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Apple Corps

Apple Corps Limited is a multi-armed multimedia corporation founded in London in January 1968 by the members of the Beatles to replace their earlier company and to form a conglomerate. Its name is a pun, its chief division is Apple Records, launched in the same year. Other divisions included Apple Electronics, Apple Films, Apple Publishing and Apple Retail, whose most notable venture was the short-lived Apple Boutique, on the corner of Baker Street and Paddington Street in central London. Apple's headquarters in the late 1960s was at the upper floors of 94 Baker Street, after that at 95 Wigmore Street, subsequently at 3 Savile Row; the latter address was known as the Apple Building, home to the Apple Studio. From 1970 to 2007, Apple's chief executive was former Beatles road manager Neil Aspinall, although he did not bear that title until Allen Klein had left the company; the current CEO is Jeff Jones. In 2010, Apple Corps ranked number 2 on the Fast Company magazine's list of the world's most innovative companies in the music industry, thanks to the release of The Beatles: Rock Band video game and the remastering of the Beatles' catalogue.

The Beatles' accountants had informed the group that they had two million pounds that they could either invest in a business venture or else lose to the Inland Revenue, because corporate/business taxes were lower than their individual tax bills. According to Peter Brown, personal assistant to Beatles' manager Brian Epstein, activities to find tax shelters for the income that the Beatles generated began as early as 1963–64, when Dr Walter Strach was put in charge of such operations. First steps into that direction were the foundation of Beatles Ltd and, in early 1967, Beatles and Co; the Beatles' publicist, Derek Taylor, remembered that Paul McCartney had the name for the new company when he visited Taylor's company flat in London: "We're starting a brand new form of business. So, what is the first thing that a child is taught when he begins to grow up? A is for Apple". McCartney suggested the addition of Apple Core, but they could not register the name, so they used "Corps". McCartney revealed that he had been inspired by René Magritte's painting, Le Jeu de Mourre, featuring an apple with the words "Au revoir" painted on it.

Harriet Vyner’s 1999 book about the late lamented charismatic London art dealer Robert Fraser, "Groovy Bob", contains this anecdote by McCartney about the first time he laid eyes on the painting that would inspire the company logo in 1967: In my garden at Cavendish Avenue, a 100-year-old house I’d bought, Robert was a frequent visitor. One day he got hold of a Magritte. Being Robert, he would just bring it. I was out in the garden with some friends. I think I was filming Mary Hopkin with a film crew, just getting her to sing live in the garden, with bees and flies buzzing around, high summer. We were in the long grass beautiful country-like. We were out in the garden and Robert didn’t want to interrupt, so when we went back in the big door from the garden to the living room, there on the table he’d just propped up this little Magritte, it was of a green apple. That became the basis of the Apple logo. Across the painting Magritte had written in that beautiful handwriting of his ‘Au revoir’, and Robert had split.

I thought, the coolest thing anyone’s done with me". On the founding of Apple John Lennon commented: "Our accountant came up and said'We got this amount of money. Do you want to give it to the government or do something with it?' So we decided to play businessmen for a bit. So we've got this thing called'Apple', going to be records and electronics – which all tie up". Stefan Granados wrote in Those Were the Days: An Unofficial History of the "Beatles" Apple Organization 1967–2001, on the various processes that led to the formation of Apple Corps: The first step towards creating this new business structure was to form a new partnership called Beatles and Co. in April 1967. To all intents and purposes, Beatles and Co. was an updated version on the Beatles' original partnership, Beatles Ltd. Under the new arrangement, each Beatle would own 5% of Beatles and Co. and a new corporation owned collectively by all four Beatles would be given control of the remaining 80% of Beatles and Co. With the exception of individual songwriting royalties, which would still be paid directly to the writer or writers of a particular song, all of the money earned by the Beatles as a group would go directly to Beatles and Co. and would thus be taxed at a far lower corporate tax rate".

Now that a new business structure was found with a lower tax rate, Epstein mused what to do with it to justify it to the authorities, thought of it as a merchandising company, according to Lennon's first wife, Cynthia: "The idea Brian came up with was a company called Apple. His idea was to plough their money into a chain of shops not unlike Woolworth's in concept: Apple boutiques, Apple posters, Apple records. Brian needed an outlet for his boundless energy". Personal assistant to Epstein, Alistair Taylor remembered: We set up an'Executive Board' of Apple before Brian died, including Brian, the accountant, a solicitor, Neil Aspinall and sat down to work out ways of spending the money. One big idea was to set up a chain of shops designed only to sell cards: birthday cards, Christmas cards, anniversary cards; when the boys heard about that they all condemned the scheme as the most boring yet. Sure that they could come up with much better brainwaves, they began to get involved themselves". In the middle of setting up

