Godalming is a historic market town, civil parish and administrative centre of the Borough of Waverley in Surrey, England, 4 miles SSW of Guildford. The town traverses the banks of the River Wey in the Greensand Ridge – a hilly wooded part of the outer London commuter belt and Green Belt. In 1881, it became the first place in the world to have a public electricity supply and electric street lighting. Godalming is 30.5 mi southwest of London and shares a three-way twinning arrangement with the towns of Joigny in France and Mayen in Germany. Friendship links are with Moscow. James Oglethorpe of Godalming was the founder of the colony of Georgia. Godalming is regarded as an expensive residential town due to its visual appeal, favourable transport links and high proportion of private housing. In 2006 it was ranked the UK's third most desirable property hotspot, in 2007 it was voted the fourth best area of the UK in which to live; the borough of Waverley, which includes Godalming, was judged in 2013 to have the highest quality of life in Great Britain, in 2016 to be the most prosperous place in the UK.
The town has existed since Saxon times, earlier. It is mentioned in the will of King Alfred the Great in 899 and the name itself has Saxon origins,'Godhelms Ingus' translated as "the family of Godhelm", referring to one of the first lords of the manor. Godalming grew in size because its location is halfway between Portsmouth and London, which encouraged traders to set up stalls and inns for travellers to buy from and rest in. Godalming Parish Church has a Norman tower. Godalming appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Godelminge, it was held by William the Conqueror. Its domesday assets were: 2 churches worth 12s, 3 mills worth £2 1s 8d, 25 ploughs, 40 acres of meadow, woodland worth 103 hogs, it rendered £34. Its population was 400 people. At the time, its manor belonged to the King, but a few hundred years ownership transferred to the Bishop of Salisbury, under a charter granted by King Edward I of England. In the year 1300, the town was granted the right to hold an annual fair, its major industry at the time was woollen cloth, which contributed to Godalming’s prosperity over the next few centuries, until a sudden decline in the 17th century.
Instead, its people applied their skills to the latest knitting and weaving technology and began producing stockings in a variety of materials, to leatherwork. A willingness to adapt from one industry to another meant. For example, papermaking was adopted in the 17th century, paper was still manufactured there in the 20th century; the quarrying of Bargate stone provided an important source of income, as did passing trade - Godalming was a popular stopping point for stagecoaches and the Mail coach between Portsmouth and London. In 1764, trade received an additional boost when early canalisation of the river took place, linking the town to Guildford, from there to the River Thames and London on the Wey and Godalming Navigations. In 1726 a Godalming maidservant called Mary Toft hoaxed the town into believing that she had given birth to rabbits; the foremost doctors of the day came to witness the freak event and for a brief time the story caused a national sensation. Toft was found out after a porter was caught smuggling a dead rabbit into her chamber, she confessed to inserting at least 16 rabbits into herself and faking their birth.
Mary Toft died and was buried in Godalming in 1763. Court testimony of 1764 attests to how purchasing one of the mills in Godalming and dealing in corn and flour brought a substantial income. So successful was Godalming that in the early 19th century it was larger than Guildford, by 1851 the population had passed 6,500, it was becoming a popular residence for commuters, for it had been connected to London by railway in 1849 and to Portsmouth in 1859. Today the town is served by Godalming railway station on the Portsmouth Direct Line; the first mayor of Godalming was Henry Marshall. Godalming came to world attention in September 1881, when it became the first town in the world to have installed a public electricity supply, it was Calder & Barnet who installed a Siemens AC Alternator and dynamo which were powered by a waterwheel, at Westbrook Mill, on the River Wey. There were a number of supply cables, some of which were laid in the gutters, that fed seven arc lights and 34 Swan incandescent lights.
