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Buddy (Looney Tunes)

Buddy is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. Leon Schlesinger Productions series of cartoons, he was the second star of the series, after Bosko. Buddy has his origins in the chaos that followed after animators Hugh Harman and Rudy Ising severed their relations with producer Leon Schlesinger. Without his animators and Bosko the Talk-Ink Kid, the star character they had taken with them, Schlesinger was desperate to build his own cartoon studio and maintain his contract with Warner Bros, he lured in several animators among them Earl Duvall from Disney. Schlesinger told his new employees to create a star character for the studio, Duvall created Buddy in 1933; the character had a troubled beginning, as Warner Bros. refused to accept his first two cartoons, resulting in Friz Freleng being called in to re-edit and condense them into a single short. In the book Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons, animator Bob Clampett is quoted as describing Buddy as "Bosko in whiteface".

Despite these initial problems, Buddy would go on to be the studio's linchpin character for the next two years. Music dominates in Buddy's world; the characters participate in gags. Buddy is accompanied in his films by his flapper girlfriend and his dog, Towser; the character would go on to star in 23 cartoons from 1933 to 1935 before he was retired to make way for a new character called Beans the Cat, who became the third Looney Tunes star, though on replaced by the more popular Porky Pig. Buddy's voice was most of the time performed by animator Jack Carr. Buddy had various designs throughout the course of his career. In Buddy's Beer Garden, he wore a jacket with long pants. After Warner Bros. rejected the short, animator Tom Palmer redesigned the character into a younger boy with trousers, a polo shirt, a large cap, as seen in Buddy's Day Out. Because Tom Palmer was fired, the early design of Buddy was reused for Buddy's Showboat. Friz Freleng gave the character another design, nearly identical to Earl Duvall's except he is smaller and does not wear a jacket.

Ben Hardaway redesigned Buddy to look more like his predecessor, Bosko. The 1935 Merrie Melodies cartoon Mr. and Mrs. Is the Name, in which mermaid characters resembling Buddy and Cookie find a treasure trove, was Buddy's first color appearance. Buddy's first new appearance after his original series ended came in the 1993 animated series Animaniacs, where he appeared in the episode "The Warners' 65th Anniversary Special" as the main antagonist of that episode, it was broadcast on May 23, 1994. In this episode, it was revealed that Yakko and Dot were created to spice up Buddy's dull cartoons. After Buddy was dropped by the studio in favor of the Warners, Buddy retired to become a nut farmer in Ojai, but hated the Warners for ruining his career, made a failed attempt at the Anniversary Special to enact revenge on the Warner Siblings for ruining his career 65 years ago. Jim Cummings provided Buddy's voice here; the cartoons he starred in with the Warners shown were Outback Buddy, Postman Buddy, Gardening Buddy, Baker Buddy, Busdriver Buddy.

On the PBS series History Detectives, a collection of Buddy cels is the focus of a 2010 episode. Too Looney!: Buddy Profile

Cinema of Serbia

The cinema of Serbia comprises the art of film and creative movies made within Serbia or by Serbian filmmakers abroad. Serbia has been home to many internationally acclaimed films and directors, is considered to be the most successful Balkan state in terms of filmmaking. Most of the prominent films from the Balkans are from Serbia, have acquired a great level of commercial success; the first-ever projection of motion pictures in the Balkans and Central Europe was held in Belgrade in June 1896 by André Carr, a representative of the Lumière brothers. He shot the first motion pictures of Belgrade in the next year. Serbian cinema dates back to 1896 with the release of the oldest movie in the Balkans, The Life and Deeds of the Immortal Vožd Karađorđe, a biography about Serbian revolutionary leader, Karađorđe; the cinema was established reasonably early in Serbia with 12 films being produced before the start of World War II. The most notable of the prewar films was Mihailo Popovic's The Battle of Kosovo in 1939.

Cinema prospered after World War II. The most notable postwar director was Dušan Makavejev, internationally recognised for Love Affair: Or the Case of the Missing Switchboard Operator in 1969 focusing on Yugoslav politics. Makavejev's Montenegro was made in Sweden in 1981. Zoran Radmilović was one of the most notable actors of the postwar period. Serbian cinema continued to today despite the turmoil of the 1990s. Emir Kusturica won two Golden Palms for Best Feature Film at the Cannes Film Festival, for When Father Was Away on Business in 1985 and again for Underground in 1995. In 1998, Kusturica won a Silver Lion for directing White Cat. Several Serbian-American filmmakers have established a loose, intellectual multi-mediamaking tradition, working within prominent academic institutions and creating works marked by high stylistic experimentation. Three figures here would include Slavko Vorkapic, creator of famed montage sequences for Hollywood films and Dean of the USC Film School; some of the most notable Serbian actors: Timothy John Byford Srđan Dragojević Emir Kusturica Peter Bogdanovich Dušan Makavejev Goran Marković Gojko Mitić Goran Paskaljević Živojin Pavlović Aleksandar Petrović Lazar Ristovski Slobodan Šijan Želimir Žilnik Boro Drašković Nikola Ležaić Srdan Golubović Stefan Arsenijević I Even Met Happy Gypsies Black Cat, White Cat Pretty Village, Pretty Flame Underground Who's That Singing Over There We Are Not Angels W.

