Lee Ryan is an English singer-songwriter and actor. He is best known as a member of the British boy band Blue, Lee Ryan was born in Chatham, Kent. His parents split up when he was six years old, Ryan mostly lived with his mother, sister Gemma and his grandmother. Ryan is a member of boy band Blue along with Simon Webbe, Duncan James, the group has sold over 14 million records worldwide. In August 2005, Blue split up to solo careers under the advice of Sir Elton John. Blue reformed on 28 April 2009, Ryan has had three number one hits while with Blue. He had previously co-directed the video for Blues single Breathe Easy which he wrote, in 2001 the band was in New York during the September 11 attacks after which Ryan commented that This New York thing is being blown out of proportion and asked What about whales. They are ignoring animals that are more important, animals need saving and thats more important. The other members of the tried to silence Ryan. This caused a media backlash that resulted in Blue losing a record deal in the United States.
Ryan released his first single Army of Lovers on 18 July 2005 and it debuted at No.3 in the UK Singles Chart and hit No.1 in Italy. On 1 August 2005, Ryan released his album, Lee Ryan. The album reached No.6 in the UK Album Chart, in January 2006, Ryan released his third and final single in the UK When I Think of You. The song reached No.15 in the UK, real Love was used for the end credits of the film Ice Age, The Meltdown which led to Ryan voicing the part of an elk in the UK version of the film and Eddie in the Italian version. In late 2005, Dolce & Gabbana signed Ryan up to be the UK face of their new line of clothing, after the relative success of his first solo album, Ryan started planning his second solo album. The single Reinforce Love was released on 10 December 2007, the single was being released for Great Ormond Street Hospital and CLIC Sargent, which were the two charities that Ryan was touring for in November and December 2007, with young voices. The album was postponed, and finally cancelled.
He appeared in the video for the latest single by a British girlband named Fe-Nix, in September 2007, he appeared as one of the contestants in Hells Kitchen
Liberty X were a British-Irish pop group consisting of Michelle Heaton, Tony Lundon, Kevin Simm, Jessica Taylor and Kelli Young. The group was formed by the five finalists of the ITV talent show Popstars who failed to make it into the group HearSay, Liberty X went on to achieve ten consecutive UK Top 20 singles, and various charting singles worldwide, leading to greater commercial success than HearSay. The group released their debut album Thinking It Over on 27 May 2002 which featured their biggest single Just a Little and they released their second studio album Being Somebody a year on 3 November 2003 although not matching the success of their debut. Following disappointing sales the group were dropped and signed with V2, Liberty X disbanded in early 2007, though not officially confirming a split due to their popularity in the media eye declining. However they re-formed a year in 2008, for an appearance in Belfast performing their biggest hits. On 18 October 2012, it was announced that Liberty X would be reforming for the ITV2 documentary series The Big Reunion, along with Five, Atomic Kitten,911, B*Witched and Honeyz.
The show, which aired from 31 January to 28 March 2013, Lundon confirmed that Liberty X would not continue following the series and that this would be their chance to say a proper goodbye to fans. However, on 2 February 2014, the group announced via their Facebook page that they had signed to 365 Artists Management for our future creative and business affairs. While the five winning contestants of Popstars formed HearSay, the five runner-up contestants—Michelle Heaton, Tony Lundon, Kevin Simm, Jessica Taylor, the name Liberty was chosen to reflect the freedom the members experienced following their participation in Popstars. Amidst pejorative media commentary, the act signed a record contract with Richard Bransons independent record label. Branson said, From our first meeting I was completely wowed by their determination, but it was when I heard their music that I knew they were going to be a huge success. The original Liberty claimed that the newly formed Liberty was taking advantage of the goodwill that had created by the formers success.
