Charles Cameron Woodson is a former American football player. He played college football for Michigan, where he led the Wolverines to a share of the national championship in 1997. Woodson, a "two-way player" who played both offense and defense, won the Heisman Trophy in the same year. To date, he is the only defensive player to win the Heisman, he is the most recent player to win the Heisman, not either a running back or quarterback. Woodson went on to accomplish a storied career professionally with one of the most decorated professional football resumes of all time, considered by many of his peers to be one of the greatest defensive players to have played. Woodson was drafted by the Oakland Raiders fourth overall in the 1998 NFL Draft. In his first season with Oakland, Woodson was selected as the NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year by the Associated Press, he was earned All-Pro recognition three consecutive times. In a 2002 AFC playoff match against the New England Patriots, Woodson seemed to have clinched the game by forcing a fumble by sacking quarterback Tom Brady, but the ruling was overturned.
Woodson battled several nagging injuries in consecutive seasons in Oakland, leading to his departure after the 2005 NFL season via free agency. On April 26, 2006, Woodson signed a seven-year, $52 million contract with the Green Bay Packers, he would win Super Bowl XLV with the team over the Pittsburgh Steelers. In his first season in Green Bay, Woodson was the team's punt returner and led the National Football Conference with eight interceptions, surpassing his previous career high of five, in his rookie year. In his second season in Green Bay, the injury problems returned and Woodson was forced to sit out two games, he was the AP NFL Defensive Player of the Year for the 2009 NFL season. He returned to the Raiders in 2013, playing three more seasons and once more being voted to the Pro Bowl. Woodson is one of the few players in NFL history to play in a Pro Bowl in three different decades, he is tied for fifth on the all time interceptions list with 65, is tied with Rod Woodson and Darren Sharper for most career defensive touchdowns with 13.
He is second all time in interceptions returned for touchdowns, with 11. After he retired in 2015, he signed with ESPN in 2016. Woodson was born in Ohio; as a senior at Ross High School, Woodson was named Ohio's "Mr. Football." He finished his high school football career with the school's records for rushing yards and scoring. In his senior season, he was a USA Today All-America selection and Parade High School All-American and recorded 2,028 yards and 230 points. All colleges recruited Woodson as a running back. In addition to playing football, Woodson played basketball and competed in track & field. Woodson attended the University of Michigan, where he played for coach Lloyd Carr's Michigan Wolverines football team from 1995 to 1997, he played in 34 straight games. In addition to playing cornerback, he returned punts and played as a wide receiver. In 1995, Woodson was selected as the Big Ten Freshman of the Year, he was named to the All-Big Ten First Team by conference coaches, second-team All-Big Ten by the media.
He led the team with eight takeaways. In 1996, Woodson set a Wolverine record for pass breakups with 15. For his efforts, he was named the Chevrolet Defensive Player of the Year and an AP First Team All-American, he was a finalist for the Jim Thorpe Award and named to All-Big Ten First Team by conference coaches and the media. In his junior season in 1997, Woodson became the third Michigan player to win the Heisman Trophy, joining Tom Harmon and Desmond Howard. Woodson received 282 more voting points than runner-up Peyton Manning of Tennessee, he was the first and is still the only defensive player to win the prestigious award. Woodson is the last player to win the Heisman Trophy, not a running back or quarterback. Woodson led the Michigan Wolverines to an undefeated season and a share of the national championship in the same year, he won the Bronko Nagurski Trophy as the best defensive college player. He was named to the All-Big Ten First-Team for the third year and was recognized as a consensus first-team All-American.
It was his second year winning the Chevrolet Defensive Player of the Year award and Big Ten Defensive Player of the Year. Woodson won an award which he was nominated for the previous year. Throughout college, Woodson was known for big plays in big moments of a game; as a freshman, he had two interceptions in a victory against the #2-ranked Ohio State Buckeyes. During his Heisman-winning junior year, he made an acrobatic one-handed sideline interception against the Michigan State Spartans. Woodson had two interceptions in the game. In a game against Ohio State, he returned a punt for a touchdown, made an interception in the end-zone, had a 37-yard reception that led to Michigan's only offensive touchdown of the game. Woodson stated that he tried to do Howard’s famous “pose” after scoring the touchdown, but failed after his teammates mobbed him in the end zone; the win over the buckeyes lifted Michigan to the Rose Bowl. Michigan played the Washington State Cougars in the Rose Bowl. Woodson recorded another end-zone interception in the game, helping Michigan defeat the Cougars and win a share of the 1997 national championship.
