Stewart Granger was an English film actor associated with heroic and romantic leading roles. He was a popular leading man from the 1940s to the early 1960s, rising to fame through his appearances in the Gainsborough melodramas, he was born James Lablache Stewart in Old Brompton Road, West London, the only son of Major James Stewart, OBE and his wife Frederica Eliza. Granger was educated at the Webber Douglas Academy of Dramatic Art, he was the great-great-grandson of the opera singer Luigi Lablache and the grandson of the actor Luigi Lablache. When he became an actor, he was advised to change his name in order to avoid being confused with the American actor James Stewart. Granger was his Scottish grandmother's maiden name. Offscreen friends and colleagues continued to call him Jimmy for the rest of his life, but to the general public he became Stewart Granger. Granger made his film debut as an extra starting with The Song You Gave Me, he can be glimpsed in Give Her a Ring, Over the Garden Wall and A Southern Maid.
It was at this time that he met Michael Wilding and they remained friends until Wilding's death in 1979. Years of theatre work followed at Hull Repertory Theatre and after a pay dispute, at Birmingham Repertory Theatre. Here he met a leading actress with the company, who became his first wife, his productions at Birmingham included The Courageous Sex and Victoria and Empress. Granger began to get work on stage in London, he appeared in The Sun Never Sets at the Drury Lane Theatre and in Serena Blandish opposite Vivien Leigh. At the Buxton Festival, he played Tybalt in a production of Romeo and Juliet opposite Robert Donat and Constance Cummings, he acted opposite them both in The Good Natured Man. In London he was in The House in the Square. Granger had small roles in the film So This Is London and Convoy. At the outbreak of the Second World War, Granger enlisted in the Gordon Highlanders transferred to the Black Watch with the rank of second lieutenant; however he suffered from stomach ulcers and he was invalided out of the army in 1942.
Granger had a small role in a war film Secret Mission and a bigger one in a comedy Thursday's Child. He was in a stage production of Rebecca when he was asked to audition for the film that turned him into a star. Granger had been recommended by Donat, who most worked with Granger on stage in To Dream Again. Granger's first starring film role was as the acid-tongued Rokeby in the Gainsborough Pictures period melodrama, The Man in Grey, a film that helped to make him and his three co-stars – James Mason, Phyllis Calvert and Margaret Lockwood – into box office names in Britain. Granger followed it with The Lamp Still Burns playing the love interest of nurse Rosamund John. More popular was another for Gainsborough Pictures, Fanny by Gaslight, which reunited him with Calvert and Mason, added Jean Kent; the New York Times reported. The customers... Like his dark looks and his dash, it was the second most popular film at the British box office in 1944. Another hit was Love Story where he plays a blind pilot who falls in love with terminally ill Margaret Lockwood, with Patricia Roc co-starring.
Granger filmed this at the same time as Waterloo Road, playing his first villain, a "spiv" who has run off with the wife of John Mills. This film was popular too, it is one of Granger's favourites. Madonna of the Seven Moons, with Calvert and Roc, was more Gainsborough melodrama, another hit. Popular was Caesar and Cleopatra, supporting Claude Rains and Vivien Leigh. At the end of 1945 British exhibitors voted Granger the second-most popular British film star, the ninth-most popular overall; the Times reported that "this six-foot black-visaged ex-soldier from the Black Watch is England's Number One pin up boy. Only Bing Crosby can match him for popularity."Caravan, starring Granger and Kent, was the sixth most popular film at the British box office in 1946. Well liked was The Magic Bow, with Calvert and Kent, where Granger played Niccolò Paganini That year he was voted the third-most popular British star, the sixth-most popular overall. Granger went over to Rank, for whom he made a series of historical dramas: Captain Boycott, set in Ireland, directed by Frank Launder.
