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Apeldoorn is a municipality and city in the province of Gelderland in the centre of the Netherlands. It is a regional centre; the municipality of Apeldoorn, including villages like Beekbergen, Loenen and Hoenderloo, had a population of 162,445 in 2019. The western half of the municipality lies on the Veluwe ridge, the eastern half lies in the IJssel valley; the oldest known reference to Apeldoorn called Appoldro, dates from the 8th century. The settlement came into being at the point where the old road from Amersfoort to Deventer crossed that from Arnhem to Zwolle. A 1740 map refers to it as Appeldoorn. Close by is the favourite country-seat of the royal family of the Netherlands called the palace het Nieuwe Loo, it was a hunting lodge of the dukes of Gelderland, but in its present form dates chiefly from the time of the Stadtholder William III of England. The younger sister of Princess Beatrix, Princess Margriet, lives nearby the palace Het Loo, with her husband Pieter van Vollenhoven. Apeldoorn was a insignificant place until the major building projects of the 19th century and those of the period following World War II.

The Protestant church was restored after a fire in 1890. The Roman Catholic Mariakerk is a national monument. Apeldoorn possesses large paper-mills, many offices, a newspaper company, some hospitals and nursing homes. With over 95,000 people working in the municipality, Apeldoorn is one of the most important employment centres in the eastern Netherlands. Apeldoorn has several important educational institutes, such as the Saxion University of Applied Sciences, the Wittenborg University of Applied Sciences, the Netherlands Police Academy and the Theological University of Apeldoorn. In 2008 the largest paper mill of what was left of "Van Gelder Papier" after reorganizations went bankrupt, in 1996 a devastating fire destroyed the remnants of the last part of the original factory, other parts of the production facility that remained are now in use as production facility by AFP, Loparex B. V. and Owens Corning Veil Netherlands B. V. On the entire industrial estate now known as "Van Gelder Park" are now located a local head office of Rabobank and it houses the main police and fire department offices among with some other local companies like Futurumshop sporting goods, Akos engineering and Werklust load lifters, On the west side of this estate at the Laan van Westenenk there are still the buildings of one of the largest news printing companies of the region, moved to this location in 1993, but they closed in 2016 after reorganization, the buildings are now in use by other companies.

Apeldoorn has been well known in the past as a town of paper making and clothing wash company's because of the clean filtered groundwater that seeps through the sand of the ice age formed ”stuwwallen” down to the “Ijselvallei” on the east of Apeldoorn. Apeldoorn has now a considerable meat processing industry with production and storage facilities of among others. V. HSL Locistics but this will be as of January 2018 merged with GVT Logistics, Sandd, HCA Holland Colours, Royal Reesink N. V. UPS, DHL, FedEx, Royal Talens, VDL Weweler, I. T. S. BV. Beekman transport, Kisjes transport and container rental. Sandd postal services has been merged with PostNL, as a result of this the Sandd location in Apeldoorn will be closed indefinitely in the first week of February 2020, there has been some job losses, uncertain wat will happen to the location site. In August 2018 PostNL opened a large package sorting center at the Oude Apeldoornseweg, newly build at the industrial area now known as “FizzionParc” but once was known as an industrial estate of Philips Data Systems, the new PostNL location will provide work for around 400 employees.

On November 27, 2018 a rapid spreading fire destroyed the largest store of “Karwei” DIY centers in The Netherlands, located at the Laan van de Dierenriem in Apeldoorn, no one was injured. Apeldoorn is known for its large number of used car dealers. Apeldoorn had until a few years ago a production facility that produced basic materials for medicine production operated by Akzo Diosynth, but production was seized here, the terrain located at the Vlijtseweg is now renamed after the product, produced here before that, Zwitsal, it is now known as “Zwitsal Apeldoorn” and the former facility now houses lots of new local businesses like beer brewery “De Vlijt”. Apenheul is a zoo which hosts a number of different types of apes and monkeys, some of which are free to walk around the visitors, it is situated at the western edge of Apeldoorn and can be reached by local bus 2, 3 and 5. There is an amusement park situated in Apeldoorn, called the Koningin Juliana Toren, it lies on the road to Hoog Soeren. It is called the Koningin Juliana Toren because of the tower, built in 1910 and was named after Queen Juliana.