Floods in late 1881 caused problems and in the end Calder & Barnet withdrew from the contract. It was taken over by Siemens. Under Siemens the supply system grew and a number of technical problems were solved, but on in 1884 the whole town reverted to gas lighting as Siemens failed to tender for a contract to light the town. This was due to a survey they undertook in the town that failed to provide adequate support to make the business viable. Siemens had lost money on the scheme in the early years, but was prepared to stay on in order to gain experience. Electricity returned to the town in 1904. Guildford is 4 mi London is 30.5 mi northeast of Godalming. The next railway stations up and down the line are at Farncombe, which benefits from a single residential street connection to Godalming across a strip of Lammas lands, however is still part of the town and Milford, separ
Folk rock is a hybrid music genre combining elements of folk music and rock music, which arose in the United States and the United Kingdom in the mid-1960s. In the U. S. folk rock emerged from the folk music revival and the influence that the Beatles and other British Invasion bands had on members of that movement. Performers such as Bob Dylan and the Byrds—several of whose members had earlier played in folk ensembles—attempted to blend the sounds of rock with their preexisting folk repertoire, adopting the use of electric instrumentation and drums in a way discouraged in the U. S. folk community. The term "folk rock" was used in the U. S. music press in June 1965 to describe the Byrds' music. The commercial success of the Byrds' cover version of Dylan's "Mr. Tambourine Man" and their debut album of the same name, along with Dylan's own recordings with rock instrumentation—on the albums Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited, Blonde on Blonde —encouraged other folk acts, such as Simon & Garfunkel, to use electric backing on their records and new groups, such as Buffalo Springfield, to form.
Dylan's controversial appearance at the Newport Folk Festival on 25 July 1965, where he was backed by an electric band, was a pivotal moment in the development of the genre. During the late 1960s in Britain and Europe, a distinct, eclectic British folk rock style was created by Pentangle, Fairport Convention and Alan Stivell. Inspired by British psychedelic folk and the North American style of folk rock, British folk rock bands began to incorporate elements of traditional British folk music into their repertoire, leading to other variants, including the overtly English folk rock of the Albion Band and Celtic rock. In its earliest and narrowest sense, the term "folk rock" refers to the blending of elements of folk music and rock music, which arose in the U. S. and UK in the mid-1960s. The genre was pioneered by the Byrds, who began playing traditional folk music and songs by Bob Dylan with rock instrumentation, in a style influenced by the Beatles and other British Invasion bands; the term "folk rock" was coined by the U.
S. music press to describe the Byrds' music in June 1965, the month in which the band's debut album was issued. Dylan contributed to the creation of the genre, with his recordings utilizing rock instrumentation on the albums Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited, Blonde on Blonde. In a broader sense, folk rock encompasses inspired musical genres and movements in different regions of the world. Folk rock may lean more towards either folk or rock in instrumentation and vocal style, choice of material. While the original genre draws on music of Europe and North America, there is no clear delineation of which other culture's music might be included as influences; the term is not associated with blues-based rock music, African American music, Cajun-based rock music, nor music with non-European folk roots. There are some exceptions; the American folk-music revival began during the 1940s. In 1948, Seeger formed the Weavers, whose mainstream popularity set the stage for the folk revival of the 1950s and early 1960s and served to bridge the gap between folk, popular music, topical song.
The Weavers' sound and repertoire of traditional folk material and topical songs directly inspired the Kingston Trio, a three-piece folk group who came to prominence in 1958 with their hit recording of "Tom Dooley". The Kingston Trio provided the template for a flood of "collegiate folk" groups between 1958 and 1962. At the same time as these "collegiate folk" vocal groups came to national prominence, a second group of urban folk revivalists, influenced by the music and guitar picking styles of folk and blues artist such as Woody Guthrie, Lead Belly, Brownie McGhee, Josh White came to the fore. Many of these urban revivalists were influenced by recordings of traditional American music from the 1920s and 1930s, reissued by Folkways Records. While this urban folk revival flourished in many cities, New York City, with its burgeoning Greenwich Village coffeehouse scene and population of topical folk singers, was regarded as the centre of the movement. Out of this fertile environment came such folk-protest luminaries as Bob Dylan, Tom Paxton, Phil Ochs, Peter and Mary, many of whom would transition into folk rock performers as the 1960s progressed.