Granger was cast as the outsider, the handsome gambler Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, perceived as'not quite the ticket' by the established order, the Hanoverian court where the action is set. Granger stated; however it was a disappointment at the box office. Granger so appeared in Woman Hater, a comedy with Edwige Feuillère. In 1949 Granger was reported as earning around £30,000 a year; that year Granger made Evelyne, starring with Jean Simmons. The story, about a much older man and a teenager whom he realises is no longer a child but a young woman with mature emotions and sexuality, had obvious parallels to Granger's and Simmons' own lives. Granger had first met the young Jean Simmons when they both worked on Gabriel
Chelsea is an affluent area of West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour, its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, now in a pipe above Sloane Square Underground station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and Brompton, but it is considered that the area north of King's Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea; the district is within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, although Chelsea gives its name to nearby locations, such as Chelsea Harbour in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, Chelsea Barracks in the City of Westminster. From 1900, until the creation of Greater London in 1965, it formed the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea in the County of London; the exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has resulted in the term Sloane Ranger being used to describe its residents.
Since 2011, Channel 4 has broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the lives of affluent young people living there. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea residents being born in the U. S; the word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for "landing place for chalk or limestone". Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD; the first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King's Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor, gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, it passed into private ownership. By 1086 the Domesday Book records that Chelsea was in the hundred of Ossulstone in Middlesex, with Edward of Salisbury as tenant-in-chief. King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536. Two of King Henry's wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House.
In 1609 James I established a theological college, "King James's College at Chelsey" on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682. By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, once described as "a village of palaces" – had a population of 3,000. So, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis; the street crossing, known as Little Chelsea, Park Walk, linked Fulham Road to King's Road and continued to the Thames and local ferry down Lover's Lane, renamed "Milmans Street" in the 18th century. King's Road, named for Charles II, recalls the King's private road from St James's Palace to Fulham, maintained until the reign of George IV. One of the more important buildings in King's Road, the former Chelsea Town Hall, popularly known as "Chelsea Old Town hall" – a fine neo-classical building – contains important frescoes.
Part of the building contains the Chelsea Public Library. Opposite stands the former Odeon Cinema, now Habitat, with its iconic façade which carries high upon it a large sculptured medallion of the now almost-forgotten William Friese-Greene, who claimed to have invented celluloid film and cameras in the 1880s before any subsequent patents. According to Encyclopædia Britannica, "the better residential portion of Chelsea is the eastern, near Sloane Street and along the river; this is no longer the case, although Council property do remain. The areas to the west attract high prices; this former fashionable village was absorbed into London during the eighteenth century. Many notable people of 18th century London, such as the bookseller Andrew Millar, were both married and buried in the district; the memorials in the churchyard of Chelsea Old Church, near the river, illustrate much of the history of Chelsea. These include Lady Dacre; the intended tomb Sir Thomas More erected for himself and his wives can be found there, though More is not in fact buried here.
In 1718, the Raw Silk Company was established in Chelsea Park, with mulberry trees and a hothouse for raising silkworms. At its height in 1723, it supplied silk to Caroline of Ansbach Princess of Wales. Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns, made from a long strip of sweet dough coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, topped with sugar; the Chelsea Bun House was patronised by the Georgian royalty. At Easter, great crowds would assemble on the open spaces of the Five Fields – subsequently developed as Belgravia; the Bun House would do a great trade in hot cross buns and sold about quarter of a million on its final Good Friday in 1839. The area was famous for its "Chelsea China" ware, though the works, the Chelsea porcelain factory – thought to be the first workshop to make porcelain in England – were sold in 1769, moved to Derby. Examples of the original Chelsea ware fetch high values; the best-known building is Chelsea R
Sir Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde, known professionally as Dirk Bogarde, was an English actor and writer. A matinée idol in films such as Doctor in the House for the Rank Organisation, he acted in art-house films. In a second career, he wrote seven best-selling volumes of memoirs, six novels and a volume of collected journalism from articles in The Daily Telegraph. Bogarde came to prominence in films including The Blue Lamp in the early 1950s, before starring in the successful Doctor film series, he twice won the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role. His other notable film roles included Victim, The Damned, Death in Venice, The Night Porter, A Bridge Too Far and Despair, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters in 1990 and a Knight Bachelor in 1992. Bogarde was the elder of two sons born to Ulric van den Margaret Niven. Ulric was born in Birmingham, of Flemish ancestry, he was Art Editor of The Times. Margaret Niven was a former actress. Dirk Bogarde was born in a nursing home at West Hampstead, London.
