Enemy or foe is an individual or a group that is seen as forcefully adverse or threatening. The concept of an enemy has been observed to be basic for both individuals and communities, the term enemy serves the social function of designating a particular entity as a threat, thereby invoking an intense emotional response to that entity. The state of being or having an enemy is enmity, foehood or foeship, as for the etymology the term enemy is derived from Latin language for bad friend. Enemy is a word, and emotions associated with the enemy would include anger, frustration, jealousy, distrust. As a political concept, an enemy is likely to be met with hate, battle, the opposite of an enemy is a friend or ally. Because the term the enemy is a bit bellicose and militaristic to use in polite society, often the substituted terms become pejoratives in the context that they are used. In any case, the designation of an enemy exists solely to denote the status of a group of people as a threat. Substituted terms for an enemy often go further to identify a known group as an enemy. A government may seek to represent a person or group as a threat to the good by designating that person or group to be a public enemy.
The characterization of an individual or/and group as an enemy is called demonization, the propagation of demonization is a major aspect of propaganda. An enemy may be conceptual, used to describe phenomena such disease. In theology, the Enemy is typically reserved to represent an evil deity, devil or a demon. For example, in early Iroquois legend, the Sun and Moon, as god and goddess of Day and Night, had acquired the characters of the great friend and enemy of man. The enemy, as the object of social anger or repulsion, has throughout history been used as the prototypical propaganda tool to focus the fear and anxiety within a society toward a particular target. The target is often general, as with a group or race of people, or it can be a conceptual target. In some cases the concept of the enemy have morphed, whereas once racial, the existence or perceived existence of a collective enemy tends to increase the cohesiveness of the group. However, the identification and treatment of other entities as enemies may be irrational, irrational approaches may extend to treating impersonal phenomena not merely as conceptual enemies, but as sentient actors intentionally bringing strife to the sufferer.
The concept of the enemy is well covered in the field of peace and conflict studies, in peace studies, enemies are those entities who are perceived as frustrating or preventing achievement of a goal
Sauron /ˈsaʊrɒn/ is the title character and main antagonist of J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings. In the same work, he is identified as the necromancer, in Tolkiens The Silmarillion, he is described as the chief lieutenant of the first Dark Lord, Morgoth. The being known as Sauron originated as an immortal spirit, in his origin, Sauron therefore perceived the Creator directly. As Tolkien noted, Sauron could not, of course, be a sincere atheist, though one of the minor spirits created before the world, he knew Eru, according to his measure. In the terminology of Tolkiens invented language of Quenya, these spirits were called Ainur. Those who entered the world were called Valar, especially the most powerful ones. The lesser beings who entered the world, of whom Sauron was one, were called Maiar, in Tolkiens letters, the author noted that Sauron was of course a divine person. Tolkien noted that he was of a far higher order than the Maiar who came to Middle-earth as the Wizards Gandalf and Saruman.
As created by Eru, the Ainur were all good and uncorrupt, as Elrond stated in The Lord of the Rings, rebellion originated with the Vala Melkor. According to a story meant as a parable of events beyond Elvish comprehension, Eru let his spirit-children perform a great Music, the Music of the Ainur, developing a theme revealed by Eru himself. For a while the choir made wondrous music, but Melkor tried to increase his own glory by weaving into his song thoughts. Straightway discord arose around him, and many that sang nigh him grew despondent, but some began to attune their music to his rather than to the thought which they had at first. However, Sauron was not a beginner of discord, and he knew more of the Music than did Melkor, whose mind had always been filled with his own plans. Apparently Sauron was not even one of the spirits that immediately began to attune their music to that of Melkor, the cosmic Music now represented the conflict between good and evil. Finally, Eru abruptly brought the Song of Creation to an end, to show the spirits, faithful or otherwise, what they had done, Eru gave independent being to the now-marred Music.
This resulted in the manifestation of the material World, Eä, entering Eä at the beginning of time, the Valar and Maiar tried to build and organize the world according to the will of Eru. Each Maia was associated with one of the powerful Valar whom they served, for example, Sauron was prominent among the Maiar who served Aulë the Smith, the great craftsman of the Valar. As a result, Sauron came to possess knowledge of the physical substances of the world, forging
Alexis Colby is a fictional character on the American TV series Dynasty. She is the ex-wife of Blake Carrington whose schemes cause one problem after another for him, the role was originated by Joan Collins in the first episode of the shows second season in 1981. Collins remained on the show until the finale in 1989, and returned as Alexis for the 1991 miniseries Dynasty, Alexis schemes to destroy ex-husband Blake, undermine his marriage to Krystle, and control her children drive much of the action over the series run. Passionate yet vengeful, Alexis loves her children fiercely and will do anything to protect them, Alexis married three additional times, to Cecil Colby, Dex Dexter, and Sean Rowan. Alexis is widowed twice, first by Cecil and by fourth husband Sean and her third marriage ends in divorce after Alexis catches him in bed with her adult daughter Amanda. The name Alexis uses the most consistently over the course of the series is Alexis Colby, though her marriage to Cecil Colby was her shortest.