The vast majority of the urban folk revivalists shared a disdain for the values of mainstream American mass culture and led many folk singers to begin composing their own "protest" material. The influence of this folk-protest movement would manifest itself in the sociopolitical lyrics and mildly anti-establishment sentiments of many folk rock songs, including hit singles such as "Eve of Destruction", "Like a Rolling Stone", "For What It's Worth", "Let's Live for Today". During the 1950s and early 1960s in the UK, a parallel folk revival referred to as the second British folk revival, was led by folk singers Ewan MacColl and Bert Lloyd. Both viewed British folk music as a vehicle for leftist political concepts and an antidote to the American-dominated popular music of the time. However, it wasn't until 1956 and the advent of the skiffle craze that the British folk revival crossed over into the mainstream and connected with British youth culture. Skiffle renewed popularity of folk music forms in Britain and led directly to the progressive folk movement and the attendant B
Philip David Charles Collins is an English drummer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, actor. He was the drummer and singer of the rock band Genesis, is a solo artist. Between 1982 and 1989, Collins scored three UK and seven US number-one singles in his solo career; when his work with Genesis, his work with other artists, as well as his solo career is totalled, Collins had more US Top 40 singles than any other artist during the 1980s. His most successful singles from the period include "In the Air Tonight", "Against All Odds", "One More Night", "Sussudio", "Two Hearts" and "Another Day in Paradise". Born and raised in west London, Collins played drums from the age of five and completed drama school training, which secured him various roles as a child actor, he pursued a music career, joining Genesis in 1970 as their drummer and becoming lead singer in 1975 following the departure of Peter Gabriel. Collins began a solo career in the 1980s inspired by his marital breakdown and love of soul music, releasing a series of successful albums, including Face Value, No Jacket Required, and...
But Seriously. Collins became "one of the most successful pop and adult contemporary singers of the'80s and beyond", he became known for a distinctive gated reverb drum sound on many of his recordings. In 1996, Collins left Genesis to focus on solo work, he rejoined Genesis for their Turn It On Again Tour in 2007. Following a five-year retirement to focus on his family life, Collins released an autobiography and began his Not Dead Yet Tour, which runs from June 2017 until October 2019. Collins's discography includes eight studio albums that have sold 33.5 million certified units in the US and an estimated 150 million worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists. He is one of only three recording artists, along with Paul McCartney and Michael Jackson, who have sold over 100 million records worldwide both as solo artists and separately as principal members of a band, he has won eight Grammy Awards, six Brit Awards—winning Best British Male three times—two Golden Globe Awards, one Academy Award, a Disney Legend Award.
He has received six Ivor Novello Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors, including the International Achievement Award. He received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1999, was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2003, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of Genesis in 2010, the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 2012, the Classic Drummer Hall of Fame in 2013. Philip David Charles Collins was born on 30 January 1951 in Chiswick, England, to Greville Philip Austin Collins, an insurance agent, Winifred June Collins, a theatrical agent, he was one of two boys, his brother being Clive Collins, who would become a noted cartoonist. He was given a toy drum kit for Christmas, his uncle made him a makeshift set that he used regularly. As Collins grew older, these were followed by more complete sets bought by his parents, he practiced by playing with music on the radio. According to Barbara Speake, founder of the eponymous stage school Collins attended, "Phil was always special.
His professional acting training began at the age of 14, at the Barbara Speake Stage School, a fee-paying but non-selective independent school in East Acton, west London, whose talent agency had been established by his mother. Collins studied drum rudiments as a teenager, first learning basic rudiments under Lloyd Ryan and studying further under Frank King. Collins recalled: "Rudiments I found very helpful – much more helpful than anything else because they're used all the time. In any kind of funk or jazz drumming, the rudiments are always there." He never learned to read and write conventional musical notation and instead used a system he devised himself. He regretted this, saying: "I never came to grips with the music. I should have stuck with it. I've always felt. For me, good enough, but that attitude is bad." Ryan recalled: "Phil always had a problem with reading. That was always a big problem for him. That's a shame because reading drum music isn't that difficult."The Beatles were a major early influence on Collins, including their drummer Ringo Starr.
