Lieutenant-Colonel Brinsley FitzGerald, CB was an Irish stockbroker. Brinsley FitzGerald was born on 25 September 1859, the fourth son of Sir Peter FitzGerald, 1st Baronet of Valencia, 19th Knight of Kerry and Julia Hussey, he was educated at University College, Oxford. FitzGerald worked as a land agent in Ireland for seven years, from 1895 until 1918 was a member of the London Stock Exchange, with the firm of Basil Montgomery FitzGerald and Co, he was appointed a second-lieutenant in the West Somerset Yeomanry on 18 January 1900. Following the outbreak of the Second Boer War in late 1899, he had volunteered for active service and was attached as a lieutenant to the 25th Company of the 7th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry, on 24 February 1900; the company left the United Kingdom for South Africa in the SS Mahratta in early March 1900. After arrival, FitzGerald served with the company, as ADC to General French, for which he was mentioned in despatches and awarded the Queen's Medal with six clasps.
He served during the European War as private secretary to French in 1914, for which he was awarded the CB, the Legion d'Honneur and the Order of Leopold. In 1918, he married Margarita Drexel, the former wife of banker Anthony Joseph Drexel Jr. son of banker Anthony Joseph Drexel. Margaretta and Drexel were married from 1886 until their divorce in 1917, seven months before she wed FitzGerald. Brinsley and Margarita did not have any children, Drexel had four children from her previous marriage: Margaretta Drexel, who married Guy Finch-Hatton, 14th Earl of Winchilsea. Anthony Joseph Drexel II, who married Marjorie Gould, eldest daughter of George Jay Gould I, John Armstrong Drexel, aviation pioneer. Louis Clapier Norris Drexel, who married Nancy Grayson. FitzGerald lived at Ashdown Park, Ashbury and was a member of White's and the Royal Yacht Squadron, Cowes, he died on 9 February 1931
J. P. Morgan Chase & Co. is an American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City. JPMorgan Chase is the largest bank in the United States, is ranked by S&P Global as the sixth largest bank in the world by total assets as of 2018, to the amount of $2.534 trillion. It is the world's most valuable bank by market capitalization; as a "Bulge Bracket" bank, it is a major provider of various investment banking and financial services. It is one of America's Big Four banks, along with Bank of America and Wells Fargo. JPMorgan Chase is considered to be a custodian bank; the J. P. Morgan brand known as Morgan, is used by the investment banking, asset management, private banking, private wealth management, treasury & securities services divisions. Fiduciary activity within private banking and private wealth management is done under the aegis of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N. A.—the actual trustee. The Chase brand is used for credit card services in the United States and Canada, the bank's retail banking activities in the United States, commercial banking.
Both the retail and commercial bank and the bank's corporate headquarters are located at 270 Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The company was formed in 2000, when Chase Manhattan Corporation merged with J. P. Morgan & Co; as of 2017, the bank is one of the largest asset management companies in the world with US$2.789 trillion in assets under management and US$30 trillion in assets under custody. At US$47.7 billion in assets under management, the hedge fund unit of JPMorgan Chase is the fourth largest hedge fund in the United States. JPMorgan Chase, in its current structure, is the result of the combination of several large U. S. banking companies since 1996, including Chase Manhattan Bank, J. P. Morgan & Co. Bank One, Bear Stearns and Washington Mutual. Going back further, its predecessors include major banking firms among which are Chemical Bank, Manufacturers Hanover, First Chicago Bank, National Bank of Detroit, Texas Commerce Bank, Providian Financial and Great Western Bank.
