Antiquities of the Jews

Antiquities of the Jews is a 20-volume historiographical work, written in Greek, by the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus in the 13th year of the reign of Roman emperor Flavius Domitian, around AD 93 or 94. Antiquities of the Jews contains an account of history of the Jewish people for Josephus' gentile patrons. In the first ten volumes, Josephus follows the events of the historical books of the Hebrew Bible beginning with the creation of Adam and Eve; the second ten volumes continues the history of the Jewish people beyond the biblical text and up to the Jewish War, or the First Jewish–Roman War, 66 to 73 CE. This work, along with Josephus's other major work, The Jewish War, provides valuable background material for historians wishing to understand 1st-century AD Judaism and the early Christian period. In the preface of Antiquities of the Jews, Josephus provides his motivation for composing such a large work, he writes: Now I have undertaken the present work, as thinking it will appear to all the Greeks worthy of their study.

Josephan scholar Louis Feldman highlights several of the misconceptions about the Jewish people that were being circulated in Josephus' time. In particular, the Jews were thought to lack great historical figures and a credible history of their people, they were accused of harboring hostility toward non-Jews, were thought to be lacking in loyalty, respect for authority, charity. With these harsh accusations against the Jews fluttering about the Roman empire, Josephus Joseph ben Matthias, set out to provide a Hellenized version of the Jewish history; such a work is called an "apologia," as it pleads the case of a group of people or set of beliefs to a larger audience. In order to accomplish this goal, Josephus omitted certain accounts in the Jewish narrative and added a Hellenistic "glaze" to his work. For example, the "Song of The Sea" sung by Moses and the people of Israel after their deliverance at the Red Sea is omitted in Josephus' text, he does mention, that Moses composed a song to God in hexameter—a rather unusual metrical scheme for an ancient Hebrew.

Josephus writes that Abraham taught science to the Egyptians, who in turn taught the Greeks, that Moses set up a senatorial priestly aristocracy, which like Rome resisted monarchy. Thus, in an attempt to make the Jewish history more palatable to his Greco-Roman audience, the great figures of the biblical stories are presented as ideal philosopher-leaders. In another example due to his concern with pagan antisemitism, Josephus omitted the entire episode of the golden calf from his account of the Israelites at Mount Sinai, it has been suggested that he was afraid that the biblical account might be employed by Alexandrian antisemites to lend credence to their allegation that the Jews worshiped an ass's head in the Temple. Josephus' Judean Antiquities is a vital source for the history of the Intertestamental period and the Jewish war against Rome. Josephus adds a short account of his personal life, Vita, as an appendix to the Judean Antiquities. Antiquities of the Jews contains a lot of valuable, sometimes unique, historical material.

This applies, for example, to the history of the Hellenistic states, Armenia, the Nabatean kingdom. Roman power, to the history of Rome's conquest of the states of Western Asia, it is no accident that in the Middle Ages and in modern times this book of Josephus was considered one of the most important sources in ancient Roman history, along with the works of Titus Livius, Tacitus and one of the most erudite Christian authors of the IV-V centuries, Jerome called Josephus Flavius "Titus Livius of the Greeks". The extant copies of this work, which all derive from Christian sources, contain two disputed passages about Jesus; the long one has come to be known as the Testimonium Flavianum. If genuine, it is an early extrabiblical record of Jesus, as such is sometimes cited as independent evidence for the historical existence of Jesus; the earliest complete Greek manuscript of the Antiquities dates from the eleventh century, the Ambrosianus 370. The works of Josephus Flavius were popular in the late antiquity period.

Appeared the translation of "Antiquities of the Jews" into Latin. It is attributed to his contemporary Tyrannius Rufinus. In medieval Europe, "Antiquities of the Jews" corresponded many times in Latin translation; this work of Joseph Flavius was translated into Old Bulgarian at the Preslav Literary School in the beginning of the 10th century during the time of Simeon the Great. In the 9th-10th centuries, the so-called "Josippon", written in Hebrew, appeared in Italy, it described the events of world and Jewish history from the time of the construction of the Tower of Babel to the capture of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 AD. e. This chronicle was an abbreviated translation of Jewish Antiquities and The Jewish War, but Joseph ben Gorion was named the author. Josippon gained no less popularity than Antiquities of the Jews. With the advent of printing, it was published before this major work of Josephus Flavius - in 1476. In 1602, Thomas Lodge published an English translation of the Wars; this volume amounted to over 800 pages.

The first printed edition of "Antiquities of the Jews" in Greek appeared in 1544. Other publications followed - 1611 and 1634, 1691, 1700, 1726 and so on. In t

Lin Yu-chun

Lin Yu-chun. Lin is well known for his mezzo-soprano-like, sometimes, contralto-like countertenor singing voice, although he has an adult speaking voice. According to many sources, Lin's voice is described as a mixture of Whitney Houston and Susan Boyle, with a dash of Cher; when Lin sings in his normal masculine voice rather than in a falsetto range, his voice somewhat sounds like Jamie Walters, or possibly like Jackson Browne. In 2013, he competed in the second season of The Voice of China. Lin was voted off the show, but after a video of Lin singing the song made it onto YouTube, Lin became an internet celebrity, receiving more than 10,000,000 views of his performance. Many news sources dubbed Lin "Taiwan's Susan Boyle". In an interview, Lin Yu Chun explained that he selected "I Will Always Love You" to show his gratitude to his grandmother for taking care of Lin over the years. In April 2010, he visited the United States and performed "I Will Always Love You" and Amazing Grace on The Ellen DeGeneres Show.

