Muncie /ˈmʌnsi/ is an incorporated city and the seat of Delaware County, Indiana. It is located in East Central Indiana, about 50 miles northeast of Indianapolis, the United States Census for 2010 reported the citys population was 70,085. It is the city of the Muncie metropolitan statistical area. The Lenape people, who arrived in the area in the 1790s, founded several villages, including one known as Munsee Town. The small trading post, renamed Muncietown, was selected as the Delaware County seat and its name was officially shortened to Muncie in 1845 and incorporated as a city in 1865. Muncie developed as a manufacturing and industrial center, especially after the Indiana gas boom of the 1880s and it is home to Ball State University. As a result of the Middletown studies, sociological research that was first conducted in the 1920s, the area was first settled in the 1790s by the Lenape people, who migrated west from their tribal lands in the Mid-Atlantic region to new lands in present-day Ohio and eastern Indiana.
The Lenape founded several towns along the White River, including Munsee Town, there is no evidence that a mythological Chief Munsee ever existed. In 1818 the areas native tribes ceded their lands to the government under the terms of the Treaty of St. Marys. New settlers began to arrive in what became Delaware County, about 1820, the small trading village of Munsee Town, renamed Muncietown, was selected as the Delaware County seat and platted in 1827. On January 13,1845, Indianas governor signed legislation passed by the Indiana General Assembly to shorten the name to Muncie. Soon, a network of roads connected Muncie to nearby towns, adjacent counties, Muncie incorporated as a town on December 6,1854, and became an incorporated city in 1865. John Brady was elected as the citys first mayor, Muncies early utility companies date to the mid-1860s, including the citys waterworks, which was established in 1865. The Indiana gas boom of the 1880s ushered in a new era of prosperity to Muncie, abundant supplies of natural gas attracted new businesses and additional residents to the city.
Although agriculture continued to be a factor in the region. One of the manufacturers that arrived early in the citys gas-boom period was the Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company. In 1889 the company relocated its manufacturing operations to Muncie. In addition to other glass factories, Muncie attracted iron and steel mills, including the Republic Iron and Steel Company
The Oval Office is the official office of the President of the United States. It is located in the West Wing of the White House Complex, the room features three large south-facing windows behind the presidents desk, and a fireplace at the north end. Presidents generally decorate the office to suit their taste, choosing new furniture, new drapery. Artwork is selected from the White Houses own collection, or borrowed from museums for the term in office. The Oval Office has become associated in Americans minds with the presidency itself through memorable images, such as a young John F. Kennedy, several presidents have addressed the nation from the Oval Office on occasion. George Washington never occupied the White House and he spent most of his presidency in Philadelphia, which served as the temporary national capital for 10 years, 1790–1800, while Washington, D. C. was under construction. In 1790, Washington built a large, two-story, semi-circular addition to the rear of the Presidents House in Philadelphia, Washington received his guests, standing between the windows in his back drawing-room.
The company, entering a front room and passing through a door, made their salutations to the President. The apsidal end of a room was a site of honor, for a host. President John Adams occupied the Philadelphia mansion beginning in 1797, curved foundations of Washingtons Bow Window were uncovered during a 2007 archaeological excavation of the Presidents House site. Architect James Hoban visited President Washington in Philadelphia in June 1792, the following month, he was named winner of the design competition for The White House. The elliptic salon at the center of the White House was the feature of Hobans original plan. An oval interior space was a Baroque concept that was adapted by Neoclassicism, Oval rooms became popular in eighteenth century neoclassical architecture. In November 1800, John Adams became the first President to occupy the White House, during the 19th century, a number of presidents used the White Houses second-floor Yellow Oval Room as a private office or library. The one-story Executive Office Building was intended to be a temporary structure, Building it to the west of the White House allowed the removal of a vast, dilapidated set of pre-Civil War greenhouses that had been constructed by President James Buchanan.