The local hospital is the Gelre Hospital "Lukas", offering secondary health care to Apeld

Emma Willard

Emma Hart Willard was an American women's rights activist who dedicated her life to education. She worked in several schools and founded the first school for women's higher education, the Troy Female Seminary in Troy, New York. With the success of her school, Willard was able to travel across the country and abroad, to promote education for women; the seminary was renamed the Emma Willard School in 1895 in her honor. Emma Willard was born on February 1787, in Berlin, Connecticut, she was the sixteenth of seventeen children from her father, Samuel Hart, his second wife Lydia Hinsdale Hart. Her father was a farmer who encouraged his children to think for themselves. At a young age, Willard's father recognized her passion for learning. At that time women were only provided basic education, but Willard was included in family discussions such as politics, world politics and mathematics that were male subjects. At age 15, Willard was enrolled in her first school in 1802 in her hometown of Berlin, she progressed so that just two years at the age of 17 she was teaching there.

Willard took charge of the academy for a term in 1806. In 1807, Willard left Berlin and worked in Westfield, before accepting a job offer at a female academy in Middlebury, Vermont, she held the position of principal at the Middlebury Female Seminary from 1807 to 1809. She was unimpressed by the material taught there and opened a boarding school for women in 1814, in her own home, she was inspired by the subjects her nephew, John Willard, was learning at Middlebury College and strove to improve the curriculum, taught at girls' schools. Willard believed that women could master topics like mathematics and philosophy rather than just subjects taught at finishing schools; this passion for women's education led her to fight for the first women's school for higher education. Her success inspired her to share her ideas on education and to write A Plan for Improving Female Education in 1819, a pamphlet that she presented to the members of the New York Legislature, her plan included a proposal for a women's seminary to be publicly funded just as men's schools were.

Willard did not receive a response from the legislators, several of whom believed women's education to be contrary to God's will. Willard received support from New York Governor DeWitt Clinton, who invited her to open a school there. Willard opened an institution in Waterford, New York but she did not receive the promised financial support and therefore moved her school to Troy, New York, where she received more support and funding; the Troy Female Seminary opened for boarding and day students. This was the first school in the United States to offer higher education for women; the curriculum consisted of the subjects she had longed to include in women's education: mathematics, geography and science. Willard led the school to success, in 1831, the school had enrolled over 300 students; the school attracted students from wealthy families of high position. Although most of the students would still end up as housewives, Willard never hindered her students' pursuit towards women's education and continued to fight for their rights.

Despite her reputation today in women's history, Willard was not a supporter of the women's suffrage movement during the mid-19th century. Willard believed; when Emma Willard addressed the New York State Legislature in 1819, the year before, for example, Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter in which he suggested women should not read novels "as a mass of trash" with few exceptions. "For like reason, much poetry should not be indulged." Emma Willard told the legislature that the education of women "has been too directed to fit them for displaying to advantage the charms of youth and beauty". The problem, she said, was that "the taste of men, whatever it might happen to be, has been made into a standard for the formation of the female character." Reason and religion teach us, she said, that "we too are primary existences... not the satellites of men." While working at the academy in Middlebury, Willard met her future husband John Willard. He was 28 years her senior. John Willard brought four children to the marriage from his previous marriages.

His nephew named John Willard, lived with them while attending Middlebury College, which gave Emma Willard much inspiration in forming her educational views. Emma Willard's younger sister, Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps, joined Emma in 1823, after the death of her first husband, Simeon Lincoln, taught at Troy Female Seminary for eight years. Emma and John Willard had one son together, named John Willard Hart, who received the management of the Troy Female Seminary when Willard left it in 1838. Emma's first husband died in 1825, in 1838, she married Christopher C. Yates, but was divorced from him in 1843. Along with the profits made from the[Troy Female Seminary, Willard made a living from her writing, she wrote several textbooks including books on history and geography. Some of her works are History of the United States, or Republic of America, A System of Fulfillment of a Promise, A Treatise on the Motive Powers which Produce the Circulation of the Blood, Guide to the Temple of Time and Universal History for Schools, Last Leaves of American History, Astronography.

