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Anoka County, Minnesota

Anoka County is the fourth-most-populous county in the U. S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States census, the population was 339,534; the county seat and namesake of the county is the City of Anoka, derived from the Dakota word anokatanhan meaning "on both sides," referring to its location on the banks of the Rum River. The largest city in the county is the City of Blaine, the thirteenth-largest city in Minnesota and the seventh-largest Twin Cities suburb. Anoka County comprises the north portion of the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, the largest metropolitan area in the state and the sixteenth-largest in the United States with about 3.63 million residents. The county is bordered by the counties of Isanti on the north and Washington on the east and Ramsey on the south, Sherburne on the west, the Mississippi River on the southwest; the Rum River was the site of many early European settlements. It was a common route to the Mille Lacs Lake, the spiritual homeland of the Ojibwe people.

Father Louis Hennepin traveled the river in his first exploration of the region. The area became a center of fur trade and logging as French and French Canadian communities grew in the cities of Anoka and Centerville. Organized in 1857, the county's southern border met Minneapolis and has become a predominantly suburban area following the construction of Interstate 35W; the county is home to local Twin Cities destinations such as the Heights Theater in Columbia Heights and Northtown Mall and the National Sports Center in Blaine. Anoka County was organized by an act of the Minnesota Territorial Legislature on May 23, 1857, the year prior to Minnesota's admission to the Union, it was formed from parts of Benton County. The boundaries were the same as they are now, except for a small part of the southeastern tip along the Mississippi River and at the south known as Manomin County, it was a small portion that connected to Ramsey and occupied one-third of the congressional township. It was attached to Anoka County by constitutional amendment November 2, 1869.

It became known as Fridley in 1879. The first white men to explore what is now Anoka County were the Franciscan friar Louis Hennepin and his party. Fur traders soon began to settle in the area, now Ramsey County, they settled on the Rum River and more people were attracted to the area. A community was created, now called Anoka; the Mississippi River flows southeasterly along the county's southwestern boundary. The Rum River flows southerly through the western part of the county, discharging into the Mississippi at the county's southwestern boundary; the terrain consists of low rolling wooded hills. The terrain slopes to the east. Otherwise the terrain's highest point is along the western part of the north boundary line, at 1,083' ASL; the county has a total area of 446 square miles, of which 423 square miles is land and 23 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Anoka have ranged from a low of 5 °F in January to a high of 81 °F in July, although a record low of −50 °F was recorded in January 2019 and a record high of 103 °F was recorded in July 1988.

Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.87 inches in February to 4.45 inches in July. The 2000 United States Census listed 298,084 people, 106,428 households, 79,395 families in the county; the population density was 705 sq mi. There were 108,091 housing units at an average density of 256/sqmi; the 2010 United States Census found. At the time of the 2000 Census, the racial makeup of the county was 93.64 percent white, 1.60 percent black or African American, 0.70 percent Native American, 1.69 percent Asian, 0.02 percent Pacific Islander, 0.65 percent from other races, 1.71 percent from two or more races, 1.66 percent of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The 2000 Census found 30.2 percent were of German, 14.3 percent Norwegian, 9.0 percent Swedish, 7.3 percent Irish and 5.9 percent Polish ancestry. There were 106,428 households out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.40% were non-families.

Of all households, 19.30% were made up of individuals and 5.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.19. The county population contained 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 34.10% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 7.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $57,754, the median income for a family was $64,261. Males had a median income of $41,527 versus $30,534 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,297. About 2.90% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.90% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over. As of June 2019 District 1 - Matt Look District 2 - Julie Braastad District 3 - Robyn West District 4 (

The House by The Thames

The House by The Thames: and the people who lived there is a 2006 book by British writer Gillian Tindall. A second edition was released in 2007 by Pimlico The book is about a 450-year-old house, 49 Bankside, Bankside in the London Borough of Southwark on the banks of the River Thames, the remarkable changes witnessed and the diverse lives of those who have lived there. In The Guardian Kathryn Hughes wrote that what the book'does brilliantly is to use the narrative of Bankside in general and one house in particular to show how we tend to clothe the past in whatever psychic bits and pieces come to hand'. In The Independent Christopher Fowler praised the book, writing describing it as'This graceful discursive restores forgotten lives, unlocks a door to reveal London in its glorious breadth and entirety'

