The Antikythera wreck is a Roman-era shipwreck dating from the second quarter of the first century BC. It was discovered by sponge divers off Point Glyphadia on the Greek island of Antikythera in 1900; the wreck yielded numerous statues and other artifacts dating back to the fourth century BC, as well as the corroded remnants of a device many regard as the world's oldest known analog computer, the Antikythera mechanism. These ancient artifacts, works of art, elements of the ship are now on display at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens. Around Easter 1900, Captain Dimitrios Kondos and his crew of sponge divers from Symi sailed through the Aegean en route to fishing grounds off North Africa, they stopped at the Greek island of Antikythera to wait for favorable winds. During the layover, they began diving off the island's coast wearing the standard diving dresses of the time — canvas suits and copper helmets. Diver Elias Stadiatis descended to 45 meters depth quickly signaled to be pulled to the surface.
He described a heap of rotting horses strewn among the rocks on the seafloor. Thinking the diver was drunk from the nitrogen in his breathing mix at that depth, Kondos donned diving gear and descended to the site, he soon returned to the surface with the arm of a bronze statue. Shortly thereafter, the men departed as planned to fish for sponges, but at the end of the season they returned to Antikythera and retrieved several artifacts from the wreck. Kondos reported the finds to authorities in Athens, Hellenic Navy vessels were sent to support the salvage effort from November 1900 through 1901. Together with the Greek Education Ministry and the Royal Hellenic Navy, the sponge divers salvaged numerous artifacts from the waters. By the middle of 1901, divers had recovered bronze statues, one named "The Philosopher", the Youth of Antikythera of c. 340 BC, thirty-six marble sculptures including "Hercules", Diomedes, Apollo, three marble statues of horses, a bronze lyre, several pieces of glasswork.
Recovered ship's equipment included lead scupper pipes and hull sheeting, a set of lead sounding weights weighing 6 and 14 kg. These are the only sounding weights discovered on an ancient shipwreck in the Aegean, although comparable examples have been recovered along the Levantine coast. Many other small and common artifacts were found, the entire assemblage was taken to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens; the death of diver Giorgos Kritikos and the paralysis of two others due to decompression sickness put an end to work at the site during the summer of 1901. On 17 May 1902, archaeologist Valerios Stais made the most celebrated find while studying the artefacts at the National Archaeological Museum, he noticed that a corroded piece of bronze had a gear wheel embedded in it and legible inscriptions in Greek. The object would come to be known as the Antikythera Mechanism. Thought to be one of the first forms of a mechanised clock or an astrolabe, it is at times referred to as the world’s oldest known analog computer.
The wreck remained untouched until 1953, when French naval officer and explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau visited to relocate the site. Cousteau returned with a full team in the summer and autumn of 1976 at the invitation of the Greek government. Under the direction of archaeologist Dr. Lazaros Kolonas, the team recovered nearly 300 artifacts, including four hull planks, ceramic jars and silver coins, pieces of bronze and marble sculptures, bronze statuettes, several pieces of gold jewelry, human remains of the crew and passengers. Although the retrieval of artifacts from the shipwreck was successful and accomplished within two years, dating the site proved difficult and took much longer. Based on related works with known provenances, the bronze statues could be dated back to the fourth century BC, it was suggested that the marble statues, were Hellenistic-era copies of earlier works. Some scholars speculated that the ship was carrying part of the loot of the Roman General Sulla from Athens in 86 BC, might have been on its way to Italy.
A reference by the Greek writer, Lucian, to one of Sulla's ships sinking in the Antikythera region gave rise to this theory. Supporting an early first-century BC date were domestic utensils and objects from the ship, similar to those known from other first-century BC contexts; the amphorae recovered from the wreck indicated a date of 80–70 BC, the Hellenistic pottery a date of 75–50 BC, the Roman ceramics were similar to known mid-first century types. Any possible association with Sulla was eliminated, when the coins discovered in the 1970s during work by Jacques Cousteau and associates were found to have been minted between 76 and 67 BC, it is possible that the sunken cargo ship was en route to Rome or elsewhere in Italy with looted treasures to support a triumphal parade. Alternatively the cargo was assembled on commission from a wealthy Roman patron. Remains of hull planks showed that the ship was made of elm, a wood used by the Romans in their ships. In 1964, a sample of the hull planking was carbon dated, delivered a calibrated calendar date of 220 BC ± 43 years.