He was baptised on 30 October 1921 at Kilburn. His brother, Gareth Ulric Van Den Bogaerde, an advertising film producer, was born in July 1933, in Hendon, he had a younger sister, Elizabeth. Conditions in the family home in North London became cramped and Bogarde was moved to Glasgow to stay with relatives of his mother, he stayed there for over three years, returning at the end of 1937. He attended University College School, the former Allan Glen's High School of Science in Glasgow, a time he described in his autobiography as an unhappy one. From 1937 to 1938 he studied at the Chelsea School of Art, he began his acting career on stage in 1939, shortly before the start of the Second World War, with his first on-screen appearance being as an uncredited extra in the George Formby comedy, Come On George!. During the war, Derek "Pip" Bogaerde served in the British Army with the Royal Corps of Signals before in 1943 being commissioned at the age of 22 into the Queen's Royal Regiment as a second lieutenant.
He served in both the Pacific theatres, principally as an intelligence officer. Taylor Downing's book Spies in the Sky tells of his work with a specialist Army unit that accompanied air force units for the interpreting of aerial photo-reconnaissance information, after D-Day moving to Normandy with RCAF units which by July 1944 were located at the "B.8" airfield at Sommervieu, near Bayeux. As an "Air Photographic Interpreter" with the rank of captain, subsequently major, he was with the headquarters of the Second Army where he selected ground targets in France and Germany, for the Second Tactical Air Force and RAF Bomber Command to attack. In a 1986 Yorkshire Television interview with Russell Harty, Bogarde said: "I went to see quite a lot of them", "I mean I went back to the villages, saw what I had done. I used to go painting, as you know, when I had any time off, I went to one village in Normandy, painted it, because I had picked it and it was a waste of time, because everybody" "had got through," " and I found what I had thought in the rubble were a whole row of footballs, they weren't footballs - I was sitting right beside them, painting - and they weren't footballs, they were children's heads, what it was, I discovered was a whole school of kids, a convent, had been pulled out of school, out of class, lined up in this little narrow alleyway between the buildings to save them from the bombing, the whole thing had come in on top of them, plus the nuns, but by that time they were lice-ridden, there was nothing.
I can talk about it now at 65 because it's sort of, dispassionate about it, I've seen worse things since, but that gave me a bit of a turn, yes, I didn't enjoy that. A row of kids' heads that you thought were footballs and you kick one and it wasn't, it rolled away down the rubble." Bogarde was one of the first Allied officers in April 1945 to reach the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany, an experience that had the most profound effect on him and about which he found it difficult to speak for many years afterward. "I think it was on the 13th of April - I'm not quite sure what the date was" "- in'44" "when we opened up Belsen Camp, the first concentration camp any of us had seen, we didn't know what they were, we'd heard vague rumours that they were. I mean; the gates were opened and I realised that I was looking at Dante's Inferno, I mean... I... I still haven't seen anything as dreadful, and never will. And a girl came up who spoke English, because she recognised one of the badges, she... her breasts were like, sort of, empty purses, she had no top on, a pair of man's pyjamas, you know, the prison pyjamas, no hair.
But I knew. She was I suppose, oh I don't know, twenty four, twenty five, we talked, she was, you know, so excited and thrilled, all around us there were mountains of dead people, I mean mountains of them, they w
Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Cambridge. Members of Trinity have won 33 Nobel Prizes out of the 116 won by members of Cambridge University, the highest number of any college at either Oxford or Cambridge. Five Fields Medals in mathematics were won by members of the college and one Abel Prize was won. Trinity alumni include six British prime ministers, physicists Isaac Newton, James Clerk Maxwell, Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr, mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, the poet Lord Byron, historian Lord Macaulay, philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell, Soviet spies Kim Philby, Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt. Two members of the British royal family have studied at Trinity and been awarded degrees as a result: Prince William of Gloucester and Edinburgh, who gained an MA in 1790, Prince Charles, awarded a lower second class BA in 1970.
Other royal family members have studied there without obtaining degrees, including King Edward VII, King George VI, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester. Trinity has many college societies, including the Trinity Mathematical Society, the oldest mathematical university society in the United Kingdom, the First and Third Trinity Boat Club, its rowing club, which gives its name to the college's May Ball. Along with Christ's, King's and St John's colleges, it has provided several of the well known members of the Apostles, an intellectual secret society. In 1848, Trinity hosted the meeting at which Cambridge undergraduates representing private schools such as Westminster drew up an early codification of the rules of football, known as the Cambridge Rules. Trinity's sister college in Oxford is Christ Church. Like that college, Trinity has been linked with Westminster School since the school's re-foundation in 1560, its Master is an ex officio governor of the school; the college was founded by Henry VIII in 1546, from the merger of two existing colleges: Michaelhouse, King's Hall.