The final judgment was in favour of the funk R&B band, the winning name was X Liberty, but the group used the entry as the basis for the official title, Liberty X. On 24 September 2001, whilst the group were known as Liberty, they released their debut single and it was an instant hit, reaching number five on the UK Singles Chart, the singles physical release featured remixes by the Wideboys and Boy George. The follow-up single, Doin It, released on 3 December 2001, following a five-month gap, in which the band were involved with the High Court dispute regarding their original name, their third single, Just a Little, was released. That song reached number one in the UK and became the ninth best-selling single of 2002 and it was the fifth most played song on the radio of the 2000s. Just a Little preceded the release of Liberty Xs debut album, the album reached number three on the UK Albums Chart, eventually selling over one million copies worldwide. The final single was Holding on for You, released in December 2002, the single peaked at number five
Ronan Patrick John Keating is an Irish recording artist, singer and philanthropist. He debuted in 1994 alongside Keith Duffy, Michael Graham, Shane Lynch and his solo career started in 1999 and has recorded nine albums. He gained worldwide attention when his single When You Say Nothing at All was featured in the film Notting Hill, Ronan Keating was born on 3 March 1977, the youngest of five children. He grew up on the Northside of Dublin and County Meath and his father Gerry Keating was a lorry driver, his mother Marie was a mobile hairdresser. He has one sister and three brothers, Ciaran and Gary and he was a track and field athlete and represented Ireland in several tournaments, winning the All Ireland under-13 200m title. He worked as an assistant in a shoe shop just as his siblings emigrated to the United States, Keating auditioned for Stars in Their Eyes. Keating, Keith Duffy, Richard Rock, Shane Lynch, Mark Walton and Rock would leave the group before being replaced by Michael Graham. The group performed in clubs and pubs before being signed by PolyGram in 1994.
The group released a version of Love Me for a Reason which would peak on several charts. In 1998, his mother died at the age of 51 from breast cancer, at the age of 21 years, Keating married Yvonne Connolly in April 1998 and together, the couple have three children, Jack and Ali. The couple are now divorced after Keating had an affair, in 1999, while still a member of Boyzone, Keating recorded a version of When You Say Nothing at All for the motion picture Notting Hill. The single peaked at one in the UK charts, leading to a successful solo career. Keating released his solo album, titled Ronan, in 2000. The album was given negative reviews, although it sold over 750,000 copies. It debuted at one on the UK Albums Chart, and has been certified four-times platinum by the British Phonographic Industry for sales of 1.2 million copies. In the singers native Ireland, the album debuted at number two, the album became a commercial success in other European countries, where it charted within the top ten of eight countries.
Keating collaborated with major stars, including Elton John, Lulu, LeAnn Rimes. Keating and Paul Brady co-wrote the 2001 hit single The Long Goodbye, one of Keatings most loved hits amongst fans and Brady won the BMI European song-writing award for the single
Being vocal groups, most boy band members do not play musical instruments, either in recording sessions or on stage, making the term something of a misnomer. Many boy bands dance as well as sing, usually giving highly choreographed performances, some such bands form on their own. They can evolve out of church choral or gospel music groups, due to this and their general commercial orientation towards a female audience of preteens, teenyboppers, or teens, the term may be used with negative connotations in music journalism. Boy bands are similar in concept to their counterparts, girl groups, the earliest forerunner of boy band music began in the late 19th century as a cappella barbershop quartets. They were usually a group of males and sang in four part harmonies, the popularity of barbershop quartets had been prominent into the earlier part of the 20th century. A revival of the vocal group took place in the late 1940s and 1950s with the use of doo-wop music. Doo-wop bands sang about topics such as love and other used in pop music.
The earliest traces of boy bands were in the mid-1950s although the boy band was not used. African American vocal group The Ink Spots was one of the first of what would now be called boy bands, the term boy band was not established until the late 1980s as before that they were called male vocal groups or hep harmony singing groups. For instance, their music featured close harmonies from soul music and catchy pop hooks influenced as much as they were by Motown and acts like the Supremes. All members of the band sang, which is a convention of a boy band, as opposed to having a front man. Even so, the members conveniently fitted into the convention of having stereotypical personality types, the Beatles were a direct influence on the conception of the Monkees, as they used rock band instrumentation and played more rock oriented music. With music produced by Don Kirshner, The Monkees became eventually dissatisfied with Kirshners control over them and they became independent two years later, working on their own up to 1970, when the group first dissolved.