He followed the lesser-known London band the Action, whose drummer he would copy and whose work introduced him to the soul music of Motown and Stax Records. Collins was influenced by the jazz and big band drummer Buddy Rich, whose opinion on the importance of the hi-hat prompted him to stop using two bass drums and start using the hi-hat. While attending Chiswick County School for Boys, Collins formed a band called the Real Thing, joined the Freehold, with whom he wrote his first song, "Lying Crying Dying". Collins began a career as a child actor while at the Barbara Speake Stage School and won his first major role as the Artful Dodger in the London stage production of Oliver!, the musical adaptation of the Charles Dickens novel Oliver Twist. He was an extra in the Beatles' film A Hard Day's Night among the screaming teenagers during the television concert sequence, filmed at Scala Theatre in central London; this was followed by a role in Calamity the Cow, produced by the Children's Film Foundation.
Virgin Records Ltd. is a British record label founded by entrepreneurs Richard Branson, Simon Draper, Nik Powell, musician Tom Newman in 1972. It grew to be a worldwide phenomenon over time, with the success of platinum performers such as George Michael, Paula Abdul, Janet Jackson, Roy Orbison, Tangerine Dream, Keith Richards, the Human League, Culture Club, Simple Minds, Lenny Kravitz, dc Talk, the Smashing Pumpkins, Mike Oldfield and Spice Girls, among others. After its acquisition by Universal Music Group through its purchase of EMI in 2012, UMG absorbed Virgin's British operations to create Virgin EMI Records in March 2013. Today, the operations of Virgin Records America, Inc. the company's North American operations founded in 1986, are still active and headquartered in Hollywood and have operated under the Capitol Music Group imprint owned by UMG, since 2007. The US operations have taken on the name Virgin Records. A minor number of artists remain on Virgin Records America's roster, mostly occupied with European artists such as Bastille, Circa Waves, Corinne Bailey Rae, Ella Eyre, Walking on Cars, Seinabo Sey, Prides.
Branson and Powell had run a small record shop called Virgin Records and Tapes on Notting Hill Gate, specializing in "krautrock" imports, offering bean bags and free vegetarian food for the benefit of customers listening to the music on offer. The first real store was above a shoe shop at the Tottenham Court Road end of Oxford Street. After making the shop into a success, they turned their business into a fledged record label; the name Virgin, according to Branson, arose from Tessa Watts, a colleague of his, when they were brainstorming business ideas. She suggested Virgin – as they were all new to business – like "virgins"; the original Virgin logo was designed by English artist and illustrator Roger Dean: a young naked woman in mirror image with a large long-tailed serpent and the word "Virgin" in Dean's familiar script. A variation on the logo was used for the spin-off Caroline Records label; the first release on the label was the progressive rock album Tubular Bells by multi-instrumentalist Mike Oldfield, discovered by Tom Newman and brought to Simon Draper – who persuaded Richard and Nik to present it as their first release in 1973, produced by Tom Newman, for which the fledgling label garnered unprecedented acclaim.
This was soon followed by some notable krautrock releases, including electronic breakthrough album Phaedra by Tangerine Dream, The Faust Tapes and Faust IV by Faust. The Faust Tapes album retailed for 49p and as a result allowed this unknown band to reach number 12 in the album charts. Other early albums include Gong's Flying Teapot, which Daevid Allen has been quoted as having never been paid for; the first single release for the label was Kevin Coyne's "Marlene", taken from his album Marjory Razorblade and released in August 1973. Coyne was the second artist signed to the label after Oldfield. Although Virgin was one of the key labels of English and European progressive rock, the 1977 signing of the Sex Pistols reinvented the label as a new-wave outpost, a move that plunged the record company into the mainstream of the punk rock era. Under the guidance of Tessa Watts, Virgin's Head of Publicity, the Pistols rocketed the label to success. Shortly afterwards, the Nottingham record shop was raided by police for having a window display of the Sex Pistols' album Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols in the window.
