click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Anushka Sharma

Anushka Sharma is an Indian actress and film producer who works in Hindi films. One of the most popular and highest-paid actresses in India, she has received several awards, including a Filmfare Award, she has appeared in Forbes India's Celebrity 100 since 2012 and was featured by Forbes Asia in their 30 Under 30 list of 2018. Born in Ayodhya and raised in Bangalore, Sharma had her first modelling assignment for the fashion designer Wendell Rodricks in 2007 and moved to Mumbai to pursue a full-time career as a model, she made her acting debut opposite Shah Rukh Khan in the successful romantic film Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi and rose to prominence with starring roles in Yash Raj Films' romances Band Baaja Baaraat and Jab Tak Hai Jaan. For playing an aspiring filmmaker in the lattermost, she won the Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress. Sharma went on to earn praise for playing a woman troubled by criminals in the crime thriller NH10, a dancer in the comedy-drama Dil Dhadakne Do, a free-spirited woman in the romantic drama Ae Dil Hai Mushkil, a struggling wife in the social drama Sui Dhaaga.

Her highest-grossing releases came with the sports drama Sultan, Rajkumar Hirani's religious satire PK and biopic Sanju, all of which rank among the highest-grossing Indian films. In addition to acting, Sharma is the ambassador for multiple brands and products and has designed her own line of clothing for women, named Nush, she supports various charities and causes, including gender equality and animal rights, is the co-founder of the production company Clean Slate Films, under which she has produced three of her films, including NH10. Sharma is married to the cricketer Virat Kohli. Anushka Sharma was born on 1 May 1988 in Uttar Pradesh, her father, Colonel Ajay Kumar Sharma, is an army officer, her mother, Ashima Sharma, is a homemaker. Her father is a native of Uttar Pradesh, her elder brother is film producer Karnesh Sharma. Sharma has stated that being a military brat played an important role in shaping her as a person and contributing to her life. In an interview with The Times of India in 2012, she said, "I take pride in saying that I am an army officer's daughter more than being an actor."Sharma was raised in Bangalore.

She was educated at the Army School there, received a degree in arts from Mount Carmel College. She intended to pursue a career in modelling or journalism, had no aspirations to be an actress. After graduation, Sharma moved to Mumbai to further her modelling career, she enrolled herself at the Elite Model Management, was groomed by the style consultant Prasad Bidapa. In 2007, Sharma made her runway debut at the Lakme Fashion Week for designer Wendell Rodricks's Les Vamps Show and was picked to be his finale model at the Spring Summer 2007 Collection. Since she has done campaigns for the brands Silk & Shine, Nathella Jewelry and Fiat Palio. Sharma said, "I think I was born to emote and act. I would walk down the ramp and smile and they used to say,'give us a blank look.' It was difficult, not to smile". Whilst modelling, Sharma joined an acting school and began auditioning for film roles. Sharma made her acting debut in Aditya Chopra's romantic drama Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi, opposite Shah Rukh Khan, she took a day to prepare for her screen test at the Yash Raj Films studio and refused to do an impromptu one.

She was signed for a three-film deal with the company and landed the leading role of Tani Sahni, a young bride to a middle-aged man, portrayed by Khan. Khalid Mohamed of Hindustan Times found her to be "assured and upright" in the film, but Nikhat Kazmi thought that she "lacks all chutzpah and can hold your attention"; the film was a major commercial success, emerging as the second-highest grossing Hindi film of that year, earned Sharma Filmfare Award nominations for Best Actress and Best Female Debut. Two years Sharma played the leading lady in the crime-comedy Badmaash Company, directed by Parmeet Sethi and co-starring Shahid Kapoor, Vir Das and Meiyang Chang; the film, which tells the story of four underachieving friends who begin a scam business enterprise, received mixed reviews. In 2010, Sharma completed her three-film contract with Yash Raj Films by starring in Band Baaja Baaraat, a romantic comedy directed by Maneesh Sharma and co-starring debutant Ranveer Singh, her role was that of Shruti Kakkar, an ambitious middle-class Punjabi girl who starts her own wedding planning business.

