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Anthony Fokker

Anton Herman Gerard "Anthony" Fokker was a Dutch aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer. He is most famous for the fighter aircraft he produced in Germany during the First World War such as the Eindecker monoplanes, the Dr.1 triplane and the D. VII biplane. After the Treaty of Versailles forbade Germany to produce airplanes, Fokker moved his business to the Netherlands. There his company was responsible for a variety of successful aircraft including the Fokker trimotor, a successful passenger aircraft of the inter-war years, he died in New York in 1939. Authors suggest he was charismatic but unscrupulous in business and a controversial character. Anthony Fokker was born in Blitar, Dutch East Indies, to Herman Fokker, a Dutch coffee plantation owner; some sources say. At that time, Blitar was a part of the "Kediri Residency", a colonial administrative division the capital of, Kediri; when Fokker was four, the family returned to the Netherlands and settled in Haarlem in order to provide Fokker and his older sister, with a Dutch upbringing.

Fokker did not complete his high school education. However, he showed an early interest in mechanics, preferred making things, playing with model trains and steam engines, experimenting with model aeroplane designs, he devoted considerable effort to the development of a wheel that would not suffer from punctures a wheel with a perimeter formed by a series of metal plates. This idea had been experimented with elsewhere and was patented. Fokker's first interest in flight stemmed from Wilbur Wright's exhibition flights in France in the summer and fall of 1908. In 1910, aged 20, Fokker was sent by his father to Germany to receive training as an automobile mechanic at Bingen Technical school, but his interest was in flying, so he transferred to the Erste deutsche Automobil-Fachschule in Mainz; that same year Fokker built his first aircraft "de Spin", destroyed by his business partner who flew it into a tree. He gained his flying certificate in his second "Spin" aircraft, which shortly thereafter was destroyed by the same business partner, prompting Fokker to end their cooperation.

In his own country, he became a celebrity by flying around the tower of the Grote or St.-Bavokerk in Haarlem on 1 September 1911, with the third version of the "Spin". One day earlier, on Queen's Day, Fokker had taken the opportunity to make a couple of demonstration flights in Haarlem in the same aircraft. In 1912, Fokker moved to Johannisthal near Berlin where he founded his first own company, Fokker Aeroplanbau. In the following years he constructed a variety of airplanes, he relocated his factory to Schwerin where it was renamed Fokker Flugzeugwerke GmbH, shortened to Fokker Werke GmbH. At the outbreak of World War I the German government took control of the factory. Fokker remained as director and alleged designer of many aircraft for the Imperial German Army Air Service, including the Fokker Eindecker and the Fokker Dr. I, the triplane made famous in the hands of aces such as Manfred von Richthofen. In all, his company delivered about 700 military planes to the German air force as well as supplying the German navy and Austria-Hungary.

Fokker himself was a skilled pilot. On 13 June 1915, Fokker demonstrated the new Eindecker at Stenay in the German 5th Army Sector in front of the German Crown Prince and other VIPs. Fokker worked with an accomplished military pilot, Otto Parschau, to bring the Eindecker into military use and on this occasion both men demonstrated the aircraft. Max Immelmann to become a high-scoring Flying Ace with the Eindecker, commented in a letter written shortly after this event on 25 June 1915 that: "Fokker amazed us with his skill". Author A. R. Weyl says that, while Fokker was a bold pilot, his business character was more flawed, he failed to reinvest war profits back into his factory which consequentially struggled to fulfill war contracts as the factory floor was muddled with prototype development and production taking place at the same time. Fokker distrusted qualified engineers and resented frequent German insistence on carrying out stringent structural tests to ensure prototype aircraft were fit for combat.