Afterwards they signed other new wave groups: Public Image Ltd, Culture Club, Gillan and the Italians, Human League, Skids, the Motors, the Ruts, Shooting Star, Simple Minds, XTC. After modified versions of the twins label came the red and blue design introduced in 1975, which coincided with the height of punk and new wave; the current Virgin logo was created in 1978, commissioned by Simon Draper managing director of Virgin Records Limited. Brian Cooke of Cooke Key Associates commissioned a graphic designer to produce a stylised signature; the logo was first used on Mike Oldfield's Incantations album in 1978 and by the Virgin Records label until other parts of the Virgin Group adopted it, including Virgin Atlantic, Virgin Mobile and Virgin Money. In 1983 Virgin purchased Charisma Records, renaming it Charisma/Virgin later Virgin/Charisma, before folding the label in 1986 and transferring its remaining artists to Virgin. In the process they acquired comedy group Monty Python; the Charisma label was reactivated in the US in 1990 and enjoyed success with signings such as Maxi Priest, Right Said Fred, 38 Special and Enigma.
When this Charisma label was retired in 1992, all of its artists were, as before, transferred to Virgin. In 1987, Venture Records was created for new age and modern classical artists including Klaus Schulze, associated with Virgin since the early 1970s. 10 Records Immortal Records Delabel Caroline Records was a budget label used from 1973 to 1977. The name and
Genesis were an English rock band formed at Charterhouse School, Surrey, in 1967. The most successful and longest-lasting line-up consisted of keyboardist Tony Banks, bassist/guitarist Mike Rutherford and drummer/singer Phil Collins. Significant former members were guitarist Steve Hackett; the band moved from folk music to progressive rock in the 1970s, before moving towards pop at the end of the decade. They have sold 21.5 million copies of their albums in the United States, with worldwide sales of between 100 million and 150 million. Formed by five Charterhouse pupils including Banks, Rutherford and Anthony Phillips, Genesis were named by former pupil Jonathan King, who arranged for them to record several unsuccessful singles and their debut album From Genesis to Revelation in 1968. After splitting with King, the group began to tour professionally, signed with Charisma Records and recorded Trespass in the progressive rock style. Following the departure of Phillips, Genesis recruited Collins and Hackett and recorded Nursery Cryme.
Their live shows began to be centred on Gabriel's theatrical costumes and performances. They were first successful in mainland Europe, before entering the UK charts with Foxtrot. In 1973, they released Selling England by the Pound, which featured their first UK top 30 single "I Know What I Like"; the concept album The Lamb Lies Down on Broadway followed in 1974, was promoted with a transatlantic tour featuring an elaborate stage show. Following the Lamb tour, Gabriel left Genesis in August 1975 to begin a solo career. After an unsuccessful search for a replacement, Collins took over as lead singer, while Genesis gained popularity in the UK and the US. Following A Trick of the Tail and Wind & Wuthering, Hackett left, reducing the band to Banks and Collins. Genesis' next album... And Then There Were Three... produced their first UK top ten and US top 30 single in 1978 with "Follow You Follow Me", they continued to gain success with Duke and Genesis, reaching a peak with Invisible Touch, which featured five US top five singles.
Its title track reached number one in the US. After the tour for We Can't Dance, Collins left Genesis in 1996 to focus on his solo career. Banks and Rutherford recruited Ray Wilson for Calling All Stations, but a lack of success in the US led to a group hiatus. Banks and Collins reunited for the Turn It On Again Tour in 2007, with Gabriel and Hackett were interviewed for the 2014 BBC documentary Genesis: Together and Apart, their discography includes six live albums, six of which topped the UK chart. They have won numerous awards and nominations, including a Grammy Award for Best Concept Music Video with "Land of Confusion", inspired a number of tribute bands recreating Genesis shows from various stages of the band's career. In 2010, Genesis were inducted into the Roll Hall of Fame; the founding members of Genesis, singer Peter Gabriel, keyboardist Tony Banks, guitarist Anthony Phillips and guitarist Mike Rutherford, drummer Chris Stewart, met at Charterhouse School, a private school in Godalming, Surrey.