Roosevelt moved the offices of the branch to the newly constructed wing in 1902. His workspace was a suite of Executive Office and Cabinet Room. The furniture, including the desk, was designed by architect Charles Follen McKim and executed by A. H. Davenport and Company
Heroes and Villains
Heroes and Villains is a song written and produced by Brian Wilson with words by Van Dyke Parks for the American rock band the Beach Boys. Envisioned as a three-minute music comedy, it was to be the centerpiece of the groups unfinished album Smile. After the album was shelved, the song was rearranged and issued as a single in July 1967 with Youre Welcome as the B-side and it charted at number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100. Two months later, it was placed as the track to the substitute album Smiley Smile. The song was the first written for the Smile project and it was the follow-up single to the groups Good Vibrations. Both tracks were produced using the unorthodox method of recording a surplus of musical sections using multiple Hollywood studios. Only during its production stages would the song be reduced and assembled into a coherent structure. This proved difficult for Wilson, who grew frustrated with the virtually limitless number of possible song edits for Heroes. Bandmate Al Jardine expressed dissatisfaction with the composite, calling it a pale facsimile of Wilsons original vision.
These include Gee, Do You Like Worms, Im in Great Shape, and My Only Sunshine. Marys — specifically the formers bass line, when Wilson first played the melody to him, Parks devised the opening line on the spot, modeling its lyrics in the style of Marty Robbins El Paso. Wilson credits Parks with the title, while Parks credits Wilson, explaining, I think it was a great title, and he suggested it. To me, Heroes And Villains sounds like an out of the Southwest. That’s what it was intended to be—as good as any of those—and and this Spanish and Indian fascination is a big chapter in Californian history, and that’s what it’s supposed to be—historically reflective, to reflect this place. Then-wife Marilyn Wilson said, There are so many people in the music industry. The good guys and the bad guys, that’s one thing Brian had in mind when they did Heroes and Villains. There’s a lot of things about belief in Smile, and its very question of belief is what was plaguing Brian at that time, what should we keep from the structure that we had, the hard-wiring that we had with religion.
He had religion beat into him, and I did in my own way, so there’s a lot of thinking about belief, and you can hear it in the section with Child Is Father of the Man
Melvins are an American rock band that formed in 1983 in Montesano, Washington. They have mostly performed as a trio, as well as a quartet with two drummers in recent years, since 1984, vocalist and guitarist Buzz Osborne and drummer Dale Crover have been constant members. The band was named after a supervisor at a Thriftway in Montesano, melvin was despised by other employees, and the bands members felt it to be an appropriately ridiculous name. Their early work was key to the development of grunge and sludge metal. The Melvins were formed in early 1983 by Buzz Osborne, Matt Lukin, in the beginning they played Cream and Jimi Hendrix covers, and began playing fast hardcore punk. When Dillard left the band, Dale Crover took his place, soon afterward, they started to play songs slower and heavier than nearly anyone else at the time. In 1985, C/Z Records was created to document the Washington music scene, in 1986 the band released their debut, the Six Songs EP, on C/Z Records. The album was recorded live to a two track at the now closed Ironwood Studio in Seattle on February 8,1986, in December 1986, they recorded their first full-length album, Gluey Porch Treatments, at Studio D in Sausalito, California.
The album was released in 1987 on Alchemy Records, Gluey Porch Treatments was coupled with their second album Ozma for the Boner Records CD release. It was expanded again for the 1999 re-release on Ipecac Recordings with some garage demos. Crover played drums with Nirvana when they recorded a ten song demo on January 23,1988 in Seattle, which formed part of their debut LP Bleach. Osborne would introduce Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic to Dave Grohl, that year Osborne and Crover relocated to San Francisco, California. Lukin stayed and formed the band Mudhoney, lori Lorax Black replaced Lukin on bass. The band recorded Ozma in May 1989, and released it that year, the album was produced by Mark Deutrom, who joined the band on bass. In 1990, the band recorded Bullhead, which marked a slower, the band toured Europe, their January 23,1991 show in Alzey, Germany was released by Your Choice Records as Your Choice Live Series Vol.12. When they returned to the U. S. they recorded the Eggnog EP, Lorax left the band, and was replaced by Joe Preston.