Elena V. Pitjeva

Elena Vladimirovna Pitjeva is a Russian astronomer working at the Institute of Applied Astronomy, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, she has published over 100 articles, as listed in Google Scholar and the Astrophysics Data System in the field of solar system dynamics and celestial mechanics. She began employment activity as an engineer-observer at the Astrophysical observation station of the Astronomical Observatory of Leningrad State University in Byurakan. Pitjeva worked at the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy of the USSA Academy of Science and the Institute Applied Astronomy RAS since the date of its foundation in 1988 as researcher and senior researcher. At present she is head of the Laboratory of Ephemeris Astronomy of this institute. Major research interests of Dr. Pitjeva include the construction of numerical ephemerides of the planets, the determination of the planets' and asteroids' masses, the parameters of planet rotation and planetary topography, the solar corona and oblateness and general relativity testing.

She is one of creators of the numerical Ephemerides of Planets and the Moon of IAA RAS that originated in the seventies of the past century and have been developed since that time. The version of the EPM2004 ephemeris has been adopted as the ephemeris basis of Russian Astronomical Yearbook since 2006; the updated EPM2008 ephemerides are available to outside users via ftp. The works of Pitjeva have been used by several scientists to test several models of modified gravity in the Solar System. Dr. Pitjeva has contributed to a better understanding an influence of asteroids and Trans-Neptunian Objects on the planets' motion. Dr. Pitjeva collaborated with Dr. Standish and proposed to the IAU Working Group on Numerical Standards for Fundamental Astronomy the values of the masses of the three largest asteroids, the Moon-Earth mass ratio and the astronomical unit in meters obtained while fitting the constructed DE and EPM planet ephemerides; these values have been adopted by the 27 General Assembly of International Astronomical Union as Current Best Estimates as the IAU System of Astronomical Constants.

Pitjeva is a member of the International Astronomical Union: OC of Commission 4 “Ephemerides”, Commission 52 “Relativity in Fundamental Astronomy” IAU WG NSFA.”, Pitjeva graduated from the Faculty of Mathematical and Mechanical at Leningrad State University in 1972 in the specialty of astronomy. Pitjeva gained her Ph. D. in the field of "Astrometry and Celestial Mechanics" in 1994, with the thesis “Improvement of ephemerides of the major planets and determination of some astronomical constants by radar observations", earned the Doctor of Science degree, the highest scientific degree in Russia, with the thesis "Construction of high-precision ephemerides of the major planets and determination of some astronomical constants", in 2005. Dr. Pitjeva is a pupil of Professor G. A. Krasinski and Professor V. A. Brumberg. Pitjeva, E. V.. "Influence of trans-neptunian objects on motion of major planets and limitation on the total TNO mass from planet and spacecraft". Proc. IAU Symp. No. 263/ Icy bodies of the solar system //D.

Lazzaro, D. Prialnik, R. Schulz, J. A. Fernandez, Cambridge University Press. Pp. 93–97. Pitjeva, E. V.. "EPM ephemerides and relativity". Proc. IAU Symp. No. 261 / Relativity in fundamental astronomy: dynamics, reference frame, data analysis //S. Klioner, P. K. Seidelmann, M. Soffel, Cambridge University Press. Pp. 170–178. Pitjeva, E. V.. M.. "Proposals for the masses of the three largest asteroids, the Moon-Earth mass ratio and the Astronomical Unit". Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. 103: 365. Bibcode:2009CeMDA.103..365P. Doi:10.1007/s10569-009-9203-8. Pitjeva, E. V.. "Ephemerides EPM2008: the updated model, data". Proceedings of the "Journees 2008 Systemes de reference spatio-temporels", M. Soffel and N. Capitaine, Lohrmann-Observatorium and Observatoire de Paris. Pp. 57–60. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Khriplovich, I. B.. "Upper limits on density of dark matter in Solar System". International Journal of Modern Physics D. 15: 615–618. ArXiv:astro-ph/0601422. Bibcode:2006IJMPD..15..615K.