R.: Mysteries of the Organism When Father Was Away on Business The Marathon Family Time of the Gypsies The Wounds Life Is a Miracle St. George Slays the Dragon A Serbian Film Ivić, Pavle, ed.. The History of Serbian Culture. Edgware: Porthill Publishers. Dejan Kosanović. "Film and cinematography". The history of Serbian Culture. Rastko. Miroslav Savićević. "Television". The history of Serbian Culture. Rastko. Petar Marjanović. "The theatre". The history of Serbian Culture. Rastko. Dusan T. Bjelic: "Global Aesthetics and the Serbian Cinema of the 1990s", in: Aniko Imre: East European Cinemas. London: Routledge 2005, p. 103 - 120. Nevena Dakovic: "Europe lost and found: Serbian Cinema and EU Integration". In: New Cinemas: Journal of Contemporary Film, Vol. 4, Issue 2, p. 93 - 103. Igor Krstic: Wunden der Symbolischen Ordnung. Subjekt zwischen Trauma und Phantasma in serbischen Filmen der 1990er Jahre. Wien: Turia & Kant 2009. List of Serbian films Cinema of Yugoslavia Cinema of the world World cinema History of cinema Film festival of Serbia List of most expensive non-English language films Serbian Film and Cinematography Serbian Film Festival National film festival of Serbia

Super League VII

Super League VII was the year 2002's Super League championship season, the 108th season of top-level professional rugby league in Britain, the seventh run by Super League. Twelve clubs from across England competed during the season, culminating in the 2002 Super League Grand Final between St. Helens and Bradford Bulls, which St Helens won, claiming their third premiership in four seasons. Lee Briers of Warrington Wolves scored a record-equalling 5 drop goals against Halifax Blue Sox in the Super League match on 25 May 2002. Salary cap limits were adjusted in an attempt to make Super League more competitive: The cap for money spent on players' salaries was set at £1.8 million per club from the 2002 season. The previous limit had allowed the clubs to spend either £0.75 million per year or a higher amount as long as it was no more than 50% of the clubs "salary cap relevant income". The cap change allowed some clubs in Super League to spend more money on players than they had but forced a reduction in spending at others.

Wigan Warriors were given 12 months' dispensation to spend up to £2.3 million due to existing contract commitments. Super League VII at Super League VII at

Thomas B. Griffith

Thomas Beall Griffith is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Before his appointment to the bench he was Senate Legal Counsel, the chief legal officer of the United States Senate. In November 2011, Griffith was included on The New Republic's list of Washington's most powerful, but least famous, people. Griffith graduated summa cum laude from Brigham Young University with a bachelor's degree in 1978 and served on the Virginia Law Review at the University of Virginia School of Law, where he received a Juris Doctor in 1985, he worked in private legal practice in Charlotte, North Carolina from 1985 to 1989, in Washington, D. C. until 1995. Griffith left private practice in 1995 to serve as Senate Legal Counsel, the chief legal officer of the United States Senate. In that position, he gave nonpartisan legal advice to both parties during President Bill Clinton's impeachment trial. After returning to private practice from 1999 to 2000, Griffith became General Counsel of BYU.

President George W. Bush first nominated Griffith to the D. C. Circuit on May 10, 2004, to fill a seat vacated by retired Judge Patricia M. Wald, his nomination replaced that of Miguel Estrada, who withdrew his nomination after Democrats filibustered him for over two years. Controversy arose over Griffith's nomination because his District of Columbia bar membership had lapsed in 1998 for failure to pay dues. Griffith was unaware of the problem at the time and as soon as he learned of it in 2001 paid the dues and was reinstated. After the Washington Post ran a story about the issue in June 2004, a number of prominent Democrats wrote letters supporting Griffith. Abner Mikva, former Democratic congressman and former Chief Judge of the D. C. Circuit, wrote that he had known Griffith in and out of government and had "never heard a whisper against his integrity or responsibility." Seth Waxman, who had served as Solicitor General under Clinton, wrote that "for my own part I would stake most everything on word alone."

David E. Kendall and Lanny Breuer, two of Clinton's lawyers during the impeachment trial wrote letters supporting Griffith; some Democrats objected that Griffith had practiced law for four years as BYU's General Counsel without obtaining a Utah law license. His defenders pointed out that it had been the longstanding position of the Utah bar—as explained in a letter to the Senate Judiciary Committee by five former Utah Bar Presidents—that in-house counsel in Utah do not need to be licensed in the state, provided they associate with Utah bar members when giving legal advice. Griffith said he followed this practice during his time at BYU; the Senate failed to act on Griffith's nomination in 2004, it lapsed. Bush resubmitted the nomination for the same seat on February 14, 2005. On June 14, 2005, the Senate confirmed Griffith by a vote of 73–24. Twenty Democrats joined fifty-three Republicans in voting for Griffith's confirmation. Democrats voting for confirmation included Barack Obama, Joe Biden, Minority Leader Harry Reid, Minority Whip Dick Durbin.