The disparity in the calibrated radiocarbon date and the expected date based on the ceramics and coins was explained by presuming that the sample plank originated from an old tree, cut much earlier than the ship's sinking event. Further evidence for an early first-century BC sinking date came in 1974, when Yale University Professor Derek de Solla Price published his interpretation of the Antikythera mechanism, he argued. From gear settings and inscripti
Robert Lee "Trey" Flowers III is an American football defensive end for the Detroit Lions of the National Football League. He played college football at Arkansas. Flowers attended Columbia High School in Alabama, he was ranked by Rivals.com as a three-star recruit. He committed to Georgia Tech to play college football but changed to the University of Arkansas. Flowers played basketball in high school. Flowers played in all 13 games with three starts as a true freshman in 2011, he had 5.5 tackles, for loss and one sack. As a sophomore in 2012, he started all 13 games, recording 50 total tackles, 13 tackles for loss and six sacks. Flowers started 11 games as a junior in 2013, he finished the year with 13.5 tackles for loss and five sacks. He recorded an interception and three forced fumbles. After his junior season, Flowers considered entering the 2014 NFL Draft and received a third-round draft grade from the NFL Draft Advisory Board, but he chose to return to Arkansas for his senior year. In his last season playing for the Razorbacks he led the team in tackles for loss and sacks with 15.5 and six.
He ended his career at Arkansas with 190 tackles, 47.5 tackles for loss, 18 sacks, one interception, 13 passes defended, four forced fumbles. At the 2015 NFL Combine, Flowers was a top performer in the broad jump; the New England Patriots selected Flowers in the fourth round of the 2015 NFL Draft. The pick used to draft him was acquired from the Tampa Bay Buccaneers along with tight end Tim Wright in exchange for Logan Mankins. In the first preseason game against the Green Bay Packers, Flowers sacked Aaron Rodgers but left the game with a shoulder injury. Flowers made the Patriots 53-man roster but was only active for one game before being placed on injured reserve on December 1, 2015. After missing most of his rookie season due to injury, Flowers experienced a breakout season in 2016. In Week 8 against the Buffalo Bills, Flowers got his first two NFL sacks on quarterbacks Tyrod Taylor and EJ Manuel while tacking on five tackles, he played in all 16 regular season games starting in the final eight, finishing the season leading the team in sacks with 7.0, all coming in the last nine games of the season.
He led the team with 2.5 sacks in the Patriots win in Super Bowl LI over the Atlanta Falcons on February 5, 2017. These included the crucial second down sack with 3:55 to go in the fourth quarter that helped push the Falcons out of field goal range, allowing the Patriots to tie the game on the following possession, completing their 25-point comeback. After a breakout season in 2016, Flowers began the way he ended the previous season, recording 2.0 sacks in the season opener against the Kansas City Chiefs on September 7. Despite suffering a rib injury Week 12 against the Miami Dolphins, Flowers started 14 games and led the team with 6.5 sacks. Flowers helped the Patriots reach Super Bowl LII, but the team lost 41-33 to the Philadelphia Eagles with Flowers recording 5 tackles in the Super Bowl. During Week 1 against the Houston Texans, Flowers had 1.5 sacks. In the next game against the Jacksonville Jaguars, he forced a fumble but was was ruled out of the game after suffering a concussion. Flowers finished the season with 57 tackles, 7.5 sacks, 3 forced fumbles.