At the time, Henry had been seizing church lands from monasteries. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge, being both religious institutions and quite rich, expected to be next in line; the King duly passed an Act of Parliament. The universities used their contacts to plead with Catherine Parr; the Queen persuaded her husband not to create a new college. The king did not want to use royal funds, so he instead combined two colleges and seven hostels namely Physwick, Gregory's, Ovyng's, Catherine's, Margaret's and Tyler's, to form Trinity. Contrary to popular belief, the monastic lands granted by Henry VIII were not on their own sufficient to ensure Trinity's eventual rise. In terms of architecture and royal association, it was not until the Mastership of Thomas Nevile that Trinity assumed both its spaciousness and its courtly association with the governing class that distinguished it since the Civil War. In its infancy Trinity had owed a great deal to its neighbouring college of St John's: in the exaggerated words of Roger Ascham Trinity was little more than a colonia deducta.
Its first four Masters were educated at St John's, it took until around 1575 for the two colleges' application numbers to draw a position in which they have remained since the Civil War. In terms of wealth, Trinity's current fortunes belie prior fluctuations. Bentley himself was notorious for the construction of a hugely expensive staircase in the Master's Lodge, for his repeated refusals to step down despite pleas from the Fellows. Most of the Trinity's major buildings date from the 17th centuries. Thomas Nevile, who became Master of Trinity in 1593, redesigned much of the college; this work included the enlargement and completion of Great Court, the construction of Nevile's Court between Great Court and the river Cam. Nevile's Court was completed in the late 17th century when the Wren Library, designed by Christopher Wren, was built. In the 20th century, Trinity College, St John's College and King's College were for decades the main recruiting grounds for the Cambridge Apostles, an elite, intellectual secret society.
In 2011, the John Templeton Foundation awarded Trinity College's Master, the astrophysicist Martin Rees, its controversial million-pound Templeton Prize, for "affirming life's spiritual dimension". Trinity is the richest Oxbridge college, with a landholding alone worth £800 million. Trinity is sometimes suggested to be the second, third or fourth wealthiest landowner in the UK – after the Crown Estate, the National Trust and the Church of England. In 2005, Trinity's annual rental income from its properties was reported to be in excess of £20 million. Trinity owns: 3400 acres housing facilities at the Port of Felixstowe, Britain's busiest container port the Cambridge Science Park the O2 Arena in London Lord Byron purportedly kept a pe
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Northwood is an area in the north-west of Greater London, England. It is located within the London Borough of Hillingdon and the historic county of Middlesex, on the border with Hertfordshire, is 14.5 miles from Charing Cross. The area consists of the elevated settlement of Northwood and Northwood Hills, both of which are served by stations on the Metropolitan line of the London Underground. At the 2011 census, the population of Northwood was 10,949, down from 11,068 in 2008, while the population of Northwood Hills was 11,578, up from 10,833 in 2001. Northwood adjoins Ruislip Woods National Nature Reserve, it was used for location filming of the Goods' and Leadbetters' houses and surrounding streets in the BBC TV sitcom The Good Life. Northwood was first recorded in 1435 as Northwode, formed from the Old English'north' and'wode', meaning'the northern wood', in relation to Ruislip. In 1086 at the Domesday Book the Northwood-embracing parish of Ruislip had immense woodland, sufficient to support one parish with 1,500 pigs per year, a park for wild beasts.
The hamlet of Northwood grew up along the north side of the Rickmansworth-Pinner road which passes across the north-east of the parish. Apart from this road and internal networks in areas of scattered settlement to the east and west, Ruislip had only three ancient roads of any importance of which Ducks Hill Road was the only one in the Northwood hamlet; this followed the course of the modern road from its junction with the Rickmansworth road in the northwest corner of the parish. It ran south through Ruislip village as Bury Street and continued through the open fields as Down Barns Road to West End in Northolt. Northwood had a manorial grange in 1248, which may have occupied the site of the Northwood Grange; the monks of the Bec Abbey who lived at Manor Farm in Ruislip in the 11th century owned this grange. A few cottages at Northwood are mentioned in the 1565 national survey. Two hundred years the shape of the hamlet, composed of a few farms and dwellings scattered along the Rickmansworth road, had altered little except for the addition of Holy Trinity church.