Preston appears on the Salad of a Thousand Delights, the Melvins released three solo EPs, following the concept and imitating the cover artwork inspired by the four Kiss members solo albums released in 1978. King Buzzo, Dale Crover, and Joe Preston were all released in 1992 on Boner Records, in 1992, they released the full-length album, which had to be renamed Melvins because Lysol was a trademarked name
Lysol is the fourth album by the Melvins, released in 1992 on Boner Records. The album cover is a based on a sculpture by Cyrus Edwin Dallin named Appeal to the Great Spirit. The image appears on The Beach Boys in Concert, on the logo for Brother Records, the album was recorded in less than a week, according to the bands official website. The album consists of six tracks, which were mastered and assembled as one megacomposition. It features covers of Flippers Sacrifice and Alice Coopers The Ballad of Dwight Fry, the album has been credited as an influence on the drone doom genre and the band Sunn O))). Boner Records was unaware that Lysol was a trademark until after the first batch of record jackets. Lysol sent a member to go undercover as an interviewer for a magazine to find out information about the record. Boner officially retitled the record Melvins and covered the word Lysol with black tape on the front of the jackets and booklets, early after the initial release, the tape and ink were easily removed, and many fans did so.
Later, attempting to remove the tape would result in severe damage, subsequent printings omitted the word Lysol entirely. On January 20,2015, Boner re-released the album in a double LP combo with Eggnog, the title was changed to Lice-all, presumably to avoid the trademark but maintain the phonetic recognition. AllMusic critic Ned Raggett wrote, The logical extension of the monstrosity of the bands work up to that time, with longer and longer songs. Ira Robbins of Trouser Press described the record as weird and wonderful, all songs written by Buzz Osborne, except where noted. No edition of the album gives a track listing, in the CD edition, the entire six song program is presented as one continuous and unbroken track. King Buzzo - guitar, lead vocals Joe - bass, backing vocals Dale - drums, backing vocals
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts, is the fourth largest museum in the United States. It contains more than 450,000 works of art, making it one of the most comprehensive collections in the Americas, with more than one million visitors a year, it is the 55th most-visited art museum in the world as of 2014. Founded in 1870, the moved to its current location in 1909. The museum is affiliated with the Tufts School of the Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Fine Arts was founded in 1870 and opened in 1876, with most of its initial collection taken from the Boston Athenæum Art Gallery. Francis Davis Millet, a local artist, was instrumental in starting the Art School affiliated with the museum and it was built almost entirely of red brick and terracotta with a small amount of stone in its base. The brick was produced by the Peerless Brick Company of Philadelphia, in 1907, plans were laid to build a new home for the museum on Huntington Avenue in Bostons Fenway-Kenmore neighborhood near the renowned Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum.
Museum trustees decided to hire architect Guy Lowell to create a design for a museum so that could be built in stages as funding was obtained for each phase, two years later, the first section of Lowell’s neoclassical design was completed. It featured a 500-foot façade of granite and a grand rotunda, the museum moved to its new location that year, the Copley Square Hotel eventually would replace the old building. The second phase of construction built a wing along the The Fens to house paintings galleries and it was funded entirely by Maria Antoinette Evans Hunt, the wife of wealthy business magnate Robert Dawson Evans, and opened in 1915. From 1916 through 1925, the noted artist John Singer Sargent painted the frescoes that adorn the rotunda, numerous additions enlarged the building throughout the years, including the Decorative Arts wing in 1928 and the Norma Jean Calderwood Garden Court and Terrace in 1997. The West Wing, designed by I. M. Pei, opened in 1981 and this wing now houses the museums cafe and gift shop as well as a special exhibition space.
In the mid-2000s, the museum launched an effort to renovate. In 2011, Moodys Investors Service calculated that the museum had over $180 million in outstanding debt, the agency cited growing attendance, a large endowment, and positive cash flow as reasons to believe that the museums finances would become stable in the near future. The renovation included a new Art of the Americas Wing to feature artwork from North, South, in 2006, the groundbreaking ceremonies took place. The landscape architecture firm Gustafson Guthrie Nichol redesigned the Huntington Avenue and Fenway entrances, access roads, the wing opened on November 20,2010 with free admission to the public. Mayor Thomas Menino declared it Museum of Fine Arts Day, the 12, 000-square-foot glass-enclosed courtyard features a 42. 5-foot high glass sculpture, titled the Lime Green Icicle Tower, by Dale Chihuly. In 2014, the Art of the Americas Wing was recognized for its architectural achievement by being awarded the Harleston Parker Medal.