In preparation for the part, Sharma learned to speak in the Punjabi dialect, which she cited as the toughest part of her role. Trade analysts expressed doubt on Band Baaja Baaraat's financial prospect, citing the middling response to Yash Raj Films' last few productions, the lack of a male star, saying that by Sharma was an "almost-forgotten" actress. However, Band Baaja Baaraat emerged as a sleeper hit. Sharma's performance was praised by critics; the critic Anupama Chopra wrote that Sharma "comes into her own as the ambitious Delhi girl, who dreams of upgrading to multi-crore Sainik Farms weddings". For her work in the film, Sharma received her second nomination for the Filmfare Award for Best Actress. Sharma's first venture not to be produced by Yash Raj Films was the drama Patiala House directed by Nikhil Advani and co-starring Akshay Kumar; the film tells the story of a budding cricketer who enc

Argument principle

In complex analysis, the argument principle relates the difference between the number of zeros and poles of a meromorphic function to a contour integral of the function's logarithmic derivative. If f is a meromorphic function inside and on some closed contour C, f has no zeros or poles on C ∮ C ⁡ f ′ f d z = 2 π i where Z and P denote the number of zeros and poles of f inside the contour C, with each zero and pole counted as many times as its multiplicity and order indicate; this statement of the theorem assumes that the contour C is simple, that is, without self-intersections, that it is oriented counter-clockwise. More suppose that f is a meromorphic function on an open set Ω in the complex plane and that C is a closed curve in Ω which avoids all zeros and poles of f and is contractible to a point inside Ω. For each point z ∈ Ω, let n be the winding number of C around z. ∮ C ⁡ f ′ f d z = 2 π i where the first summation is over all zeros a of f counted with their multiplicities, the second summation is over the poles b of f counted with their orders.

The contour integral ∮ C ⁡ f ′ f d z can be interpreted as 2πi times the winding number of the path f around the origin, using the substitution w = f: ∮ C ⁡ f ′ f d z = ∮ f ⁡ 1 w d w That is, it is the total change in the argument of f as z travels around C, explaining the name of the theorem. Let zZ be a zero of f. We can write f = kg where k is the multiplicity of the zero, thus g ≠ 0. We get f ′ = k k − 1 g + k g ′ and f ′ f = k z − z Z + g ′ g. Since g ≠ 0, it follows that g' /g has no singularities at zZ, thus is analytic at zZ, which implies that the residue of f′/f at zZ is k. Let zP be a pole of f. We can write f = −mh where m is the order of the pole, h ≠ 0. F ′ = − m − m − 1 h + − m h ′. and f ′ f = − m z − z P + h ′ h as above. It follows that h′/h has no singularities at zP since h ≠ 0 and thus it is analytic at zP. We find t

GSA Advantage

GSA Advantage is an online government purchasing service run by the General Services Administration or GSA. GSA Advantage is an online shopping and ordering service created within the U. S. General Services Administration for use by government agencies to buy commercial products and services, its mission is to provide a streamlined, efficient purchasing portal for federal agencies to acquire the goods and services needed. The purpose in creating this service was threefold. First to reduce the time and bureaucracy in purchasing goods and services, second to ensure the lowest possible price was obtained and third is to verify contractors are qualified to sell to the federal government; the government's description of the service is as stated: "Is the Federal Government's premier online shopping superstore. With online access to millions of commercial products and services, GSA Advantage! Ensures you are getting GSA-negotiated prices from GSA-approved sources." The service is intended to benefit any federal agency.

Section 833 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act authorizes the Administrator of General Services to provide state and local governments the use of GSA's Federal Supply Schedules for the purchase of products and services to be used to facilitate recovery from a major disaster, terrorism or nuclear, chemical, or radiological attack. Further Section 211 of the E-Government Act of 2002 authorized GSA sales of IT products and services to state and local governments through the introduction of cooperative purchasing. U. S. departments like Homeland Security, National Guards, U. S. Air Force, U. S. Army, Louisiana Guards, many other departments work under GSA. Purchasing agencies access the goods and services available in GSA Advantage through their website,GSA Advantage Website; the site markets the services much like any other online merchant. The product and services can be shopped by supplier or descriptive terms; the site provides detailed product information including the GSA negotiated price for each item.

This information requires no preauthorization to view. The site requires an agency to "Sign in" with a user created user name and password to initiate a purchase; the site lists the items and services provided under GSA Advantage into the following condensed categories. Each category can represent thousands of products: Building & Industrial Furniture & Furnishings Cleaning & Chemicals IT Solutions & Electronics Laboratory, Medical Law Enforcement, Security Office Solutions Recreational & Apparel Services Tools, Machinery Vehicles, Water Craft Once a purchase has been initiated by a buyer the system generates an email order, sent to the supplier; the supplier must log on to the site and either accept or reject the order. All detailed information needed to process the order is provided including payment information, made with a government issued "Smart Pay" credit card. Once the item have shipped, the supplier may confirm the order has shipped; the transaction is complete. No communication with the actual buyer is needed.