Despite earlier criticisms of Griffith, the Washington Post endorsed his nomination, noting that he was "widely respected by people in both parties" as a "sober lawyer with an open mind." Griffith was the second of three Bush nominees to the D. C. Circuit confirmed by the Senate, he received his commission on June 29, 2005. On March 5, 2020, Griffith announced. Griffith was born in Yokohama, while his father was stationed there with the U. S. Army, he joined The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as a junior at Langley High School in McLean, Virginia. He served as student body president at the high school his senior year and served a mission for the LDS Church in South Africa, he attended BYU and became the university's General Counsel from 2000 to 2005, where he served as president of the church's BYU 9th Stake. He served as bishop of the Leesburg, Virginia Ward. Griffith married the former Susan Ann Stell and they are the parents of six children. Parker v. District of Columbia, 478 F.3d 370: Griffith joined Judge Laurence Silberman's majority opinion holding that the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to bear arms and that this right is not limited to members of the military or organized militias.

Davis v. Federal Election Commission, 501 F. Supp. 2d 22: Writing for a three-judge panel, Griffith rejected a First Amendment challenge to the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act's "Millionaire's Amendment," which relaxed contribution limits for opponents of self-financed candidates. Acknowledging that the Amendment disadvantaged candidates who financed their own campaigns, Griffith upheld the law on the ground that this disadvantage was the result of candidates' voluntary decisions to self-finance; the Supreme Court subsequently reversed 5–4, finding that the Amendment's differing contribution limits for self-financed and non-self-financed candidates impermissibly burdened candidates' First Amendment right to spend their own money on campaign speech. The four dissenting Justices called Griffith's district court opinion "thorough and well-reasoned." Abigail Alliance for Better Access to Developmental Drugs v. von Eschenbach, 495 F.3d 695: Writing for an en banc court, Griffith found that there is no constitutional right to experimental drugs and upheld the FDA's policy of limiting access to such drugs as rationally related to the government's interest in protecting patients from unsafe drugs.

Griffith's opinion reversed an earlier 2 -- 1 panel decision. Kiyemba

Hands Off Venezuela

Hands Off Venezuela is a political lobby group based in the United Kingdom with branches in other countries. The campaign was established in December 2002, following the Venezuelan coup attempt of 2002, with the aim of increasing public and political awareness in the UK and elsewhere of the Hugo Chávez government's social and political reforms and to counter what Hands Off Venezuela sees as a "US-funded propaganda campaign" in the west to paint Chávez as a dictator and a threat to democracy; the organisation was founded by the International Marxist Tendency's Alan Woods, a Welsh Trotskyist and political writer, who wrote an appeal, calling for "defense of the revolutionary process in Venezuela" and to defend the Bolivarian Revolution, to oppose US intervention in Venezuela, to ensure that information about what was happening in Venezuela would reach the international labour movement. The organisation issues press releases to counter unfavourable western media reports on the Chávez government, organises protests and participates in national anti-war demonstrations, works in the British Trade Union Movement.

It has a presence on UK university campuses, where they hold regular lecture sessions on developments in Venezuela, organise visits by Venezuelan Trade Unionists, screen documentaries. Hugo Chávez visited Vienna, where he spoke at a Hands Off Venezuela rally attended what VHeadline said was 5,000 youth. During this trip Chávez refused to meet UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, who he described as a "pawn of imperialism". HOV participated in the resolutions of official support passed by the British Trades Union Congress in 2005 and 2007, the Scottish Trades Union Congress and an Early Day Motion raised in the House of Commons by supporter John McDonnell, MP. Other supporters include Jeremy Dear, former general secretary of the British National Union of Journalists, George Galloway and the RESPECT party. President Chávez thanked the organisation for their work. During the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, disputed president Nicolás Maduro launched a "Hands Off Venezuela" petition and protested in Washington, D.

C. Two weeks after thirty members of New Haven, Connecticut's Venezuelan community twice demonstrated in favor of Juan Guaidó, twenty HOV demonstrators protested to "declare him a puppet of U. S. imperialism". The HOV message "contrasted with the message of the previous rally, held by Venezuelan immigrants, calling on the U. S. to support regime change." In 2006 HOV launched a 24-page glossy promotional magazine called "Hands Off Venezuela", put together an international delegation with members from around the world to observe the December 2006 Presidential Elections first hand. 2007 saw the campaign launch H. O. V FM, a monthly podcast available from the Hands Off website; the show features news, solidarity work, revolutionary music and features and is aimed at both activists and curious minds. International Marxist Tendency Venezuela Solidarity Campaign Hands Off Venezuela Official Hands Off Venezuela website. Articles on HOV: John McDonnell, MP, calls on Parliament to recognise the work of HOV