Doi:10.1142/S0218271806008462. Pitjeva, E. V.. "High-Precision Ephemerides of Planets—EPM and Determination of Some Astronomical Constants". Solar System Research. 39: 176–186. Bibcode:2005SoSyR..39..176P. Doi:10.1007/s11208-005-0033-2. Archived from the original on 2008-10-31. Pitjeva, E. V.. "Relativistic Effects and Solar Oblateness from Radar Observations of Planets and Spacecraft". Astronomy Letters. 31: 340–349. Bibcode:2005AstL...31..340P. Doi:10.1134/1.1922533. Pitjeva, E. V.. "Estimations of masses of the largest asteroids and the main asteroid belt from ranging to planets, Mars orbiters and landers". 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly. Held 18–25 July 2004, in Paris, France. P. 2014. Bibcode:2004cosp...35.2014P. Krasinsky, G. A.. I.. "Hidden Mass in the Asteroid Belt". Icarus. 158: 98–105. Bibcode:2002Icar..158...98K. Doi:10.1006/icar.2002.6837. Pitjeva, E. V.. "Modern numerical ephemerides of planets and the importance of ranging observations for their creation". Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy.

80: 249–271. Bibcode:2001CeMDA..80..249P. Doi:10.1023/A:1012289530641. According to the NASA ADS database, the h-index of E. V. Pitjeva is 9, with a total number of citations equal to 316. Laboratory of Ephemeris Astronomy, Institute of Applied Astronomy Pitjeva E. V. website at IAU

UWA World Women's Tag Team Championship

The UWA World Women's Tag Team Championship was a professional wrestling tag team title defended in the Universal Wrestling Association from 1992 to 1995 revived in 2001. It was the primary female wrestling tag team title in the promotion and was defended in both Mexico and Japan; the belts themselves were brought back in 2001 when the previous champions Etsuko Mita and Mima Shimoda won them in tournament on the Japanese Independent circuit, but the belts have not been defended since the tournament. As it was a professional wrestling championship, the championship was not won not by actual competition, but by a scripted ending to a match determined by the bookers and match makers. On occasion the promotion declares a championship vacant, which means there is no champion at that point in time; this can either be due to a storyline, or real life issues such as a champion suffering an injury being unable to defend the championship, or leaving the company. UWA World Womens' Tag Team Title

Lake Nottely

Lake Nottely is one of many reservoirs of the Tennessee Valley Authority. It is located in Union County, Georgia in the United States and within the Chatahoochee-Oconee National Forests. Formed in 1942 by the damming of the Nottely River, Nottely Reservoir extends 20 miles upstream to the town of Blairsville. Construction of Nottely Dam began in 1941 and was completed in 1942; the dam stretches 2,300 feet across the Nottely River. Lake Nottely is 20 miles long and 102 feet wide as well as an average depth of 10.6 metres, a max depth of 98 feet at the dam, has a flood-storage capacity of 61,588 acre feet. Its primary purpose was for flood control in the Tennessee River watershed, but in the 1950s a single 15 megawatt generator was installed for power generation. 70% of the shoreline is under the jurisdiction of the United States Forest Service and undeveloped. In recent years, many new homes and properties have contributed to Lake Nottely's growing importance for recreation, its proximity to Atlanta is resulting in increased use of this reservoir.

List of dams and reservoirs of the Tennessee River


The Negrito are several diverse ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of Austronesia. Their current populations include: the Andamanese peoples of the Andaman Islands, the Semang and Batek peoples of Peninsular Malaysia, the Maniq people of Southern Thailand, as well as the Aeta and about 30 other recognized ethnic groups in the Philippines. Based on their physical similarities, Negritos were once considered a single population of related people; some studies suggests that they include several separate groups, as well as demonstrating that they are not related to the Pygmies of Africa, while more recent studies find evidence for a close genetic relation between the various Negrito groups. The pre-Neolithic Negrito populations of Southeast Asia were replaced by the expansion of Southern Mongoloid populations, beginning about 5,000 years ago, they engaged in trade with the local population that invaded their lands and were often subjugated to slave raids while paying tributes to the local Southeast Asian rulers and kingdoms.

