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Apalachicola, Florida

Apalachicola is a city in Franklin County, United States, on the shore of Apalachicola Bay, an inlet of the Gulf of Mexico. The population was 2,231 at the 2010 census. Apalachicola is the county seat of Franklin County. "Apalachicola" comes from the Apalachicola tribe and is a combination of the Hitchiti words apalahchi, meaning "on the other side", okli, meaning "people". In original reference to the settlement and the subgroup within the Seminole tribe, it meant "people on the other side of the river". Many inhabitants of Apalachicola have said the name means "land of the friendly people". Between the years 1513 and 1763 the area that now includes the town of Apalachicola was under Spanish jurisdiction as part of Spanish Florida, the Spanish, based out of Pensacola, never ventured as far east as the Apalachicola river and the area remained unsettled and unexplored during the duration of Spain's first occupation of Florida; the only inhabitants of the area during that entire time were the Apalachee and Timucua tribes.

In the 1750s during the French and Indian War the British captured the Spanish colony of Cuba, because Cuba was a prized possession for the Spanish and Florida was unused backwater, the Spanish traded Florida to the British in return for regaining Cuba. Between the years 1763 and 1783 the area, now Apalachicola fell under the jurisdiction of British West Florida. A British trading post called "Cottonton" was founded at this site on the mouth of the Apalachicola River. In 1783, British West Florida was transferred to Spain, the trading post remained and continued facilitating trade along the Apalachicola River. After acquisition by the United States and related development in Alabama and Georgia, it attracted more permanent European-American residents. In 1827, the town was incorporated as "West Point". Apalachicola received its current name in 1831, by an act of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida. Trinity Episcopal Church was incorporated by an act of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida on February 11, 1837.

The building was one of the earliest prefabricated buildings in the United States. The framework was shipped by schooner from New York City and assembled in Apalachicola with wooden pegs. In 1837, a newspaper at Apalachicola boasted that the town's business street along the waterfront "had 2,000 feet of continuous brick stores, three stories high, 80 feet deep, all equipped with granite pillars."Botanist Alvan Wentworth Chapman settled in Apalachicola in 1847. In 1860, he published Flora of the Southern United States. An elementary school was named in his honor. In 1849, Apalachicola physician Dr. John Gorrie discovered the cold-air process of refrigeration and patented an ice machine in 1850, he had experimented to find ways to lower the body temperature of fever patients. His patent laid the groundwork for development of modern refrigeration and air conditioning, making Florida and the South more livable year round; the city has a monument to him, a replica of his ice machine is on display in the John Gorrie Museum.

The John Gorrie Memorial Bridge built in 1935 and rebuilt in 1988, carries U. S. 98 across Apalachicola Bay to Eastpoint. Before the development of railways in the Gulf states, Apalachicola was the third-busiest port on the Gulf of Mexico; the AN Railway the Apalachicola Northern Railroad, serves the city. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, the sponge trade, led by Greek immigrants, was a major industry in town. Apalachicola is still the home port for a variety of seafood workers, including oyster harvesters and shrimpers. More than 90% of Florida's oyster production is harvested from Apalachicola Bay; every year the town hosts the Florida Seafood Festival. The bay is well protected by St. Vincent Island, Flag Island, Sand Island, St. George Island, Cape St. George Island. On April 3, 1862, during the American Civil War, the gunboat USS Sagamore and the steamer USS Mercedita captured Apalachicola. Union forces occupied west Florida during much of the war. In 1979, Exxon relocated their experimental subsea production system from offshore Louisiana to a permitted artificial reef site off Apalachicola.

This was the first effort to turn an oil platform into an artificial reef. Apalachicola is home to the Dixie Theatre, a professional Equity theater, both a producing and presenting live performance venue. Built in 1912, the theatre was renovated beginning in 1996. Apalachicola is located in the northwest part of the state, at 29°43′31″N 84°59′33″W, on Apalachicola Bay and at the mouth of the Apalachicola River. U. S. Route 98 is the main highway through town, leading east across the bay to Eastpoint and northwest 59 miles to Panama City. Tallahassee, the state capital, is 75 miles to the northeast via US 98 and US 319. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles, of which 1.9 square miles is land and 0.69 square miles, or 26.67%, is water. The climate of Apalachicola is humid subtropical, with hot, humid summers; the hottest temperature recorded in the city was 103 °F on August 15, 1995, the coldest temperature recorded was 9 °F on January 21, 1985.

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,334 people, 1,006 households, 608 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,242.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,207 housing units at an average density of 642.3 per square mile

Monterrey International Airport

Monterrey International Airport, ceremonial name General Mariano Escobedo International Airport, is an international airport located in Apodaca, Nuevo León, Mexico. Together with Del Norte International Airport, the airport handles domestic and international operations for the city of Monterrey and its metropolitan area. There are 300 daily flights to more than 35 destinations in Mexico and the United States, it is the busiest in northern Mexico. Only Mexico City, Cancún, Guadalajara serve more passengers per year than Monterrey International Airport; the airport serves as a hub for Aeroméxico and VivaAerobus, a focus city for Interjet and Volaris. Airport terminals were renovated and expanded in 2003 and 2007. It's one of the fastest growing airports in Mexico and among the Top 15 in Latin America: in 2018, the airport handled 10,733,186 passengers, in 2019 it handled 11,176,555 passengers. Terminal A consists of a building comprising check-in facilities, baggage claiming, shopping areas, customs and airline offices, as many other services, while the satellite building connected via tunnels comprises all the VIP and waiting lounges, migration among other services as well as the boarding gates.