The company's oldest predecessor institution, the Bank of the Manhattan Company, was the third oldest banking corporation in the United States, the 31st oldest bank in the world, having been established on September 1, 1799, by Aaron Burr. The Chase Manhattan Bank was formed upon the 1955 purchase of Chase National Bank by the Bank of the Manhattan Company, the company's oldest predecessor institution; the Bank of the Manhattan Company was the creation of Aaron Burr, who transformed The Manhattan Company from a water carrier into a bank. According to page 115 of An Empire of Wealth by John Steele Gordon, the origin of this strand of JPMorgan Chase's history runs as follows: At the turn of the nineteenth century, obtaining a bank charter required an act of the state legislature; this of course injected a powerful element of politics into the process and invited what today would be called corruption but was regarded as business as usual. Hamilton's political enemy—and eventual murderer—Aaron Burr was able to create a bank by sneaking a clause into a charter for a company, called the Manhattan Company, to provide clean water to New York City.
The innocuous-looking clause allowed the company to invest surplus capital in any lawful enterprise. Within six months of the company's creation, long before it had laid a single section of water pipe, the company opened a bank, the Bank of the Manhattan Company. Still in existence, it is today the largest bank in the United States. Led by David Rockefeller during the 1970s and 1980s, Chase Manhattan emerged as one of the largest and most prestigious banking concerns, with leadership positions in syndicated lending and securities services, credit cards and retail financial services. Weakened by the real estate collapse in the early 1990s, it was acquired by Chemical Bank in 1996, retaining the Chase name. Before its merger with J. P. Morgan & Co. the new Chase expanded the investment and asset management groups through two acquisitions. In 1999, it acquired San Francisco-based Quist for $1.35 billion. In April 2000, UK-based Robert Fleming & Co. was purchased by the new Chase Manhattan Bank for $7.7 billion.
The New York Chemical Manufacturing Company was founded in 1823 as a maker of various chemicals. In 1824, the company amended its charter to perform banking activities and created the Chemical Bank of New York. After 1851, the bank was separated from its parent and grew organically and through a series of mergers, most notably with Corn Exchange Bank in 1954, Texas Commerce Bank in 1986, Manufacturer's Hanover Trust Company in 1991. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Chemical emerged as one of the leaders in the financing of leveraged buyout transactions. In 1984, Chemical launched Chemical Venture Partners to invest in private equity transactions alongside various financial sponsors. By the late 1980s, Chemical developed its reputation for financing buyouts, building a syndicated leveraged finance business and related advisory businesses under the auspices of pioneering investment banker, Jimmy Lee. At many points throughout this history, Chemical Bank was the largest bank in the United States. In 1996, Chemical Bank acquired Chase Manhattan.
Although Chemical was the nominal survivor, it took the better-known Chase name. To this day, JPMorgan Chase retains Chemical's pre-1996 stock price history, as well as Chemical's former headquarters at 270 Park Avenue; the heritage of the House of Morgan traces its roots to the partnership of Drexel, Morgan & Co. which in 1895 was renamed J. P. Morgan & Co
The Czech Republic known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,866 square kilometres with a temperate continental climate and oceanic climate, it is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants. Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen; the Czech Republic is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, the Council of Europe. It is a developed country with an advanced, high income export-oriented social market economy based in services and innovation; the UNDP ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development. The Czech Republic is a welfare state with a "continental" European social model, a universal health care system, tuition-free university education and is ranked 14th in the Human Capital Index, it ranks as the 6th safest or most peaceful country and is one of the most non-religious countries in the world, while achieving strong performance in democratic governance.
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia and Czech Silesia. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire. After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power transferred from Moravia to Bohemia under the Přemyslid dynasty. In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire along with the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, numerous other territories, becoming the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 and reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century. Beside Bohemia itself, the King of Bohemia ruled the lands of the Bohemian Crown, holding a vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor. In the Hussite Wars of the 15th century driven by the Protestant Bohemian Reformation, the kingdom faced economic embargoes and defeated five consecutive crusades proclaimed by the leaders of the Catholic Church. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Protestant Bohemian Revolt against the Catholic Habsburgs led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule, eradicated Protestantism and reimposed Catholicism, adopted a policy of gradual Germanization; this contributed to the anti-Habsburg sentiment. A long history of resentment of the Catholic Church followed and still continues. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the German Confederation 1815-1866 as part of Austrian Empire and the Czech language experienced a revival as a consequence of widespread romantic nationalism. In the 19th century, the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and were subsequently the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, formed in 1918 following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I. Czechoslovakia remained the only democracy in this part of Europe in the interwar period. However, the Czech part of Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in World War II, while the Slovak region became the Slovak Republic.