The simplicity of the transaction is not coincidence but rather by design. The intensive negotiation and approval process standardizes all the variables of a purchase; the variables addressed during the negotiation of each contract include: Discounts, payment terms, shipping costs and methods, returns and support. The initial contract term with a supplier is 5 years with the option of renewal for a total of a 20-year period; because of the contracts length of time and the potential large purchasing a supplier may receive, the review and approval process is quite intensive. To administer this program GSA maintains a large workforce of negotiators, contract administrators and support representatives. Winning a GSA advantage contract requires commitment and determination from the supplier; the average time period for a supplier to be accepted and receive a GSA contract is 12–15 months. The lengthy application processing time is not the only challenge. First a considerable amount of resources and time may be required just to get to the application submission stage.

Before a supplier can submit an application they must first register and be accepted in the Online Representations and Certifications Applications and Central Contractors Registration programs. The supplier must be registered with Dun & Bradstreet and have an Opens Ratings Report generated, for example; the latter is a past-performance evaluation, wherein the supplier's existing customers are contacted and asked to complete an extensive review of the supplier's performance. This report compiles the customer reviews into an overall-performance factor used to evaluate the stability and capabilities of the supplier. All of the above registrations and reports are required before a supplier can submit a GSA contract application; the application itself must follow exact government guidelines but is written in the form of a "Best Offer" by the supplier. The supplier must detail the services and products they wish to offer, any favorable terms they are offering and details of any preferred customer services they are willing to provide.

Once all the application materials are submitted the "Offer" as the government refers to it is assigned to a contract negotiator. The negotiator begins the process by reviewing and assessing the submission paperwork for accuracy and compliance. While the complete process is not public information, it is apparent that the review is extensive and detailed; the contract negotiator address

Complex (song)

"Complex" is a song by British musician Gary Numan. It was the second single to be taken from his 1979 album The Pleasure Principle; the single reached number six in the UK Singles Chart. The recording's backing track uses conventional acoustic drums, acoustic piano, electric bass guitar, however the distinctive lead parts are performed on violin and flanged and reverberated analogue monosynth, an unusual combination in popular music. Lyrically, the song alludes to a psychological complex, expressing a paranoia that might have been directed at critics, stalkers or false friends, depending on one's point of view: Please keep them away Don't let them touch me Please don't let them lie Don't let them see meA BBC Radio 1 review panel speculated that this song was "the first electronic ballad", although this is untrue, as it post-dates recordings such as "Hiroshima Mon Amour" by Ultravox and "Neon Lights" by Kraftwerk by a couple of years. 7" A. Complex - 3.10B. Bombers - 5.4712" A. Complex - 3.10B1.

Me! I Disconnect From You B2. Bombers - 5.47 Live tracks recorded at Hammersmith Odeon, September 28th, 1979. Numan performed "Complex" in concert throughout the'80s and'90s, although versions appear on the re-released and expanded 1980 recordings captured on Living Ornaments'80, as well as the Micromusic video from his final Wembley Arena concert in 1981 and its CD counterpart Living Ornaments'81, he revived the song on stage in September 2003, as captured in the "Hope Bleeds" DVD and CD. "Complex" was part of the setlist during the 2009 "The Pleasure Principle Live" concerts although it was the only track to have its position vis à vis the original album moved from between "Metal" and "Films" to between "Conversation" and "Cars". Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Jeroen Brouwers

Jeroen Godfried Marie Brouwers is a Dutch journalist and writer. From 1964 to 1976 Brouwers worked as an editor at Manteau publishers in Brussels. In 1964 he made his literary debut with Het mes op de keel, he won the Ferdinand Bordewijk Prijs in 1989 for De zondvloed, the Constantijn Huygens Prize in 1993 for his collected works, in 1995 the Prix Femina for International works for his book Bezonken rood. In 2007 he refused the Dutch Literature Prize - the highest literary accolade in the Dutch-speaking world - because he considered the prize money of €16,000 too low for all his work. Jeroen Brouwers was born on 30 April 1940 in the capital of the former Dutch East Indies, he is the fourth child of Jacques Theodorus Maria Brouwers, an accountant in a firm of architects, Henriëtte Elisabeth Maria van Maaren, daughter of the musician Leo van Maaren. After the Japanese invasion of Java in 1942 and KNIL's capitulation, his father was sent to a POW camp near Tokyo, Japan. Jeroen, his grandmother, his mother and his sister were sent to the Japanese detainment camp'Kramat'.