Woodson finished his college career with 30 passes defended. On December 12, 2014, the Big Ten Network included Woodson on
A touchdown is a scoring play in both American and Canadian football. Whether running, returning a kickoff or punt, or recovering a turnover, a team scores a touchdown by advancing the ball into the opponent's end zone. To score a touchdown, one team must take the football into the opposite end zone. In all gridiron codes, the touchdown is scored the instant the ball touches or "breaks" the plane of the goal line while in possession of a player whose team is trying to score in that end zone; this particular requirement of the touchdown is the exact opposite of the prerequisite to score most sports in which points are scored by moving a ball or equivalent object into a goal where the whole of the relevant object must cross the whole of the goal line for a score to be awarded. The play is dead and the touchdown scores the moment the ball touches plane in possession of a player, or the moment the ball comes into possession of an offensive player in the end zone; the slightest part of the ball touching or being directly over the goal line is sufficient for a touchdown to score.
However, only the ball counts, not a player's foot, or any other part of the body. Touching one of the pylons at either end of the goal line with the ball constitutes "breaking the plane" as well. Touchdowns are scored by the offense by running or passing the ball; the former is called a rushing touchdown, in the latter, the quarterback throws a touchdown pass or passing touchdown to the receiver, who makes a touchdown reception. However, the defense can score a touchdown if they have recovered a fumble or made an interception and return it to the opposing end zone. Special teams can score a touchdown on a kickoff or punt return, or on a return after a missed or blocked field goal attempt or blocked punt. In short, any play in which a player carries the ball across the goal line scores a touchdown, the manner in which he gained possession is inconsequential. In the NFL, a touchdown may be awarded by the referee as a penalty for a "palpably unfair act," such as a player coming off the bench during a play and tackling the runner, who would otherwise have scored.
A touchdown is worth six points. The scoring team is awarded the opportunity for an extra point or a two-point conversion. Afterwards, the team that scored the touchdown kicks off to the opposing team, if there is any time left. Unlike a try scored in rugby, contrary to the event's name, the ball does not need to touch the ground when the player and the ball are inside the end zone; the term touchdown is a holdover from gridiron's early days when the ball was required to be touched to the ground as in rugby, as rugby and gridiron were still similar sports at this point. This rule was changed to the modern-day iteration in 1889; when the first uniform rules for American football were enacted by the newly formed Intercollegiate Football Association following the 1876 Rugby season, a touchdown counted for 1⁄4 of a kicked goal and allowed the offense the chance to kick for goal by placekick or dropkick from a spot along a line perpendicular to the goal line and passing through the point where the ball was touched down, or through a process known as a "punt-out", where the attacking team would kick the ball from the point where it was touched down to a teammate.
If the teammate could fair catch the ball, he could follow with a try for goal from the spot of the catch, or resume play as normal. The governing rule at the time read: "A match shall be decided by a majority of touchdowns. A goal shall be equal to four touchdowns. In 1881, the rules were modified so that a goal kicked from a touchdown took precedence over a goal kicked from the field in breaking ties. In 1882, four touchdowns were determined to take precedence over a goal kicked from the field. Two safeties were equivalent to a touchdown. In 1883, points were introduced to football, a touchdown counted as four points. A goal after a touchdown counted as four points. In 1889, the provision requiring the ball to be touched to the ground was removed. A touchdown was now scored by possessing the ball beyond the goal line. In 1897, the touchdown scored five points, the goal after touchdown added another point. In 1900, the definition of touchdown was changed to include situations where the ball becomes dead on or above the goal line.