Willard's history and geography texts included women as well as men and emphasized the status of women as the primary determinant in whether a society could be described as civilized. Her map-drawing geographic pedagogy bec

Comradeship (1919 film)

Comradeship is a 1919 British silent film drama, directed by Maurice Elvey and starring Lily Elsie, Gerald Ames and Guy Newall. The film's action covers the entire span of World War I, from the months before the outbreak of hostilities to the declaration of peace. Comradeship was the first feature production by the Stoll Pictures, founded in April 1918 by theatrical manager Oswald Stoll. Stoll was a well-known philanthropist, instrumental during World War I in setting up a charity to create homes for disabled soldiers, campaigned to publicise the plight of blinded ex-servicemen; the film's storyline mirrored these interests, was one of the first to examine the social impact of the war on Britain in the respect that common cause and experience had caused a sea-change in British society and eroding traditional class-based assumptions. Filming on Comradeship began in the summer of 1918 while the war was still in progress, it was still in production when the Armistice was signed in November. Elvey took the opportunity to incorporate authentic footage of victory celebrations in London and some of his characters in the setting of the city in the immediate aftermath of war, lending these sections of the film a historical documentary feel.

Pacifist John Armstrong runs a drapery store in the small town of Melcombe, helped by his apprentice Peggy and German assistant Otto, who are having an affair. Local landowner Lieutenant Baring finds Otto a suspicious character, but is angrily assured by John that he is trustworthy. Armstrong is attracted to Baring's cousin Betty, who plans to turn their home, Fanshawe Hall, into a wounded soldiers' hospital on the inevitable outbreak of war between Britain and Germany. Otto leaves John a note stating his allegiance to Germany, fails to return to work after the 1914 August bank holiday. Peggy is distraught, she is disowned by her family, but Betty hears of the situation and offers shelter to Peggy at Fanshawe. War breaks out, injured serviceman start to arrive at Fanshawe. John visits to offer a charitable donation, starts to tell Betty how he feels about her, but is deflated when Betty explains that running the hospital takes up all of her time and she cannot think of romance. Despite his pacifist inclinations, John enlists in the army.

At the training camp he becomes fast friends with the cheery working-class Ginger and the pair admit their trepidation to each other. As the regiment leaves for the front, Betty turns up to wish John goodbye and good luck, they embrace. While John fights in the trenches, Peggy suffers a miscarriage, she decides to help Betty at Fanshawe. John is upset to see Betty handing her locket to Baring as a keepsake. Ginger arrives in Melcombe to visit; as he is out walking, he sees Peggy being harassed by steps in to rescue her. They begin to fall in love, but before Peggy can be honest with Ginger about her past and John are recalled to action. On the battlefield Baring is attacked by Otto, killed by Ginger. Ginger is shocked. John is moving the badly-wounded Baring to safety. For a moment he considers leaving Baring to die, but comes to his senses and continues dragging Baring to shelter. A shell explodes nearby, John is blinded, he is sent to Fanshawe to be nursed. The Armistice is signed. Ginger refuses to have anything to do with Peggy.

Baring reveals that Betty gave him her locket for him to pass on to John, but for one reason or another he forgot about it. John now realises that Betty does not love Baring, but refuses to advance his own suit as he does not want her to feel she has to commit herself to a blind man out of sympathy. Betty is hurt by John's apparent lack of interest. Peggy intercedes, he manages to effect a happy reconciliation between Peggy and Ginger. As society begins to recover from the war, John feels unsure what to do with his future, he learns of a network of Comrades Clubs set up by ex-serviceman, finds purpose by setting up a branch in Melcombe. Ginger and Peggy have married, come down for the grand opening of the club. On the big day, Betty decides, he agrees, receives the good news that he can have an operation which will restore his sight. Lily Elsie as Betty Mortimer Gerald Ames as John Armstrong Guy Newall as Lt. Baring Teddy Arundell as Ginger Peggy Carlisle as Peggy Dallas Cairns as Liebeman Kate Gurney as Housekeeper Comradeship on IMDb Comradeship at BFI Film & TV Database