In 2015, the museum renovated its Japanese garden, Tenshin-en, the garden, which originally opened in 1988, was designed by Japanese professor Kinsaku Nakane
Boston is the capital and most populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. Boston is the seat of Suffolk County, although the county government was disbanded on July 1,1999. The city proper covers 48 square miles with a population of 667,137 in 2015, making it the largest city in New England. Alternately, as a Combined Statistical Area, this wider commuting region is home to some 8.1 million people, One of the oldest cities in the United States, Boston was founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. Upon U. S. independence from Great Britain, it continued to be an important port and manufacturing hub as well as a center for education, through land reclamation and municipal annexation, Boston has expanded beyond the original peninsula. Its rich history attracts many tourists, with Faneuil Hall alone drawing over 20 million visitors per year, Bostons many firsts include the United States first public school, Boston Latin School, first subway system, the Tremont Street Subway, and first public park, Boston Common.
Bostons economic base includes finance and business services, information technology, the city has one of the highest costs of living in the United States as it has undergone gentrification, though it remains high on world livability rankings. Bostons early European settlers had first called the area Trimountaine but renamed it Boston after Boston, England, the renaming on September 7,1630 was by Puritan colonists from England who had moved over from Charlestown earlier that year in quest of fresh water. Their settlement was limited to the Shawmut Peninsula, at that time surrounded by the Massachusetts Bay and Charles River. The peninsula is thought to have been inhabited as early as 5000 BC, in 1629, the Massachusetts Bay Colonys first governor John Winthrop led the signing of the Cambridge Agreement, a key founding document of the city. Puritan ethics and their focus on education influenced its early history, over the next 130 years, the city participated in four French and Indian Wars, until the British defeated the French and their Indian allies in North America.
Boston was the largest town in British America until Philadelphia grew larger in the mid-18th century, Bostons harbor activity was significantly curtailed by the Embargo Act of 1807 and the War of 1812. Foreign trade returned after these hostilities, but Bostons merchants had found alternatives for their investments in the interim. Manufacturing became an important component of the economy, and the citys industrial manufacturing overtook international trade in economic importance by the mid-19th century. Boston remained one of the nations largest manufacturing centers until the early 20th century, a network of small rivers bordering the city and connecting it to the surrounding region facilitated shipment of goods and led to a proliferation of mills and factories. Later, a network of railroads furthered the regions industry. Boston was a port of the Atlantic triangular slave trade in the New England colonies
United States Department of State
The Department was created in 1789 and was the first executive department established. The Department is headquartered in the Harry S Truman Building located at 2201 C Street, NW, the Department operates the diplomatic missions of the United States abroad and is responsible for implementing the foreign policy of the United States and U. S. diplomacy efforts. The Department is the depositary for more than 200 multilateral treaties, the Department is led by the Secretary of State, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Secretary of State is Rex Tillerson, beginning 1 February 2017, the Secretary of State is the second Cabinet official in the order of precedence and in the presidential line of succession, after the Vice President of the United States. This legislation remains the law of the Department of State. In September 1789, additional legislation changed the name of the agency to the Department of State and these responsibilities grew to include management of the United States Mint, keeper of the Great Seal of the United States, and the taking of the census.
President George Washington signed the new legislation on September 15, most of these domestic duties of the Department of State were eventually turned over to various new Federal departments and agencies that were established during the 19th century. On September 29,1789, President Washington appointed Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, Minister to France, from 1790 to 1800, the State Department had its headquarters in Philadelphia, the capital of the United States at the time. It occupied a building at Church and Fifth Streets, in 1800, it moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D. C. where it first occupied the Treasury Building and the Seven Buildings at 19th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue. It moved into the Six Buildings in September 1800, where it remained until May 1801 and it moved into the War Office Building due west of the White House in May 1801. It occupied the Treasury Building from September 1819 to November 1866 and it occupied the Washington City Orphan Home from November 1866 to July 1875.