Most of the three millions of the German-speaking minority were expelled following the war. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections and after the 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a one-party communist state under Soviet influence. In 1968, increasing dissatisfaction with the regime culminated in a reform movement known as the Prague Spring, which ended in a Soviet-led invasion. Czechoslovakia remained occupied until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed and market economy was reintroduced. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia; the Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. The traditional English name "Bohemia" derives from Latin "Boiohaemum", which means "home of the Boii"; the current English name comes from the Polish ethnonym associated with the area, which comes from the Czech word Čech. The name comes from the Slavic tribe and, according to legend, their leader Čech, who brought them to Bohemia, to settle on Říp Mountain.
The etymology of the word Čech can be traced back to the Proto-Slavic root *čel-, meaning "member of the people. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia in the west, Moravia in the east, Czech Silesia in the northeast. Known as the lands of the Bohemian Crown since the 14th century, a number of other names for the country have been used, including Czech/Bohemian lands, Bohemian Crown and the lands of the Crown of Saint Wenceslas; when the country regained its independence after the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian empire in 1918, the new name of Czechoslovakia was coined to reflect the union of the Czech and Slovak nations within the one country. After Czechoslovakia dissolved in 1992, the Czech part lac
Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle Sr.
Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle I was an eccentric millionaire whose fortune allowed him to pursue theatricals, self-published writing and Christianity on a full-time basis. He was the man upon whom the book My Philadelphia Father and the play and film The Happiest Millionaire were based, he trained men in hand-to-hand combat in both World War I and World War II, was a fellow of the American Geographical Society and founded a movement called "Athletic Christianity" that attracted 300,000 members around the world. A 1955 Sports Illustrated article called him "boxing's greatest amateur" as well as a "major factor in the re-establishment of boxing as a legal and, at that time, estimable sport." He was born on October 1874 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to Edward Biddle II and Emily Drexel. He was grandson of banker Anthony Joseph Drexel, great-grandson of banker Nicholas Biddle. Biddle was a graduate of Germany's Heidelberg University. An officer in the United States Marine Corps, Biddle was an expert in close-quarters fighting and the author of Do or Die: A Supplementary Manual on Individual Combat, a book on combat methods, including knives and empty-hand skills, training both the United States Marine Corps in two world wars and Special Agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
He can be seen training Marines in the RKO short documentary Soldiers of the Sea. He was considered not just an expert in fighting, but a pioneer of United States Marine Corps training in the bayonet and hand-to-hand combat, he based his style on fencing, though this approach was sometimes criticized as being unrealistic for military combat. Having joined the Marines in 1917 at the age of 41, he convinced his superiors to include boxing in Marine Corps recruit training. In 1919, he was promoted to the rank of major, became a lieutenant colonel in 1934. In Lansdowne, right outside of Philadelphia, Biddle opened a military training facility, where he trained 4,000 men, his training included long hours of calisthenics and gymnastics, taught skills such as machete, saber and bayonet combat, as well as hand grenade use, wrestling and jiujitsu. He served two years in the National Guard. A keen boxer, Biddle taught boxing to Gene Tunney, he hosted "boxing teas" in his home, where other boxers would spar a couple of rounds with him and join the family for dinner.