In 1912, the value of a touchdown was increased to six points. The end zone was added. Before the addition of the end zone, forward passes caught beyond the goal line resulted in a loss of possession and a touchback; the increase from five points to six did not come until much in Canada, the touchdown remained only five points there until 1956. In addition, the score continued to be called a try in Canada until the second half of the twentieth century; the ability to score a touchdown on the point-after attempt was added to NCAA football in 1958, high school football in 1969, the CFL in 1975 and the NFL in 1994. The short-lived World Football League, a professional American football league that operated in 1974 and 1975, gave touchdowns a 7-point value. American football scoring Conversion Touchdown celebration Touchdown Jesus Touchdown pass Conversion
The Minnesota Vikings are a professional American football team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Vikings joined the National Football League as an expansion team in 1960, first took the field for the 1961 season; the team competes in the National Football Conference North division. During the 1960s, the Vikings' record was typical for an expansion franchise, but improved over the course of the decade, resulting in a Central Division title in 1968. In 1969, their dominant defense led to the Vikings' league championship, the last NFL championship prior to the merger of the NFL with the AFL; the team plays its home games at U. S. Bank Stadium in the Downtown East section of Minneapolis. Professional football in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul area began with the Minneapolis Marines/Red Jackets, an NFL team that played intermittently in the 1920s and 1930s. However, a new professional team in the area did not surface again until August 1959, when Minneapolis businessmen Bill Boyer, H. P. Skoglund, Max Winter were awarded a franchise in the new American Football League.
Five months in January 1960, after significant pressure from the NFL, the ownership group, along with Bernard H. Ridder Jr. reneged on its agreement with the AFL and was awarded the National Football League's 14th franchise, with play to begin in 1961. Ole Haugsrud was added to the NFL team ownership because, in the 1920s, when he sold his Duluth Eskimos team back to the league, the agreement allowed him 10 percent of any future Minnesota team. Coincidentally or not, the teams from Ole Haugsrud's high school, Central High School in Superior, were called the Vikings and had a similar purple-and-yellow uniform design and color scheme. From the team's first season in 1961 to 1981, the team called Metropolitan Stadium in suburban Bloomington home; the Vikings conducted summer training camp at Bemidji State University from 1961 to 1965. In 1966, the team moved to their training camp to Minnesota State University in Mankato; the training camp at Minnesota State was one of the longest continuously running training camp events in the NFL and is remembered as part of the golden era history of the team.
The Vikings played their home games at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis from 1982 to 2013; the Vikings played their last game at the Metrodome on December 29, 2013, defeating the Detroit Lions 14–13 to end the season. Since the team's first season in 1961, the Vikings have had one of the highest winning percentages in the NFL; as of 2017, they have won at least three games in every season except in 1962, are one of only six NFL teams to win at least 15 games in a regular season. The Vikings have won one NFL Championship, in 1969, before the league's merger with the American Football League. Since the league merger in 1970, they have qualified for the playoffs 27 times, third-most in the league; the team has played in Super Bowls IV, VIII, IX, XI, though failing to win any of them. In addition, they have lost in their last six NFC Championship Game appearances since 1978; the team has 14 members in the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The team was named the Minnesota Vikings on September 27, 1960.
From the start, the Vikings embraced an energetic marketing program that produced first-year season ticket sales of nearly 26,000 and an average home attendance of 34,586, about 85 percent of Metropolitan Stadium's capacity of 40,800. The capacity of Met Stadium was increased to 47,900. Bert Rose, former public relations director for the Los Angeles Rams, was appointed the team's first general manager; the search for the first head coach saw the team court then-Northwestern University head coach Ara Parseghian, according to Minneapolis Star writer Jim Klobuchar—the Vikings' first beat reporter for that newspaper—visited team management in the Twin Cities under the condition that his visit was to be kept secret from his current employer. His cover was blown by local columnist Sid Hartman, who reported the visit and forced Parseghian to issue denials. Philadelphia Eagles assistant Nick Skorich and a man with Minnesota ties, working in the CFL, Bud Grant, were candidates until a different Eagle, quarterback Norm Van Brocklin, was hired on January 18, 1961.