The Patriots beat both the Los Angeles Chargers and Kansas City Chiefs to reach Super Bowl LIII where they defeated the Los Angeles Rams 13-3. Flowers had 3 tackles in the game. On March 14, 2019, Flowers signed a five-year, $90 million deal with the Detroit Lions; the signing reunited Flowers with former Patriots wide receiver Danny Amendola, who signed with the Lions three days earlier, alongside former defensive coordinator Matt Patricia, who became the Lions' head coach in the prior season. In week 3 against the Philadelphia Eagles, Flowers recorded a team high 8 tackles and sacked Carson Wentz once as the Lions won 27-24. On October 14, 2019, Flowers was called for two controversial and costly hands to the face calls on Monday Night Football in a 22-23 loss to the Green Bay Packers. In week 8 against the New York Giants, Flowers recorded a season high 2 sacks on Daniel Jones in the 31-26 win. Arkansas Razorbacks bio
Tara Brown is an acoustic gospel, contemporary Christian singer-songwriter, whose recent popularity boost followed her performance in the 2012 edition of the Time2shine Gospel Talent Search in the UK. Tara Brown was born in South London; the 6th of 7 children born to Jamaican parents, Brown was raised in a musical family with Grandparents and Aunts many of whom were musical instrumentalists. Brown recalls becoming engaged with music at age 7, began composing age 10 and co-wrote her first song at age 11. From that age Brown's keen interest in singing and performing took flight and led to her joining the church choir. Brown graduated Royal Holloway, University of London with a 2:1 BA Honours degree in English and Drama, she went on to attend the London College of Contemporary Music where she completed a course in vocal training. She worked at The Petchey Academy Secondary School in Hackney as a drama teacher. During the university years, alongside her involvement with the choir, Brown joined a band called Nexus Groove Unit.
This covers/funk based unit saw her gigging in a lot of bars and music venues across London for a few years. At age 19 her Christian faith gained clarity and her style of music began to reflect this transformation. In 2008, Brown took part in "Immerse" Music in the Rockies in Tennessee; this is an annual event put on by the Gospel Music Association and LifeWay Christian Resources, two Christian non-profit organizations who share a goal of mentoring and equipping the next generation of Christian artists and songwriters. Brown's talent for performance has been showcased at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. Brown's 2008 experience in the Christian-based musical training programme "Immerse" marked a catalytic point in her musical journey, she began to share the stage with artists such as Nicole C. Mullen. Whilst on tour as an actress in 2011 she was overheard singing and playing her guitar during some down time between rehearsals for a play in Edinburgh. On her return to London, Brown found that "news" of her singing abilities had created a buzz and attracted some media attention, with Premier Christian Radio Colourful Radio and UGN JAMZ 24/7 being supportive.
Around this time Brown independently released two vocal tracks - "You Said" and "21" - on iTunes which attracted good rotation across those radio stations and the urban gospel network in the UK as a whole. The impact of Brown’s appearance in the 2012 series of Time2Shine led directly to the recording of her debut album, Disappear Imperfect; the album will be released early September 2013, with a live performance launch at The Jazz Café, London. Brown is trained in musical theatre and acting, she began acting with the Young Vic youth theatre and went on to perform in the Talawa Theatre Company young people's theatre. Brown took the lead in NPV Arts adaptation of Cinderella, an all singing all dancing musical theatre piece called'Cinderella Shoeshine'. Brown went on to play a wholesome teenager'Theresa' in a four-year touring show called Do You Know Where Your Daughter Is?. Touring at Edinburgh Festival Fringe, Soho Theatre and many more stages across the UK. Brown performed in'Sketches' at Croydon Fairfield Halls and'The Younger Brothers'. both written and produced by Angie Le Mar, working with actors.
Brown was the first producer of Angie Le Mar's Straight to Audience Youth project, producing'The Younger Brothers' in 2011 a spin-off from Angie Le Mar's sell out show'The Brothers' at the Hackney Empire. Brown has involved herself in charity work hosting and performing at the Little Big Peace Festival in November 2011 and The Life Festival charity event in the White Lion in Streatham, South London in March 2012. Official website