TV Guide named Alexis #7 in their 2013 list of The 60 Nastiest Villains of All Time, in 2015, executive producer Lee Daniels noted that Taraji P. Hensons character Cookie Lyon in his TV series Empire was partially based on Alexis. Candidates for the role of Blake Carringtons ex-wife, initially named Madeleine. Series co-creator Esther Shapiro claimed that the character of Alexis was based on the Roman empress Livia, as characterized in the 1934 novel I, Claudius. A change in the writing and the addition of Alexis were credited with lifting Dynasty in the ratings, Producer E. Duke Vincent said of Collins in 2005, Joan Collins is the queen of the archetype … How do you get that. You get it in the storytelling, but the actress herself, her personality, executive Producer Aaron Spelling added, We didnt write Joan Collins. She played Joan Collins … We wrote a character, but the character could have played by 50 people and 49 of them would have failed. Alexis annual catfights with Linda Evans Krystle became eagerly anticipated, and Alexis would have similar brawls with Dominique Deveraux, as a result, the first episode of the season had to be rewritten to explain her absence.
Collins demands were met and she returned to the series in the second episode. She announced that she would not return for a tenth season, the majority of the cast reunited for the two-part, four-hour miniseries Dynasty, The Reunion in 1991. Alexis Morell was born in either May or June of 1937 in London and she was the daughter of Steven Morell, a Royal Warrant holder as British tailor to King George VI. She has a sister, Cassandra. She was first a painter and attended the Royal Academy of Arts, in 1955, Alexis met Blake Carrington when she was 17 and, three days later, Blake proposed to Alexis
Lord Macduff, the Thane of Fife, is a character in William Shakespeares Macbeth. Macduff plays a role in the play, he suspects Macbeth of regicide. He can be seen as the hero who helps save Scotland from Macbeths tyranny in the play. The character is first known from Chronica Gentis Scotorum and Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland, Shakespeare drew mostly from Holinsheds Chronicles. Although characterized sporadically throughout the play, Macduff serves as a foil to Macbeth and these served as the basis for the account given in Holinsheds Chronicles, on whose narratives of King Duff and King Duncan Shakespeare in part based Macbeth. Macduff first appears in Holinsheds narrative of King Duncan after Macbeth has killed the monarch, when Macbeth calls upon his nobles to contribute to the construction of Dunsinane castle, Macduff avoids the summons, arousing Macbeths suspicions. Macduff leaves Scotland for England to prod Duncans son, Malcolm III of Scotland, Malcolm and the English forces march on Macbeth, and Macduff kills him.
Shakespeare follows Holinsheds account of Macduff closely, with his only deviations being Macduffs discovery of Duncans body in 2.3, the Clan MacDuff was the most powerful family in Fife in the medieval ages. The ruins of Macduffs Castle lie in East Wemyss cemetery, Macduff first speaks in the play in act 2, scene 3 to the drunken porter to report to his duty of awaking King Duncan when he is sleeping for the night at Macbeths castle. When he discovers the corpse of King Duncan, he raises an alarm, Macduff begins to suspect Macbeth of regicide when Macbeth says, O, yet I do repent me of my fury / That I did kill them. Interestingly, Macduff’s name does not appear in this scene, rather, in 2.4 Macbeth has left for Scone, the ancient royal city where Scottish kings were crowned. Macduff, meets with Ross and an Old Man and he reveals that he will not be attending the coronation of Macbeth and will instead return to his home in Fife. However, Macduff flees to England to join Malcolm, the slain King Duncan’s elder son, meanwhile, visits the Three Witches again after the spectre of Banquo appears at the royal banquet.