Van Brocklin had just finished his career as a player on a high note, having defeated the Green Bay Packers in the 1960 NFL Championship Game. As a new franchise, the Vikings had the first overall selection in the 1961 NFL Draft, they picked running back Tommy Mason of Tulane, they took a young quarterback from the University of Georgia named Fran Tarkenton in the third round. Notable veterans acquired in the offseason were Hugh McElhenny; the Vikings won their first regular season game, defeating the Chicago Bears 37–13 on Opening Day 1961. Reality set in -- 11 record; the losing continued throughout much of the 1960s as the Vikings had a combined record of 32 wins, 59 losses, 7 ties in their first seven seasons with only one winning season. On March 7, 1967, quarterback Fran Tarkenton was traded to the New York Giants for a first-round and second-round draft choice in 1967, a first-round choice in 1968 and a second-round choice in 1969. With the picks, Minnesota selected Clinton Jones and Bob Grim in 1967, Ron Yary in 1968 and Ed White in 1969.
On March 10, 1967 the Vikings hired new head coach Bud Grant to replace Van Brocklin, who had resigned on February 11, 1967. Grant came to the Vikings from the Canadian Football League as head coach for the
National Collegiate Athletic Association
The National Collegiate Athletic Association is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports; the organization is headquartered in Indiana. In its 2016–17 fiscal year the NCAA took in $1.06 billion in revenue, over 82% of, generated by the Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. In August 1973, the current three-division system of Division I, Division II, Division III was adopted by the NCAA membership in a special convention. Under NCAA rules, Division I and Division II schools can offer scholarships to athletes for playing a sport. Division III schools may not offer any athletic scholarships. Larger schools compete in Division I and smaller schools in II and III. Division I football was further divided into I-A and I-AA in 1978. Subsequently, the term "Division I-AAA" was added to delineate Division I schools which do not field a football program at all, but that term is no longer used by the NCAA.
In 2006, Divisions I-A and I-AA were renamed the Football Bowl Subdivision and Football Championship Subdivision. Controversially, the NCAA caps the benefits that collegiate athletes can receive from their schools. There is a consensus among economists that these caps for men's basketball and football players benefit the athletes' schools at the expense of athletes. Intercollegiate sports began in the US in 1852 when crews from Harvard and Yale universities met in a challenge race in the sport of rowing; as rowing remained the preeminent sport in the country into the late-1800s, many of the initial debates about collegiate athletic eligibility and purpose were settled through organizations like the Rowing Association of American Colleges and the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. As other sports emerged, notably football and basketball, many of these same concepts and standards were adopted. Football, in particular, began to emerge as a marquee sport, but the rules of the game itself were in constant flux and had to be adapted for each contest.
The NCAA dates its formation to two White House conferences convened by President Theodore Roosevelt in the early 20th century in response to repeated injuries and deaths in college football which had "prompted many college and universities to discontinue the sport." Following those White House meetings and the reforms which had resulted, Chancellor Henry MacCracken of New York University organized a meeting of 13 colleges and universities to initiate changes in football playing rules. The IAAUS was established on March 31, 1906, took its present name, the NCAA, in 1910. For several years, the NCAA was a discussion group and rules-making body, but in 1921, the first NCAA national championship was conducted: the National Collegiate Track and Field Championships. More rules committees were formed and more championships were created, including a basketball championship in 1939. A series of crises brought the NCAA to a crossroads after World War II; the "Sanity Code" – adopted to establish guidelines for recruiting and financial aid – failed to curb abuses.
Postseason football games were multiplying with little control, member schools were concerned about how the new medium of television would affect football attendance. The complexity of those problems and the growth in membership and championships demonstrated the need for full-time professional leadership. Walter Byers a part-time executive assistant, was named executive director in 1951, a national headquarters was established in Kansas City, Missouri in 1952. Byers wasted no time placing his stamp on the Association. A program to control live television of football games was approved, the annual Convention delegated enforcement powers to the Association's Council, legislation was adopted governing postseason bowl games; as college athletics grew, the scope of the nation's athletics programs diverged, forcing the NCAA to create a structure that recognized varying levels of emphasis. In 1973, the Association's membership was divided into three legislative and competitive divisions – I, II, III.
