Appalachian Mountain Club

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Appalachian Mountain Club
Appalachian Mountain Club Logo
Abbreviation AMC
Formation 1876 (1876)
Founder Edward Charles Pickering
Type Non-governmental organization
04-6001677[1]
Legal status 501(c)(3) charitable organization[1]
Purpose Environmental quality, protection, and beautification[1]
Headquarters 10 City Square,
Boston, Massachusetts[2]
Coordinates 42°22′20″N 71°03′42″W / 42.3723°N 71.0616°W / 42.3723; -71.0616Coordinates: 42°22′20″N 71°03′42″W / 42.3723°N 71.0616°W / 42.3723; -71.0616
Region
Northeastern United States and Mid-Atlantic United States
Services Environmental Education and Outdoor Survival Programs[1]
Membership (2016)
275,000 members, advocates, and supporters[3]
John D. Judge[4]
Rol Fessenden[4]
Publication Appalachia
Subsidiaries AMC Maine Woods Initiative, LLC
AMC MW Funding, LLC
KI-Jo Mary, Inc.[5]
Revenue (2016)
Increase $46,242,039[5]
Expenses (2016) Negative increase $29,984,435[5]
Endowment (2016) Increase $59,789,063[5]
Staff (2016)
757[5]
Volunteers (2016)
16,000[5]
Slogan Your Connection to the Outdoors[6]
Mission The Appalachian Mountain Club promotes the protection, enjoyment, and understanding of the mountains, forests, waters, and trails of America’s Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions.[7]
Website outdoors.org

Appalachian Mountain Club (AMC) is one of the United States' oldest outdoor groups. Created in 1876 to explore and preserve the White Mountains in New Hampshire, it has expanded throughout the northeastern U.S., with 12 chapters stretching from Maine to Washington, D.C. The AMC's 275,000 members, advocates, and supporters (as of 2016)[3] mix outdoor recreation, particularly hiking and backpacking, with environmental activism. Additional activities include cross-country skiing, whitewater and flatwater canoeing and kayaking, sea kayaking, sailing, rock climbing and bicycle riding. The Club has about 2,700 volunteers, who lead roughly 7,000 trips and activities per year, the organization publishes a number of books, guides, and trail maps.

History[edit]

AMC's former headquarters at 5 Joy Street, Boston, Massachusetts.

Appalachian Mountain Club was organized in 1876, incorporated in 1878, and authorized by legislative act of 1894 to hold mountain and forest lands as historic sites,[8] the club was formed by the efforts of Massachusetts Institute of Technology Professor Edward Charles Pickering and Samuel Hubbard Scudder,[9] who invited fellow Boston academics and vacationers to form a group interested in mountain exploration. The club aims to preserve the beauty of mountain forests, waters, historic sites and resorts; to render them attractive to visitors and excursionists; to publish accurate maps thereof; and to collect scientific data concerning the mountains.[8][10] The group helped map the White Mountains and in 1888 built the first of eight High Huts in the range, modeled on Alpine shelters.

In 2003, Appalachian Mountain Club purchased 37,000 acres (150 km²) of land east of Moosehead Lake and southwest of Baxter State Park, along the 100-Mile Wilderness portion of the Appalachian Trail, as part of their Maine Woods Initiative. It has converted a portion of the purchase to a nature preserve, logged a portion, and runs a sporting camp called Little Lyford Pond camps about two miles (3 km) off the trail. The Club is considering purchasing more sporting camps in the vicinity.[11]

In September 2016, the Appalachian Mountain Club sold their Joy Street headquarters to a group of real estate investors for $15 million, who planned to turn the 22,000 square feet of office space on Beacon Hill into residential units.[12] IN December 2016, The Appalachian Mountain Club purchased Roughan Hall in the Charlestown neighborhood of Boston,[13] and moved their headquarters there in September 2017.[14]

Organization[edit]

Appalachian Mountain Club's headquarters is located in Roughan Hall at 10 City Square in the Charlestown neighborhood of Boston, with an adjunct facility at 6 Spice St.[14]

Appalachian Mountain Club employed 757 individuals in 2016.[5] AMC estimated that 16,000 individuals volunteered for the organization in 2016.[5]

In 2016, the Appalachian Mountain Club earned almost $14.5 million from its outdoor program centers, educational activities, membership dues, trail activities, and advertising.[5] Sale of products netted almost $850,000, real estate sales netted over $14.7 million, investment income was almost $900,000, and charitable contributions received were over $15.2 million.[5]

In 2016, Appalachian Mountain Club paid an outside telemarketing firm $97,000 for fundraising services, but the firm only raised $83,000 for the Club.[5]

Appalachian Mountain Club has chapters located in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Washington, D.C.

Activities[edit]

The High Huts[edit]

Looking south on the Franconia Ridge Trail.

Appalachian Mountain Club owns and maintains a series of eight mountain huts in the White Mountains. Modeled after similar shelters in the Alps, the various huts hold between 36 and 90 people. Hikers may reserve bunks; at most huts dinner and breakfast are included with an overnight fee.

Although extremely popular, the huts are also controversial[citation needed], facilitating thousands of hikers entering the back woods and environmentally sensitive areas above tree line. Four years and an environmental impact statement were required to get the huts' permits renewed by the U.S. Forest Service in 1999.

The Four Thousand Footer Club[edit]

A committee of Appalachian Mountain Club administers the Four Thousand Footer Club. Anyone who has climbed to and from each of the 48 New Hampshire Four-thousand footers is eligible to apply for membership to the club. Members are given a patch and new inductees are invited to attend a yearly celebration dinner, the Four Thousand Footer Club also recognizes individuals who complete the New England Four Thousand Footers (of which there are 67) and the New England Hundred Highest.

Publications[edit]

Appalachia, the club journal, has been published since 1894.[10] Books relating to subjects such as mountaineering and touring trips are published under the auspices of the society.[8]

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

The Club's Ponkapoag Camp is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Charity Navigator - Appalachian Mountain Club". Charity Navigator. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Contact Us". outdoors.org. Appalachian Mountain Club. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Appalachian Mountain Club Summary of 2016 Annual Report" (PDF). Outdoors.org. Appalachian Mountain Club. 
  4. ^ a b "Staff and Chapter Leadership". Appalachian Mountain Club. Retrieved on December 14, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". Appalachian Mountain Club. December 31, 2016.
  6. ^ Judge, John. "Evolving AMC’s Brand". Outdoors.org. AMC Outdoors. Retrieved 26 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "About AMC". Outdoors.org. Appalachian Mountain Club. Retrieved 9 October 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Appalachian Mountain Club". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 
  9. ^ Leach, William (2013) Butterfly People: An American Encounter with the Beauty of the World Pantheon Books ISBN 9780375422935
  10. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Appalachian Mountain Club". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  11. ^ Jermanok, Stephen (2006-09-24). "Delicate Terrain". The Boston Globe Magazine. The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2006-09-24. 
  12. ^ Adams, Dan (2016-09-26). "Appalachian Mountain Club sells Beacon Hill headquarters for $15m". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  13. ^ "Appalachian Mountain Club Opens New Boston Headquarters". AMC Outdoors. Appalachian Mountain Club. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  14. ^ a b "Appalachian Mountain Club Opens New Boston Headquarters". AMC Outdoors (Press release). Appalachian Mountain Club. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017.