Cairo International Book Fair

The Cairo International Book Fair is the largest and oldest book fair in the Arab world, held every year in the last week of January in Cairo, Egypt, at Egypt International Exhibitions Center in New Cairo, Al-Mosheer Axis, it is organised by the General Egyptian Book Organisation. The Fair is considered the most important event in the Arabic publishing world; the Cairo International Book Fair is one of the biggest book fairs in the world, drawing hundreds of book sellers from around the world and about 2 million visitors each year. It is the largest book fair in the Arab world, as well as the oldest. In 2006, it was the second largest book fair in the world after the Frankfurt Book Fair; the fair is notable as Cairo-based publishers produce an estimated three of five Arabic language books printed in the world, the state owned General Egyptian Book Organisation—who coordinate the fair—is the largest book publisher in the Arab world. The fair features booths and speakers from private publishers and government agencies from around the world, as well as retailers of books and other media.

Lectures and other public events take place during the three weeks over which the book fair runs, material is presented in Arabic and other languages. The fair purposely appeals to ordinary Egyptians, with media on mainstream topics, outdoor events, fireworks to entertain the large crowds; the CIBF was founded by the General Egyptian Book Organisation, a government publishers and retailers group, in 1969 to coincide with celebrations of the 1000th anniversary of the founding of the city of Cairo. Its 41st iteration was held from 21 January to 5 February 2009. In November 2018, the General Egyptian Book Organization declared that 100 new books will be published under the organization’s name in the Cairo International Book Fair; the CIBF has been marred in recent years by charges that leftist and Muslim militant authors, works critical of the government, works featuring passages or topics deemed sexually or culturally controversial have been banned from presentation at the book fair. During the 2000 book fair, Islamist protests against books they deemed offensive erupted into violence.

That year, over 2000 members of Muslim student groups protested outside Al-Azhar University, leading to rare public protests against the Egyptian government, violence, 75 arrests and a number of injuries. The students were protesting an Egyptian Ministry of Culture publisher printing and presenting for sale copies of the 1983 novel A Banquet for Seaweed by the Syrian writer Haidar Haidar. Following the protests, two members of the government printing house were arrested for "disparaging religion" and publishing a work "offensive to public morals". In following years a number of books presented by foreign publishers have been seized by Egyptian authorities; these have included works by Czech Milan Kundera, Moroccan Mohamed Choukri, Saudi Ibrahim Badi, Lebanese Hanan al-Sheikh, fellow Lebanese novelist Elias Khoury In 2005, Egyptian police arrested a number of book sellers and activists at the book fair, charging two Egyptian journalists with "disseminating false propaganda against the government" and others for presenting an avowedly socialist work.

The Fair was canceled in January 2011 due to the 2011 Egyptian revolution. The Fair returned in 2012 and "Nearly all of the new books, poetry recitals, theatrical shows and performances by different troupes at the Fair, in one way or another, seem to depict and celebrate the Arab Spring and the Egyptians’ revolt." Cairo International Book Fair. ISTC Travel guide, 2005. Ingrid Wassmann. "Censorship and social realism at the Cairo Book Fair". Arab Media & Society, Issue 5, Spring 2008. Mona Naggar, "The 40th Cairo Book Fair: Competition between Center and Periphery". Translated from the German by Isabel Cole. Neue Zürcher Zeitung/, 13 February 2008. Shaina Azad, "Pink suitcases, flowerpots turn heads at book fair". Daily News Egypt, 29 January 2009. Cairo International Book Fair website

Odette Babandoa Etoa

Odette Babandoa Etoa is a Congolese opposition politician and former government minister. She has been given the nicknames "Joan of Arc" and the "Iron Lady". Babandoa Etoa was born in Aketi in Orientale Province on 11 January 1961, she studied law. Babandoa Etoa is a member of the Kinshasa Bar, she has worked as legal advisor to the Prime Minister's office. She was appointed the Chairperson of the Bas-Uele Railway Board. Odette Babandoa Etoa is the President of the UPR. In 1999, she was appointed Minister of Transport and Communications by President Laurent-Désiré Kabila. In July 2000, Babandoa Etoa and her husband were arrested and accused of accepting bribes from a foreign country after meetings with senior Canadian government officials including David Kilgour and the awarding of a $41.5million contract to Quebec company Navigation Aeronav. However, the Canadian company denied any bribes had been offered, others said she had been targeted for trying to expose corruption in Kabila's government.