Five years in 1978, Division I members voted to create subdivisions I-A and I-AA in football. Until the 1980s, the association did not offer women's athletics. Instead, the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, with nearly 1000 member schools, governed women's collegiate sports in the United States; the AIAW was in a vulnerable position. Following a one-year overlap in which both organizations staged women's championships, the AIAW discontinued operation, most member schools continued their women's athletics programs under the governance of the NCAA. By 1982 all divisions of the NCAA offered national championship events for women's athletics. A year in 1983, the 75th Convention approved an expansion to plan women's athletic program services and pushed for a women's championship program. By the 1980s, televised college football had become a larger source of income for the NCAA. In September 1981, the Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia Athletic Association filed suit against the NCAA in district court in Oklahoma.
The plaintiffs stated that the NCAA's football tel
Big Ten Network
The Big Ten Network is an American sports network based in Chicago, Illinois. The channel is dedicated to coverage of collegiate sports sanctioned by the Big Ten Conference, including live and recorded event telecasts, analysis programs, other content focusing on the conference's member schools, it is a joint venture between Fox Sports and the Big Ten, with Fox Corporation as 51% stakeholder and operating partner, the Big Ten Conference owning a 49% stake. It is headquartered in the former Montgomery Co.. Catalog House building at 600 West Chicago Avenue in Chicago. Big Ten Network is carried by most major television providers and as of 2014, had an estimated 60 million U. S. subscribers—a number had been boosted by the addition of Rutgers University and the University of Maryland to the conference. Big Ten Network was the second U. S. sports network to be devoted to a single college sports conference, having been preceded by the MountainWest Sports Network one year prior to its launch. BTN was followed by Pac-12 and SEC cable channels with a similar array of programming.
The network's foundation traces back to 2004, following negotiations between the Big Ten and ESPN on an extension of the conference's broadcast contract with the network. With three years remaining in the existing deal, the conference sought a significant increase in rights fees. ESPN, balked, causing Big Ten commissioner Jim Delany to begin exploring the creation of his own network; the launch of the Big Ten Network was announced on June 21, 2006, as a 20-year joint project between the Big Ten Conference and Fox Entertainment Group. At launch, the conference owned 51% of the network, while Fox owned a minority interest and handled its operations; the network was positioned to be the first cable channel dedicated to a single collegiate conference. The network has a commitment to "event equality", stating it would produce and distribute an equal number of men's and women's events across all platforms, within three years of its launch; the deal was meant to replace the Big Ten's television contract with ESPN's ESPN Plus regional television package.
ESPN Plus games were only seen on one broadcast television station in a team's local market. Big Ten Network was launched at 8:00 p.m. Eastern Time on August 30, 2007, with Big Ten Tonight as its inaugural program; the network aired its first live telecasts two days on September 1, which included a football game between Appalachian State and Michigan – the game gained national attention for its upset victory. On September 2, the network aired its first women's sports event and its first men's non-revenue sports event; the new network suffered from limited carriage on its launch, as it was only carried by two major television providers. By the following year, the network had reached its goal to attain carriage on the "extended basic" tiers of cable providers in all Big Ten markets. While no specifics were revealed, Fox increased its stake in the Big Ten Network to 51% in June 2010, acquiring majority control, using a provision in its contract with the conference. In time for the 2011 college football season, the network unveiled a new logo and branding, introduced a new TV Everywhere service known as "BTN2Go," which offers live streaming of BTN telecasts and other programming through a web browser or mobile app.
The service was available to subscribers of Time Warner Cable, Charter Communications, DirecTV and Dish Network. BTN and Dish Network were involved in a dispute leading up to the expiration of the satellite provider's contract with the network in August 2012, a day before that year's college football season began; the network was temporary blacked out for eight days beginning on September 14, giving way to a new agreement that restored BTN on Dish Network on September 22. In July 2017, as part of a new six-year agreement that made Fox the primary television rightsholder of regular season Big Ten football games, Fox's contract to run BTN was extended through 2032. On December 14, 2017, 21st Century Fox announced it would sell a majority of its assets to The Walt Disney Company, owners of ESPN, SEC Network and the upcoming ACC Network, in a transaction valued at over $52 billion. 21st Century Fox's stake in the Big Ten Network was not included in the deal and was spun off to the downsized Fox Corporation, along with the Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox News Channel, Fox Business Network and Fox Sports 1 and 2.