The Witches warn Macbeth to beware Macduff, beware the Thane of Fife, they inform him that, The power of man, for none of woman born / Shall harm Macbeth. Macduff, who is still in England, learns of his family’s deaths through Ross and he joins Malcolm, and they return to Scotland with their English allies to face Macbeth at Dunsinane Castle. After Macbeth slays the young Siward, Macduff charges into the main castle, although Macbeth believes that he cannot be killed by any man born of a woman, he soon learns that Macduff was from his mother’s womb / Untimely ripped. The two fight, and Macduff slays Macbeth offstage, Macduff ultimately presents Macbeth’s head to Malcolm, hailing him as king and calling on the other thanes to declare their allegiance with him. As a supporting character, Macduff serves as a foil to Macbeth, the play positions the characters of Macduff and Macbeth as holy versus evil The contrast between Macduff and Macbeth is accentuated by their approaches to death
Mercutio is a fictional character in William Shakespeares 1597 tragedy and Juliet. He is a friend to Romeo and a blood relative to Prince Escalus. As such, being neither a Montague nor a Capulet, Mercutio is one of the few in Verona with the ability to mingle around those of both houses. Romeo steals away Juliet, Capulets daughter, with whom he has fallen in love, and he falls out of love with Rosaline. When Mercutio sees Romeo the next day, he is glad to see that his friend is his old self again, after Romeo receives a death threat from Juliets cousin Tybalt, Mercutio expects Romeo to engage Tybalt in a duel. However, Romeo refuses to fight Tybalt, because Romeo now considers Tybalt to be kin due to his marriage to Juliet. Mercutio is incensed at his friends calm, vile submission, not wanting his friend or his relative to get hurt, inadvertently allowing Tybalt to stab and mortally wound Mercutio. Before he dies, Mercutio curses both the Montagues and Capulets, crying several times, A plague o both your houses and he makes one final pun before he dies, Ask for me to-morrow, and you shall find me a grave man.
A grief-stricken and enraged Romeo kills Tybalt, resulting in his banishment from Verona, the name Mercutio was present in Shakespeares sources for Romeo and Juliet, though his character was not well developed and he was presented as a romantic rival for Juliet. The name is first used in Luigi Da Portos 1530 Giulietta e Romeo, earlier versions of the story described a different chain of events leading to Tybalts death, omitting Mercutio completely. Arthur Brookes The Tragical History of Romeus and Juliet and William Painters 1567 versions of the both left the entire episode solely to Romeo and Tybalt. In both stories, Tybalt attacks the pacifist Romeo with such force that Romeo is forced to take up the sword to defend himself and he is banished rather than executed because the killing was provoked. In 1672, English poet John Dryden wrote, Shakespeare showd the best of his skill in his Mercutio, and he said himself, Mercutio hurls insults and taunts at Tybalt, and draws the sword first, in reaction to Tybalts insults, which are directed to Romeo.
Mercutios death in Act III, scene I is the point of the play. Mercutios death is sudden and makes death a reality for several characters. A number of actors have played the role of Mercutio. Stage In 1935, Laurence Olivier and John Gielgud alternated the roles of Romeo, in 1945, Ralph Richardson made his Broadway debut as Mercutio opposite the Romeo of Maurice Evans and the Juliet of Katharine Cornell. In 1947, Paul Scofield played Mercutio in a directed by Peter Brook
Dallas (1978 TV series)
Dallas is an American prime time television soap opera that aired on CBS from April 2,1978, to May 3,1991. The series revolves around a wealthy and feuding Texan family, the Ewings, who own the independent oil company Ewing Oil, the series originally focused on the marriage of Bobby Ewing and Pamela Barnes, whose families were sworn enemies with each other. As the series progressed, oil tycoon J. R. Ewing grew to be the main character, whose schemes. When the show ended in May 1991, J. R. was the character to have appeared in every episode. The show was famous for its cliffhangers, including the Who shot J. R. mystery, the 1980 episode Who Done It remains the second highest rated prime-time telecast ever. The show featured a Dream Season, in which the entirety of the season was revealed to have been a dream of Pam Ewing. After 14 seasons, the series finale Conundrum aired in 1991, the show had a relatively ensemble cast. The series won four Emmy Awards, including a 1980 Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series win for Bel Geddes.
With its 357 episodes, Dallas remains one of the longest lasting full-hour primetime dramas in American TV history, behind Law & Order, Special Victims Unit, Law & Order, in 2007 Dallas was included in TIME magazines list of 100 Best TV Shows of All-TIME. Dallas spawned the spin-off series Knots Landing in 1979 which lasted 14 seasons, in 2010, TNT announced it had ordered a new, updated continuation of Dallas. The revival series, continuing the story of the Ewing family, premiered on TNT on June 13,2012, Dallas debuted on April 2,1978, as a five-part miniseries on the CBS network. The first five episodes, originally considered a miniseries, are now referred to as season one—making fourteen seasons in total, the show is known for its portrayal of wealth, sex and power struggles. Ellies family were—in contrast to Jock—ranchers, with love for the land. Following the marriage of Ellie and Jock, the Southworth family ranch, became the Ewings home, where Jock and Miss Ellie raised three sons, J. R.