A February 1909 match with Philadelphia Jack O'Brien was attended by society leaders including women in elegant evening gowns. He served as a judge in the fight between Jack Dempsey and Jess Willard on 4 July 1919. On the 5th of February 1920, Biddle, as chairman of the Army Navy and Civilian Board of Boxing Control of New York, became a member the International Boxing Union. Biddle worked in and on periodicals, he spent time as a sports reporter for the Public Ledger, jokingly referred to himself as "the poorest and richest reporter in Philadelphia". He revived the Philadelphia Sunday Graphic for a short interval, before it was forced to fold, founded a short-lived "society weekly"–type publication, The People. After organizing the short-lived Drexel Biddle Publishing House, he acted as its head for two years. Books written by Biddle include: A dual rôle: and other stories; the Warwick Book Publishing Company. 1894. The Madeira Islands. Philadelphia: Drexel, Biddle & Bradley Publishing Company. 1896.
Shantytown Sketches. Philadelphia: Drexel, Biddle & Bradley Publishing Company. 1897. The Froggy Fairy Book and The Second Froggy Fairy Book Drexel, Biddle & Bradley publishing company The Flowers of Life. Philadelphia: Drexel, Biddle & Bradley Publishing Company. 1897. Word for Word and Letter for Letter. Gay & Bird. 1898. Do or Die: A Supplementary Manual on Individual Combat. U. S. Marine Corps. 1937. In 1895, he married Cordelia Rundell Bradley. Together, they had: Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle Jr.. They were the parents of Mary Duke Biddle and Nicholas Benjamin Duke Biddle Cordelia Drexel Biddle, who married Angier Buchanan Duke, the son of Benjamin Newton Duke, they were the parents of Anthony Drexel Duke. Livingston Ludlow Biddle, who married Kate Raboteau Page, daughter of Robert N. Page, they were the parents of Livingston Ludlow Biddle III. He died May 27, 1948 from a cerebral hemorrhage and uremic poisoning and is interred at the Woodlands Cemetery in Philadelphia, his daughter, Cordelia Drexel Biddle, worked with Kyle Crichton to write a novel based on her family in 1955.
In 1956, it was made into a play starring Walter Pidgeon. In 1967 a musical film based on the story, The Happiest Millionaire, was the last musical film to have personal involvement from Walt Disney. Biddle was played by Fred MacMurray in the film; the Washington Post. Dr. and Mrs. Clinton Howard, of Atlanta, have announced the engagement of their daughter. Miss Helen Avis Howard, to Mr. Anthony Joseph Drexel 3d, son of Mr. and Mrs. Anthony Joseph Drexel Jr. of Philadelphia." Time. Colonel Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle Sr. 73, muscular Christian, father of the wartime ambassador to the governments in exile. Y, he founded the Drexel Biddle Bible Classes in 1907, taught jujitsu and dirty fighting to Marines in both World War." The New York Times. Nicholas Duke Biddle, sc
St. Katharine Drexel, was an American heiress, religious sister and foundress, she was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church in 2000. She was the second canonized saint to have been born in the United States, the first to have been born a U. S. citizen. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 2011. Katharine Mary Drexel was born Catherine Mary Drexel in Philadelphia, the second child of investment banker Francis Anthony Drexel and Hannah Langstroth. Hannah died five weeks after her baby's birth. For two years Katharine and her sister, were cared for by their aunt and uncle and Anthony Drexel; when Francis married Emma Bouvier in 1860 he brought his two daughters home. A third daughter, was born in 1863. Louisa would marry General Edward Morrell; the Morrells "…actively promoted and advanced the welfare of African Americans throughout the country. The Morrells used their wealth to build magnificent institutions that served and aided the education and upward mobility of African Americans.
Gen. Morrell took charge of the Indian work, while Katharine Drexel was in her novitiate."Private tutors educated the girls at their home. They toured parts of the United States and Europe with their parents. Twice weekly, the Drexel family distributed food and rent assistance from their family home at 1503 Walnut Street in Philadelphia; when widows or lonely single women were too proud to come to the Drexels for assistance, the family sought them out, but always quietly. As Emma Drexel taught her daughters, "Kindness may be unkind if it leaves a sting behind."As a young and wealthy woman, Drexel made her social debut in 1878. However, watching her stepmother's three-year struggle with terminal cancer taught her the Drexel money could not buy safety from pain or death, her life took a profound turn. She had always been interested in the plight of Native Americans, having been appalled by what she read in Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor; when her family traveled to the Western states in 1884, Katharine Drexel saw the plight and destitution of the Native Americans.