He could be bad tempered and insensitive as when he verbally abused his dying designer Martin Kreuzer on the evening of 27 June 1916, after Kreuzer had crashed the prototype Fokker D. I; the rudder jammed. "Fokker hurried to the scene and shouted reproaches at the mortally injured man". Weyl says. While Weyl's biography paints an unpleasant picture of Fokker as a businessman, he was a popular and charismatic figure with service pilots and could charm senior officers; this charm enabled him to deal with the first major crisis of his German career when his newly delivered Fokker Dr. I triplanes began to experience sudden fatal accidents in late 1917 and the type was temporarily grounded as too dangerous to fly; the triplanes' top wings ripped off under aerobatic conditions and Lothar von Richthofen was lucky to survive one such crash. Fokker was able to prove to the German high command that the basic design was not at fault but the German military inquiry concluded that shoddy workmanship due to poor supervision and quality control at the Fokker factory were to blame.

Fokker received a stern warning about future c

Kimball, West Virginia

Kimball is a town in McDowell County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 194 at the 2010 census. Kimball was named for Frederick J. Kimball, a railroad official. Kimball is the site of the first war memorial building erected in memory of the African-American veterans of World War I; the Kimball mining disaster happened on July 18, 1919, at the Carswell coal mine in Kimball, killing six miners. Initial reports said that 221 men had been killed. A rescue party was able to dig through the wreckage allowing 215 to return alive to the surface. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.25 square miles, all of it land. The town is on the Norfolk Southern Railway network. From 2005 when it opened until its closure in 2016, a Walmart superstore was the largest employer in the town. Kimball is home to the Five Loaves and Two Fishes foodbank, which features a hydropanel water production system which can produce 950 gallons of clean drinking water monthly; the town is served by the thrice-weekly The Welch News out of the nearby county seat, West Virginia.

As of the census of 2010, there were 194 people, 78 households, 52 families living in the town. The population density was 776.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 133 housing units at an average density of 532.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 37.6% White, 57.2% African American, 5.2% from two or more races. There were 78 households of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.1% were married couples living together, 26.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.3% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age in the town was 43 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 54.6 % female. At the 2000 census, there were 166 households and 107 families living in the town; the population density was 1,578.6 inhabitants per square mile.

There were 233 housing units at an average density of 894.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 34.06% White, 63.26% African American, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 2.43% from two or more races. There were 166 households of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.1% were married couples living together, 27.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.12. 24.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 18.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 72.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 62.5 males. The median household income was $17,333, the median family income was $21,429. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $21,250 for females.

The per capita income for the town was $10,269. About 23.6% of families and 33.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.1% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over. Tracy Gravely - former Canadian Football League linebacker Barney Brown - Negro league pitcher 1931-1949 Jean Battlo - West Virginia playwright and raised in Kimball Kimball Elementary School

Futuro Primitivo

Futuro Primitivo is the electronic music stage name of Matyas Mon, an Argentine musician from Buenos Aires. The musician developed a personal project of music and modern times, being named as "doomsday primitive musician" or "the dark side of Manu Chao", his musical style comes from a combination of post-rock, intelligent dance music, nu jazz and digital hardcore, retaining a characteristic sound using only virtual instruments and sequencers. His debut release, the concept album Everyday Life Is War, was launched on 1 January 2009, the same day that the Gaza War conflict began, he has released Yesterday Was OK, Today Is Dramatic, to paraphrase the name of the album of the Icelandic band múm. Futuro Primitivo uses visuals to accompany his live presentations. Everyday Life Is War Yesterday Was OK, Today Is Dramatic Miniröcke's Afterworld List of ambient music artists List of Argentine musicians List of industrial-music artists List of intelligent dance music artists List of jungle and drum-and-bass artists List of noise musicians Lists of composers Music of Argentina Official website

Brunfelsia latifolia

Brunfelsia latifolia known as yesterday-today-tomorrow and kiss me quick, is a species of flowering plant in the nightshade family. Endemic to Brazil, it is an evergreen shrub that becomes semi-deciduous in cooler areas and grows up to 1.8 meters in height. Brunfelsia latifolia is a 0.2 to 1 m high shrub with branched growth. The branches spring close to the base, are zigzag-like shaped and covered with leaves; the bark is thin, light brown to greyish. The young branches are light brown, the distance between the internodes is about 1 cm; the leaves vary in their shape, they are sessile, the petiole is only 1 to 4 mm long and dark purple colored. The leaf blade is 4 to 9 cm long and 2.2 to 5.5 cm wide, elliptic to oblong or ovate to reverse ovate. To the front, the leaf is pointed, blunted or rounded provided with a small tip or bulged; the leaf base is dull to wedge-shaped cut. The top of the leaf is dull or shiny dark green, the underside is light green. There are some fine trichomes along the midrib.