It moved to the State and Navy Building in 1875, since May 1947, it has occupied the Harry S. Truman Building in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, the State Department is therefore sometimes metonymically referred to as Foggy Bottom. Madeleine Albright became the first woman to become the United States Secretary of State, condoleezza Rice became the second female secretary of state in 2005. Hillary Rodham Clinton became the female secretary of state when she was appointed in 2009. In 2014, the State Department began expanding into the Navy Hill Complex across 23rd Street NW from the Truman Building, the Executive Branch and the U. S. Congress have constitutional responsibilities for U. S. foreign policy. Within the Executive Branch, the Department of State is the lead U. S, the Department advances U. S. objectives and interests in the world through its primary role in developing and implementing the Presidents foreign policy. It provides an array of important services to U. S. citizens, the total Department of State budget, together with Other International Programs, costs about 45 cents a day for each resident of the United States.
Keeping the public informed about U. S. foreign policy and relations with other countries, providing automobile registration for non-diplomatic staff vehicles and the vehicles of diplomats of foreign countries having diplomatic immunity in the United States
Patina is a thin layer that variously forms on the surface of stone, on copper and similar metals, on wooden furniture, or any such acquired change of a surface through age and exposure. Patinas can provide a covering to materials that would otherwise be damaged by corrosion or weathering. They may be aesthetically appealing, Patina refers to accumulated changes in surface texture and colour that result from normal use of an object such as a coin or a piece of furniture over time. Archaeologists use the term patina to refer to a layer that develops over time that is due to a range of complex factors on flint tools. This has led stone tool analysts in recent times to generally prefer the term cortification as a term to describe the process than patination. It refers to development as the result of weathering of a layer, called cortex by geologists. The word patina comes from the Latin for shallow dish, patina can refer to any fading, darkening or other signs of age, which are felt to be natural or unavoidable.
The chemical process by which a patina forms is called patination, in clean air rural environments, the patina is created by the slow chemical reaction of copper with carbon dioxide and water, producing a basic copper carbonate. In industrial and urban air environments containing sulfurous acid rain from coal-fired power plants or industrial processes, a patina layer takes many years to develop under natural weathering. Buildings in damp coastal/marine environments will develop patina layers faster than ones in dry inland areas, facade cladding with alloys of copper, e. g. brass or bronze, will weather differently from pure copper cladding. Even a lasting gold colour is possible with copper-alloy cladding, for example Colston Hall in Bristol, or the Novotel at Paddington Central, often and well-used firearms will develop a patina on the steel after the bluing, parkerizing, or other finish has worn. Firearms in this state are considered more valuable than ones that have been re-blued or parkerized.
The patina protects the firearm from the more damaging rust that would occur were the patina to be polished off, the process is often called distressing. A wide range of chemicals, both household and commercial, can give a variety of patinas and they are often used by artists as surface embellishments either for color, texture, or both. Patination composition varies with the elements and these will determine the color of the patina. For copper alloys, such as bronze, exposure to chlorides leads to green, the basic palette for patinas on copper alloys includes chemicals like ammonium sulfide, liver of sulfur, cupric nitrate and ferric nitrate. For artworks, patination is often accelerated by applying chemicals with heat. Colors range from matte sandstone yellow to deep blues, whites, some patina colors are achieved by the mixing of colors from the reaction with the metal surface with pigments added to the chemicals
An equestrian statue is a statue of a rider mounted on a horse, from the Latin eques, meaning knight, deriving from equus, meaning horse. A statue of a horse is strictly an equine statue. A full-sized equestrian statue is a difficult and expensive object for any culture to produce, Equestrian statuary in the West goes back at least as far as Archaic Greece. Found on the Athenian acropolis, the sixth century BC statue known as the Rampin Rider depicts a kouros mounted on horseback, a number of ancient Egyptian and Persian reliefs show mounted figures, usually rulers, though no free standing statues are known. The Chinese Terracotta Army has no mounted riders, though cavalrymen stand beside their mounts, the Regisole was a bronze classical or Late Antique equestrian monument of a ruler, highly influential during the Italian Renaissance but destroyed in 1796 in the wake of the French Revolution. It was originally erected at Ravenna, but removed to Pavia in the Middle Ages, a fragment of an equestrian portrait sculpture of Augustus has survived.