Malacothrix squalida

Malacothrix squalida is a rare species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common name Santa Cruz desertdandelion. It is endemic to Santa Cruz and Anacapa Islands, two of the eight Channel Islands of California, where it grows on rocky seaside bluffs and cliffs; the plant is limited in distribution and today exists only in degraded habitat on these two small islands. It was last collected from Santa Cruz Island in 1968, two populations were noted on Anacapa Island in 1998, it became a federally listed endangered species in 1997. This is an annual herb growing a hairless, waxy stem 20 to 30 centimeters in maximum height; the leaves are lobed. The inflorescence is an array of flower heads lined with oval-shaped phyllaries; the ray florets are light yellow in color. Jepson Manual Treatment USDA Plants Profile Flora of North America

Dechencholing Palace

Dechencholing Palace is located in Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan, 4 kilometres to the north of the Tashichho Dzong and 7 kilometres north of the city centre. It was built in 1953 by the third king of Bhutan Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck; the palace lies on the west bank of the Thimphu River. The palace is accessed via the Dechhen Lam which runs along the eastern bank of the Thimphu river from the district of Yangchenphug, through Langjupakha for several kilometres before approaching the palace. On the way to the palace the road passes the Royal Banquet Hall, the Centre for Bhutan Studies, the Woodcraft Centre and passes the Indian Estate on the other side of the river. Just south of the palace on the other side of the river is the suburb of Taba; the palace is surrounded by forest to the west. Opposite on a slope in the forest high above Taba is the Wangchuck Resort, used as a meditation retreat. Dechencholing Palace was built in 1953 after the coronation of the third King of Bhutan, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, following the death of his father, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Wangchuck, in 1952.

The third king's son Jigme Singye Wangchuck was born here on 11 November 1955. One hundred thousand Raksha Thotreng rituals were performed at the palace as a beneficial rite for the public enthronement of the Jigme Singye Wangchuck in 1974; the late Royal Grandmother, Druk Gyalpo’s mother the Dowager Queen Phuntsho Choden, popularly known as Gayum Angay Phuntsho Choden Wangchuck, lived in this palace as a Buddhist nun. However, the present King does not stay in this palace, as the royal residence is now at the Samteling Palace; the palace is used for international delegations those with India. Indian ambassadors visit the palace to discuss international relations between India and Bhutan, it is the venue for hosting luncheons and banquets for Head of the States and other important guests of Bhutan. The palace is a three-storied building set amidst willow trees and ponds. Except for the present King, other members of the Royal family reside here, its architecture is in Bhutanese traditional style including the furnishings inside.

The palace interior furnishings are said to be encased in metal in repoussé technique superimposed on white velvet. The late Royal Grandmother, Gayum Phuntsho Choden Wangchuck lived in this palace for many years and possessed her own chapel, adorned with paintings and carvings and candles burning from bowls. Gayum employed a number of women at the palace to weave garments for men and women, producing national dress costumes; as the palace hosts international delegations, it has its own helipad to facilitate swift access though there is no airport in Thimphu. In 1957, King Jigme Wangchuck commissioned a skilled artist named Lam Durlop Dorji of Bumthang to open an embroidery school at the palace, to instruct some 30 young monks in this field; the school has produced several notable thangka embroideries, notably Thongdrel, Thangkas. As Bhutan is a Tibetan Buddhist nation this school revolves around Buddhism, reflected in its artwork. Brown, Lindsey. Bhutan. Penguin. ISBN 1-74059-529-7. Pommaret, Francoise.