She wanted to do something specific to help. Thus began her lifelong personal and financial support of numerous missions and missionaries in the United States. After her father died in 1885, Katharine and her sisters had contributed money to help the St. Francis Mission on South Dakota’s Rosebud Reservation. For many years she took spiritual direction from a longtime family friend, Father James O’Connor, a Philadelphia priest, appointed vicar apostolic of Nebraska; when Kate wrote him of her desire to join a contemplative order, Bishop O’Connor suggested, "Wait a while longer....... Wait and pray."Katharine and her sisters Elizabeth and Louise were still mourning their father when they sailed to Europe in 1886. Their high-powered banker father left behind a $15.5 million estate and instructions to divide it among his three daughters after expenses and specific charitable donations. However, to prevent his daughters from falling prey to "fortune hunters", Francis Drexel crafted his will so that his daughters controlled income from his estate, but upon their deaths, their inheritance would flow to their children.
The will stipulated that if there were no grandchildren, upon his daughters’ deaths, Drexel's estate would be distributed to several religious orders and charities—the Society of Jesus, the Christian Brothers, the Religious of the Sacred Heart, a Lutheran hospital and others. Because their father's charitable donations totaled about $1.5 million, the sisters shared the income produced by $14 million—about $1,000 a day for each woman. In current dollars, the estate would be worth about $400 million. In January 1887, the sisters were received in a private audience by Pope Leo XIII, they asked him for missionaries to staff some Indian missions. To their surprise, the Pope suggested. Although Drexel had received marriage proposals, "…after consultation with her spiritual director, Bishop James O'Connor, she made the decision to give herself to God, along with her inheritance, through service to American Indians and Afro-Americans." Her uncle, Anthony Drexel, tried to dissuade her from entering religious life, but she entered the Sisters of Mercy Convent in Pittsburgh in May 1889 to begin her six-month postulancy.
Her decision rocked Philadelphia social circles. The Philadelphia Public Ledger carried a banner headline: "Miss Drexel Enters a Catholic Convent—Gives Up Seven Million". On February 12, 1891, Drexel professed her first vows as a religious, dedicating herself to work among the American Indians and African-Americans in the western and southwestern United States, she took the name Mother Katharine, joined by thirteen other women, soon established a religious congregation, the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament. Mother Frances Cabrini had advised Drexel about the "politics" of getting her new Order’s Rule approved by the Vatican bureaucracy in Rome. A few months Philadelphia Archbishop Ryan blessed the cornerstone of the new motherhouse under construction in Bensalem, Pennsylvania. In the first of many incidents that indicated Drexel's convictions for social justice were not shared by all, a stick of dynamite was discovered near the site. Requests for help and advice reached Mother Katharine from various parts of the United States.
After three and a half years of training and her first band of nuns opened a boarding school, St. Catherine's Indian School, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. In 1897, Mother Drexel asked the friars of St. John the Baptist Province of the Order of Friars Minor in Cincinnati, Ohio, to staff a mission among the Navajos in Arizo
Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad is a spa town situated in western Bohemia, Czech Republic, on the confluence of the rivers Ohře and Teplá 130 km west of Prague. It is named after Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, who founded the city in 1370, it is the site of numerous hot springs, is the most visited spa town in the Czech Republic. An ancient late Bronze Age fortified. A Slavic settlement on the site of Karlovy Vary is documented by findings in Sedlec. People lived in close proximity to the site as far back as the 13th century and they must have been aware of the curative effects of thermal springs. Around 1350, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor organized an expedition into the forests surrounding modern-day Karlovy Vary during a stay in Loket. On the site of a spring, he established; the location was subsequently named "Carlsbad" in German after the emperor, who extolled the healing powers of the hot springs, at least according to legend. Charles IV granted the town privileges on 14 August 1370.