On the same trip, he attended Lopez Tonight and performed "Saving All My Love for You" and Total Eclipse of the Heart as a duet with William Shatner. Sony Music Taiwan announced. Lin Yu-chun's signing press conference occurred on 13 May 2010, was held in Shanghai San Want Hotel. On 22 May 2010, at Dodgers Stadium during a Los Angeles Dodgers game, he sang "The Star-Spangled Banner", "God Bless America" and "Taiwan, Touch Your Heart". On 11 August 2010 Lin sang Whitney Houston's "I Will Always Love You" on America's Got Talent season 5 on the YouTube selection episode, receiving a standing ovation from the crowd. Lin has been slated to play the role of Liu Lucy for the HBO Asia produced miniseries Untold Stories of 1949. In 2013, he competed in the second season of The Voice of China. On 26 March 2010, Lin sang John Newton's "Amazing Grace", earning Lin 24 points. On 2 April 2010, Lin sang Whitney Houston's "I Will Always earning Lin 25 points. On 9 April 2010, Lin sang Shunza's "Coming Home" – 17 points On 30 April 2010,Lin sang Celine Dion's "My Heart Will Go On" as a guest performer.

On 14 May 2010, Lin sang "I Dreamed a Dream" from Les Misérables as a guest performer. Lin sang a duet with Kenny G. performing Whitney Houston's "Saving All My Love For You". Lin Yu Chun's debut is a mini-album, I Will Always Love You, released in Japanese on 8 September 2010 specially for the Japanese market, it contains 4 songs from Lin's upcoming international debut, It's My Time, a Japanese-only bonus track, "Hello," a Japanese cover of Lionel Richie's hit from 1984. Lin's full-length international debut album, It's My Time, was released on 17 September 2010, as a compilation of English-language pop songs recorded by major artists such as Mariah Carey, Kelly Clarkson, etc; the song "Under Your Wings" was written new for this album by Grammy-winning musician Walter Afanasieff. Lin Yu Chun's Official Website Lin Yu Chun 【. Ellen Show Lin Yu Chun sings I Will Always Love You. Lin Yu Chun "Under Your Wings" Official MV Dolly Parton watches Lin Yu Chun sings I Will Always Love You. Lin Yu Chun's personal album Lin Yu-chun on LinkedIn

2019 IAAF World Relays – Mixed 2 × 2 × 400 metres relay

The Mixed 2 x 2 x 400 metres relay at the 2019 IAAF World Relays was held at the Thomas Robinson Stadium on 11 May. It was the first time that this event was held at the IAAF World Relays or indeed any senior level major international competition; each team had to comprise one man and one woman, who would each run twice, but could be lined up in any order. This event mimics high-intensity interval training; the athletes each have to run a high intensity 400 metres, followed by another high intensity 400 metres, only allowing enough rest time for their partner to run around the track once. Given the option to put men or women first in the order and Papaua New Guinea put their men up first, both charging out to an early lead, with Papaua New Guinea's Daniel Paul trying to mark Kenya's Collins Kipruto. Down the final straight, Kipruto opened up a 15-metre lead before the handoff. 30 metres further back, the USA's Ce'Aira Brown had a narrow lead over Belarussian Marina Arzamasova and Australia's Catriona Bisset.

With the huge lead and no interference, Kenya's Eglay Nafuna Nalyanya tripped. By the time Donavan Brazier took the USA's baton, Nalyanya was halfway around the first turn. Over the course of his lap, he led the group of men back to within 2 metres of the Kenyan lead by the handoff, all of them swallowing Papaua's Donna Koniel in the process. Kipruto was bouncing up and down waiting to run again, Brown more sedate in her preparation. Once they had the batons in hand again, Brown stayed with Kipruto through the first turn, separating from the other women by 10 metres through the first turn. Kipruto began to separate down the backstretch, coming off the final turn, Brown had a debt to pay for her early speed. Ayano Shiomi from the home team of Japan and Bisset came back to pass her, half a straightaway behind Kipruto. Australia's Josh Ralph took the baton with a 5-metre lead over Brazier. Brazier took care of that in the first turn and was off into no man's land chasing a tired Nalyanya still 30 metres ahead.

By the final turn, it was obvious. Brazier passed Nalyanya before the straightaway, but Ralph was 2 metres behind him and Japan's Allon Tatsunami Clay was just another two metres back; this was still a race. Brazier persevered. After the race was over, Kenya was disqualified because when Nalyanya tripped she stepped momentarily outside the curb to catch her balance. All times are local times