The deal was approved by Disney and Fox shareholders on July 27, 2018 and was completed on March 19, 2019. Big Ten Tonight – a weekly half-hour show airing on Sundays, similar to ESPN's SportsCenter; the program is anchored by Dave Revsine, Rick Pizzo, Mike Hall and Lisa Cornwell. Other reporters and analysts appear depending on the sport being discussed. Big Ten Football Saturday – a program airing Saturdays during the college football season, which features discussions and highlights of the day's games, it is hosted with analysis provided by Gerry DiNardo and Howard Griffith. Big Ten Tailgate – titled Friday Night Tailgate, it is a Friday night program that takes a lighthearted and irreverent look at campus life surrounding the weekend of a Big Ten football game, it was host was Mike Hall, wit
1985 NFL season
The 1985 NFL season was the 66th regular season of the National Football League. The season ended with Super Bowl XX when the Chicago Bears defeated the New England Patriots 46–10 at the Louisiana Superdome; the Bears became the second team in NFL history to win 15 games in the regular season and 18 including the playoffs. Whenever a team time out is called after the two-minute warning of each half or overtime, it should only last a minute instead of 90 seconds. A play is dead anytime the quarterback performs a kneel-down after the two-minute warning of each half, or whenever the player declares himself down by sliding feet first on the ground; the ball is spotted at the point where the player touches the ground first. Pass interference is not to be called when a pass is uncatchable. Both "Roughing the kicker" and "Running into the kicker" fouls are not to be called if the defensive player was blocked into the kicker; the definition of a valid fair catch signal is defined as one arm, extended above the head and waved from side to side.
Goaltending is illegal. The officials' uniform changed slightly. Instead of wearing black stirrups with two white stripes over white sanitary hose, the officials began wearing a one-piece sock similar to those worn by players, black with two white stripes on top and solid white on the bottom; these were first worn the previous season in Super Bowl XIX. Defensive backs were ruled to have an "equal right to the ball", meaning that pass interference would not be called if the defensive player was looking back attempting to intercept the ball, that any contact with the receiver did not materially affect the receiver's ability to catch the ball. W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, PCT = Winning Percentage, PF= Points For, PA = Points Against Los Angeles Raiders were the first AFC seed ahead of Miami based on better record against common opponents. N. Y. Jets were the first AFC Wild Card based on better conference record than New Denver. New England was the second AFC Wild Card ahead of Denver based on better record against common opponents.
Cincinnati finished ahead of Pittsburgh in the AFC Central based on head-to-head sweep. Seattle finished ahead of San Diego in the AFC West based on head-to-head sweep. Dallas finished ahead of N. Y. Giants and Washington in the NFC East based on better head-to-head record. N. Y. Giants were the first NFC Wild Card based on better conference record than San Francisco and Washington. San Francisco was the second NFC Wild Card based on head-to-head victory over Washington. Minnesota finished ahead of Detroit in the NFC Central based on better division record; the following players set all-time records during the season: The 1985 NFL Draft was held from April 30 to May 1, 1985 at New York City's Omni Park Central Hotel. With the first pick, the Buffalo Bills selected defensive end Bruce Smith from Virginia Tech. Cleveland Browns: Marty Schottenheimer began his first full season as head coach of the Browns, he replaced Sam Rutigliano, fired after starting the 1984 season 1–7. Detroit Lions: Monte Clark was fired and replaced by Darryl Rogers.