Three other ministers had been arrested in the preceding weeks. Babandoa Etoa was released a day after her arrest on 7 July, arrested again on 13 July and released on 21 July, her husband was tried for "treason in war-time" for allowing journalists hostile to the regime to use his office. He was sentenced to one year in jail but was released on provisional bail in August 2000. Since her departure from government, Babandoa Etoa has served as President of the Forum of Women Lawyers, she spoke out against corruption and flaws in the 2006 electoral process. In 2011, she criticised Joseph Kabila and irregularities in the presidential election that she said contravened the constitution. In April 2011, Babandoa Etoa joined Vital Kamerhe's opposition party Union for the Congolese Nation becoming Secretary General of the party, she is sometimes referred to as "Joan of Arc" or the "Iron Lady". As of 2016 she is the "moral authority" of the Union for the Republic in neighbouring Republic of the Congo. In January 2016, she called on the Independent National Electoral Commission to assume its independence by publishing a detailed electoral calendar.

Babandoa Etoa has six children. Interview with Babandoa on DRC's 54th anniversary

Bill Fleming

Leslie Fletchard "Bill" Fleming was an American professional baseball pitcher. A right-hander, the native of Rowland Heights, stood 6 feet tall and weighed 190 pounds, attended Saint Mary's College of California, his professional career lasted for 16 seasons between 1936 and 1953, missing the 1945 campaign because of service in the United States Army during World War II. Fleming won 128 games in minor league baseball and appeared in all or parts of six Major League seasons for the Boston Red Sox and Chicago Cubs. In his MLB career, Fleming posted a 16–21 win–loss record with a 3.79 earned run average and 167 strikeouts in 123 games pitched. Fleming died in Reno, Nevada on June 4, 2006, at the age of 92. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Baseball Library Bill Fleming at Find a Grave


Leitwind is a brand of the worldwide company Leitner Group. With this brand the company produce wind turbines in the megawatt class; the company's headquarter is located in Sterzing, Italy and is part of the Corporate group HTI. The Leitwind story starts with ropeways, a core expertise of Leitwind's parent company HTI. One of the interesting features of ropeways is the electric direct drive, its construction has proven its persuasive and reliability in difficult conditions. With the application of this technology in a wind turbine Leitwind's first wind power system was built; the company combined the direct drive with a synchronous generator and the first prototype came out, installed in 2003 in Malles, South Tyrol. In subsequent test runs the concept proved to be successful respect from simplified assembly and maintenance to operational reliability and profitability. In 2007 Leitwind started serial production of onshore wind turbines. By now there are plants on three different continents. Backed by intra-group synergies the company can now offer not only turbines, but complete wind farm construction as well as operation and service packages.

Producing in Italy and India, Leitwind has installed more than 340 wind turbines. 2003: installation of the first prototype at Malles, Val Venost, Italy 2007: start of serial production 2008: opening of the new production site in Telfs, Austria 2008: joint venture: LEITWIND and Shriram Group 2009: opening of the new production facilities in Chennai, India 2010: 100 installed turbines 2011: Installation of the prototype LTW86 1.5 MW in India. Turbine types LTW77 - 800 / 850 / 1.000 / 1.500 KW LTW80 - 1.000 / 1.500 / 1.800 KW LTW86 - 1.000 / 1.500 KW LTW90 - 1.000 / 1.500 / 2.000 KW LTW101 - 2.000 / 2.500 / 3.000 KW Leitwind Website

Konatsu (actress)

Konatsu is a Japanese pink film actress. She has appeared in award-winning pink films, was herself given a "Best Actress" award for her work in this genre in 2005. Konatsu was born in Japan's Nagano Prefecture in 1982. After graduating from junior college, she moved to Tokyo where she worked in the beauty industry and did some gravure modeling in 2003, she made her acting debut in the July 2004 V-cinema production Forbidden Fruit directed by Yuji Tajiri. Konatsu had her film debut in director Mototsugu Watanabe's Beppin kyōshi: toiki no aibu, her first leading role was that same year, in Mitsuru Meike's Bitter Sweet. January 14, 2006, the premiere date of Shinji Imaoka's Paid Companionship Story: Girls Who Want to Do It aka Frog Song, was Konatsu's birthday; the director and staff presented Konatsu with a surprise birthday cake on stage at the occasion. The film was named the best pink release for 2005, Konatsu was given the award for Best Actress for her performance, she gave birth to her first child in February 2007 and as of 2011 was working for a "well-known clothing company".

Beppin kyōshi: toiki no aibu Bitter Sweet Paid Companionship Story: Girls Who Want to Do It Blind Love Ikusa Tokyo Zombie Riaru men: Sutando! Konatsu at AllMovie Konatsu on IMDb 向夏 こなつ. Retrieved 2009-07-10. "進化する女優・向夏と傑作ピンクの甘い誘惑". 2005-11-30. Retrieved 2009-07-10. "新着情報―ピンク映画女優 向夏さんに独占インタビュー". 2005-11-25. Archived from the original on 2007-01-24. Retrieved 2009-07-12