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. Gerosolimitano was born in Safed in Ottoman Palestine in about 1550, died in Italy in about 1620, he was educated at the rabbinical college in his native city, studying not only Talmud, but medicine. After having been granted the degree of doctor and the title of "Rab", he lectured on Talmudic law in Safed, his fame as a physician spread far and wide, reached the ears of the Sultan Murad III, who summoned him to Constantinople as court physician. Yerushalmi subsequently became a convert to Christianity. During the most active period of the expurgation of Hebrew books under the Inquisition in Italy Dominico's services were in great demand, his activity in this direction continued at intervals—in places, not yet identified—almost until his death.
Dominico's works included, according to his own statement, Ma'ayan Gannim, on the fundamental principles of the Christian faith. He translated into Hebrew the whole of the New Testament, most of the Apocryphal books, he was the compiler of the Sefer ha-Ziḳḳuḳ, still in manuscript, one copy of which shows revision by him as late as 1619. The record of Dominico's conversion has been dated 6 August 1593 in Venice; the seventeenth century authors Giulio Bartolocci and Johann Christoph Wolf state that Nicolaus Mursius in his Relatione della Città di Constantinopoli mentions as court physician of the Turkish sultan a Jew who became converted under the name of "Dominico Ierosolymitano". Wolf holds. Bartolocci, Giulio. Bibliotheca Rabbinae. Ii. 282, 283 Wolf, Johann Christoph. Bibliotheca Hebraea. I. 331, iii. 210 Popper, The Censorship of Hebrew Books, New York, s.v. Berliner, A. Censur Und Confiscation Hebräischer Bücher Im Kirchenstaate: Auf Grund Der Inquisitions-Akten in Der Vaticana Und Vallicellana, pp. 9 et seq. Frankfort-on-the-Main, Web access Mortara, Moritz, in Steinschneider.