Indianapolis Colts: Rod Dowhower was named as head coach. Frank Kush resigned. Offensive line coach Hal Hunter served as interim for the team's final 1984 game. Minnesota Vikings: Les Steckel was fired. Bud Grant came out of retirement for a second stint with the Vikings. New England Patriots: Raymond Berry began his first full season as head coach, he replaced Ron Meyer, fired after eight games into the 1984 season. Tampa Bay Buccaneers: John McKay retired and was replaced by Leeman Bennett. Buffalo Bills: Kay Stephenson was fired after going 0–4 to start the season. Defensive coordinator Hank Bullough was named as interim. Houston Oilers: Hugh Campbell was fired after 14 games. Defensive coordinator Jerry Glanville took over for the final two games. New Orleans Saints: Bum Phillips resigned after 12 games. Wade Phillips, his son and the team's assistant coach, served as interim for the last four games. Philadelphia Eagles: Marion Campbell was fired before the final game of the season. Fred Bruney as interim for that last game.
NFL Record and Fact Book NFL History 1981–1990 Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League
College Football Hall of Fame
The College Football Hall of Fame is a hall of fame and interactive attraction devoted to college football. The National Football Foundation founded the Hall in 1951 to immortalize the players and coaches of college football. From 1995 to 2012, the Hall was located in Indiana. In August 2014, the Chick-fil-A College Football Hall of Fame opened in downtown Georgia; the facility is a 94,256 square feet attraction located in the heart of Atlanta's sports and tourism district, is adjacent to the Georgia World Congress Center and Centennial Olympic Park. Original plans in 1967 called for the Hall of Fame to be located at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, the location of the first contest under rules now considered to be those of modern football, between teams from Rutgers and the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University. Rutgers donated land near its football stadium, office space, administrative support. After years of collecting donations for the construction of the building with ground not having been broken and no plans to do so, the New Jersey Attorney General began an investigation of the finances of the Hall of Fame's foundation, the National Football Foundation.
In response, the Foundation moved its operations to New York City, where it continued to collect donations for several years. When the New York Attorney General's office began its own investigation, the foundation moved to Kings Mills, Ohio in suburban Cincinnati, where a building was constructed adjacent to Kings Island in 1978; the Hall opened with good attendance figures early on, but visitation dwindled as time went on, the facility closed in 1992. Nearby Galbreath Field remained open as the home of Moeller High School football until 2003. A new building was opened in South Bend, Indiana, on August 25, 1995. Despite estimates that the South Bend location would attract more than 150,000 visitors a year, the Hall of Fame drew about 115,000 people the first year, about 80,000 annually after that, it closed in 2012. In 2009, the National Football Foundation decided to move the College Football Hall of Fame to Atlanta, Georgia; the possibility of moving the museum has been brought up in other cities, including Dallas, which had the financial backing of billionaire T. Boone Pickens.
However, the National Football Foundation decided on Atlanta for the next site. The new $68.5 million museum opened on August 23, 2014. It is located next to Centennial Olympic Park, near other attractions such as the Georgia Aquarium, the World of Coca-Cola, CNN Center, the National Center for Civil and Human Rights; the Hall of Fame is located near the Georgia Institute of Technology of the ACC and 70 miles from the University of Georgia of the SEC. The new building broke ground on January 28, 2013. Sections of the architecture are reminiscent of a football in shape; the facility is 94,256 square feet and contains 50,000 square feet of exhibit and event space, interactive displays and a 45-yard indoor football field. Atlanta Hall Management operates the College Football Hall of Fame; as of 2018, there are 997 players and 217 coaches enshrined in the College Football Hall of Fame, representing 308 schools. Thirteen players, two coaches and one inanimate object are slated for induction in 2019.
The National Football Foundation outlines specific criteria that may be used for evaluating a possible candidate for induction into the Hall of Fame. A player must have received major first team All-America recognition. A player becomes eligible for consideration 10 years after his last year of intercollegiate football played. Football achievements are considered first, but the post-football record as a citizen is weighed. Players must have played their last year of intercollegiate football within the last 50 years; the nominee must have ended his professional athletic career prior to the time of the nomination. Coaches must have at least 10 years of head coaching experience, coached 100 games, had at least a.600 winning percentage. The eligibility criteria have changed over time, have led to criticism. Dennis Dodd of CBSSports.com has said, The NFF election process is confusing. Based on current rules, Notre Dame's Joe Montana will never be in the College Football Hall of Fame, he was never an All-American on a team recognized by the NCAA.
If that sounds outrageous, consider that at one time hall of famers had to graduate. Official website