After some months they were transferred in a Batavia suburb. His grandparents did not survive these camps. In 1986 Jeroen wrote the autobiographical novel Bezonken Rood, about the lifelong effects of this Japanese internment. After the war his family was reunited and they moved to Balikpapan. Jeroen's mother returned, with her children, to the Netherlands in 1947. In 1948 their father joined them; until 1950 Jeroen lived with his parents. When he was 10 years old, he was sent to several Roman Catholic institutions, he was sent there. He had difficulties adjusting to the Dutch way of life after life in Indonesia, his parents moved to The Netherlands. Upon leaving secondary school in 1955, Brouwers did military service from 1958–1961, after which he started working as an apprentice journalistic for De Gelderlander a Dutch provincial newspaper, he wrote for a military magazine entitled Salvo. In 1962 he was hired by the Geillustreerde Pers in The Netherlands, he became an editor for the Romance magazine, renamed Avenue.

From 1964-1976 he worked for Manteau publishers in Brussels, Belgium as assistant editor and editor. From 1968-1971 he lived with his family in Vossem, Belgium and in Huize Krekelhof in Rijmenam, Belgium, he has had three children: two sons, Daan Leonard and Pepijn, a daughter Anne. After quarreling with his CEO Julien Weverbergh Brouwers resigned from Manteau and devoted himself full-time to literature. After a period in Warnsveld, Netherlands, he moved to Netherlands. In 1991 he moved to a houseboat near Netherlands. In 1993 he moved again, to Belgium. Since 1992 Brouwers has been included in the Orde van de Vlaamse Leeuw and since 1993 knight in the Belgian crown order. In 2001 he received the Multatuli Prize. In 2007 the Taalunie awarded Brouwers the Prijs der Nederlandse Letteren, a prize presented every three years to a Dutch-language author for his or her entire oeuvre, it is the only literary prize presented jointly by the Flemish governments. He accepted the prize, but refused it because he claimed the prize money of €16,000 was insultingly low

The Beloved Vagabond (1936 film)

The Beloved Vagabond is a 1936 British musical drama film directed by Curtis Bernhardt and starring Maurice Chevalier, Betty Stockfeld, Margaret Lockwood and Austin Trevor. The film was made at Ealing Studios by the independent producer Ludovico Toeplitz. In 1900, a poor but promising French architect living in London woos the daughter of a gentleman facing economic ruin through exposure of his financial wrongdoing. A rival for the hand of Joanne promises to resolve the father’s economic problems in return for the hand of Joanne. Gaston feels obliged to agree and returns to France taking with him Asticot, a young boy living in the boarding house. During their meanderings in rural France and Asticot meet a young woman, trying to support herself through music, they get together and become a musical partnership moving to Paris where in a bar Gaston bumps into the Count de Verneuil – Gaston’s old rival –, now married to Joanne. Shortly after the meeting, the Count dies and Joanne is once more a free woman.

Joanne meets with Gaston and they re-establish the warm relationship of old, a painful process for Blanquette who, by this time, has fallen in love with Gaston. Gaston and Joanne return to London to make plans for their wedding. Gaston invites Blanquette and Asticot to the wedding and they bring with them the spirit of life on the road; this is fascinating for the other conservative guests but annoying for Joanne who relegates the two to the kitchen to be fed away from the other guests. This proves too much for Gaston; when Joanne reveals to Gaston the obvious – that Blanquette is in love with him—he races off to find his two friends. But they have departed for the train to Dover and the ferry to France. Gaston requires the help of a horseless carriage to get to Dover to join Asticot. On the boat, he surprises tells her that he wants to be with his wife, she is puzzled and looks around for another woman before realising that she is the wife Gaston is referring to. A happy ending is guaranteed. Maurice Chevalier as Gaston de Nerac'Paragot' Betty Stockfeld as Joanna Rushworth Margaret Lockwood as Blanquette Desmond Tester as Asticot Austin Trevor as Count de Verneuil Peter Haddon as Major Walters Charles Carson as Charles Rushworth Cathleen Nesbitt as Mme.

Boin Barbara Gott as Concierge Amy Veness as Cafe Owner D. J. Williams as Undertaker C. Denier Warren as Railway Clerk The film was shot in English and French versions with different supporting casts, it was an early role for Margaret Lockwood. Low, Rachael. Filmmaking in 1930s Britain. George Allen & Unwin, 1985. Perry, George. Forever Ealing. Pavilion Books, 1994. Wood, Linda. British Films, 1927-1939. British Film Institute, 1986; the Beloved Vagabond on IMDb Beloved Vagabond at TCMDB Review of film at Variety