Earlier settlements can be found on the outskirts of today's town. An important political event took place in the town in 1819, with the issuing of the Carlsbad Decrees following a conference there. Initiated by the Austrian Minister of State Klemens von Metternich, the decrees were intended to implement anti-liberal censorship within the German Confederation. Due to publications produced by physicians such as David Becher and Josef von Löschner, the town developed into a famous spa resort in the 19th century and was visited by many members of European aristocracy as well as celebrities from many fields of endeavour, it became more popular after railway lines were completed from Prague to Cheb in 1870. The number of visitors rose from 134 families in the 1756 season to 26,000 guests annually at the end of the 19th century. By 1911, that figure had reached 71,000, but the outbreak of World War I in 1914 disrupted the tourism on which the town depended. At the end of World War I in 1918, the large German-speaking population of Bohemia was incorporated into the new state of Czechoslovakia in accordance with the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye.
As a result, the German-speaking majority of Karlovy Vary protested. A demonstration on 4 March 1919 passed peacefully, but that month, six demonstrators were killed by Czech troops after a demonstration became unruly. In 1938, the majority German-speaking areas of Czechoslovakia, known as the Sudetenland, became part of Nazi Germany according to the terms of the Munich Agreement; the areas included Karlovy Vary. After World War II, in accordance with the Potsdam Agreement, the vast majority of the people of the town were forcibly expelled because of their German ethnicity. In accordance with the Beneš decrees, their property was confiscated without compensation, the town was renamed again Karlovy Vary. Since the end of Communist rule in Czechoslovakia in 1989 and the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, the presence of Russian businesses in Karlovy Vary has increased. In 2012, non-Czech residents were around 7% of the population of the Karlovy Vary region. After Prague, this is the highest proportion in the Czech Republic.
The largest group of foreigners were Vietnamese, followed by Germans and Ukrainians. Local buses and cable cars take passengers to most areas of the city; the Imperial funicular is the oldest in Europe and the Diana funicular was the longest during the reign of Franz Joseph I. in Austria-Hungary. The city is accessible via the expressway R6 and inter-city public transport options include inter-city buses, Czech Railways, Deutsche Bahn via the Karlovy Vary–Johanngeorgenstadt railway. Karlovy Vary Airport is an international airport located 4.5 kilometres south-east from the city, at the nearby village of Olšová Vrata. As of August, 2018 the airport is only serviced by scheduled flights to Moscow. Catholic Church of St. Mary Magdalene – built by Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer in 1737 Orthodox Saint Peter and Paul Cathedral – 1898 Protestant Church of Saints Peter and Paul – 1856 Church of St. Anne – 1745 Greek Catholic St. Andrew Cemetery Church – 1500 Methodist Church of Saint Luke – 1877 St. Linharta ruins from 13th century Synagogue In the 19th century, Karlovy Vary became a popular tourist destination known for international celebrities who visited for spa treatment.
The city is known for the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, one of the oldest in the world and one of Europe's major film events. It is known for the popular Czech liqueur Becherovka and the production of the famous glass manufacturer Moser Glass, located in Karlovy Vary; the famous Karlovarské oplatky originated in the city in 1867. It has lent its name to "Carlsbad plums", candied stuffed zwetschgen; the city has been used as the location for a number of film-shoots, including the 2006 films Last Holiday and box-office hit Casino Royale, both of which used the city's Grandhotel Pupp in different guises. Moreover, the Palace Bristol Hotel in Karlovy Vary had been used as a model for The Grand Budapest Hotel movie. Karlovy Vary is home to ice hockey club HC Karlovy Vary and its junior branch HC Energie Karlovy Vary. Walter Becher Stanislav Birner Tomáš Borek Zbyněk Brynych Karel Dobrý Tomáš Došek Karl Hermann Frank, Nazi official Princess Michael of Kent Petr Kopfstein, aerobatics pilot Rudolf Křesťan Rick Lanz Johann Josef Loschmidt, Aus