Banks and Gabriel arrived at the school in September 1963, Rutherford in September 1964, Phillips in April 1965. The five were members in one of the school's two bands. In January 1967, after both groups had split and Rutherford continued to write together and proceeded to make a demo tape at a friend's home-made studio, inviting Banks and Stewart to record with them in the process; the five recorded six songs: "Don't Want You Back", "Try a Little Sadness", "She's Beautiful", "That's Me", "Listen on Five", "Patricia", an instrumental. When they wished to have them professionally recorded they sought Charterhouse alumnus Jonathan King, who seemed a natural choice as their publisher and producer following the success of his 1965 UK top five single, "Everyone's Gone to the Moon". A group friend gave the tape to King, enthusiastic. Under King's direction, the group, aged between 15 and 17, signed a one-year recording contract with Decca Records. From August to December 1967, the five recorded a selection of potential singles at Regent Sound Studios on Denmark Street, where they attempted longer and more complex compositions, but King advised them to stick to more straightforward pop.
In response Banks and Gabriel wrote "The Silent Sun", a pastiche of the Bee Gees, one of King's favourite bands, recorded with orchestral arrangements added by Arthur Greenslade. The group exchanged various names for the band, including King's suggestion of Gabriel's Angels and Champagne Meadow from Phillips, before taking King's suggestion of Genesis, indicating the start of his production career. King chose "The Silent Sun" as their first single, with "That's Me" on the B-side, released in February 1968, it achieved some airplay on BBC Radio One and Radio Caroline but it failed to sell. A second single, "A Winter's Tale" / "One-Eyed Hound", followed in May 1968 which sold little. Three months Stewart left the group to continue with his studies, he was replaced by fellow Charterhouse pupil John Silver. King felt; the result, From Genesis to Revelation, was produced at Regent Sound in ten days during their school's summer break in August 1968. King assembled the tracks as a concept album which he produced, while Greenslade added further orchestral arrangements to the songs, something the band were not informed of until
Invisible Men is the eighth studio album by English multi-instrumentalist and composer Anthony Phillips. It was released in October 1983 by Passport Records in the United States and in April 1984 by Street Tunes in the United Kingdom. After he released his Private Parts & Pieces III: Antiques, the third instalment in his generic album series, Phillips started work on his next full studio album. Phillips was pressured by his US label Passport Records to deliver more radio friendly songs, produced Invisible Men as a collaborative effort with musician and songwriter Richard Scott. Phillips would not release a arranged album of solo material until Slow Dance. In early 1982, Phillips released Private Parts & Pieces III: Antiques, the third instalment in his generic album series containing incomplete compositions and out-takes. For his next release Phillips committed to a full, standard album, his first since 1984. At this point in his career, Phillips was pressured by management at his record label, the independent US-based Passport Records, to deliver more commercial and radio friendly songs.
In early 1982, he had bought a house in Clapham, south London and has since called Invisible Men his "mortgage album". He set up studio in his home which he named Englewood Studios, did additional recording in Atmosphere Studios in central London. To help him with the project, Phillips invited musician and songwriter Richard Scott to assist in its production. Phillips credits Scott with his enthusiasm, but recalled that musically he would push him into areas that he was uneasy with despite his confidence and inexperience, having graduated from university and wanting to get into music; when it came to the vocals, Phillips was inspired to take them on himself as former Genesis band mates Mike Rutherford and Tony Banks had done vocals on their solo albums, that he was unable to find someone suitable. Phillips had used different guest singers on Sides, but felt that it did not work as well as he had expected. Feeling his vocals were inadequate, Phillips took singing lessons from John Owen-Edwards, who had worked with him on a musical project and had coached Rutherford.