Other antecedents exist throughout the history of pop music, the genre has been copied into languages and cultures other than the Anglo-American. The Puerto Rican boy band Menudo, appealing to young Latina audiences, was founded in 1977, Menudo had a convention unique among boy bands, when a member turned 16, became too tall, or their voice changed, they were replaced. The members of Menudo were generally aged 12–17, the Bay City Rollers were a Scottish pop band who were most popular in the mid-1970s. For a relatively brief but fervent period, they were worldwide teen idols, the group were one of the first bands like The Monkees before them to take the formula shown by The Beatles and apply it to a teen market. The group achieved the same amount of success but for a period of time
Daniel John Danny Dyer is an English actor who has worked in television and theatre. Dyers breakthrough role was as Moff in Human Traffic, with notable roles as Billy the Limpet in Mean Machine. Dyer has worked in theatre, having appeared in three written by Harold Pinter, with whom he had a close friendship. In 2013, he was announced as the latest addition to the cast of EastEnders, playing Mick Carter, the most recent landlord of The Queen Victoria. He had previously turned down a role in 2009, and in his autobiography, Straight Up, said that he would not join the cast until he was 50 and he won the Serial Drama Performance award at the National Television Awards in 2015, and again in 2016. Dyer was discovered at a school by an agent who auditioned him for the part of Martin Fletcher in the Granada Television series Prime Suspect 3. He appeared on television in episodes of Cadfael, A Touch of Frost, Loved Up, Thief Takers, in 1995, Dyer appeared in a television commercial for Coca-Cola. In April 2009, he turned down a role in EastEnders, claiming that although he thought the role sounded good, in February 2012, Dyer appeared as a paramedic in an episode of Casualty.
In March 2013, Dyer appeared as a guest on Celebrity Juice, Dyer appeared in the sixth series of Hollyoaks Later in October 2013, as The White Man. On 1 October 2013, the BBC announced that Dyer had been cast in EastEnders from Christmas 2013, as Mick Carter, in February 2017 it was announced that Dyer would be taking a short break from EastEnders. Dyers first film role was in Human Traffic, among other film roles, he appeared as the character Steve in Christopher Smiths Severance, as Hayden in Adulthood, and as himself in the feature documentary Tattoos, A Scarred History. In 2008, he finished filming his roles as Pete and Tom in City Rats and 7 Lives, April 2009 saw the straight to DVD release of City Rats. This film is the prequel to Jack Says, which was released in 2008, in 2009, he shot several horror films including Doghouse under the direction of Jake West, and Basement under the direction of Asham Kamboj. He played one of the roles in the British vampire film Dead Cert. In June 2010, he was cast for the role in the remake of the British horror film The Asphyx.
Dyer co-starred with Anna Walton in Deviation, a British dark thriller written, in 2012, Dyer played the lead role in Ray Cooneys Run For Your Wife. Upon release in 2013, it was savaged by critics, who described it as one of the worst British films of all time, the film took in a mere £747 during its opening weekend. In March 2008, he played Joey in a revival of Pinters The Homecoming, directed by Michael Attenborough, at the Almeida Theatre and he performed in Peter Gills play Certain Young Men in London
Edgware is a district of north London, in the London Borough of Barnet. Edgware is centred 10 miles north of Charing Cross and has its own commercial centre, Edgware has a generally suburban character, typical of the rural-urban fringe. It was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex, the community benefits from some elevated woodland on a high ridge marking the Hertfordshire border of gravel and sand. Edgware is identified in the London Plan as one of the capitals 35 major centres, in 2011, Edgware had a population of 76,056. Edgware is principally a shopping and residential area and one of the termini of the Northern line. Edgware succeeds to the identity of the ancient parish in the county of Middlesex, Edgware is a Saxon name meaning Ecgis weir. Ecgi was a Saxon and the weir relates to a pond where Ecgis people caught fish, Edgware parish formed part of Hendon Rural District from 1894. It was abolished in 1931 and formed part of the Municipal Borough of Hendon until 1965, the Romans made pottery at Brockley Hill, thought by some to be the site of Sulloniacis.
Canons Park, to the north-west, was developed as an estate by James Brydges, Edgware was identified in 2008 as a major centre for preferred development in the London Plan. Until the 20th century there were no major rises in the population of Edgware, in 1425–26 the manor of Edgware had three free and 29 customary tenants in the parish, and in 1525–26 the numbers were two or three free and 26 customary tenants. In 1547 there were 120 communicants in the parish, in 1597 there were between 60 and 70 houses in the parish, and 44 more in the village of Edgware but on the west side of Watling Street and therefore in the parish of Little Stanmore. In 1599 there were six free and 25 customary tenants of the manor within Edgware, in 1642 in the Civil War the protestation oath of 1641 was taken by 103 adult males. In 1664 there were 73 houses in the parish, but the tax of 1672 gives only 66. There were said to be 69 houses in the village in 1766 and 76 houses in 1792, at the first census in 1801 the population was 412.