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury had 568 acres of Ruislip cleared of forest. Northwood, however and separated from the rest of the parish by a belt of woodland, took until the 19th century to form a village — 350 acres in the manor of St. Catherine's were inclosed under the first Middlesex Inclosure Act in 1769 privatizing land which lay west of Ducks Hill Road, including West Wood, common ground. A further 3,000 acres of Ruislip parish were inclosed in 1804; the character of the area in providing for Northwood and Ruislip Hills to have the majority of open spaces as opposed to housing land was begun by transfers of open space land to the public as early as 1899. The open nature of the district attracted three hospitals to move or establish in this part of the parish: Mount Vernon Hospital, St. Vincent's Orthopaedic Hospital and Northwood and District Hospital. By 1891, Northwood had one shop and one public house. In 1901, there was a population of 2,500 in 500 houses and Northwood Hills had 26 shops.
A land survey of Northwood conducted in 1565 by King's College, the new lords of the manor of Ruislip, recorded ten houses and several farms. By 1881, the population of Northwood had reached 257, with 62 houses recorded from 41 people in 1841. David Carnegie owned the large Eastbury Park Estate in the north of the area in 1881. In 1887, the Metropolitan Railway was extended from Harrow-on-the-Hill to Rickmansworth and Carnegie sold his land to Frank Carew for development for £59,422. Northwood station opened in August that year. Carew stipulated the prices for the new housing he had built, with the cottages along the west side of the High Street priced at £120, he had hoped. The High Street itself had been a track leading on from Rickmansworth Road to Gate Hill Farm; the first shops opened in 1895 on the east side of the road, included a hairdresser, butchers and a fishmongers. Carew sold the majority of the estate to George Wieland in 1892. By 1902, the population had running 36 shops. In 1904, the Emmanuel Church opened in Northwood Hills, designed by Sir Frank Elgood, a local architect.
It had been built in 1895 to serve as a school. Elgood served as chairman of the Ruislip-Northwood Urban District Council. Northwood and Pinner Cottage Hospital was built in 1926 as a memorial to the First World War, using donations from the Ruislip Cottagers' Allotments Charity. Northwood is home to Northwood Headquarters, in the grounds of Eastbury Park, the estate purchased by David Carnegie in 1857; the Royal Air Force took over the site in 1939 for the use of RAF Coastal Command which made use of Eastbury house and created a network of underground bunkers and operations blocks, at which time the house was used as the leading Officers' Mess, though was subsequently damaged by fire. The RAF vacated the site in 1969, it is now the location of the British Armed Forces Permanent Joint Headquarters for planning and controlling overseas military operations, together with the NATO Regional Command. A new community centre on the town's high street, replacing an older building, was opened by the local MP Nick Hurd in September 2012.
The new building was named the Kate Fassnidge Community Centre after the Uxbridge landowner who donated some of her land to the borough, replaced a derelict dining club, a Ritz cinema. On 4 July 1948 a Scandinavian Airlines Douglas DC-6 on a flight from Amsterdam to RAF Northolt collided wit
The Blue Lamp
The Blue Lamp is a 1950 British police drama, directed by Basil Dearden and starring Jack Warner as veteran PC Dixon, Jimmy Hanley as newcomer PC Mitchell, Dirk Bogarde as hardened criminal Tom Riley. The title refers to the blue lamps; the film became the inspiration for the 1955–1976 TV series Dixon of Dock Green, where Jack Warner continued to play PC Dixon until he was 80 years old. The screenplay was written by ex-policeman T. E. B. Clarke; the film is an early example of the "social realism" films that emerged in the 1950s and 1960s, sometimes using a partial documentary-like approach. There are cinematic influences of the Film Noir genre in underworld scenes featuring Bogarde's Tom Riley, such as the pool rooms and in and around the theatre, making deliberate use of genre trademarks like slow moving low camera angles and stark lighting; the plot, follows a simple moral structure in which the police are the honest guardians of a decent society, battling the disorganised crime of a few unruly youths.