After the backing tracks and rough vocals had been put down for about five songs, Phillips presented his work to his manager Tony Smith and recalled that he was "extremely impressed". This was when Phillips was enthusiastic about the album until it became difficult for him to maintain such a level of interest. During recording at Atmosphere Studios, session drummers were brought in to play parts programmed on a drum machine as well as singers for additional vocals. Phillips wrote about this period: "The money was flowing out, it wasn't a wholly happy time." In addition, pressure was placed upon him to change his image and to present the album under the Anthony Phillips Band moniker which he did not agree with. Invisible Men was cut by Ian Cooper at Townhouse Studios in London. Phillips encountered problems in finalising the album's release in the US as Passport rejected two cuts that Cooper had prepared, coupled with the opinion that none of the songs were suitable for a single. After the second cut was rejected, Phillips recalled that Cooper "was a bit beside himself - he just didn't know what else to do", received notes from the label's engineer in New York with suggestions to improve it, which Phillips expressed some disagreement on.
Following a three month delay the label suggested a new mix but realised it would cost additional money, so it agreed to release the album. "Exocet" is a political song inspired by the Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom, which took place during the recording of the album. In one incident in the conflict, an Exocet missile struck a British warship and killed 20 crew members. One of Phillips's musician friends, Argentinian guitarist Enrique Berro Garcia, had to leave the United Kingdom; the end of the song includes a segment of a news report of the war, a recording error but Phillips decided to keep it. Upon finishing the album, management of Street Tunes Records, the UK label that released it in the country, deemed "Exocet" too political and ordered its removal, it was replaced with "It's Not Easy". The track "The Women Were Watching" concerns the Falklands War. Invisible Men was released in the United Kingdom on 13 April 1984 on Street Tunes, an independent label. Phillips was pleased with the label's enthusiasm towards the album.
A 12-inch single of "Sally" was released which Phillips believed was not the best track for a single. The 1996 Blueprint reissue states that its track order was rearranged to the intended order. On October 13, 2017, Esoteric Recordings released a 2-disc deluxe edition of the album. Disc 1 contains a new remaster of the original stereo mix of the album. Disc 2 contains 16 unreleased demos and contemporaneous material; the deluxe edition includes an illustrated booklet with a new essay by Jonathan Dann. Side one "Sally" - 3:53 "Golden Bodies" - 3:16 "Going for Broke" - 3:30 "Exocet" - 3:19 / "It's Not Easy" - 4:47 * "Love in a Hot Air Balloon" - 3:42 "Traces" - 4:49Side two "I Want Your Heart" - 3:51 "Falling for Love" - 3:33 "Guru" - 4:42 "The Women Were Watching" - 4:46 "My Time Has Come" - 4:462017 reissue bonus disc "Gimme Love" "Falling for Love" "My Time Has Come" "Golden Bodies" "Mysterious Constitution of Comets" "She's Gone" "Graciella" "Over and Over Again" "Tonight" "Alien" "Refugee from Love" "Something Blue" "Holding You
Jonathan King is an English singer-songwriter, record producer, music entrepreneur, former television and radio presenter. King first came to prominence in 1965 when "Everyone's Gone to the Moon", a song that he wrote and sang while still an undergraduate, achieved chart success in Britain and the United States; the Guardian reported in 2002. As an independent producer, he discovered and named Genesis in 1967, producing their first album From Genesis to Revelation, he founded his own label, UK Records in 1972. He produced songs for 10cc and the Bay City Rollers. In the 1970s King became known for hits that he performed and/or produced under different names, including "Johnny Reggae", "Loop di Love", "Hooked On A Feeling" and "Una Paloma Blanca". Rod Liddle described him as someone who could "storm the pop charts at will, under a hundred different disguises". While living in New York in the 1980s, King appeared on radio and television in the UK, including on the BBC's Top of the Pops and Entertainment USA.