Ten years the losses had been more than made good, by 1921 the population had grown to 1,516, but the great infilling of the southern part of Edgware after 1924 caused the most spectacular increase. In 1931 the population was 5,352, this had increased to 17,513 by 1951, as well as Christian and subsequent settling of other religious groups, Edgwares development coincided with that of its Jewish community, currently forming the largest single religious group. In the 2001 Census, 36% of Edgware residents give their religion as Jewish, 28% Christian, 9% Hindu, the Jewish community in Edgware has constructed its own Eruv. According to the 2011 census, Edgware ward of Barnet was 60% white, 13% was Indian and 7% Black African
Greek Cypriots are the ethnic Greek population of Cyprus, forming the islands largest ethnolinguistic community at 78% of the population. Greek Cypriots are mostly members of the Church of Cyprus, an autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church within the communion of Orthodox Christianity. Cyprus was part of the Mycenaean civilization, with production of Mycenaean vases dating to the Late Helladic III. The quantity of this pottery concludes that there were numerous Mycenaean settlers, if not settlements, archaeological evidence shows that Greek settlement began unsystematically in c.1400 BC, steadied with definite settlements established in c.1200 BC. The close connection between the Arcadian dialect and those of Pamphylia and Cyprus indicates that the migration came from Achaea, Achaeans settled among the old population, and founded Salamis. The epic Cypria, dating to the 7th century BC, may have originated in Cyprus, the majority of Greek Cypriots descend from the Achaeans but from the other three Greek tribes, Ionians and Dorians.
Throughout the history of Cyprus, Greek people continuously colonized the island from different parts of the Hellenic world, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sicily and Sardinia, and the largest island in the eastern Mediterranean. Mount Olympus, the highest point of the Troodos Mountains, is the highest point on the island, the island gradually became part of the Hellenic world as the settlers prospered over the next centuries. Alexander the Great conquered the island from the Persians in 333 BC, after the division of the Roman Empire in 285 AD, Cypriots had home rule for almost nine centuries under the jurisdiction of the Byzantine Empire, something not seen again until 1960. Perhaps the most important event of the early Byzantine period was the churchs independence from the Patriarchate of Antioch. The bishop of the ancient capital Salamis was constituted metropolitan by Emperor Zeno, the Byzantine era profoundly molded Greek Cypriot culture. The Greek Orthodox Christian legacy bestowed on Greek Cypriots in this period would live on during the centuries of foreign domination.
The Cypriots did however endure the oppressive rule of first the Lusignans, king Amaury, who succeeded his brother Guy de Lusignan in 1194, was particularly intolerant of the Orthodox Church. Greek Cypriot land was appropriated for the Latin churches after they were established in the towns on the island. In addition, tax collection was part of the heavy oppressive attitude of the occupiers to the locals of the island. The Ottoman conquest of Cyprus in 1571 delivered the Greek population from serfdom, Cypriot Greeks were now able to take control of the land they had been working on for centuries. The local Christians resumed practicing their religion in the only way they knew. Despite the inherent oppression of foreign subjugation, the period of Ottoman rule had a impact on Greek Cypriot culture
Cosmopolitan is an international fashion magazine for women. Often referred to as Cosmo, its content as of 2011 includes articles on issues, sex, careers, self-improvement, fashion. Published by Hearst Corporation, Cosmopolitan has 64 international editions, is printed in 35 languages, Cosmopolitan began as a family magazine, launched in 1886 by Schlicht & Field of New York as The Cosmopolitan. There was a department for the members of the family. Cosmopolitans circulation reached 25,000 that year, but by November 1888, John Brisben Walker acquired the magazine in 1889. That same year, he dispatched Elizabeth Bisland on a race around the world against Nellie Bly to draw attention to his magazine. Under John Brisben Walkers ownership, E. D. Walker, formerly with Harpers Monthly, took over as the new editor, introducing colour illustrations and book reviews. It became a market for fiction, featuring such authors as Annie Besant, Ambrose Bierce, Theodore Dreiser, Rudyard Kipling, Jack London, Willa Cather.