Equestrian statues were not very frequent in the Middle ages, there are some examples, like the Bamberg Horseman, located in Bamberg Cathedral. Another example is the Magdeburg Reiter, in the city of Magdeburg, there are a few roughly half-size statues of Saint George and the Dragon, including the famous ones in Prague and Stockholm. The Scaliger Tombs in Verona include Gothic statues at less than lifesize, a well-known small bronze in Paris may be a contemporary portrait of Charlemagne, although its date and subject are uncertain. Leonardo da Vinci had planned an equestrian monument to the Milanese ruler. The The Wax Horse and Rider is a model for an equestrian statue of Charles dAmboise. Titians equestrian portrait of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor of 1548 applied the form again to a ruler, taccas studio would produce such models for the rulers in France and Spain. His last public commission was the equestrian bronze of Philip IV, begun in 1634. The near life-size equestrian statue of Charles I of England by Hubert Le Sueur of 1633 at Charing Cross in London is the earliest large English example, which was followed by many.
The Bronze Horseman is an equestrian statue, on a huge base, of Peter the Great of 1782 by Étienne Maurice Falconet in Saint Petersburg. Mills was the first American sculptor to overcome the challenge of casting a rider on a rearing horse, the resulting sculpture was so popular he repeated it, for Washington, D. C. New Orleans and Nashville, cyrus Edwin Dallin made a specialty of equestrian sculptures of American Indians, his Appeal to the Great Spirit stands before the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The Robert Gould Shaw Monument in Boston, Massachusetts is a famous relief including an equestrian portrait, as the 20th century progressed, the popularity of the equestrian monument declined sharply, as monarchies fell, and the military use of horses virtually vanished
The Rockwell Museum is a Smithsonian Affiliate museum of American art located in the Finger Lakes region in downtown Corning, New York. Frommers describes it as one of the best-designed small museums in the Northeast, in 2015, The Rockwell Museum was named a Smithsonian Affiliate, the first in New York State outside of New York City. The museum founder, Robert F. Rockwell, Jr. moved to Corning in 1933 to run his grandfathers department store, Rockwell bought his first Western painting in 1959. Over the next 25 years he amassed a significant collection of paintings, bronze sculptures and drawings, another collecting interest for Rockwell developed from his longtime friendship with Frederick Carder, founder of the Steuben Glass Works. He and his wife, accumulated more than 2,500 pieces of Carder Steuben glass, in addition, they assembled a small collection of antique toys. From 1960 to 1975, Bob Rockwell’s growing collection of art was displayed to the public in the Rockwell Department Store on Market Street in Corning, New York.
The plan was to restore and renovate City Hall as the home for the collections as the company’s bicentennial gift to the community, the museum opens under the name The Rockwell-Corning Museum in the Baron Steuben Hotel on November 13,1976. In 1981, the name of the Museum is changed to The Rockwell Museum, in 1980, The City of Corning offers its former 1893 City Hall, placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, to house the Museum collections. Corning Glass Works funded the substantial exterior and interior renovation costs, June 19,1982 the museum re-opens as The Rockwell Museum in the restored Old City Hall. In 1991, The Museums West consortium is established and the Rockwell Museum is a founding member, in 1995, The museum is awarded accreditation by the American Association of Museums, and subsequently awarded in 2005. Renovation costs underwritten by Corning Incorporated, the museum reopens as the Rockwell Museum of Western Art on May 18,2001 and celebrates its 25th anniversary.
In July 2014, the name was shortened again to The Rockwell Museum, with sponsorship from LeChase Construction, a Family Exploration Studio is introduced to the museum experience for hands-on learning. In 2015, The Rockwell Museum was named a Smithsonian Affiliate, in the Flood of 1972, the basement and much of the ground floor were submerged and suffered extensive damage due to Hurricane Agnes. Despite its condition, the old City Hall was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974, in 1982, it became the permanent home of The Rockwell Museum. The building went through another major early in 2000. In 2002, the won the American Society of Landscape Architects Merit Award. Designed by Rochester architect, AJ Warner and built by Corning contractor, Thomas Bradley, the building is Richardsonian Romanesque, building costs were $28,579.50 in 1893. Polychromatic design with local brick & rusticated limestone quarried in Corning, the original bell in the bell tower held 20 weights of 50 lbs.
each and is now at the City’s current fire station