Apocalypse Now

Apocalypse Now is a 1979 American epic war film directed, produced and co-written by Francis Ford Coppola. It stars Marlon Brando, Robert Duvall, Martin Sheen, Frederic Forrest, Albert Hall, Sam Bottoms, Laurence Fishburne, Harrison Ford, Dennis Hopper; the screenplay, co-written by Coppola and John Milius and narration written by Michael Herr, was loosely based on the 1899 novella Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. The setting was changed from late 19th-century Congo to the Vietnam War; the film follows a river journey from South Vietnam into Cambodia undertaken by Captain Benjamin L. Willard, on a secret mission to assassinate Colonel Kurtz, a renegade Army Special Forces officer accused of murder and, presumed insane. Milius became interested in adapting Heart of Darkness for a Vietnam War setting, began developing the film with Coppola as producer and George Lucas as director. After Lucas became unavailable, Coppola took over directoral control, was influenced by Werner Herzog's Aguirre, the Wrath of God in his approach to the material.

Set to be a five-month shoot, the film became noted for the problems encountered while making it for over a year, as chronicled in the documentary Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse. These problems included Brando arriving on the set overweight and unprepared, expensive sets being destroyed by severe weather and Sheen having a breakdown and suffering a near-fatal heart attack while on location. Problems continued after production as the release was postponed several times while Coppola edited over a million feet of film. Apocalypse Now was honored with the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, where it premiered unfinished before it was released on August 15, 1979, by United Artists; the film performed well at the box office, grossing $78 million domestically and going on to gross over $150 million worldwide. Initial reviews were mixed. Apocalypse Now is today considered to be one of the greatest films made, it was nominated for eight Academy Awards at the 52nd Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Supporting Actor for Duvall, went on to win for Best Cinematography and Best Sound.

It ranked No. 14 in Sight & Sound's greatest films poll in 2012, No. 6 in the Director's Poll of greatest films of all time. Roger Ebert included it in his top 10 list of greatest films in 2012. In 2000, the film was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". During the Vietnam War, U. S. Army 5th Special Forces soldier Colonel Walter E. Kurtz has gone insane and is waging a brutal but successful guerilla war against terrified NVA and PLAF forces without permission, directions or resupply from his commanders. At an outpost in Cambodia, he commands Montagnard troops who see him as a demigod. Captain Benjamin L. Willard is summoned to I Field Force headquarters in Nha Trang, briefed on the situation by two Army commanders and a CIA officer, ordered to "terminate Kurtz's command... with extreme prejudice". Willard ambivalent, joins a U. S. Navy river patrol boat commanded by Chief Petty Officer "Chief" Phillips, with crewmen Lance, "Chef", "Mr. Clean" to navigate up the Nùng River to Kurtz's outpost.

Before reaching the coastal mouth of the Nùng, they rendezvous with the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, a helicopter-borne air assault unit commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Bill Kilgore, to discuss safe passage. Kilgore is uncooperative as he has not received word about their mission through normal channels, but he becomes more engaged after discovering that Lance is a well-known surfer; the commander is an avid surfer himself and agrees to escort them through the Nùng's Viet Cong-held coastal mouth. The squadron raids with Kilgore ordering a napalm strike on the Viet Cong. Before Kilgore can lure Lance out to surf on the newly-conquered beach, Willard gathers the sailors to the PBR to continue their mission. Tension arises as Willard believes himself in command of the PBR while Chief prioritizes routine patrol objectives over Willard's. Making their way upriver, Willard reveals his mission to the Chief to assuage his concerns about why his mission should proceed; as Willard studies Kurtz's dossier, he is struck by the mid-career sacrifice he made by leaving a prestigious Pentagon assignment to join the Special Forces, which afforded no prospect of advancing in rank past Colonel.

The third-generation West Point graduate could have pursued more conventional command assignments to rise to four-star general. Weeks the PBR reaches the remote U. S. Army outpost by the Do Lung Bridge. Willard and Lance enter the outpost after nightfall, seeking information on what is upriver and receive a dispatch bag containing official and personal mail. Unable to find any commanding officer at Do Lung, Willard orders the Chief to continue as an unseen enemy assaults the bridge. Willard learns via the dispatch that another MACV-SOG operative, Special Forces Captain Richard Colby, was sent on an earlier mission identical to Willard's and has since joined Kurtz; as the crew read letters from home, Lance activates a smoke grenade while under the influence of LSD, attracting the attention of an unseen enemy, Mr. Clean is killed. Further upriver, Chief is impaled by a spear thrown by Montagnards and attempts to kill Willard by impaling him on

1997–98 Liverpool F.C. season

During the 1997–98 English football season, Liverpool F. C. competed in the FA Premier League. Following are the results of the 1997-98 regular season for the English football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside. Liverpool's season saw them feature in the title race, though in the end they just couldn't get the better of champions Arsenal and runners-up Manchester United, but the real success of the season was the emergence of 18-year-old striker Michael Owen. The Chester-born youngster had impressed in a handful of appearances during 1996–97, but his impact during 1997–98 was outstanding—18 goals from 36 Premiership games after Robbie Fowler was ruled out for much of the campaign with a broken leg. In midfield, the arrival of Paul Ince sought to add steel to a side creatively centred on playmaker Steve McManaman, but the team were at the peak of their Spice Boys era, underachieved in the end finishing in third place – meaning that Liverpool would be challenging in the UEFA Cup for 1998–99. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Michael Owen 18 Steve McManaman 11 Robbie Fowler 9 Paul Ince 8 Karl-Heinz Riedle 6 Øyvind Leonhardsen 6

Barium oxide

Barium oxide, BaO, baria, is a white hygroscopic non-flammable compound. It has a cubic structure and is used in cathode ray tubes, crown glass, catalysts, it is harmful to human skin and if swallowed in large quantity causes irritation. Excessive quantities of barium oxide may lead to death, it is prepared by heating barium carbonate with coke, carbon black or tar or by thermal decomposition of barium nitrate. Barium oxide is used for example, those in cathode ray tubes, it replaced lead oxide in the production of certain kinds of glass such as optical crown glass. While lead oxide raised the refractive index, it raised the dispersive power, which barium oxide does not alter. Barium oxide has use as an ethoxylation catalyst in the reaction of ethylene oxide and alcohols, which takes place between 150 and 200 °C, it is a source of pure oxygen through heat fluctuation. It oxidises to BaO2 by formation of a peroxide ion; the complete peroxidation of BaO to BaO2 occurs at moderate temperatures but the increased entropy of the O2 molecule at high temperatures means that BaO2 decomposes to O2 and BaO at 1175K.

The reaction was used as a large scale method to produce oxygen before the air separation became the dominant method in the beginning of the 20th century. The method was named after its inventors the Brin process. Barium oxide is made by heating barium carbonate, it may be prepared by thermal decomposition of barium nitrate. It is formed through the decomposition of other barium salts. 2Ba + O2 → 2BaO BaCO3 → BaO + CO2 Barium oxide is an irritant. If it contacts the skin or the eyes or is inhaled it causes redness. However, it is more dangerous, it can cause nausea and diarrhea, muscle paralysis, cardiac arrhythmia, can cause death. If ingested, medical attention should be sought immediately. Barium oxide should not be released environmentally. Barium International Chemical Safety Card 0778