The Satellite building, is divided into two concourses, North Concourse for domestic flights, while South Concourse comprises all the international flights that operate into the airport. Several flights are delayed day by day due to the lack of free contact and remote positions, as the ones capable of handling large aircraft such as the Boeing 787. Terminal C and Terminal B work as a relief system for this terminal. There are future plans to remodel and expand the Satellite building, adding at least 4 new jetways and 3 remote positions. Terminal B is considered as the second most modern air facility in the country, it was opened on September 2010; the terminal comprise 8 gates, 6 of which are equipped with jetways and 2 apron-doors which might be used by Aeroméxico's feeder airline Aeroméxico Connect. The terminal house all operations of the SkyTeam member airlines, similar to Terminal 2 in Mexico City International Airport; the airport terminal is able to handle up to 2 million passengers per year, allows the airport to free some slots for new airlines to operate into Terminal A.

Terminal C, inaugurated on November 30, 2006, houses the operations from low-cost carrier serving the airport, VivaAerobus. This terminal works independent to Terminal A, opposite to Terminal B functionality. "Air Cargo Terminal' was launched and has 6 hectares for operations. Courier companies operating nationally and abroad, notably FedEx, DHL, UPS, Estafeta. Grupo Aeroportuario Centro Norte, the airport company operating this airport, has its headquarters in the air cargo zone; the airport resides at an elevation of 1280 feet above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 11/29 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 45 metres. A second runway, used is designated 16/34 and has an asphalt surface with a stretch of 1,801 by 30 metres; the main runway, 11/29, has an ILS approach system and has its own VHF omnidirectional radio range and DME station. It is capable of handling aircraft such as the Boeing 747-400, but due to the lack of remote positions, this airport is used by smaller aircraft.

In September 2014, Monterrey commenced its first intercontinental flight in years when Aeromexico began flying its Boeing 787 Dreamliner four days a week to Tokyo-Narita as a fuel stop to flights between Mexico City International Airport and Tokyo-Narita. Aeromexico stated that the flight would last while Tijuana International Airport, the usual stop between the Aeromexico flight to Tokyo, made improvements to its runway. Monterrey was selected due to its importance to the country's economy and for being a popular business destination. On, Aeromexico's flight from Mexico City to Tokyo-Narita was upgraded into a direct flight, with once a day flights leaving from Mexico City; the Tokyo flights from Monterrey have since been discontinued. Due to the growing Korean population in Monterrey, Aeroméxico operated a direct flight from Monterrey to Seoul Incheon airport; this was the airport's first intercontinental flight since the discontinuation of the Tokyo-Narita route operating through Monterrey.

The flights to Seoul were discontinued. Terminal A: 9 contact positions, 12 remote positions Terminal B: 6 contact positions, 7 remote positions Terminal C: 8 remote positions VivaAerobus has its corporate headquarters in the Cargo Zone of Terminal C Number of jetways: 9, 6 Number of baggage claiming carousels: 4 On February 11, 2010, Click Mexicana Flight 7222, operated by Fokker 100 XA-SHJ suffered an undercarriage malfunction on approach to Quetzalcóatl International Airport, Nuevo Laredo. A low fly-past confirmed; the aircraft diverted to Monterrey. It was damaged in the landing, having departed the runway and spun through 180°. On April 13, 2010 an Aerounion – Aerotransporte de Carga Union Airbus A-300B4-200, registration XA-TUE performing a freight flight, AeroUnion Flight 302 from Mexico to Monterrey with 5 crew, crashed on approach to land on General Mariano Escobedo International Airport's runway 11; the aircraft came to rest on a highway at around 23:30L. All on board perished, 1 person in a truck on the highway was reported killed, the airplane was destroyed after a large fire broke out.

On November 24

Ashok Leyland FAT 6×6

The Ashok Leyland FAT 6×6 is an all-terrain military truck developed and produced by Indian automobile manufacturer Ashok Leyland. Designed for towing heavy artillery guns, it will replace the aging fleet of Scania SBAT111S used by the Indian Army. In 1986, when the Indian Army purchased 410 FH77B Bofors howitzers, they ordered 660 SBAT111S trucks. 30 years these trucks had become obsolete and the Army looked for a replacement. Ashok Leyland is one of the biggest suppliers of logistics vehicles to Indian Army. Thus, the development of FAT or Field Artillery Tractor was started as a private venture to replace the ageing fleet of Scania trucks; the truck is designed on Leyland's "Super Stallion" platform. It is powered by Ashok Leyland's in-house developed 8-litre Neptune series engine that gives 360 hp of power and 1,400 Nm of torque at 1,300 rpm; this is mated to an 8-speed manual transmission. The truck runs on full-time 6-wheel drive system with all axles having differential lock; the FAT 6x6's towing capacity is rated at 8 tonnes.

The driver's cabin can hold the crew cabin just behind it can hold six. The cargo bay is fitted with a 2.7 tonne crane for other equipment. There is a roof hatch for emergency exit and firing. At the front, the truck has a 10 tonne self-recovery winch. Other features include a fire and smoke detection unit, an infrared rear-view camera and central tire inflation system. For driver's comfort, cab is equipped with HVAC. In March 2016, Ashok Leyland won a contract for supplying 450 units of the FAT 6x6 along with other "Super Stallion" vehicles and 825 units of "Ambulance 4x4" to the army; the total order was worth ₹800 crore. In 2017, the first batch of trucks was delivered