Gary and Bobby. Middle son Gary was Ellies favorite as he displayed Southworth traits, while still young, Gary had married waitress Valene Clements, who produced the first heir, the petite and saucy Lucy. Years prior to the beginning, J. R. had driven Gary and Valene off Southfork. During the first episodes of the series, the teenaged Lucy is seen sleeping with ranch foreman Ray Krebbs. Later, in four, Ray would be revealed as Lucys uncle
In fiction, a foil is a character who contrasts with another character —usually the protagonist— in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character. In some cases, a subplot can be used as a foil to the main plot and this is especially true in the case of metafiction and the story within a story motif. The word foil comes from the old practice of backing gems with foil in order to make them shine more brightly, a foil usually either differs dramatically or is extremely similar but with a key difference setting them apart. The concept of a foil is widely applied to any comparison that is made to contrast a difference between two things. In Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, the two characters, Dr. Frankenstein and his creature are both together literary foils, functioning to compare one to the other. In Jane Austens Pride and Prejudice, Marys absorption in her studies places her as a foil to her sister Lydia Bennets lively, similarly, in Shakespeares play Julius Caesar, the character Brutus has foils in the two characters Cassius and Mark Antony
The Lord of the Rings
The Lord of the Rings is an epic high-fantasy novel written by English author J. R. R. Tolkien. The story began as a sequel to Tolkiens 1937 fantasy novel The Hobbit, written in stages between 1937 and 1949, The Lord of the Rings is one of the best-selling novels ever written, with over 150 million copies sold. The work was intended by Tolkien to be one volume of a two-volume set, the other to be The Silmarillion. For economic reasons The Lord of the Rings was published in three volumes over the course of a year from 29 July 1954 to 20 October 1955, the three volumes were titled The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, and The Return of the King. Structurally, the novel is divided internally into six books, two per volume, with appendices of background material included at the end of the third volume. Some editions combine the work into a single volume. The Lord of the Rings has since been reprinted numerous times, Tolkiens work has been the subject of extensive analysis of its themes and origins.
Although a major work in itself, the story was only the last movement of a larger epic Tolkien had worked on since 1917 and these inspirations and themes have often been denied by Tolkien himself. The Lord of the Rings has inspired, and continues to inspire, music and television, video games, award-winning adaptations of The Lord of the Rings have been made for radio and film. In 2003, it was named Britains best-loved novel of all time in the BBCs The Big Read, Sauron was defeated by an alliance of Elves and Men led by Gil-galad and Elendil, respectively. Isildur, son of Elendil, cut the One Ring from Saurons finger, Isildur claimed the Ring as an heirloom for his line, but when he was ambushed and killed by the Orcs, the Ring was lost in the River Anduin at Gladden Fields. Over two thousand years later, the Ring was found by one of the river-folk called Déagol and his friend Sméagol fell under the Rings influence and strangled Déagol to acquire it. Sméagol was banished and hid under the Misty Mountains, the Ring gave him long life and changed him over hundreds of years into a twisted, corrupted creature called Gollum.