On each side of the leaf, five to eight side veins extend from the midrib, most of which are straight. At a height of only 30 cm, plants of the species can flower; the terminal, compact inflorescences consist of three to 20 non-fragrant flowers. The inflorescence axis is 3 to 7 mm glabrous. Below each flower are one or two foliage-like bracts, 1 to 10 mm long and ciliate; the flower stalks are light green, 6 to 8 mm long and glabrous or sparse glandular hairy, on the fruit of the stalk thickens. The calyx is 9 to 13 mm long, tubular-bell-shaped, glabrous or glandular hairy, light green and smooth; the calyx teeth are 2 to 3 mm upright or bent back, triangular to lanceolate. At the top they are pointed; the chalice is leathery on the fruit streaked with veins and enclosing the fruit. The crown is pale purple, but fades to white; the petal is 2 mm in diameter, about twice as long as the goblet. It is glandular hairy, pale purple at the base, whitening towards the top; the thickening at the transition to the Kronsaum is rounded or square.

The coronary band itself has a diameter of 20 to 30 mm, it forms a level. The underside is white; the corolla lobes are the same size. The upper part is a little smaller, about 5 mm long, the tip is cut off; the other lobes are about 8 mm long and rounded at the top. The four stamens do not extend beyond this; the stamens are white and cylindrical, with the upper pair of stamen 2 mm. The anthers are about 1 mm circular-kidney-shaped and brown; the ovary is egg-shaped and pale green. The pen is slim and bent at the top; the scar is light green and bilobed, with different sized lobes. The fruits are cup-enclosed capsules 11 to 8 to 10 mm in diameter, they are ovate and pointed at the top, smooth and dark green. The pericarp is thin-walled, drying on maturity and only springing up late; each fruit contains about ten to twelve seeds. These are 5 to 6 mm long and measure 3 mm in diameter, they are angled. The surface is dark brown and grained like a net; the embryo is 4 mm long straight, the cotyledons are 1.5 mm long and ovate

National Aircraft Factory

During World War I, the importance of military control of the air became evident. The United Kingdom government therefore sought to increase aircraft manufacturing capacity. In 1917 the Ministry of Munitions headed by Winston Churchill, commissioned the construction of National Aircraft Factories to boost the rate and scale of production. National Aircraft Factory No. 1 at Waddon in Croydon, producing de Havilland DH.9 National Aircraft Factory No. 2 at Heaton Chapel, managed by Crossley Motors and producing de Havilland DH.9 National Aircraft Factory No. 3 at Aintree, operated by Cunard to produce Bristol F.2 Fighters Ham near Kingston upon Thames, Surrey – leased and operated by Sopwith Aviation and producing Snipe and Salamander fighter planes. This, was referred to as National Aircraft Factory No. 2

Kim Yu-yeon (swimmer)

Kim Yu-yeon is a South Korean swimmer, who specialized in backstroce eventc. She represented her nation South Korea at the 2008 Summer Olympics, finishing among the top fifty swimmers in the sprint dorsal. Kim is a graduate of Ewha Womans University. Kim competed for the South Korean swimming team in the women's 100 m backstroke at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Leading up to the Games, she topped the field with a new national mark of 1:03.82 to earn her selection to the Olympic team and register under the FINA B-cut by four hundredths of a second at the Dong-A Swimming Championships in Ulsan. Rallying from last out of six entrants at the initial length in heat two, Kim fought off a sprint challenge from 13-year-old Kazakh swimmer Yekaterina Rudenko on the final stretch to touch the wall with a fifth-place time in 1:04.63. Kim failed to advance into the semifinals. NBC Olympics Profile