The magazines circulation climbed to 75,000 by 1892, in 1897, Cosmopolitan announced plans for a free correspondence school, No charge of any kind will be made to the student. All expenses for the present will be borne by the Cosmopolitan, No conditions, except a pledge of a given number of hours of study. When 20,000 immediately signed up, Walker could not fund the school, in 1897, H. G. Wells The War of the Worlds was serialized, as was his The First Men in the Moon. Olive Schreiner contributed an article about the Boer War. And Colorado - New Tricks in an Old Game, Jack Londons novella, The Red One, was published in the October 1918 issue, and a constant presence from 1910-18 was Arthur B. Reeve, with 82 stories featuring Craig Kennedy, the scientific detective, Magazine illustrators included Francis Attwood, Dean Cornwell, Harrison Fisher, and James Montgomery Flagg. Hearst formed Cosmopolitan Productions, a company based in New York City from 1918 to 1923, Hollywood until 1938. Cosmopolitan magazine was titled as Hearsts International Combined with Cosmopolitan from 1925 until 1952.
In 1911, Hearst had bought a middling monthly magazine called World To-Day, in June 1914 it was shortened to Hearsts and was ultimately titled Hearsts International in May 1922. In order to spare serious cutbacks at San Simeon, Hearst merged the magazine Hearsts International with Cosmopolitan effective March 1925, after Hearst died in 1951, the Hearsts International disappeared from the magazine cover altogether in April 1952
Eurovision Song Contest 2006
The Eurovision Song Contest 2006 was the 51st Eurovision Song Contest, held at the Olympic Indoor Hall in Athens, Greece on 18 May and 20 May 2006. The hosting national broadcaster of the contest was Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi, the Finnish band Lordi won the contest with the song Hard Rock Hallelujah, written by lead singer Mr. Lordi. Hard Rock Hallelujah was the first ever hard rock song to win the contest, since Eurovision is normally associated with pop music. This was Finlands first victory in Eurovision after waiting forty-five years and it is noted that they scored the same amount of points in the semi-final and the grand final. In the semi-final, both the hosts sang Katrina and the Waves contest-winning Love Shine A Light, for one of the intervals, Sakis Rouvas sang an English version of his Greek hit Seho Erotefthi called Im in love with you. Helena Paparizou, who performed the song in Kiev, returned to the Eurovision stage in Athens. An official CD and DVD was released and a new introduction was a fan book released from this year.
The 2006 contest saw the 1, 000th song to be performed in the contest, Armenia entered for the first time in the contest. The venue that was chosen as the host venue, was the Olympic Indoor Hall in Athens, the official logo of the contest remained the same from 2004 and 2005 with the countrys flag in the heart being changed. The 2006 sub-logo created by the design company Karamela for Greek television was based on the Phaistos Disc which is a popular symbol of ancient Greece. According to ERT, it was inspired by the wind and the sea, the golden sunlight, following Istanbuls Under The Same Sky and Kievs Awakening, the slogan for the 2006 show was Feel The Rhythm. This theme was the basis for the postcards for the 2006 show, to save time in the final, the voting time lasted ten minutes and the voting process was changed, points 1-7 were shown immediately on-screen. The spokespersons only announced the countries scoring 8,10 and 12 points, constantinos Christoforou saluted from Nicosia, the last divided capital in Europe, during Cyprus reading, the telecast displayed Switzerland by mistake.
This voting process has been criticized because suspense was lost by only reading three votes instead of ten, and for the first time, the display for the Macedonian entry had the title spelled out in its entirety instead of being abbreviated as it has been in previous years. Participating countries in a Eurovision Song Contest must be members of the EBU. The semi-final was held on 18 May 2006 at 21,00,23 countries performed and all 37 participants and Serbia & Montenegro voted. Shaded countries qualified for the Eurovision Final Notes 1. ^ The song contained phrases in Spanish,2. ^ The song contained phrases in French. The finalists were, the four automatic qualifiers France, Germany and the United Kingdom, the top 10 countries from the 2005 final, the final was held on 20 May 2006 at 21,00 and was won by Finland
Chalk (TV series)
Chalk is a British television sitcom set in a comprehensive school named Galfast High. Two series, both written by Steven Moffat, were broadcast on BBC1 in 1997, like Moffats earlier sitcom Joking Apart, Chalk was produced by Andre Ptaszynski for Pola Jones. The series focuses upon deputy headteacher Eric Slatt, permanently stressed over the chaos he creates both by himself and some of his eccentric staff and his wife Janet and new English teacher Suzy Travis attempt to help him solve the problems. Because of the very good reaction of the audience, a second series was commissioned before the first had been broadcast. However, journalists were critical of the show, highlighting stylistic similarities to Fawlty Towers, some members of the teaching profession and its unions objected to the negative representation of teachers and the comprehensive system. The second series did not receive a stable broadcast slot, with episodes aired after 10pm. The first series was released on DVD in December 2008, Steven Moffat left his job as an English teacher at Cowdenknowes High in Greenock to write the BAFTA-award winning show Press Gang.