Gollum lost the Ring, his precious, and as told in The Hobbit, Sauron assumed a new form and took back his old realm of Mordor. When Gollum set out in search of the Ring, he was captured and tortured by Sauron, Sauron learned from Gollum that Baggins of the Shire had taken the Ring. Sauron, who needed the Ring to regain his power, sent forth his powerful servants. The story begins in the Shire, where the hobbit Frodo Baggins inherits the Ring from Bilbo Baggins, his cousin, neither hobbit is aware of the Rings nature, but Gandalf the Grey, a wizard and an old friend of Bilbo, suspects it to be Saurons Ring. After Gandalf confirms his suspicions, he tells Frodo the history of the Ring, Frodo leaves the Shire, in the company of his gardener and friend, Samwise Gamgee, and two cousins, Meriadoc Brandybuck, called Merry, and Peregrin Took, called Pippin
The climax or turning point of a narrative work is its point of highest tension and drama, or it is the time when the action starts during which the solution is given. The climax of a story is a literary element. e. to construct a dramatization, in the play Hippolytus, by the famous Greek playwright, the climax arrives when Phaedra hears Hippolytus react badly because of her love for him. That is the moment that Aphrodites curse is fulfilled. An anticlimax is a situation in a plot in which something which would appear to be difficult to solve is solved through something trivial. Another example could involve the protagonist faced with insurmountable odds and ultimately being killed without accomplishing his goal, dramatic structure Literary element Climax as a rhetorical device
A protagonist is the main character in any story, such as a literary work or drama. The protagonist is at the center of the story, typically makes the key decisions, the protagonist usually affects the main characters circumstances as well, as they are often the primary actor propelling the story forward. If a story contains a subplot, or is a made up of several stories. The word protagonist is used notably in stories and forms of literature and culture that contain stories, in those forms the protagonist may simply be the leading actor, or the principal character in the story. The antagonist will provide obstacles and complications and create conflict that test the protagonist, thus revealing the strengths, the earliest known examples of protagonist are dated back to Ancient Greece. At first dramatic performances involved merely dancing and recitation by the chorus, but in Poetics, Aristotle describes how a poet named Thespis introduced the idea of having one actor step out and engage in a dialogue with the chorus.
This was the invention of tragedy, which occurred about 536 B. C, the poet Aeschylus, in his plays, introduced a second actor, inventing the idea of dialogue between two characters. Sophocles wrote plays that required a third actor, euripides play Hippolytus may be considered to have two protagonists. The protagonist of the first half is Phaedra, who dies partway through the play and her stepson, the titular Hippolytus, assumes the dominant role in the second half of the play. In Ibsen’s play The Master Builder, the protagonist is the architect Halvard Solness, the young woman, Hilda Wangel, whose actions lead to the death of Solness, is the antagonist. In Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet, Romeo is the protagonist and he is actively in pursuit of his relationship with Juliet, and the audience is invested in that story. The character of Tybalt opposes Romeo’s desires, he is the antagonist, in Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, Prince Hamlet, who seeks revenge for the murder of his father, is the protagonist.
The antagonist would be the character who most opposes Hamlet, Claudius, in the novel The Catcher in the Rye, the character Holden Caulfield is the protagonist. He is the character, and the reader is invested in his story. Sometimes, a work will have a false protagonist, who may seem to be the protagonist, the character Marion in Alfred Hitchcocks film Psycho is an example. A novel that contains a number of narratives may have a number of protagonists, alexander Solzhenitsyns The First Circle, for example, depicts a variety of characters imprisoned and living in a gulag camp. Leo Tolstoys War and Peace, depicts fifteen major characters involved in or affected by a war
Star Wars is an American epic space opera franchise, centered on a film series created by George Lucas. It depicts the adventures of characters a long time ago in a galaxy far, far away. The franchise began in 1977 with the release of the film Star Wars and it was followed by the successful sequels The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, these three films constitute the original Star Wars trilogy. A prequel trilogy was released between 1999 and 2005, which received mixed-to-negative reactions, a sequel trilogy began in 2015 with the release of Star Wars, The Force Awakens. All seven films were nominated for Academy Awards and have been successes, with a combined box office revenue of over $7.5 billion. Spin-off films include Star Wars, The Clone Wars and Rogue One, Star Wars holds a Guinness World Records title for the Most successful film merchandising franchise. In 2015, the value of the Star Wars franchise was estimated at USD $42 billion. In 2012, The Walt Disney Company acquired Lucasfilm for $4.06 billion and earned the rights to all subsequent Star Wars films.
Walt Disney Studios owns digital distribution rights to all the Star Wars films, the events depicted in the Star Wars franchise take place in an unnamed fictional galaxy at an undetermined point in the distant past. Many species of creatures are depicted. Robotic droids are commonplace and are built to serve their owners. Space travel is common, and many planets in the galaxy are members of a single galactic government. In the prequel trilogy, this is depicted in the form of the Galactic Republic, at the end of the trilogy and throughout the original trilogy. Preceding and during the trilogy, this government is the New Republic. One of the prominent elements of Star Wars is the Force and it is described in the first produced film as an energy field created by all living things surrounds us, penetrates us, binds the galaxy together. While the Force can be used for good, known as the side, it has a dark side that, when pursued, imbues users with hatred, aggression. The sequel trilogy introduces the Knights of Ren, an order of practitioners of the side of the Force aligned with the First Order.
The first film in the series, Star Wars, was released on May 25,1977 and this was followed by two sequels, The Empire Strikes Back, released on May 21,1980, and Return of the Jedi, released on May 25,1983