Bhutan Himalayan Mountains Kingdom. Odyssey Books and Guides. Pp. 136–7

Chainsaw (Scream Queens)

"Chainsaw" is the third episode of the horror black comedy series Scream Queens. It premiered on September 2015 on Fox; the episode was both written by Ian Brennan. In this episode, the Red Devil continues the terror on campus using a chainsaw. Chanel finds a new project in Hester, Dean Munsch appoints a new Wallace University mascot while trying to separate Gigi and Wes's budding relationship as Chad and Earl Grey lead their fraternity on a witch hunt for the Red Devil; the episode was watched by 3.46 million viewers and received mixed to positive reviews from critics, most of them citing it as an improvement from the two previous episodes. Grace and Zayday are at the supermarket to buy food for Kappa. Grace sees the Red Devil running towards her and she tases him and Zayday knocks the shelves to stop him, it is revealed. Due to Chanel #2's mysterious "absence", Zayday and Grace enter her room and find a blood stain, while Denise enters and confirms it; that leads them to think that she was murdered, but Chanel #2 is still posting pictures on her Instagram from an unknown location.

They decide to visit her parents in California to find out what happened. They tell her parents, Dr. Herfmann and Mrs. Herfmann that she is missing but is still posting pictures, it is revealed. Her parents reveal that she had a drinking problem and she used to date Chad Radwell, they tell them. They show them that Chad wrote her a letter, they tell Zayday and Denise to find her and tell her not to go home again. At a candle-light vigil held for Boone, Dean Cathy Munsch, reads a statement announcing that Tiffany's death was an accident and that Boone's death was a suicide, angering the Kappa's and the Dickie Dollar Scholars; because of the fact that the supposed killer is dressed as the schools mascot, the Dean introduces a new university mascot, Coney. Coney has his 15 minutes of fame before being decapitated by the Red Devil, in his dorm room, using a chainsaw. Out of frustration by the murders and Chanel's apathetic attitude, Chanel #5, decides not to help her find Chanel's #2's missing body from the freezer, instead she says she is having fun threesomes with twin members of the Dickie Dollar Scholars Roger and Dodger.

Chanel, realizing she can make the outcast pledge popular after seeing Hester sneaking around her closet, decides to give her a makeover, taking her neckbrace off, making Hester her new minion, Chanel #6. Chanel # 5 is outraged by this. Meanwhile, Chanel #3 befriends the "Predatory Lesbian" Sam, tells her a secret; the two promise to alibi each other. Grace learns that her father, Wes, is her film analysis teacher, they argue, resulting in Grace leaving, he plays The Texas Chain Saw Massacre during class and Gigi enters. Dean Munsch sees them together and when she and Gigi play tennis, she tells Gigi to back off from Wes. Next and Gigi move to the Kappa house for a week, much to Chanel's anger. Meanwhile and Earl Grey encourage The Dickie Dollar Scholars fraternity to organize a witch hunt, to avenge Boone's "death", as the police aren't doing anything; the frat brothers start their witch hunt by getting baseball bats and they start smashing a red car in the middle of the street and the Red Devil appears with a chainsaw on one side and another person in a Red Devil costume appears on the other.

The frat brothers fight the Devils which results in Chad being knocked out and Caulfield losing both arms. Grace visits Pete and apologizes for ignoring his messages since she assumed that he is the Red Devil and both tell each other new clues they found, including a girl, 2 credits away from graduating 20 years ago and think she's Sophia, one of the other girls on the list, whose name is the only one still in the system. Denise starts to obsessively suspect that Zayday is the killer due to the evidence that she owns a chainsaw. Denise ends up letting her go since Zayday explains that the chainsaw is protection from her grandma. Wes and Gigi are having a salad together when Zayday comes across them. Wes asks her where Grace is, she doesn't know. Wes calls Grace, who lies to him by saying she's at the library when she is at a gas station with Pete; when Cathy and Gigi are about to sleep, Cathy turns a noise machine on with different sounds on a high volume, bothering Gigi. Gigi ends up sleeping on the couch downstairs, the Red Devil appears and chases Gigi with the chainsaw.

Wes, asleep in his car hears her screaming and runs to help her and in the process, he gets his arm cut with the chainsaw. Gigi flips one of the couches and knocks the Red Devil over. Gigi tells the girls to call 911. Wes and Gigi look over the flipped couch to only see the chainsaw running with no Red Devil. Cathy runs down the stairs and asks what's going on, Wes grabs the chainsaw and tells her not to take another step until the police arrive and accuses her of being the killer. Niecy Nash returns as special guest star portraying Denise Hemphill, the odd sec