Some Negrito pygmies from the southern forests were enslaved and exploited until modern times since 724 AD. While some have lived in isolation others have become assimilated with the general local population; the word Negrito is the Spanish diminutive of negro, used to mean "little black person". This usage was coined by 16th-century Spanish missionaries operating in the Philippines, was borrowed by other European travellers and colonialists across Austronesia to label various peoples perceived as sharing small physical stature and dark skin. Contemporary usage of an alternative Spanish epithet, Negrillos tended to bundle these peoples with the pygmy peoples of Central Africa, based on perceived similarities in stature and complexion; the appropriateness of using the label "Negrito" to bundle peoples of different ethnicities based on similarities in stature and complexion has been challenged. Many online dictionaries give the plural in English as either "Negritos" or "Negritoes", without preference.

The plural in Spanish is "Negritos". Most Negrito groups lived as hunter-gatherers, while some used agriculture. Today most Negrito tribes live assimilated to the majority population of their homeland. Discrimination and poverty are problems. Paternal haplogroups found in some Negrito populations are Haplogroup D-M174*, a branch of D-M174 among Andaman Islanders, as well as Haplogroup O-P31, common among the now Austroasiatic-speaking Negrito peoples, such as the Maniq and the Semang in Malaysia; the Onge and all the Adamanan Islanders belong to the mitochondrial Haplogroup M it is the predominant marker of other Negrito tribes and Australian aborigines, Papuans. Analysis of mtDNA, inherited by maternal descent, confirms the above results. All Onge belong to mDNA M, unique to Onge people. Most other Negritos, like the Aeta or Ati people are of great interest to genetic and historical researchers because at least 83% of them belong to haplogroup K2b, in the form of its rare primary clades K2b1* and P*.

Most Aeta males carry K-P397, otherwise uncommon in the Philippines and is associated with the indigenous peoples of Melanesia and Micronesia. Basal P * is rare outside some other groups within Maritime Southeast Asia. A 2009 study by the Anthropological Survey of India and the Texas Biomedical Research Institute identified seven genomes from 26 isolated "relic tribes" from the Indian mainland, such as the Baiga tribe, which share "two synonymous polymorphisms with the M42 haplogroup, specific to Australian Aborigines"; these were specific mtDNA mutations that are shared by Australian aborigines and these Indian tribes, no other known human groupings. Bulbeck shows the Andamanese maternal mtDNA is mitochondrial Haplogroup M, their Y-DNA belong to the D haplogroup which has not been seen outside of the Andamans, a fact that underscores the insularity of these tribes. Analysis of mtDNA, inherited by maternal descent, confirms the above results. All Onge belong to tmDNA M, unique to Onge people.

A study of human blood group systems and proteins in the 1950s suggested that the Andamanese peoples were more related to Oceanic peoples than African pygmy peoples. Genetic studies on Philippine Negritos, based on polymorphic blood enzymes and antigens, showed that they were similar to their surrounding populations. Negrito peoples may descend from the first settlers of Southeast Asia. Despite being isolated, the different peoples do share genetic similarities with their neighboring populations, they show relevant phenotypic variations which require explanation. This has been interpreted to the effect that they are remnants of the original expansion from Africa some 70,000 years ago. Studies in osteology, cranial shape and dental morphology have connected the Semang to Australoid populations, while connecting the Andamanese to Africans in craniometry and to South Asians in dental morphology, Philippine Negritos to Southeast Asians. A possible conclusion of this is that the dispersal of mitochondrial haplogroup B4a1a is connected to the distinction between Philippine and other Negritos.

However, another study suggests that the Onge are more related to Southeast Asian Negritos and Southeast Asians than they are to present-day South Asians, that the Great Andamanese "appear to have received a degree of recent admi