However, its high cost and changes in the structure at Central Independent Television meant that the show might not be recommissioned after its second series. Inspired by his experience in education, the initial proposal was similar to what would become Chalk. However, Ptaszynski realised that Moffat was talking more passionately at the meeting at the Groucho Club about his impending divorce and that idea became Joking Apart, which received low audience figures but a high rating on the Appreciation Index. In an interview with The Herald, Moffat reflected on the nature of writing from experience, youve no life experience to go on other than your own. Even if youre writing something you think is entirely remote from you - Star Trek, thats not a conscious decision a writer makes - its an inevitability. After the second series of Joking Apart had been transmitted, Ptaszynski revived Moffats original idea about a set in a school. Yet beneath it all is a more broadly satirical swipe at the implicit pointlessness of the way we are educated.
For this article, Moffat told Herring, Secondary School is a big waste of time, none of us can speak French. How much maths can you do, what is the point in training people to do things that none of us can do. The system seems designed to qualify you for the Indian Civil Service in 1911 and we all leave school unable to drive. Now that would be quite handy, Moffat discussed similar institutional and political issues with The Independent, Staffrooms are funny places, full of articulate, mad people
Eurovision Song Contest 2011
The Eurovision Song Contest 2011 was the 56th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Düsseldorf, following Lenas win at the 2010 contest in Oslo and this was the first contest to take place outside of the host nations capital city since the 2004 contest in Istanbul. The event was held at the Esprit Arena, with semi-finals held on 10 and 12 May, Italy returned to the Contest, marking its first participation since 1997. No country withdrew from the contest, the winner was Azerbaijan with the song Running Scared performed by Ell & Nikki. The runner up was Italy, and Sweden finished in third place,2010 Hosts Norway was eliminated in the first semi final. Azerbaijan obtained its first ever victory in any Eurovision since its debut in 2008, Azerbaijan won the viewers voting with Sweden in second place, and Greece in third place. Italy won the voting, with Azerbaijan in second place. This is the first time since the juries were reintroduced alongside the televoting in 2009 that the winner didnt place first in the juryvoting, the broadcast of the final won the Rose dOr award for Best Live Event.
Following Lenas win at the 2010 contest with the song Satellite, twenty-three cities submit official bids to the German broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk, in order to be the host city for the 2011 contest. Eight of these continued to show interest in hosting the event including Berlin, Hanover, Gelsenkirchen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt. NDR announced on 21 August 2010 that four of those cities had officially applied to host the 2011 Contest, Hamburg, decision makers at NDR reportedly doubted the venues ability to provide advantageous acoustic conditions. Berlins speaker Richard Meng neither confirmed nor denied that because, he stated and this message indicated that talks with Düsseldorf to host the song contest in the Esprit Arena were already at an advanced stage. The club announced on 6 October 2010 that it had obtained permission to move its games if necessary, the Neue Ruhr Zeitung newspaper reported on 12 December 2010 that Fortuna Düsseldorf were to be moved to the Paul-Janes-Stadion due to the contest.
Fortuna Düsseldorfs training venue next to the Esprit Arena would be equipped with mobile stands from a Swiss event construction specialist, Nussli Group and this decision was made because the Arena Sportpark Düsseldorf holds better logistic qualifications. The Esprit Arena in Düsseldorf was announced by German broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk as the venue for the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest on 12 October 2010. This was the first Eurovision Song Contest held in Germany since German reunification and that the stadium acquired a rental period of six weeks, in order to allow construction and dismantling work within the Esprit Arena to be carried out. The stadium accommodated a capacity of 38,000 for spectators during the Eurovision Song Contest, Düsseldorf offered 23,000 hotel beds and 2,000 additional beds in the Düsseldorf surroundings and on ships on the River Rhine. The four countries that were part of the Big Four, along with the host of the contest, since Germany was both a Big Four country and the host for the 2011 contest, there was a vacant spot in the final