In the early 1990s he produced the Brit Awards, from 1995 he selected and produced the British entries for the Eurovision Song Contest, including the winning entry in 1997, "Love Shine a Light" by Katrina and the Waves. In September 2001, King was convicted of child sexual abuse and sentenced to seven years in prison, for having sexually assaulted five boys, aged 14 and 15, in the 1980s. In November 2001 he was acquitted of 22 similar charges, he was released on parole in March 2005. A further trial for sexual offences against teenage boys resulted in several not guilty verdicts and the trial being abandoned in June 2018. King was born in a nursing home in Bentinck Street, London, the first child of Jimmy King and his wife, Ailsa Linley Leon, a former actress. From New Jersey, Jimmy King had moved to England when he was 14, he attended Oundle School and Trinity College, before joining the American Field Service during World War II and Tootal Ties and Shirts as managing director. King's birth was a forceps delivery and a muscle on his upper lip was affected during it, giving him his crooked smile.
After he was born, the family lived in Gloucester Place, Marylebone moved to Surrey, where King and his younger brothers and Anthony, were raised in Brookhurst Grange, a mansion near Ewhurst. King was sent to boarding school, first as a weekly boarder to pre-prep school in Hindhead, Surrey when he was eight, to Stoke House Preparatory School in Seaford, East Sussex. A year in 1954, his father died from a heart attack. Brookhurst Grange was sold, the family moved to Cobbetts, a cottage in nearby Forest Green. Music became a passion around this time. King would save his pocket money for train trips to London to watch My Fair Lady, The King and I, Irma la Douce, Salad Days, Damn Yankees and Kismet from the cheap seats in the balcony, he discovered pop music and bought his first single, Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues". In 1958 King became a boarder at Charterhouse in Surrey, he wrote that he "loved Charterhouse immediately", with its history and "every possible area of encouragement from sport to intellectual pursuits."
Unlike at Stoke House, there were other boys there. He bought a transistor radio and earphones and joined the "under the bedclothes" club, listening to Tony Hall, Jimmy Savile, Don Moss and Pete Murray on Radio Luxembourg, keeping track of the New Musical Express charts; the music Buddy Holly, Adam Faith, Roy Orbison and Gene Pitney, made him "ache with desire": Since "It Doesn't Matter Anymore" swept me off my feet, I had become a raving pop addict, desperate for a fix every few seconds. I kept thick notebooks packed with copies of the weekly charts, adverts for new products, pages of predictions of future hits and comments about current artistes. Looking at them now, there was no way I could have avoided a future in the music industry. King left Charterhouse in 1962 to attend a London crammer, for his A levels. With his wages from a job stacking shelves in a supermarket, he made a demo of himself the following year singing "It Doesn't Matter Anymore" and "Fool's Paradise" with the Ted Taylor Trio, a professional group in Rickmansworth.
Wearing a pinstripe suit and trainers, he approached John Schroeder of Oriole Records and told him he could make a hit record. "I have been studying the music industry for the last three years and it is one big joke," Schroeder reported him as saying. "Anyone can make it if they're clever and can fool a few people." After hearing King's demo, Schroeder booked a studio session with an orchestra but thought that King could not sing in tune. King joined a local band in Cranleigh, the Bumblies, as manager/producer and occasional singer—wearing thigh-length boots and long black gloves, during the band's appearances at birthday parties and similar. Despite the cramming, King failed the scholarship exam for Trinity College, but he was offered a place in 1963 after an interview, he accepted, but first took a gap year and spent six months travelling with a round-the-world ticket from his mother. Staying in youth hostels, he visited Greece, the Middle East, Asia and the United States, including Hawaii, where, in June 1964, he met the manager of the Beatles, Brian Epstein.
They spent hours together in Honolulu discussing the music industry, King wrote. In October that year King began to study for his degree in English literature at Cambridge, lodging in Jesus Lane. Around the time King began at Cambridge, the Bumblies (featuring Terry