The action takes place in the Paddington area of London, is set in July 1949, a few years after the end of the Second World War. PC George Dixon a long-serving traditional "copper", due to retire shortly, takes a new recruit, Andy Mitchell, under his aegis, introducing him to the easy-going night beat. Dixon is a classic Ealing "ordinary" hero, but anachronistic and unable to answer the violence of Tom Riley. Called to the scene of a robbery at a local cinema, Dixon finds himself face-to-face with Riley, a desperate youth armed with a revolver. Dixon tries to talk Riley into surrendering the weapon, but Riley panics and fires. Dixon dies some hours later; the ending is another Ealing quirk, with ordinary, decent society banding together with professional criminals and dog-track identities to track down and catch the murderer, who tries to hide in the crowd at White City greyhound track in West London. To Andy Mitchell falls the honour of arresting Riley; the production had the full co-operation of the Metropolitan Police, the crew were thus able to use the real-life former Paddington Green Police Station at 64 Harrow Road, London W9 and New Scotland Yard for location work.
Most of the other outdoor scenes were filmed in inner west London, principally the Harrow Road precincts between Paddington and Westbourne Park. George Dixon is named after producer Michael Balcon's former school in Birmingham; the original blue lamp was transferred to the new Paddington Green Police Station. It was restored in the early 21st century. Most of the locations around the police station are unrecognisable now due to building of the Marylebone flyover; the police station at 325 Harrow Road, not far from the site of the Coliseum Cinema, shown in the film, has a reproduction blue lamp at its entrance. The Metropolitan Theatre of Varieties, featured prominently at the start of the film, was demolished because it was thought that the Marylebone flyover would need the site, although that turned out not to be the case, it is now the site of Paddington Green Police Station. The scene involving a robbery on a jeweller's shop was filmed at the nearby branch of national chain, F. Hinds; this was knocked down when the flyover was built.
The scenes of the cinema robbery were filmed at the Coliseum Cinema on Harrow Road, next to the Grand Union Canal bridge. The cinema was built in 1922, was closed in 1956 and demolished; the site is now occupied by an office of Paddington Churches Housing Association. Some of the streets used, or seen, in the film include: Harrow Road W2 and W9, Bishop's Bridge Road W2, Westbourne Terrace Bridge Road W9, Delamere Terrace, Blomfield Road, Formosa Street, Lord Hill's Road, Kinnaird Street and Senior Street W2, Ladbroke Grove W10, Portobello Road W11, Latimer Road, Sterne Street W12 and Hythe Road NW10; the church which features prominently towards the end is St Mary Magdelene Church, Senior Street W2. All of the streets around the church were demolished in the 1960s to make way for the new Warwick Estate in Little Venice. Tom Riley's home was in the run-down street of Amberley Mews, north of the canal, is now the site of Ellwood Court, part of the Amberley Estate, it is from this mews that Riley walks into Formosa Street crosses the Halfpenny Bridge.
He goes into Diana Lewis's flat on the corner of Delamere Terrace and Lord Hill's Road where he attacks her and is chased out by the following detective. Follows one of the first extended car chases in British film; the route of the chase is as follows: Senior Street W2, Clarendon Crescent W2, Harrow Road W9, Ladbroke Grove W10, Portobello Road W11, Ladbroke Grove W10, Royal Crescent W10, Portland Road W10, Penzance Place W10, Freston Road W10, Hythe Road NW10, Sterne Street W12 – a chase on foot into Wood Lane and to White City Stadium. Most of the chase is a logical following of Riley's car apart from when the car goes from Hythe Road NW10 into Sterne Street – Hythe Road in 1949 was a dead end; the Blue Lamp premiered on 20 January 1950 at the Odeon Leicester Square in London, the reviewer for The Times found the depiction of the police work plausible and realistic, praised the performances of Dirk Bogarde and Peggy Evans, but found Jack Warner's and Jimmy Hanley's two policemen portrayed in a too traditional way: "There is an indefinable feel of the theatrical backcloth behind their words and actions...
The sense that the policemen they are acting are not policemen as they r