SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

St Edward the Confessor's Church, Leek

St Edward the Confessor's Church is an active Anglican church in Leek, England. The building, which dates back to the 13th century, is listed Grade II*, it is Leek's original parish church, although the parish now includes other churches such as All Saints which were built as the town's population increased. Much of the church's appearance reflects two 19th century restorations; the first was by Ewan Christian, who in 1847 was appointed consulting architect to the Lichfield Diocesan Building Society. He went on to carry out many more restorations as architect to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners; the church's second restoration was by George Edmund Street, a leading practitioner of the Victorian Gothic Revival. There is stained glass made by Morris and Co, including a couple of designs by George Frederick Bodley; the church owns examples of the work of the Leek School of Embroidery, founded in 1879/1880 by the embroideress Lady Elizabeth Wardle and her husband Sir Thomas Wardle. One of the windows is a memorial to her.

The wall surrounding the churchyard and the lychgate are listed Grade II. The churchyard contains two early medieval crosses which are listed Grade II and are protected as scheduled monuments Cross, south Cross, southeast The churchyard is notable as a place for viewing a double sunset; the phenomenon was first described by Robert Plot in a 1686 publication, but would have been visible before the arrival of Christianity in Roman Britain. There has been speculation that the site was regarded as a holy place in pagan times and that the construction of a church was done to Christianise it. Grade II* listed buildings in Staffordshire Moorlands Listed buildings in Leek, Staffordshire Notes 1.^ A shortened version of Kilburn's article can be accessed at Dr. Plot and the Amazing Double Sunset. References website

Isyaku Rabiu

Isyaku Rabiu was a Nigerian businessman and Islamic scholar who founded a major holding company in Kano State. He was a supporter of Ibrahim Niasse's Tijaniyyah brotherhood. Rabiu was born to the family of Muhammadu Rabiu Dan Tinki, a Quranic preacher from the Bichi area of Kano State who led his own Quranic school. From 1936 to 1942, Rabiu attended his father's school learning the Arabic, he moved to Maiduguri, Borno for further Islamic education. After spending four years in Maiduguri, he returned to Kano prepared to be an Islamic scholar. In 1949, Rabiu was an independent teacher of Arabic and the Quran who had among his audience Ibrahim Musa Gashash. In the early 1950s while still a teacher, Rabiu began to engage in private enterprise and established Isyaku Rabiu & Sons in 1952; the firm acted as an agent of UAC and was trading in sewing machines, religious books and bicycles. In 1958, the firm had a breakthrough when Kaduna Textile Limited was established and it became one of the early distributors.

Rabiu emerged as the leading distributor of the company in Northern Nigeria. In 1963, he joined a consortium of businessmen from Kano who came together to form the Kano Merchants Trading Company; the establishments continued to survive withstanding competition from foreign products. In 1970, he established a packing factory. Rabiu was a supporter of the National Party of Nigeria and benefited from state patronage as a result. Isyaku Rabiu & Sons, founded by Rabiu, is a family operated holding company with a history of investment in manufacturing, insurance and real estate. In the 1970s, the group invested in manufacturing with its first investment being the Kano Suit and Packing Cases company, a factory producing suit cases and handbags; the firm was a joint venture with Lebanese investors. In 1972, he formed manufacturing woven cloths for uniforms. Rabiu established a series of ventures in different segments of the economy including frozen food service, real estate, sugar and a motor vehicle and parts distribution company specialized in Daihatsu products.

However, unfavorable exchange rates and economic conditions forced the company to scale back on manufacturing and returning to its trading roots